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on Sept. 9, 1492 (p. 100), and the failure of all assistance from Maximilian, as well as the conclusion of a peace between Ferdinand and Charles, made the overtures of peace from the French king and the conditions therein contained appear, as Bacon has it, “to the king's taste.” The treaty of Estaples was concluded on Sunday, Nov. 3, 1492. For the better appreciation of the sequence of events throughout the reign a table is appended of the principal events of the reign of Henry VII, ranged according to the regnal years of the king, which are so frequently alluded to in the text without the date A.D. being given. Of course it will be seen that as the reign of Henry commenced Aug. 22nd, 1485, his first regnal year did not end till Aug. 21st, 1486, and therefore an event in his first year may have occurred in the latter half of 1485, or in the former half of 1486, and so for every other year. It will also be observed that between the ist of January and the 25th of March in any year the date is given with double figures ; thus: Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, Jan. 18th, 1485—6. The reason for this notation is, that the historical year has for a very long period begun on January ist, but the calculation of years used in ecclesiastical and legal documents made the year to commence on March 25th, until the two beginnings of the year were brought into conformity on Jan. Ist, 1753. In the date above quoted, of Henry's marriage, the historical entry thereof would speak of it as having taken place Jan. 18th, 1486, but the ecclesiastical year 1486 had not yet commenced, and therefore in the registers of the Church or of the courts of law this day would be entered as part of the year 1485. To express this the form 1485–6 is used. It will be seen that in the notes large use has been made of the Latin translation of the Life of Henry VIIth, which was certainly made under Bacon's supervision, and perhaps partly by himself (as is indicated in the dedication which precedes the Sermones Fideles), and was designed to make the history accessible to foreigners who knew no English. It appeared that no better method could be adopted for explaining the language of our author, than this use of what may be called his own commentary on the work.
Regnal Years of Henry VII.
Battle of Bosworth Field
221 Aug. 1485.
* 18 Jan. 1485-6.
3 July, 1486.
4 June, 1487.
afterwards raised 6 Aug.
11 June, 1489.
1 It is worth notice that August 21 (the day before the battle of Bosworth) is mentioned as the first day of the King's reign, in the act concerning those attainders spoken of in the text, p. 16. 1. 19. Whether this be an accident or an intentional ante-dating of Henry's reign it is impossible to discover. (See Statutes at large 1 Men. VII. c. 6.)
• The acts of this parliament are confused in Bacon's narrative with those of the third Parliament (see notes). He seems to have had no information about this parliament of 1487.
Treaty of Verger 1
21 Aug. 1488. IV. Death of the Duke of Brittany
9 Sep. Great Council at which the
Speech of Chancellor Morton
27 Feb. 1489-90 VI. Prince Henry (afterwards Hen. VIII) born
22 June, 1491.
6 April, 1492. Pope Innocent VIII died
25 July, Pope Alexander VI elected 11 Aug. VIII. English troops sent over to France 9 Sept.
Henry VII goes over to France 6 Oct.
13 Sep. 1494.
16 Feb. 1494-5. Italian league against Charles VIII
.25 March, 1495. King Henry visits his mother at Latham
25 June, Warbeck on the coast of Kent 3 July, 1 This was the treaty under which the hostile operations of France against Brittany were terminated till after the death of the Duke of Brittany.
? This parliament was prorogued on 23rd February and met again on the 14th October following.
XI. Henry's fifth Parliament
Warbeck arrives at Stirling
Intercursus magnus ratified
Warbeck leaves Scotland
Perkin besieges Exeter
Ralph Wilford hanged
17 Sept. 30 Sept. 7 Oct.
23 Nov. 29 Nov.
12 June, 1500.
the Princess Catharine of Ara-
14 Nov., 1501
March, 1501–2. Death of Prince Arthur
2 April, 1502. Sir James Tirrell executed Marriage of Princess Margaret to King James IV.
25 Jan. 1502—3. Prince Henry created Prince of Wales
18 Feb. Henry's seventh Parliament
16 Jan. 1503—4. Death of Queen Isabella of Spain 26 Nov. 1504. English Ambassadors at Segovia 14 July, 1505. Earl of Suffolk brought to London March, 1505—6. Death of Philip of Castile 25 Sept. 1506.
XXI. XXII. XXIII. XXIV.
Treaty for marriage of Princess
Mary with Charles of Castile
17 Dec. 1508. 22 April, 1509.