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" Others who, having accepted the minis- idea of universal priesthood. According to try as an institution, would be prepared to ac- 1 Pet. ii. 9, and Rev. i. 6, Neander and his cept it as, in a certain sense, an order, refuse authorities only admit of the priesthood as an to recognize a clerical order, if the word does institution in the sense of a convenient dinecessarily involve all the ideas which we vision of labour. See Acts vi. 4, on the aphave just exhibited. In their view the pointment of deacons. ministry rather constitutes a particular class “But this is to pass from one side to tho of persons, a species of functionaries, of which other with arguments which, in the one case Jesus Christ has determined that his church destroy nothing, and in the other case conshall never be deprived; but, according to struct nothing. For the idea of a universal their idea, the similarity of the functions no priesthood does not contradict the idea of a more elevates them into an order than the special priesthood; and so Harms is right in rank of captain or officer constitutes an order alleging on this point, Exod. xix. 6; and, on of all the captains and officers belonging to the other hand, a special priesthood need not an army, who, in fact, are nothing but be so appointed as to be incompatible with a soldiers occupying a more elevated position universal priesthood. and rank. In their view, ministers are no " It seems to me advantageous to rer

remark, other than the officers of the Christian army, as confirmatory of both these truths, that with this primary difference, that each one those who in the Bible have spoken of a unimay become an officer of his chief as soon as versal priesthood were themselves invested he finds soldiers disposed accept him as with a special priestly dignity, and mainsuch, and to march under his conduct. tained that character in the presence of those

" Each of these opinions has, however, whom they addressed. In their view the several degrees and shades. The majority two priesthoods, or the two ministries, did of the defenders of each are influenced in not exclude one another. this respect less by a reasoning conviction “ Moreover, in the new economy, it is certhan by habit or tendency of thought. These tain that in one respect the universal miniscontrasted opinions do not, in fact, so much try is the sole reality; not that it has exbelong to two different systems as to two cluded the other, but because, in this new different classes of minds, and when circum- economy, the other ministry no longer exists stances have brought into view vivid manifes--I mean the priesthood properly so called; tations of the two classes, and have placed them no one is specially a priest, but cach is a in the presence of each other, it has been ne- priest so far as he is united to the High cessary that they should explain themselves; Priest, who is Jesus Christ. The only miand habit on the one hand, and tendency on nistry that remains is that of the Word, and the other, have issued in distinct systems, that is at once special and universal. And which have been obliged to give an account here then, we repeat our observation-that of their foundations, — foundations which, ! the inspired men who have recognized this perhaps, they have not discovered till after ministry as universal, did not the less extheir full establishment.

ercise it in a special manner; it did not enter “ [Those who admit that the ministry is into their thoughts to deny either the one or an order, are accustomed to look to history: the other. the others rest upon speculation. At the “ They have also recognized the fact, that Reformation there was little systematizing ; the faithful disciple is directly taught by vivid feelings were aroused, while method God, and that consequently his Chief Shepand form were neglected. Afterwards came herd is in heaven. They have strongly ina period of repose, and the clergy in certain sisted on this immediate relation that has places formed themselves into an order. In been established between every faithful man these times we must make our selection; and him who is at once the Object and the Catholicism presses upon us, we must be Author (the Head and Consummater,) of his Protestants in the most unambiguous mode. faith. This is, in fact, the essence of true We have zealously guarded the shreds of religion, the spirit of the true worshippers of Romanism, now we must zealously seek for the Father, the characteristic of a worship in other habiliments.]

which God reveals himself as Father; and ac“ Among the most eminent defenders of cordingly we shall find, even under the elder the second system, we ought, in more recent dispensation, vivid traces of this idea. (See times, to distinguish Neander. Neander no- Jer. xxxi. 31–31.) But these same men who tices the tendency which early manifested proclaim the immediacy of the intercourse itself in the church to constitute the ministry between the faithful and God, and do not into a caste. He relates the resistance of offer themselves as mediators, or as substiClement, (A. D. 217), and of Tertullian, (A.D. tutes for the only Mediator, do not the less 245,) to this retrogression towards Judaism. exercise the ministry of the Word, which has These fathers placed a value (and Neander, for its distinct object, and for its final aim, following them, also places a value) on the to promote this immediate intercourse. They


have not, in any respect, contradicted them- / valuable to the biblical student have obtained selves. There is then no necessity of op- a wide circulation. posing either the universal ministry to the The untranslated manuscript came into special ministry, or the special ministry to the hands of Mr. Brown some years ago; and the universal ministry; but as they are iden- assuredly he has exercised a wise discretion tical in nature, as they do not differ in re- in taking upon him the labour of rendering it spect of any of the elements which belong to into English, and issuing it from the press. the constitution of either, as the one has no Of the genuineness of the document there can virtue or illumination which has been denied be no doubt, from its identity of style with to the other, it is necessary that we should the other works of Venema, and from the carefully recognize what Neander has asserted anthor's repeated reference to lis “ Ecclethat the special ministry only exists by siastical History." virtue of the principle of the division of la- We regard the first volume of these “Inbour, and for the difference which we our- stitutes," as a most precious addition to our selves have already indicated. If we seek biblical treasures; and earnestly hope that for the reason of the institution, for the idea the translator will be encouraged, by the sale which has given it birth, we do not therefore of the work, to proceed with the second deny the real existence of the institution, nor volume, in which he promises a life of the do we take aught from the authority of its author, and a critique on his theological Founder.

writings. The truth on this question may find its The plan of Venema's Theology, so far as proper limitations on one side, (that is to say, we can judge from the specimen before us, is on the side which tends to the too absolute liighly perspicuous, and well calculated to distinction between the clergy and the laity,) guide the theological student into sound views in the words which we have already quoted of Biblical Christianity. His system appears from 1 Pet. ii. 9, and Rev. i. 6, ‘Ye are a to be peculiarly simple and logical; and bis royal priesthood ;' and it may find its cor- style of lecturing to be well deserving the responding limit on the other side, (that is serious consideration of those who preside over to say, the side which tends evidently to con- our theological seminaries. While there is found the two,) in the words of St. Paul: vast scope in the author's modes of thinking, 'Paul, separated unto the gospel of God.' he is thoroughly sound in the faith upon all Rom. i. 1.

vital and essential points. Indeed, he is a very “ There is, then, an order in no other sense able defender of the doctrines usually deno. than this.--that there is a peculiar class of minated orthodox; and there is a brevity and men who are indispensable in the constitu. terseness in his mode of stating and defending tion of a church,—a class which is set over them, peculiarly convincing. each church, co-ordinate with the other parts The first vol. is divided under the following which compose it, and forming its living heads:-* Of Theology in General-Chap. I. centre, .for the perfecting of the saints, for Of Reason-II. Of Religion-III. Of the the work of the ministry, for the cdifying of Scriptures—IV. God-V. Attributes of God the body of Christ,'"-p. 36-40.

-VI. Continued--VII. Continued-VIII. We commend this interesting volume to all The Trinity-IX. Continued--X. Divinity of our brethren in the ministry, to all our Theo- Christ-XI. Divinity of Christ and of the logical Students, and to intelligent, fervent | Holy Ghost-XII, The Trinity-XIII. Con. Christians, anxious to become acquainted tinued-XIV. The Decrees of God-XV. with the scriptural claims of the ministry of Continued - XVI. Predestination — XVII, reconciliation.

Continued-XVIII. Creation-XIX. Angels
--XX. Holy Angels--XXI. Fallen Angels-

XXII. Man in Innocence-XXIII. Providence

of God -- XXIV. Continued - XXV. The the Rev. ALEX. W. Brown, Minister of XXVII. The Fall-XXVIII. Sin and its the Free St. Bernard's Church, Edinburgh. Consequences-XXIX. Effects of the Fall 8v0. pp. 536.

XXX. Continued. T. and T. Clark, Edinburglı; and Hamilton, There are some most profound discussions Adams, and Co., London.

in this volume, upon subjects of acknowledged HERMAN VENEMA was a man of no mean difficulty. We would call attention parti. standing in the Dutch Reformed Church. cularly to the author's mode of handling the He succeeded the younger Vitringa as atheistical and deistical controversies. Nothing Theological Professor in the University of can be more satisfactory. On the TrinityFranequer, in Friesland. His “ Institutes of Predestination--the Divinity of Christ-and Theology” were never before published; for the Effects of the Fall-will be fouud some what reason does not appear. One thing is most acute observations. The style is very certain, that many systems of theology less inviting; and the spirit of the writer is a fine

example of firmness associated with manly share of historic power; and is marked candour.

throughout by the purity of religious sentiWe sincerely express our acknowledgments ment, and a pleasing vein of poetic feeling. to Mr. Brown for this most acceptable addi- If we cannot attribute genius, in any very tion to the student's library; and hope, at no remarkable degree, to the author of this distant period, to be favoured with the second volume, we can speak of him as a man of volume of Venema's “ Institutes of Theo- clear perceptions, sound observation, refined logy."

feelings, and earnest devotion. The work

will do good wherever it is read, and can inLETTERS ON THE CHURCH OF ROMË, ad- flict no evil upon any humble inquirer after

dressed to the Rev. Emmanuel Faraut, D.D. truth. We can conscientiously recommend and LL.D., Chaplain to the King of Sar- it to the notice of our readers, especially the dinia, and Italian Missionary to England. young. By BAPTIST WRIOTIIESLEY Noel. Crown 8vo. pp. 602.


Manual of Theological and General LiteraIt was a sad mistake, could it have been ture, and Guide for Authors, Preachers, anticipated, that Mr. Noel should have Students, and Literary Men. Analytical, entered into controversy with so flippant an Bibliographical, and Biographical. Superadversary as the chaplain of the King of royal 8vo. Part I., pp. 160. Sardinia. Certainly there was no possibility

James Darling of maintaining a respectable controversy with Mr. Darling's Metropolitan Library has a person of Dr. Faraut's habit of mind. In long maintained a high and increasing chahis hands Roman Catholicism cuts a miser-racter, both for its extent and selectness. able figure ; his mode of arguing his points At vast cost, and with commendable pains, is so utterly childish as to put all victory it has reached its present celebrity; and, both quite out of the question. Dr. Wiseman and for classical and general purposes, it is the other able Catholics cannot but feel that he best collection of its kind in the metropolis. bas damaged their cause.

The Cyclopædia Bibliographica “is founded In such circumstances, what could Mr. chiefly,” not exclusively, “ on the books conNoel do, but prosecute the Protestant argu- tained” in this Library. We could have ment in his own way? He had entered the wished that the plan had been a little more lists with his challenging opponent; but as extensive ; but, from the specimen before us, that gentleman failed to keep up even the in the First Part, we have reason to believe semblance of honourable controversy, it only that the editor will not limit himself to Mr. remained for Mr. Noel to deal with Catho. | Darling's Library, except when he believes licism on broad general grounds; and thus to that its provisions are ample for the objects supply another standard work against the of theological and general literature. Papal system. Perhaps truth will be better Should the work be carried on and comserved in the long run by this issue, than it pleted in the spirit and with the ability diswould have been had Dr. Faraut chosen to played in the opening number, it will be a submit to the ordinary rules of a well-fought, most valuable book to authors and students gentlemanly battle.

generally. The plan is excellent.

It is not We have noticed some of these letters so much a critique upon authors and their already; and now that they are complete, we works, as an analytical view of the chief have much pleasure in recommending them topics upon which particular authors have as a very able exposure of Popish errors, written ; by which the student may see, at a written in an excellent spirit, and in thorough glance, how far any subject in which he is accordance with the word of God. It is interested has been treated by the writers really most amusing to observe the insuffer- here alphabetically introduced to his notice. able vanity of the Sardinian chaplain ;-how We cannot but wish the amplest success to he vaunts himself, in almost every paragraph, this undertaking. It is quite a desideratum as if he had perfectly crushed his antagonist, in our literature. The editor cannot bestow when no one accustomed to look at things too much pains in securing the greatest with a logical eye, can detect even the sem- accuracy, in every department of his labour. blance of an argunent in his impertinent but we find that Dr. William Lindsay Alexander, venomous puerilities.

of Edinburgh, is introduced as only M.A.,

when he is D.D., F.S.A.S. This is but a WHAT OF THE NIGHT? A Glance at the trifle ; but such trifles ought not to be over

Past, the Present, and the Future. A Poem. looked in a work of this description.
In Four Parts. By Thomas BODEN. 8vo. We have more than ordinary satisfaction

in recommending this work to our brethren Jackson and Walford.

in the ministry, and to all intelligent private Tuis Poem is distinguished by no mean Christians. It affords much useful informa

Pp. 122.

tion about books, and will beguile many a The second paper, denominated “Hades tedious hour.

and Heaven," is not much to our mind. It is very highly speculative, though curi

ous; and the writer leaves us too much in Six LECTURES ON CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES:

the dark as to his own views of the topics addressed to Students attending the United discussed; though we fear that, in combating College of St. Salvator's and St. Leonard's

, the heathen limbus of some, he advocates the St. Andrew's. By John Cook, D.D., theory of unconsciousness between death and Minister of St. Leonard's, St. Andrew's. the second coming of Christ, not, as we think, Crown 8vo, pp. 120.

a less formidable evil. The article on “ The Paton and Ritchie.

Harmony of the Gospels ” is very valuable; The modern phases of scepticism are but

as are many of the minor contributions. slenderly referred to in these Lectures; and yet as we have examined the admirable and well-digested compendium, we have felt that no form of unbelief could 'stand against the INSANITY; its Causes, Prevention, and Cure ; current of evidence here supplied for the

including Apoplexy, Epilepsy, and Congestion truth of Christianity. After all, perhaps,

of the Brain. By Joseph WILLIAMS,

M.D. Second Edition. we need give ourselves but little trouble with the recent German imports, as they must all

London: John Churchill. 1852. yield to the old-fashioned weapons by which We have here a second and enlarged edi. the infidels of the last age were driven out

tion of the essay on Insanity, to which the of the field.

Lord Chancellor's prize in Ireland was As we have perused these Lectures upon awarded by the President and Fellows of the transmission of the sacred books, King and Queen's College of Physicians miracles,- prophecy,-internal evidence, - The first edition was published about four the propagation and the effects of Christian- years ago, and at the time was highly coma ity,—the reception which the gospel has met mended by the entire medical press. We with, and the dispositions necessary to its think it right to notice this circumstance in right reception, we have felt that the German introducing to our readers a work which, spiritualism is light as a feather when put in

some might think, we were rather stepping the balance against the preponderating weight out of our province in venturing to praise. of evidence in the opposite scale.

We have perused it, however, with so much If we make ourselves well acquainted with satisfaction, and have derived from it so much the old defences of the Christian citadel, we

valuable information, and been so gratified shall feel that we have nothing to fear for with the Christian tone which pervades it, our own faith, and certainly nothing to appre- that we have great pleasure in recommending hend for the truth of Christianity itself. He it to the notice of all who feel interested in who would turn sceptic, in spite of the argu- the subject on which it treats. It is a work ment from miracles, from prophecy, from the which will abundantly repay perusal. Our adaptations of Christianity to the character brethren in the ministry will find in it in. of God and the condition of man, would re- formation which they might have frequent main a sceptic if he saw with his own eyes opportunity of turning to valuable account. one raised from the dead.

Dr. Cook's volume on Evidences is ad. mirably fitted for general usefulness. Written SABBATH LESSONS FOR A YEAR. Adapled with great perspicuity, it embodies the main

to the Classes of Sunday-schools,—to Dooutline of a great argument; and abounds

mestic Instruction,-and to Bible-classes in striking quotations from the best authors.

for Youths and for Adults. Nos. I. and II. By SAMUEL MARTIN, Minister of West

minster Chapel, Westminster. 18mo. THE JOURNAL OF SACRED LITERATURE. New Series. Edited by John Kitto, D.D.,

Ward and Co. F.S.A. No. V., October, 1852.

The plan of these Lessons is peculiarly R. B. Blackader.

excellent. They will effectually aid the This is an unusually good number of the instructor, without rendering him entirely Journal of Sacred Literature. Many of the dependent upon the mind of another man. articles are of standard value, particularly We have seen nothing, as a help, that we so the first, entitled, “ Romanism in France,” | much approve. The lessons will be emi. which contains much interesting information, nently suggestive even to minds of ordinary and has a great deal of powerful argumento strength and information. We hope they ation on the side of Protestantism.

will come into general use.

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BANQUET TO THE DISSENTING MINISTERS this month's magazine, has drawn attention

OF LONDON, IN THE MANSION HOUSE. to “ Our Psalmody," upon which I beg to On Wednesday, the 13th October, the make a few observations, with a view to a Right Hon. the Lord Mayor gave a splendid more full, general, and correct understanding entertainment, in the Egyptian Hall, to the of the subject. Evangelical Dissenting Ministers of London, By Psalmody, I understand singing, in and to a select circle of Laymen, of the general, of sacred song; what we commonly Nonconforming bodies, including nine Mem- mean by sacred music, singing in private, bers of Parliament,-Messrs. Kershaw, Pel- social, or public worship. latt, Milligan, Pilkington, Ball, Peto, Challis, Your correspondent appears to me to have Barnes, and Chambers. Nearly 200 sat created the difficulty which he so deeply feels, down to dinner ; and after the usual loyal by limiting the hallowed exercise of congrerecognitions of the Queen and the Royal gational singing to “an act of Divine wor. Family, many interesting addresses were de- ship,” or “ directly addressing the Divine livered, by ministers and laymen, upon topics Being." wisely selected for the occasion.

Such a If this be the exclusive object of congregathering, in such a place, affords a pleasing gational singing, his remarks deserve grave proof of the happy progress of public opinion consideration. But is this correct ? Does it in the age in which we live ; and will con- not comprehend something more than a dinect the name of Alderman Hunter with a rect act of praise to God ? movement in all respects creditable to him, New Testament guidance in this matter is as a member of the Congregational body found in general principles, not with any Mr. Musgrove took the initiatory in this exactness of command as to mode, or times, direction last year; and now the way is open or any peculiarity, - principles, however, to Dissenting Lord Mayors, to receive their which leave us at no loss to understand what own pastors to their official board, as well as should be done. There is a common sense the clergy of the City of London.

in sober-mindedness and in spiritual-mindedness which will not fail to ascertain what is the mind of Christ, in things which it is easy

to make matters " of doubtful disputation.” Before this reference meets the eye of I like to be certain, as far as I can, of New the public, the subscribers to the new edition Testament authority for all that we do, and of the “ Congregational Lectures" will be in would therefore first refer to the sacred page possession of the first four volumes, viz., upon the matter before us. Dr. Wardlaw's, on “ Christian Ethics;" Dr. The following appear to be all that the Vanghan's, on “ The Causes of the Corruption | New Testament furnishes upon the subject, of Christianity;" Mr. Gilbert's, on the “Atone- so far as it relates to the Church on earth: ment;" and Dr. Henderson's, on Inspira- Matt. xxvi. 30, and Mark xiv. 16, "When tion."

they had sung an hymn, they went out into We have seen the four beautiful volumes, the Mount of Olives." and can speak of their style of exccution as Acts xvi. 25, “ Paul and Silas prayed and all that can be desired. They are, perhaps, sang praises unto God, and the prisoners the greatest triumph of cheap literature that heard them." has yet seen the light. The failure of this Col. iii. 16, "In psalms, and hymns, and laudable undertaking is now, we are happy spiritual songs, singing and making melody to say, a thing impossible. The churches in your hearts to the Lord.” have shown a determination to avail them- " In psalms, and hymns, and spiritual selves of the advantageous offer made to songs, singing with grace in your hearts to them; and we have no doubt that when the the Lord.'* first four voluines have been seen, the demand We will assume that praise by singing, and for the new edition will be greatly increased. with or without instrumental music, was, We expect to hear that fifty thousand copies at least will be required to meet the wishes I have given the subject the advantage of this

passage, on the supposition that correct pointing of the public. The work will now, we hope,

would justify it. But a corresponding passage, find its way into every nonconforming circle, Epli. v. 19, does not seem to be susceptible of such and into many other circles beside.

correction, and the passages are so nearly alike that perhaps they must each bear the same inter

pretation. If that interpretation be not as I have THOUGHTS ON OUR PSALMODY, IN REPLY given the text in Colossians, then these passages TO "Q."

will both go to strengthen my argument, that sing. (To the Editor of the Evangelical Magazine.)

ing is not always direct praise to God. In these

passages it would seem to be recommended for DEAR SIR, Your correspondent “Q.” in edification of one another.

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