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materialize the mind, if I may with propriety | which he was never to recover. It was canuse that expression. Dr. Reid was not quick cer in the tongue ; a disease too well underat seeing analogies : he saw the thing itself, stood by him, not to be the cause of serious with wonderful minuteness;-to employ the apprehension as to the result. In May, 1848, terms of his own favourite science, he saw he repaired to Keswick, in Cumberland, for the origin, course, and intention of every fact change of air and scene. He derived little or which he studied; but he saw not so readily no benefit from the experiment. His corthe mutual dependency of facts-that beauti- respondence, with medical friends and others, ful chain of amalgamated truth known as from the Lake scenery, has a dash of melanNature. He was a fine natural logician; he choly in it. One to his wife, affords a bright could detect a scientific sophism, however ray of hope in reference to his highest intercleverly concealed, and had the patience of a ests :-" In my lonely state to-day, I have new philosopher, to await the development of been thinking a good deal more of religion systen, rather than fancy it perfected." than I have been in the habit of doing of
To watch the progress of this most earnest late years, and a deep conviction, which I student and philosopher,-to trace his steady sincerely hope may be permanent, of the imadvancement in knowledge and reputation, portance of religion, and the unsatisfactory in the medical schools of his native metropo- nature of all earthly honours and pleasures, lis, would be an object of intense and pecu- | has been ever present with me. I felt that liar interest. Never was a public lecturer honours (scientific) which I have been so and demonstrator more bent on self-improve- anxious to obtain, are but as dross compared ment, or more anxious for the cultivation of with the enduring peace of mind arising from his pupils. Unlike some men of great powers a full dependence upon God, and faith in his and attainments, he was free from all vanity, Son Jesus Christ." * “ I sincerely dogmatism, professional jealousy, and over- hope that this may not be a fleeting impresweening self-conceit. Loved and trusted by sion, but that it may yield fruit meet for reall, above and below him, he had as fair a pentance. I am aware that the things of this reputation as ever has been accorded to a world are still regarded by me far above their public man; while in the more retired circles real value ; but it may have pleased the Lord of private life he was at all times the object to send this dispensation upon me for my of blended confidence and affection,-a most eternal benefit. If so, I may have great dutiful and devoted son, a loving husband reason to be thankful for what has occurred, and father, and a friend whom the best and and my present vexation may be the cause of wisest would have been glad to claim. As a much rejoicing." medical practitioner, he was as eminent for To Dr. Duncan he writes on the 12th his personal sympathy, as for his professional June, 1848, that, “ for the last five weeks he skill, especially in his visits to the poor and has been preparing for the fatal issue, and the neglected. Altogether, Dr. Reid was an seeking, he trusts, not altogether unsuccessexquisitely interesting character. Professor fully, to make his peace with God." In Forbes bears the following beautiful testi- similar terms he writes, on the 17th of June, mony to him :-“Before I left Edinburgh I to his friend, the Rev. Dr. Cook. “ There had learned to esteem him warmly as a can be no question, then," observes his biofriend. His truthfulness, warmth of heart, grapher, Dr. Wilson, " that it was during his hatred of sham, and quiet sense of humour, lonely journeys among the hills and lakes of were qualities eminently combined to win Cumberland, in May, 1848, that he first friendship and affection. For fame, or rather, tasted that peace, which hereafter abode with what may better be called éclat, he cared him to the last. The Keswick letters, which nothing, and seemed to have no appetite. have been quoted from, imply a gradual, He was unchanging in his friendship, and though swift transition, from the chill source when he had once taken a liking, was not of consolation, that better men than he had easily driven out of it.”
met a fate as hard, to the Christian thanksIn the study of Dr. Reid's character, we giving for God's mercy in leading him to have been struck to perceive how far natural | Himself by the path of affliction. At first amiableness and conscientious integrity may there is more resignation to an evil which develop themselves, in the absence of the could not be escaped; at last there is respiritual and saving element. Up to 1827, joicing at an unexpected joy which had been there is no proof whatever that he was under found. It is implied in saying this, that he the influence of Christianity. He was came now to know God in a way he had scoffer ; but neither was he a true believer. never known him before. This was his own It may be that he had his moments of thought- judgment on himself, not given once, but fulness ;- but, if he had, there is no decisive reiterated many times.” evidence of it. In that year, however, in the When he left for Cumberland, “ in his very zenith of his powers and of his fame, it travelling trunk his wife had been careful to pleased God to visit him with a malady, from | place a Bible; and one of his earliest letters
to her was full of gratitude for the thought-, all efforts of mine to obtain forgiveness for my ful kindness. This Bible was his daily com- sins are vain, unless I throw myself freely upon panion in his lonely walks. He studied it the mediation and intercession of my Redeemer; with an intensity such as he had never dis- and it is through his merits, and his alone, that played in the study of any book before. He I venture to ask for forgiveness.” studied it as a book which only those who To his sister, Mrs. Tayler, he writes: “I have the guidance of the Holy Spirit, who know that until lately I have lived a careless inspired it, can understand; and he was unprofitable life, and that were I to trust in earnest in prayer to God for the gift of His the slightest to any of my own works or Spirit. Nor did He who loveth to be en- deeds, I must fall under the severest wrath treated, forget His promise to give His Holy of God. I also know that though I had Spirit to them that ask Him. Within some lived as pure a life as it is possible for a three weeks at furthest, a peace, composure, mortal and erring man to do, I should have contentment, and joy, which John Reid had come infinitely short of the requirements of never known in the most healthful and the law of God, and that nothing but a full prosperous season of his past life, pervaded reliance upon the merits and mediation of my his soul, and his heart began to fill with “the Saviour and Redeemer can save me from the perfect love that casteth out fear.”
punishment which my sins deserve.” All his scepticism, all his doubts as to the
In many other clear and delightful utterefficacy of prayer, all his indifference to the ances, to various individuals, in letters and great realities of Christian truth, had for ever personal conversations, did Dr. Reid express vanished ;-and he was now a humble-peni- his full hope in Christ
. There were no tented disciple at the foot of the cross. quibblings and sceptical reserves in his mode
To his mother he concludes an affectionate of dealing with the gospel. He became, at letter in the following terms:-"I seriously once, with all his faculties fresh about him, a hope that my present affliction will be for little child ; and that faith which he had my spiritual advantage. It has brought me
once made light of nobly sustained him to to think over the folly of placing our affec- the last. His sufferings amounted to tortions and happiness upon the fleeting and ture ;-but patience, and heroic Christian uncertain things of time, which at any mo- fortitude, not only restrained him from comment may be snatched from our grasp." plaint, but invested his last hours with a
To Dr. Duncan he writes, June, 1848: bright and cheerful resignation. " It is hard to think of leaving wife and We cannot but hope that the memoir of bairns, and many kind friends, but I must this great man will be extensively blessed. bow submissively to the chastening rod. Had Were it not that medical students and pracit been the will of my Almighty Father, I titioners may profit by the details, we should would gladly have lived a few years for the incline to the impression that Dr. Wilson had sake of my family, as it would have been introduced into his pages too much matter considerably for their advantage; but if He strictly professional. " But, upon mature conhas decided otherwise, it is my duty patiently sideration, we think he is right. His task to submit."
has been exquisitely performed. Of modern To Dr. Adamson he writes: “ I have been biographies the work before us is a modeldisciplining my mind to take the worst view type. "May it be eminently blessed to thouof my case ever since I left St. Andrews, sands, who, like Dr. Reid, have had their and my thoughts have naturally turned to minds warped by the flippant objections of the only source capable of yielding consola- scientific men dealing unfairly by the evidence tion under such circumstances.”
of the gospel. To Dr. Cook he writes: “ Whatever be the result, I sincerely hope that I shall have great reason for rejoicing that I have been THE ANALYTICAL GREEK LEXICON: Conthus afflicted; for it has led me to think of sisting of an Alphabetical Arrangement of the careless and unprofitable life I have been every occurring inflexion of every word conleading, and how unfit I am to give a satis- tained in the Greek New Testament Scripfactory account of my stewardship, if called tures, with a Grammatical Analysis of each upon so to do. I have, ever since I left St. word, and Lexicographical Illustrations of Andrews, been frequently and seriously the Meanings. A complete Series of Parathinking over these subjects, and endeavour- digms, with Grammatical Remarks and Exing to school my mind to consider this planations. 4to. pp. 486. chastening as sent for my advantage, and that
Samuel Bagster and Sons. I ought to bear it cheerfully and resignedly. The design of this volume is to afford the I have frequently prayed to my heavenly same aid in acquiring an accurate knowledge Father to send down the Holy Spirit into of the Greek of the New Testament, as has my heart, to strengthen and confirm these been furnished by the Publishers' Analytical good resolutions. I am, however, aware that Hebrew and Chaldes Lexicon, in acquiring a
sound acquaintance with the language of the that of its predecessor, simply to act as a Old Testament.
silent teacher, and to render the service and In the first place, it has all the advantages earn the praise of a friend in need.” of an ordinary Lexicon, exhibiting the mean- What would we not have given for a friend ing of words which occur in the New Testa- like this, when we began to plod our way to ment, arranged according to their proper some little knowledge of the inspired Books classification, and furnishing the primitive of the New Testament! signification of each several word.
In the second place, as each word is ac- FEMALE SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY; preceded companied by copious references to the prin- by an Essay on what Christianity has done cipal places in which it occurs, nearly all the for Woman. By F. A. Cox, D.D., LL.D. advantages of a concordance of the Greek of Author of “ Biblical Antiquities ; the New Testament is here supplied.
Life of Philip Melancthon;"
“ Our Young In the third place, the learned author of Men, a Prize Essay," gc. 8vo. pp. 576. this work has, with vast labour and care, Second Edition. supplied an Alphabetical Arrangement of
John Snow every inflection of the several words occur- Were books always to circulate according ring in the New Testament, each form exactly to their intrinsic merits, ten editions of this named, and referred to its proper root; " the work would have been demanded instead of whole," as the author justly observes, “ thus two. As the first edition, however, appeared forming a precise analysis of the entire verbal in two volumes, and was somewhat expensive, contents of the New Testament." This is we earnestly hope that the removal of this the characteristic feature of the work, upon obstacle will secure the rapid and extensive which its chief recommendation and excel. sale of one of the best treatises on “ Femalo lence depend.
Scripture Biograghy,” in our own or any other In the fourth place, we are furnished language. With the Author's last corrections with a grammatical apparatus, placing before and additions, the value of the book is greatly the eye of the student, tables of the inflec- enhanced, and leaves scarcely anything to tions of various parts of speech, with critical wish in reference to those portions of the Feremarks upon particular and irregular forms male Biography of Scripture which have been which frequently occur.
embraced in his plan. The utility of such a work to those who The characters delineated are, Eve-Sarah are prosecuting the critical study of the New -Hagar-Lot's Wife-Rebekah-MiriamTestament, with but limited time at their Naomi, Orpah, and Ruth-Deborah-Mano. command, and with originally slender edu- ah's Wife-Hannah-Abigail—The Queen of cational advantages, is obvious at a glance. Sheba — The Shunammite — Esther - The And while there is no royal road to matured Virgin Mary-Elizabeth — Anna—The Wolearning, it is obvious that such a Lexicon - man of Samaria--The Woman who was a for Lexicon it is,—must save the time of the Sinner-The Syrophenician, or, Canaanitish student who has been regularly devoted, from Woman-Martha and Mary–The Poor Wihis youth up, to critical studies.
dow-Sapphira-Dorcas—and Lydia. We cannot do better than close this brief We think Mr. James has done a real sernotice by quoting the words of the Editor's vice to the public, in inducing Dr. Cox to Preface. "It is designed," he observes, “ to bring forth a new edition of this truly enassist in cases where assistance is a kindly lightened and most beautifully written book, and really beneficial service;—such assist- which we should like to see in the hands of ance, in fact, as is claimed by those peculiar every educated woman throughout the land. circumstances where time and labour need to There is a character of sobriety, intelligence, be husbanded, and where ordinary advan- suggestiveness, and deep devotion, pertaining tages are wanting ;-where it would not im- to it, which adapts it for extensive usefulness. pair but cheer a true spirit of self-reliance, And its lessons are expressly suited, from beand call forth rather than enfeeble habits of ginning to end, to the formation of female industry and enterprise. In such cases the character upon the highest Christian model. earnest student may have recourse to an aid The preliminary “ Essay on what Christilike this, either to shorten or to smooth his anity has done for Woman ” is an admirable path in the acquisition of the fundamental condensation of a great subject. The aufacts of language; or, what is perhaps a still thor traces, first, the actual condition of womore useful application, to test the correct- man in every land where the gospel has not ness of his own independent investigations. penetrated; and, secondly, shows, by an induc
“ A design like this involves no vain at- tion of facts, that woman has ever been in the tempt to render easy the acquirement of true ascendant as to freedom and happiness wherever learning, -no interference with the employ-Christianity has shed its benign influence. ment of a dead language as a means of men- We know not of any Essay so perfect of its tal discipline: the aim of the volume is, like kind in the English language.
The work deserves, and will realize, an greatly aid ministers in the fervent and pracextended sale ; and will sustain the well- tical exposition of the Book. earned reputation of the amiable and accom- We should like to see all our great Bibliplished writer.
cal scholars imitating the example of Dr. John Brown, of Edinburgh, who has succeeded, to
admiration, in exhibiting critical learning in A COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF PRO- combination with the most fervent and touch
By Moses STUART, lately Pro. | ing enforcement of Christian doctrine and fessor of Sacred Literature in the Theologi- experience. cal Seminary of Andover, Massachussets. Crown 8vo. pp. 482.
THE HISTORY OF PALESTINE, FROM THE Dell and Trübner.
PATRIARCHIAL AGE TO THE PRESENT A MELANCHOLY interest attaches to this
TIME; with Introductory Chapters on the volume, as the last production which fell Geography and Natural History of the Counfrom the pen of the amiable and learned
try, and on the Customs and Institutions of author, the last sheets of which he had but the Hebrews. By John KITTO, D.D., just corrected when called to cease from his F.S.A., Editor of the “ Pictorial Bible," the mortal toil. His literary passion, as a Bibli- " Pictorial History of Palestine,” the “ Cycal scholar, was strong even to the close of
clopedia of Biblical Literature," g'c. With life; as may be seen from the last preface he upwards of Two Hundred Illustrations. ever wrote. Few, even among the good, Crown 8vo. pp. 432. have sustained a more unspotted reputation, Black, Edinburgh; and Longman & Co. London, or deserved better of their contemporaries The industry, no less than the accurate and posterity, than Moses Stuart. In his research, of Dr. Kitto, is matter of literal private circle he was a man greatly beloved; amazement. Among the many labours of and, in the walks of sacred learning, he won his fertile mind, the work before us is entifor himself a world-wide reputation. In the tled to an honourable place. It is, in a fair criticism of the sacred text, he was the first and honest sense of the term, an original in the New World who drew the attention of composition, not gleaned from his former prohis countrymen powerfully to this neglected ductions on Palestine, but thought out and source of Biblical equipment, and became the re-written froin beginning to end. Intended, instrument of inducing many in America and in the first instance, for the use of our more in Great Britain to follow in his footsteps. advanced schools, for which it is admirably
Various opinions will be entertained by adapted, it will be found an excellent family competent judges, as to how far he served the book of reference, and will well deserve a cause he aimed to promote, by adhering so place in every Congregational and School rigidly, in his Commentaries on Scripture, to Library, whether large or small, throughout the mere criticisim of words and phrases. the United Kingdom. It contains a mass of Though he wrote professedly for the benefit Biblical information, well-arranged under of scholars, and especially ministers, it may natural heads, and rendered peculiarly inbe doubted whether it would not greatly teresting by the introduction of the chief have enriched his labours, if he had accom- lights which have fallen on the Land of Propanied his critical investigations with warm mise from the records of modern travel. and illuminated commentaries on the portions The First Section of the work is divided of Scripture to which he devoted his learned into Five Parts. I. Historical and Physical research. With all our respect for him, we Geography. II. Agriculture and Pasturage. are of opinion that he formed too high an esti- III. Habits of Life. IV. Literature, Scimate of the German modes of Biblical oriti. ence, and Arts. V. Institutions. cism, and that he did not always escape a The Second Section is devoted to the His. slight taint of some of their objectionable TORY OF PALESTINE ; and consists of Eight views.
Books. I. From the Deluge to the Death of The Introduction to his Proverbs is an Joseph. II. From the Birth till the Death article of great ability, and varied learn- of Moses. III. From the Death Moses ing, which none but a scholar of the first till the Accession of Saul. IV. From the rank could have produced. It will be found Reign of Saul till the Death of Solomon. very instructive in reference to other parts of V. From the Revolt of the Ten Tribes till Scripture besides the Book of Proverbs. We the Captivity of the Jews under Nebuchadconfess to something like disappointment as
VI. From the Captivity till the it respects the Commentary. Not that we Rise of the Maccabees. VII. From the Riso call in question the deep critical skill of the of the Maccabees till the End of the Asaauthor;—but that the whole exposition is so monean Dynasty. VIII. From the Reign of insufferably dry and cold. Still the clear Herod the Great till the Restoration of Syria light thrown upon the meaning of words, to the Dominion of the Porte. especially difficult and perplexing ones, will We have unusual satisfaction in intro
ducing this most instructive and beautifully | tic records, are peculiarly valuable. They illustrated volume to the notice of our readers. furnish the popular mind with the main results
of learned and laborious research; and, if well CHARACTER AND TRANSLATION OF Exoch. executed, leave but little for the unlearned to
A Sermon delivered on the Occasion of the desire in the shape of actual information. Sudden Death of the Rev. Thomas Weaver. Our early ecclesiastical history is shrouded By the Rev. J. A. JAMES. Accompanied in much darkness and uncertainty; though with Funeral Address, and a Church-Memo- the little to be gleaned from existing docarial. 8vo.
ments whets the appetite for more ample Kent and Co.
intelligence. " THE fathers ! where are they? And the Mr. Wilson's little volume is very creditProphets, do they live for ever?” As one able to his zeal and diligence, in collecting so after another of the servants of Christ, goodly a mass of materials in reference to the with whom we mingled in early life, while darker periods of Scottish history. He has they were yet in the zenith of their power, is consulted the best authors; and if every removed from the midst of us, a feeling of thing narrated by them is not so satisfactory something like depression steals over our as rigid history might demand; the fault is spirits. And yet, why should it be so? All not his, but is to be traced to the imperfect men are mortal ; and the most honoured ser- and misty character of the documents upon vants of the church "are not suffered to which we are compelled to rely, prior, and continue by reason of death." Dear Mr. even subsequent to, the Christian era in ScotWeaver lived to a good old age; and, in the tish history. midst of usefulness and devoted service in his We must give Mr. Wilson the credit o. Master's cause, was suddenly called to his having produced a very interesting and inrest and reward at a time when he enjoyed structive volume, which will beguile many a the unabated love and confidence of all the winter-evening hour around the cheerful wise and good who knew him.
He has gone
hearths of Caledonia Nor will such an into his grave like a shock of corn fully ripe ; teresting fragment fail to find its way into and has left behind him an unblemished repu- many an intelligent circle south of the tation, in all the relations of personal and Tweed, ministerial life.
Mr. James's Funeral Discourse is a glow- THE SUCCESSFUL MERCHANT: Sketches of ing composition, and a glorious testimony. the Life of Mr. Samuel Budgett, late of By such characteristics as belonged to Mr. Kingswood Hill. By WILLIAM ARTHUR, Weaver, the Nonconformist minister lives and A.M., Author of “A Mission to the Myprospers; and when he dies, his memory is sore," 8c. fragrant in a thousand hearts. The Dis- London: Hamilton and Adams, Mason. course before us is a beautiful and touching MR. ARTHUR is a writer of considerable appeal, which will be felt deeply by all who power, and of a highly cultivated taste; so read it, and must have been most impressive that nothing from his pen is likely to assume upon the minds and hearts of those who the character of common-place. His Mislistened to it.
sion to the Mysore is a volume of peculiar The two Funeral Addresses by the Rev. | interest;—we may say, indeed, of extraorJoseph Pattison, of Wem, and the Rev. W. dinary fascination. Thorp, the colleague and successor of Mr. We have pleasure in welcoming him in Weaver, are peculiarly excellent and appro- the department of Biography; in which he priate ; equally creditable to the living and is qualified to shine. The subject selected the dead.
by him is favourable for the effect which he “ The Church-Memorial,” by our much aims to produce. Mr. Budgett was an emirespected friend, Sir John Pickerton Wil- nently successful tradesman; and Mr. Arthur liams, is a very interesting sketch of the his-has shown how and by what means. He was tory of Nonconformity in the town of Shrews- a noble dispenser of the wealth he acquired; bury ; and well sustains the antiquarian and in this he is held up as an example to ability of the distinguished author, to whom other religious men whom God hath prospered. we are so deeply indebted for similar efforts A finer moral, better set forth, we cannot conof his enlightened pen.
ceive of than Mr. Arthur's Life of the suc
cessful Bristol merchant. THE EARLY HISTORY OF CHRISTIANITY IN Under the Heads,—"Sphere wherein he
SCOTLAND. BY JAMES H. Wilson, Edi- moved—the Born Merchant—the Basis of tor of the “ North of Scotland Gazette." | Character-Early Trials and Troubles—Rise Crown 8vo. pp. 148.
and Progress-Master and Men-In his own John C. Bishop.
Neighbourhood - In the Family-The Inner BRIEF sketches of early ecclesiastical his. Life-the Latter End,”—we have & most tory, when accurately compiled from authen- | instructive narrative, carried out to all its