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Let me live as if the grave
Had released me for an hour; Let me fear as if the wave Still retained me in its
All thy billows, Lord, have gone
Over me, but I am saved; Be the love I thus have known
Ever on my heart engraved!
When at last the billows roll
Round me in the stream of death, O preserve the ransomed soul,
As thou hast preserved my breath! Clifton, March 12th.
O Babylon, lying,
Were listlessly sighing;
Over them streaming;-
The marsh fowl were screaming;
The maidens were seeming
Rang on that river,
Weeping for ever:-
Come promptly deliver ! ”
“ Never-no, never !
Yet there's no chanting,
The Lord of Hosts' planting.
Sighing and wanting
Our own land enchanting?
From our lips stealing,
From the chords pealing,
To strange ears revealing
Traitors to feeling !”. Hull College.
NEW MISSIONARY HYMN.
“ Thy kingdom come!" THE universe is shaking, Big with stupendous song, Skies into voice are breaking With chorus loud and long. The morning stars are singing With a sublime accord, And all heaven's courts are ringing“ Thy kingdom come, O Lord !”
With a profound emotion
And now, of rapt creation,
LOSS OF THE
4 AMAZON." The Prayer of the Rescued (Being Lines addressed to Rev. W. Blood, one of the survivors of the wreck of the Amazon, by Rev. J. R. Leifchild, A.M.)
RESCUED from the stormy deep,
Rescued from the raging fire,
Tears express my heart's desire.
Still so wonderfully mine,
Kept and consecrated thinel-
As a man escaped from dying;
On the foaming billow lying! • Composed after hearing Mr. Blood preach at Clifton Church.
In wondering expectation,
E. D. J. Heaton Norris.
Review of Religious Publications.
ANCIENT AND MODERN INDIA. By the late and attempted to regain what we had stolen
W. COOKE TAYLOR, LL.D. Revised and from them. The authors of the volume continued to the present time, by P. J. MAC- | before us seem to regard with complacency KENNA, Esq. Second Edition, with great the whole conduct of the British government Amendments and Improvements.
towards the aborigines. We furnish our London: James Madden. 1851.
readers with a specimen of the spirit and INDIA is an object of interest to all reflect. style in which the book is written :ing Englishmen. Its extent of territcry and “ The Marquis of Hastings arrived in number of population alone make it worthy Calcutta, October 13, 1813, with the auof attention. There are various reasons thority of Governor-General and Commanderwhich induce men to manifest an interest in in-Chief; for the government was fully aware India. These reasons take their form and that it would be soon necessary to resort to fashion, in a great degree, from the pro- strong measures, for the protection of our fessions and pursuits of the several parties subjects and allies from the inroads of those who make India the topic of their study, or large hordes of freebooters, whose excesses the sphere of their action. The merchant appeared to increase with our forbearance. looks on India as the scene of increasing It seems, however, to have been expected
The scholar views India as an that hostilities might be avoided, and tranabundant tributary to literature. Arabic, quillity maintained, by forming alliances with Persian, and Sanscrit books, or scrolls, here such states as had not become predatory. reveal the deep and beautiful thinkings of At such a time, it was fortunate that the oriental writers, and afford help to the biblical government of India was intrusted to a critic by their allusions to ancient customs, nobleman equally distinguished for his diploor their illustrations of oriental sayings. matic and military attainments, and who had The politician looks on India as a wide arena, given many signal proofs of his talents as a on which great principles are to be tried and soldier and a statesman." great results are to be produced. These aspects The words we have marked in italics might of India are neither trifling nor insignificant; be applied to other parties with greater justice but, happily for the millions of human beings than to the men whose ancestors had been in which are found between Cape Comorin the rightful possession of their lands for and the Hymalaya Mountains, there are centuries before they were exposed to the not a few in this country who look upon the aggression of British arms. mercantile projects, and political schemes, There is but little ground for glorying in and scholastic discoveries in India, as sub- British triumphs in India. On the contrary, servient to greater and more lasting benefits to every right-minded man, there is much than those which simply relate to their cause for humiliation, that a nation like ours, present social and political condition. The with its high pretensions to civilization, Christian philanthropist pities the teeming honour, and religion, should have subjected population of India, and brings all the so large a portion of the luman family to its appliances of benevolence to promote their rule, and so slowly and so stintingly consocial and political improvement. For this ferred benefits, as it has done on the inhabitpurpose, he uses the means which shall, ants of Hindostan. For many years the under the blessing of God, extricate their British government in India was marked by minds from the thraldom of a degrading a mean, selfish policy. It appeared as though idolatry, and elevate them with a hope of it had nothing to give, but existed only to immortality and eternal joy.
get. As Mr. Mackenna says, “For two The subjugation of India to British power hundred and fifty years the Hon. Company furnishes a gloomy page in the history of has desired its agents to make money, not colonization. Our moralists have censured converts. Its nioral and social bearing on the Spaniards for their cruelties to the Peru the Indian mind was decidedly injurious. vians. We have been but little behind the Instead of carrying with it a remedial, enSpaniard in our atrocities to the Indians. lightening, and elevating influence, it seemed We have set at defiance every principle of determined to rivet more firmly on the honesty. We have robbed, for two reasons: aborigines the chains of social slavery; to because we coveted our neighbour's goods, keep them undisturbed in their delusive and because we could steal with impunity. idolatry; to infatuate them by adding military We disturbed the aborigines in the quiet pos- pomp to their idolatrous rites and processions; session of their paternal lands, and then and to guard, with the utmost care, these called them “ freebooters,” and shot them as victims of social and moral oppression from wild beasts, when they asserted their rights the approach of any good Samaritan, who
wished to heal their wounds and place them | arranged by the British authorities; the in a position where the process of restoration pilgrim tax collected by order of the Engshould be commenced and perfected.” lish Resident, and a portion of the revenue
The social condition of the Ryot, or little thence derived sent to this country. The farmer, is not any better now than it was a Christian missionary was prohibited from encentury ago. In some parts of India, it is tering India by the government; so that the worse than it was at that period; because, first missionaries who entered on this vast in addition to the Zemindars and Moslems, field of labour were introduced under the who formerly oppressed him by their extor- auspices of the Danish authorities. In the tionate imposts, he has to pay his levy, or year 1813 Mr. Wilberforce took occasion, on tax, to the British government. The Bengal | the renewal of the East India Company's Ryot is described as "one who lives on Charter, to introduce the subject of Christian coarse rice and dall (vetches), for good missions in India to the notice of parliament; vegetables or fish would be luxuries to him. and he “happily succeeded in throwing open His dress consists of a bit of rag around his these vast dependencies of the empire to the loins, and a slender sheet called chudder. free entrance of Christian truth." His bed is a coarse mat and a pillow; his Though Mr. Mackenna maintains a prudwelling a low thatched roof; his only dential silence abont the British soldiery property an uncouth plcugh, and two badly being employed to aid and abet the idolatry fed bullocks, and one or two waterpots called of the East, yet he has the candour to state, lotahs, with a little seed called beej-dhan. From “ That, towards the close of the last century, early morn till noon, and from noon till sun William Carey, a man of the most indomitable set, he toils; and still he is in appearance resolution, went from Northamptonshire to and in reality a haggard, poverty-smitten, Calcutta to preach the gospel; and he sucwretched creature, often fasting for days and ceeded, against every difficulty, in effecting nights without food, or having only one his purpose. Other missionaries from Engmiserable meal in twenty-four hours. The land joined him in 1799; and, as the East East India Company once had the power of India Company would not countenance their preventing much of this misery; but instead | endeavours, they found an asylum at Seramof doing so, the Governors-General of the pore, under the Danish flag. They estatime rivetted the chains on the Ryots; and blished a fraternity, and by teaching and now their present agents cannot find a preaching, and by composing tracts in the remedy for the evil which their predecessors different languages, they made some converts; established sixty years ago.” Page 540. but their efforts in extending the benefits of
This quotation most clearly shows, that the education were far more signal. Many nasocial condition of the Hindus has not been tives have acquired information on scientific bettered by British rule in India.
subjects, which tends to promote their happiProofs are not wanting to show, that the ness as social beings. Mr. Carey was proGovernors-General, with one or two excep- tected, on account of his varied learning, by tions, did what they could to keep the the Marquis of Wellesley, who appointed Hindus in the bondage of a degrading him to be a Professor in the College of Fort idolatry, and to prevent them from receiving William.” This is a gratuitous testimony to the blessings of the gospel. We are aware Mr. Carey's literary competence for the that we shall be told, that it was a condition position to which he was appointed. For he that the government made with the subdued was on the spot, not by the patronage of the Rajahs, that they should not interfere with existing government, but in position to its the religion of the natives. We ask, in decisions touching the question of Christian return, how does it happen that so many missions. Nor was there any servility, or other conditions were wantonly violated, and truckling to authority, in the conduct of Dr. this so tenaciously observed? Or, if this be Carey. Mr. Mackenna tells us, “ The most an inconvenient question to answer, we ask, decided opponents to the will of government where is the document containing the con were the Baptists, who, from their settlement dition that the British government should aid at Serampore, during twenty years, that is and promote idolatry in India ?
An answer from 1793 to 1813, fought the battle of the to this question would be giving information English missions in India, and by their perto the public. It is well known that no severance gained the result of having freedom such document is in existence. And yet granted to all kinds of missions."
It was what are the facts of the case? They are great heroism in those Christian
men, these. All the gorgeousness and pomp that who in this country had to encounter could be added to Hindu idolatrous festivals, banter and ridicule, while they sought at the were added by ranks of British soldiery, hands of government the permission to intromarching to martial music, with banners duce Christian missions into India; but their floating in the breeze, Decorations for the heroism was as the dust of the balance comidols and for the temples were provided and pared with that of Dr. Carey and his com
panions, who "fought the battle” in the very | which you have sent me. The Sungskrit is camp of the foe. And these men were ac- perfectly correct. There are two or three knowledged learned men, even their enemies trivial mistakes in the printing, but there is being judges. Yet Mr. Mackenna has the no fault in the language and diction." temerity to question their literary com THE ASSAMEE VERSION. Three Assamee petence for the work of translating the Scrip Brahmins, studying at Nudeeya, thus write:tures from the original Hebrew and Greek, “We have received the specimens of the into the languages of India. His words are, Assamee Scriptures which you sent to us. “ Their Indian versions are translations from
We ve read and understood it: it is exthe English one, which is replete with mistakes cellently done. Whoever of the Assam of Eastern imagery.”
people shall read this book will understand it."* This vague and unsustained assertion, we Since these testimonies were given, versions are prepared to say, is not true. It is possible of the Sacred Scriptures in other languages that a solitary version, in some one of the nu of India have been submitted to a similar merous languages of India, may be found, ordeal, and have secured similar results. which was translated from the English Bible; And we have no hesitation in saying, that if but this is the exception. The rule is, that the missionaries had done nothing more than the Indian versions such as the Sungskrit, translate the Sacred Scriptures into the nuHindu, Hindustani, Bengalee, Marhatta, merous languages of the East, they would Goojuratee, Canarese, and Tamil-have been have done a work which would amply commade from the original text, and that by pensate for any expenditure of money and missionaries who were good Hebrew and human life which has been incurred. For Greek scholars, and competent to avail though missionaries die, the word of God themselves of all the critical apparatus remains. “ All flesh is grass; the grass which this country could supply. In most withereth, the flower fadeth, but the word cases, the missionary has been assisted in his of our God shall stand for ever.” work of translation by a Pundit, a native But to return to Mr. Mackenna and his savant, whose familiar acquaintance with his chapter entitled “ Christianity in India in own language has aided the missionary in the '1851." The whole animus of this chapter use of those idiomatic forms of speech which is to impugn the work of the missionaries and only a native can fully understand. And, their qualifications for the position they oceven with such assistance, the work of trans
Now there has been sufficient evilation has not been done hastily. Revision dence before the public that their work has has succeeded revision, consultation with been to a very great extent successful, and Pundits and missionaries has succeeded con thus their competency has been fully desultation; and, after the utmost care in monstrated. The most decided testimonies correcting and improving the manuscript to their success have been spontaneously translation, a single copy of a gospel or given by disinterested individuals. If Mr. epistle has been printed; this has been care Mackenna did not know this, why did he fully examined by Pandits and missionaries, undertake to write upon a subject on which and, after such revision, an edition has been he had not sufficient information? If he did struck off for circulation.
know this, why is he so regardless of truth Not only the literary competence of the and candour as to depreciate the men and missionaries, the assistance and co-operation their labours, when the most competent of learned Pundits, and the patience with judges deem them worthy of the highest which the work has been done, furnish pre commendation? We hope, for his credit as sumptive evidence that the translations are a man, Mr. Mackenna can plead want of incorrect; but direct testimonies of Professors formation, though that plea will not add much put the question beyond a doubt. We may to his reputation as an author. The testijust take two or three of these testimonies as monies to which we refer are not confined specimens of others which might be ad to private correspondence, but are found in duced.
publications with which a writer on ChrisTHE GOOJURATEE. Haloojee, Goojuratee tianity in India in 1851" ought to be acPundit in the College of Fort William.-“I quainted. The Calcutta and Bengal journals, have examined the book, respecting which native and English, and The Times, Aug. 6, you made inquiry of me. The language is 1851, are publications to which Mr. Maccorrect ; if you doubt, let the book be sent to kenna no doubt had access. Yet, with these Goojurat; the people there will all understand documents before bim, Mr. Mackenna says, it. The only places in which they will find " That the missionaries have converted very any difficulty will be those which contain few; yet when they may have induced one or the names of men and places."
two apparently to adopt their particular tenets, THE SUNGSKRIT. Rum-nath Vachusputee, Chief Pundit of the College of Fort William.
* Ninth Memoir respecting the Translations and
Editions of the Sacred Scriptures, conducted by the -"I have read the part of the holy book Serampore Missionaries, 1823.
it is their fashion to make a clamour in tention of availing ourselves of such an arthe newspapers and by pamphlets, although ' rangement. The assertion, therefore, made too frequently they are not secure of their new at the meeting, relative to one of our numconverts for any length of time.” Against this ber, Taraprosaud Chatterjea, and the insinustatement we place the testimony borne by ation made respecting us all, is utterly withThe Bhaskeer, a native paper, in the Benga- out foundation. lee language, edited by an orthodox Hindu
CHUNDERNAUTI BANARGEE. gentleman, and one who took an active part
KASSINAUTH DOTTO. at the late meeting: “We know very well
KASSUBCHUNDER HALDER. that a very great number of Hindus have
TARAPROSAUD CHATTERJEA. become Christians—even of those who have When men are prepared thus boldly to not been baptized, and thus publicly pro avow their attachment to Christianity, and fessed Christianity, a great many adopt in their determination not to return to Hindusecret Christian practices.” Such an admis- ism, on any terms whatever, there appears sion, by the avowed organ of the orthodox but little authority for Mr. Mackenna's asHindus at Calcutta, needs no comment. sertion, that the missionaries “are not se
The meeting alluded to in The Bhaskeer is cure of their converts for any length of time." the Great Anti-Missionary Meeting, held on The letter in The Times of Aug. 6 was the 25th of May, in the Oriental Seminary, called forth by a grossly inaccurate report Calcutta. It was called by some of the most of the Anti- Missionary Meeting in Calcutta, influential Hindus, for the purpose of adopt- which had been furnished by some correing some measures which should make the spondent who had no friendly feeling towards return of the Christian converts to Hinduism Christian missions. We regret that our space more easy than it had been. One of the will not allow us to give more than an exspeakers stated, as an ostensible reason for tract from that excellent letter. The writer calling the assembly together, that a Rhaudi proceeds:Brahmin convert had applied to him, saying, “ The Friend of India, a Bengal newspaper, “ He repents of his having become a Christian, states—In Calcutta, at the present moment, and is now desirous of being a Hindu again." there are hundreds of young men, who, though The name of this Brahmin convert was not exactly Christians, are yet deeply conTaraprosaud Chatterjea. This assertion was vinced of the superiority of the gospel creed met by the following letter:
to their own, and who would gladly embrace To the Editor of the Bengal Hurkaru. any opportunity of bursting their fetters, and Sir,-A statement having been made at avowing openly the convictions they secretly the meeting held in the Oriental Seminary entertain.
We cannot but think, that last Sabbath, the 25th inst., to the effect that the great Hindoo meeting held on the 25th we were inclined to return to Hinduism, if of May, and the resolutions expressed and means were adopted to render such a step adopted at it, constitute one of the most impracticable, we wish, through the medium portant events that have occurred in India in of your paper, to give that statement the present century. It was in fact, though plain and explicit denial. We have never re not in name, a Hindoo protest against one of gretted becoming Christians, and, therefore, the more prominent evils of the system of on no occasion to any one have we expressed caste which has been for centuries considered a desire to be received back again into the the bulwark of Hinduism. We have one religion we have lately repudiated.
more word to say, and it is rather for our We embraced Christianity, because we be- readers in England, than those in India :lieved it to be true, nor have we discovered | We have heard a great deal too much of late anything in it to lead us to an opposite opi- of the small number of converts made in nion. The inhabitants of Kalighat and the Bengal, and of the gradual extinction of misneighbourhood know that most of us had sionary usefulness. The meeting of which notbing of a worldly nature to gain by em we have just spoken, is in itself a sufficient bracing Christianity, since our friends loved auswer to all such calumpies. us tenderly, and our families are of ac-foundations of native society must have been knowledged respectability. Some of us, since shaken, before men, aptly described as more we became Christians, have been invited to Hindu than the Poorans, would come forreturn to our homes, and the most tempting ward with a proposal for lightening the masoffers have been made to us; but we have in- sive chain which for two thousand years has variably replied, that though wishful to live crushed the intellectual and religious activity on terms of concord with our relatives, we of one-eighth of the human race, and that would not forsake Christianity, nor willingly for the avowed object of saving Hinduism do anything inconsistent with its command from the encroachments of Christianity. The ments. Whatever, therefore, may be done meeting, it is evident, looked upon the missionto render the return of Christians to Hindu. aries as the great enemies whose exertions and ism practicable, we have not the smallest in- activity required to be baffled; and, while they