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nouncing the name of Greenfield—the most resolution, said: Amongst the names which extraordinary linguist I ever knew, whose have been mentioned, there are some to which death I deeply deplore, and at whose funeral I must be permitted to allude. Morrison has I was an unaffected mourner. Now Green been nained ; Milne has been named; and field told Bagster, that he never proceeded to their names have been associated with the the work of translation without earnest and great work of translation. Honoured, inimportunate prayer for the help and guidance deed, are they who translate the four Evanof God; and I have no doubt that this is true gelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. of all the translators whom God has raised up And who are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and in connexion with your Society. I do not John ?-and who, like four great trumpets, know how many translators, or how many are sounding, east, west, north, and south, translations there may have been; but if I and telling a dying world, what Christ has were a Director of the Society, I would move done and suffered to save it. Honoured, infor a report of all the translations, and of the deed, are they who translate Paul and Peter. money spent upon the various versions which Morrison and Milne were confederates in that have been brought into existence through the work. Of Morrison, who made the original efforts of its Missionaries, believing, as I do, translation into Chinese, I shall be excused that such a statement would prove exceed for saying, that he was my brother-in-law. ingly interesting, and would produce an ex Milne, the son of Dr. Milne, the coadjutor of cellent effect upon the general interests of the Dr. Morrison, a fellow-worker with himn in
I fear that I have proceeded too far. that grand achievement, is my son-in-law. I will only add, that, while I venerate the That Milne, now in Shanghai translating the past, and feel that the memory of the just book, had no small share in effectuating the is blessed, I exceedingly love and delight in amount of translation already reached. the present and the living men.
Well,” you say, “ that's no merit of yours." the names of Tidman, and Sir Culling Eard But, I say, I feel the reflection of their honour ley, and Prout, and John Angell James, and -the fringes of it touch me. To have a Halley, as names which shall go down in brother-in-law who opened the fountain first light, and glory, to other ages, just as the of all to the Chinese, and to have a son-innames of the men of a past generation have law who has carried on the same work, is, I come down, surrounded with loveliness, to our think, reflex honour enough, in the way of
I like my company; I feel it to be an translation, for any modest man. Mr. Chairhonour to be here. I look around with de man, I have, in making these remarks, divarilight and joy on my venerated fathers and cated from what I intended to say. Mr. brethren in co-operation and concurrence in Chairman, the object of this Society is to this great work. I remember, last year diffuse the gospel all round the terraqueous especially, being exceedingly struck, as my globe. It is to enlighten the world—the eye glanced along this platform, upon those whole world. Do you ask me what I mean who have grown grey in the service of the by enlightening the world ? then I ask, Who Society; and they seemed to me to be like you are, that put to me that interrogatory? so many shocks of corn standing in a field, Are you a philosopher, so-called ? Is the ripe and ready for the hour when the great light that you patronise what is called intelHarvestman shall be pleased to gather them lectual light? Then, I say, in that sense home. You remember the story of the bar our object to enlighten the world. What a barians breaking in upon the senate of Rome; mass of intellect is lying in the dark, enyou remember that it is related, that when crusted, covered, coated with superstitions they saw the dignity of the Senate's mien, and idolatries, which have been accumulating and observed that they continued their con for centuries and millenniums ! Did the sultations, unterrified by the barbarian Almighty Creator make anything for waste ? soldiers, they started back and said, “ These and especially, I ask, did he make that mighty are gods, and not men." I look round on thing, intellect, for waste ? Oh, how much this platform, and I do not say of my lre of it lies waste on this our planet! Carry thren and fathers," they are gods," for they forth the gospel! There is nothing so exshall die like men, and depart from this citing, so stimulating, so improving to intelscene like all other human creatures; but I lect. Carry the torch of the gospel to every do say they are beings, honoured while they human being! What a blaze of intellectual live, and that, passing into eternity, they will light will follow! Our object is, I say, to leave behind us their names and example, enlighten the world. Perhaps you ask, What and we shall have cause to rejoice that we do you mean? and I ask, Who are you that were associated with them in their endeavours put that interrogatory? Are you a moralist ? to propagate the Gospel of Christ unto the Is the light you desiderate for the family of ends of the earth.
man the light of morals? Then, I say, como The Rev. Dr. BEAUMONT, in seconding the along with us ; then, I say, join this Society,
give your patronage to it, throw your £500 hands. But what have I to do with these Bank of England note into its treasury. The men,---with Milton, and Raphael, and Rubens, system of morals taught by this Society is and Bacon, and Locke? Come along with simpler than that of Aristotle, purer than me into a sacred inclosure, and look at that of Plato, more spiritual than that of Abraham expecting a son, and believing that Seneca ; morals as pure as the morals around he would have a posterity more numerous the throne of God in heaven, the morals of than the stars, though he was at the time an the fifth chapter of Matthew. I don't wonder old man, and childless. Talk of enthusiasm! at the words of that rich, proud Indian Na- Come along with me, and listen to Isaiah bob, who, one day, in going along the streets singing, and singing of the wilderness and the of Calcutta, with all his superstitions hanging solitary place becoming glad for the presence about him, was drawn to a certain spot by of the Lord, and singing about a thorn being the sounds which proceeded from the Mis- changed into a myrtle-tree, and a bramble sionary school. Being thus drawn into the into a fir-tree. Talk of enthusiasm! Listen school, he heard the boys reading the fifth to Isaiah again, while he is singing about the chapter of Matthew. He stopped and listened; wolf dwelling with the lamb, and the leopard his eye flashed with a fire to which that orb lying down with the kid, and the calf, and was unaccustomed ; his person expanded as the young lion, and the fatling together; and he listened, and when they had done, he said, about a little silken thread being put round “ Well, if you will only live that chapter as their necks, and a little child leading them. well as you read it, I will never say another Talk to me of enthusiasm! There is a name, word against Christianity.” Mr. Chairman, Mr. Chairman, which my own feeble lips the object of this Society is to teach the have recited since I commenced,-Paul, Paul, planet called the earth the morals of the fifth --who says, “ All the way round about from chapter of Matthew; not merely to teach Jerusalem to Illyricum, I have preached the ehildren to recite a beautiful lesson, but to Gospel." Single-handed! He did the ministeach both parents and children to walk trations of the Mediterranean himself. Talk according to the same. I say, our object is of the vital principle! talk of the reproductive to enlighten the world. Perhaps there is power, as the last speaker did! talk of the some one still who asks me, what I mean by multiplication principlel talk of the atomic enlightening the world. Who, and what are theory! Here it is ; and the true atomic you, that put to me that interrogatory? theory is in the progress of evangelical truth Are you a Christian, and do you want to and evangelical principles. I will not proceed. know whether the light that we are anxious I ought to have been elsewhere at this moment, to propagate everywhere is evangelical light ? but I have for the moment been entangled Yes, yes, that's it. We are for turning the and held fast by my friends here. There are, world" from darkness to light,” by turning it Mr. Chairman, two names which have not " from the power of Satan unto God;" and fallen, I think, from the lips of any speakex you never, Mr. Chairman, will get the world on this occasion, and, as I was at the Taberturned from darkness to light till it is turned nacle last evening, I may, perhaps, be excused from the power of Satan unto God. En. for saying, that that constellation of names lighten the world, forsooth? Yes, the light comes over me with a little more than the is travelling on; and, as it is with the flux of ordinary power to-day, I mean Whitfield
; physical light which passes through great and Wesley. Whitfield!--a man who, when distances in going towards its terminus, so his head was of snow, had a heart of fire, and the nations which are near the light are grop- a tongue compounded at once of the tongue ing for the light. Don't accuse me of getting of Demosthenes and Apollos, who blew the warm on the occasion. Where, where, is an silver trumpet of the Gospel in England, enthusiasm tolerable if not in such a scene as Scotland, and America, the tones, the vibrathis, with such a theme as this? Talk of tions, the reverberations of which have not enthusiasm! Did any one accuse Milton of ceased yet, and never will cease till they are enthusiasm when he wrote a book which has swallowed up in the blast of the Archangel's come down with such lionour to posterity ? trumpet! And as to the £500 note, if it Were Raphael and Rubens entirely inno- really be a fact that it was given at the door cent of enthusiasm ? If they had not had a of the Tabernacle, I think the man who spice of enthusiasmı, you would not have gave it showed a most discerning taste in had such fine pictures from them. And giving it at that door, There is another name, were Newton and Boyle void of enthusiasm? -another star in that constellation, John If they had been, they would not have made Wesley--the little man who went to Oxford, such fine philosophical discoveries. Were and perambulated in her colleges, and dived Bacon, and Locke, and Watts, without enthu. into all her libraries of science and learning, siasm? If they had been, I suspect you and extracted and abstracted all that he would not have had such fine logic at their thought worthy of appropriation, and laid all
up in the cavities of his well-packed brain, the banner, and even, if need be, to blow the and walked away one fine morning, never to trumpet, and to rejoice that we are privileged return! A modest man was he, forsooth; for, to take part in such a blessed work. As to soon after he was heard to say, “ I am a man the resolution which I am to support,-it is of one book, and my parish is the world.” not one of mere routine, one which can be And he rang the chimes all over England, materially affected by the question, whether climbed up all her hills, insinuated himself the collection has been made to-day, or is to among all her villages, threw light around be made next Sunday. It is a resolution of him like so many rockets; and, after planting deep solemnity, and involves great responsithousands of schools, and after raising innu bility; and you are asked to declare earnestly, merable little chapels up and down the not only as the representatives of the Society conntry, he died at the age of 88,-what in London, but as its representatives from with? leaving behind him what do you think? different parts of the country, whether you A few old silver spoons in London and Liver. are prepared to respond to the resolution. pool, a well-worn clergyman's gown, a well Sir, it is a modest resolution.
It is no apabused reputation, and the Methodist Con peal for an increase of funds to extend the nexion. I say, esto perpetua last like the operatious of the Society; it simply raises the sun! Ay, Whitfield, Wesley, that constel. question, whether you are to hold your own, lation which rose on our island with such --whether ground already occupied by you is bright aspect and such blessed results: may still to be occupied. Sir, I am not addressing we look to both those stars, catch their radia this vast assembly only; I am not ignorant of tions, and follow in their wake, till the whole the fact, that the words which are uttered earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the here will vibrate through the Christian glory of the Lord.
world. It reminds me of a discovery in ALFRED ROOKER, Esq., Mayor of Plymouth, science, and a more marvellous discovery I do said: Sir,---It is with great pleasure that I not know. A little time ago, when maguetic address you as chairman of this meeting; and observatories had been established in different I am sure that nothing but stern oilicial parts of the world, it was discovered that not duties could have led the gentleman who pre a single storm could take place, not one viously occupied the chair to leave the posi movement could be effected in the magnetic tion which you so honourably till, to forego currents, but the whole system vibrated in the privilege of being for a little longer the response. What seemed a solitary and key-stone of that great arch builded after the isolated storm, bursting upon a rock in the model of the sanctuary, and sanotified by the midst of the ocean, was, at the same instant, Divine blessing. It is not an honour only to felt in all the magnetic observatories throughoccupy that chair, but it is an honour to be out the world; everywhere the quivering of permitted to stand up before this meeting, the needle showed that there had been mag. and before the country, to advocate the great netic disturbance. In like manner, Sir, I principles and the cause of Christian Missions. trust that the resolution which I hold in my It is a cause, too, endeared to all our hearts hand will produce a magnetic disturbance in by many tender recollections. Reference every Christian heart and mind throughout has been made to those who have fallen in this country and the world.
Unless we, as the field. My beloved and honoured father, Christian men, rise to the emergency, and do who was called to his rest during the past what we have undertaken to do, the effect will year, when a young man, was invited, with be felt painfully in China,--it will be felt in other young ministers, to constitute a part of India and Africa--and the inquiry will be the first gathering in London. He took part heard, “ Are we to be deprived of the Society's in its services, and felt through his whole life help?" Sir, this resolution refers to the consecrated to the cause; and even on his financial statement which has been laid before dying bed, the last audible prayer which he you. I do not know whether I am right in uttered was, that the knowledge of God might disclosing it; but, at all events, it is the fact, extend through foreign lands. Oh, sir, I feel that while the past year has been a year of this to be a high honour.
prosperity throughout England; while it has “My boast is, not that I deduce my birth
been a year during which wealth has been From loins enthroned, and rulers of the earth; poured into our ports, and Free Trade, in But higher far my proud pretensions rise, which we glory, has been diffusing prosperity The son of parents pass'd into the skies!”
throughout the land; while all this has been I solemnly ask the prayers of this great going on, the regular income of this Society, assembly, that we, the younger men, may be its ordinary revenue, has decreased. The baptized for the dead, that we may be pre only resource on which prudent men can rely, pared, when we see their places vacant, the that arm has been crippled. And where-standards fallen, and the sword lying on the whence does the deficiency arise? Is it in ground, to enter upon the contest, to raise the agricultural distriots, sunk and depressed,
as it is said, by the results of Free Trade-a statement to which I do not give credit? No; but the deficiency has been in the contributions from Yorkshire, and Lancashire, and the northern parts of the kingdom. I am sure we need only state the fact, to prevent the recurrence of such a calamity. You ought to know the fact, Sir; this meeting ought to know it. And if there be this want, if there be this deficiency, where can we turn for help? Can we go down to the Philistines, and sharpen our weapons there? What hope can there be from the world for real help to Missionary exertion? None. Up to a certain point the men of the world see a moral beauty and loveliness around the field of Missionary labour. They see the wilderness blossoming as the rose, and they say, “ How beautiful this is!" They see devoted servants of Christ, men who have hazarded their lives for the name of the Lord Jesus, the best and noblest definition of a Missionary that I ever heard,—and when they see this they admire it. But they have no sympathy with the great central truth of Missionary labour,“ The love of Christ constraineth us." I am not now uttering fiction; I am not alluding to the works of thirty years ago which have been mentioned to-day, but to the current literature of our times, and I must say, that a more complete exemplification of the worldly spirit I know not, than is to be found in the leading articles of the Times newspaper. Why, sir, only a month pastI speak not of the character of the enterprise, nor of the wisdom and carefulness shown in the design--it appeared, that a man full of love to Christ, and burning with a desire to save souls, had left all the comforts of home in order to visit with others the desolate and tide-worn wastes of South America; and there, Sir, bequeathing to the Church a diary which can hardly be read but with a tearful eye, he, and all who were with him, died.-And what is the response which the world, through the columns of this paper, gives to this noble, this glorious effort of self-denying love? If he had been a man who had perished in some Polar expedition--if he had gone out to Timbuctoo,-if he had left his bones to bleach on the sandy deserts of Africa, the world would have been told of his noble enthusiasm for the progress of science; but, Sir, when it is the earnest and devoted Mis. sionary of Christ, who had nothing to inspire him but the love of his Master, and whose chief desire was to save souls, we have nothing but the expression of a hope that this example may prevent others from following in the fallen man's steps. And then, Sir, in that very article I read with pain, and not with wonder, " What should we think if these Patagonians, having much to do at home,
were to venture to England to teach Puseyism?" Is that the way in which our Missionary work is to be regarded? It is of no use appealing to the spirit of the world. Then we will go to the Church; we will take this resolution, and we will read it to our Churches. I speak as a layman, and I speak with due submission in the presence of those who are my elders and my reverend fathers in the ministry, and I hardly venture to offer a word of counsel; but, if I might, I would just venture to say, that we, the laity, want more facts about Missions. I think it is a great delusion, that every thing that is put in print is read. In many parts of England, I have been in the habit, not unfrequently, of attending Missionary prayer-meetings. I would venture to say on this occasion, principles on the Sabbath-dayfacts for the week-day! I would venture just to suggest, that on these occasions we should have less of the minister and more of the Missionary. I venture to say, that if, on these occasions, we could reduce the addresses, and get facts from the MISSIONARY CHRONICLE, we should be more benefited. And I say this fearlessly, because I confess, before this assembly, that, burdened with business and worn with the toils of daily life, many of us feel that then the facts from a Missionary Report would come gratefully to us, if read to us from month to month. It frequently happens that we read only the short articles; and if our ministers would cull from the Missionary Report, even if we had read it before, facts--simple facts,
we should then have general interest excited in the Missionary work. Then, Sir, there is just one thought which I wish to utter, and it is this: If we appeal to the Church,--and as laymen we must appeal to the Church, as ministers you must appeal to it,-do not let us appeal to the Churchi alone in its corporate character. I value these Associations; I value such a Society as this; but I feel that, even in the constitution of such a glorious and such a noble Society, there is sometimes a danger lest we should lose the sense of individual responsibility, and throw on a dim and indistinct corporation that which we ought to do ourselves. I would, if it were possible, that when these Societies are builded up, and when any effort is to emanate from them, and to be concentrated in them, it should be done, not through the Church to the individual, but through the individual to the Church. Each individual should feel more and more his responsibility to Christ, and less his reponsibility to the Society. And if it be so--if truth is to advance in this way, then we need not fear the alternative. Contract the sphere of your exertions, Sir? You cannot do it. God has laid down our sphere for us. * The
field is the world.” We may be unfaithful to our duty; we may not cultivate the whole of that field as we ought; but still the sphere remains, and within that we must labour. But, then, think for a moment, if that be the alternative, to reduce the sphere of Missionary labour. Let us summon them before us; let us bring them up one after another. With what sphere of labour shall we begin? Let us bring before you the representative of China; let him be on the platform to-day, and let him plead his cause. Will he not tell you, that you prayed for China, and that you longed earnestly that the door might be opened for an effectual proclamation of the Gospel in China, that you had surrounded the wall of China with the voice of prayer; and at last, in answer to your prayers, the wall fell flat before you. And will you now abandon that field? The representative from India will be there, and he will tell you that God, in his Almighty Providence, has committed a vast and mighty empire to your hands; and it will be urged, I think, that you must not forsake it. And the inhabitants of Tahiti will be there, and they will prove, by your earnest desire for their salvation, by your first and early love, that they cannot be Jeft. And Africa must not be forsaken. We have let loose war in Africa; the spirit of desolation is there, and we cannot now withdraw the olive-branch of peace. I do not know where we should begin, Sir. We cannot begin anywhere; for although what we have done in time past has been so encouraging, we have not done so much that we can afford to retire. It is encouraging to look back upon Missionary effort, and see how vast the result has been. We see it widening and deepening:" Like some bright river, that, from fall to fall,
In many a maze descending, bright through all, Finds some fair region where, each labyrinth past, In one full lake of light it rests at last."
That must be the determination; we can consent to nothing less than this; we have talked of light permeating the whole world. What do we at present? These stations of ours are but so many centres of light, belts and zones of light around the world. But the whole world must be illuminated. I recollect, not many years since, being on the mountains of the Tyrol, and seeing scattered along the paths of its precipices the small torches which had lit the travellers, the night before, over those dangerous ways, and they had fulfilled their purpose; and I can imagine that any one looking on those dark mountains, and seeing those lines of light, might be grateful-oh, abundantly grateful — that they were leading safely along those dangerous paths many to safety, to happiness, and to home. But, Sir, I remember, not long
afterwards, being upon one of the higher Alps very early in the morning, long before the sun had risen: those mighty overland Alps immediately before us, their peaks running far up into the grey sky of the morning, -We waited patiently and with desire, and we perceived what we were expecting. That mighty peak of snow began to glow like a torch; and then by degrees, shining lower and lower, the glorious sunshine flooded mountain, and valley, and lake, and as the clouds began to rise, they were tinged with its splendour. Oh! Sir, it is just this with our work. We have torches all the world over, but we want the glorious, perfect light, and, until we have that, we must not be satisfied, but hope for the blessed consummation. And why should we not hope? The past is full of promise, the present is full of encouragement. Look on every side, and see what your Society and kindred Societies are doing. There is surely much to encourage
And then the future-prophecy fortells it; signs and portents are full of hope, and we wait for the accomplishment, just as the solitary watcher in space waits for the approach of that full-orbed planet, which is to be his home of light for ever. And come it will — "the new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness:" and, Sir, if found faithfulif, by God's grace, we are permitted to be faithful to our trust- for us there shall be the green pastures and the living waters, and the full fruition of our joy, when the whole “earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters cover the You believe that?
Then can you refuse to adopt the resolution?
The CHAIRMAN put the resolution to the meeting, and it was passed unanimously.
The Rev. Join SUGDEN : Mr. Chairman and Christian friends, I will not detain you above one minute. The resolution which has been put into my hands is to this effect:
“ That Sir Culling Eardley Eardley, Bart., be the Treasurer; that the Rev. Dr. Tidman be the Foreign Socretary; and the Rev. Ebenezer Prout be the Home Secretary for the ensuing year; that the Directors who are eligible be re-appointed ; and that the gentlemen whose names have been transmitted by their respective Auxiliaries, and approved by the Aggregate Meeting of Delegates, be chosen to fill up the places of those who retire; and that the Directors have power to fill up any vacancies that may occur."
I would just say, that I stand here as the representative of my missionary brethren, and I feel exceedingly happy that this resolution has fallen into the hands of a Missionary. It gives me an appropriate opportunity of testifying our love and affection to those who sustain office in the Society. I can only say, my Christian friends, that the honour and