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and scientific discovery is arrayed in opposi- | modifications of man's physical constitution, tion to the Bible-recorded facts, and archæo- as to insure the speedy production of those logical research is assumed to furnish proof changes necessary to adapt the several diviconclusive, that the early history of the sions of man to the climate and the locality Bible is radically defective. The coarse to which they were destined. This idea is abuse of Paine is rejected, the sneering in presented in the closing Lecture, on Unity. sinuations of Gibbon are silenced, the subtle | It was embodied in Essays on that subject, sophistry of Hume is abandoned ; but we are published in the 'Mobile Herald and Tri. told of the facts of geology, of the wonderful bune,' in August and September, 1850 ; and revealments in the heavenly expanse, of the also in the Southern Presbyterian,' pubdemonstrated verities of physiological science, lished at Milledgville, Ga., about the same and of anatomical investigation,- we are told time. Admissible or otherwise, that view of of the authenticated records of India and the subject the author of these pages claims China, running back many ages beyond any as original. He has seen the same idea adprobable date of Noal's flood,- and we are vanced by other writers since that period, told of the certain results of the discoveries without any acknowledgment of its origin. of Lepsius in Egypt, as all uniting their evi- | Previously to the issue of the Essays above dence to confute Moses, and to throw utter referred to, he never met with the idea in the discredit on the historic portion of the Penta- works of any author. Yet it is so simple, teuch."
and, as he conceives, so natural an inference In spite of all this, our author addresses in the circumstances, that very possibly it himself to his task with a manly courage, may have occurred to other minds, un. and with vast resources of knowledge, and prompted, as it did to his own.” the result is such as to place him in the high- We cannot but angur great good from the est rank as a Christian apologist.
publication of this volume. Some apologists We think it well to apprise our readers for Christianity create more doubts than they that Dr. Hamilton, fully admitting the ascer- allay ; but Dr. Hamilton breathes around tained truths of geology, holds the universal. him in every discussion, the most abstruse, ity of the Deluge; nor do we think that any an element of faith. He is one of those writer with whom we are conversant, -not master minds who see no beauty in unbelief, even the late Dr. J. P. Smith,— has produced and feel no gratitude to those who would unevidence to the contrary that will invalidate settle the public faith. the powerful reasonings of the author.
We beg, also, to call attention to Dr. CHRISTIAN EXPERIENCE, in its several Parts Hamilton's Lecture, on “ Man One Family.” and Stages. By the Rev. J. LEIFCHILD, He considers the ordinary arguments by D.D. 8vo.
332. Pritchard and others insufficient to prove the
Ward and Co. oneness of the race, without another element Forty-two years ago, when we arrived which he has discerned, and which well at college, the author was then in high standdeserves to be considered.
ing in the Metropolis, commanding large con"Could,” observes Dr. Hamilton, “the gregations wherever he preached. We well lapse of years, aided by climatic influence, remember how telling then were his appeals diversity of food, of habits, &c., be supposed from the pulpit, both in his ordinary ministraadequate to accomplish such changes as must tions at Kensington, and on public occasions. have been made in the different colonies of And though since then he has been incesNoah's descendants, in order to produce the santly occupied in large and exciting spheres, various races of men now inhabiting our in Bristol and London, if any one, anxious to globe ; yet the records of the East, the monu- see a fine example of a green old age, will ments of Egypt, and the contents of the step into Craven Chapel, when the Doctor catacombs, show a similar diversity to have preaches, he will be struck to find how little existed at so early a period, that there was threescore years and ten have done to quench not-adopt what system of chronology you the ardour of a devoted spirit, or even to immay-sufficient time between the Deluge and pair physical elasticity and intellectual power. the first recorded evidence of the existence Few men have better served their day and of that diversity, to account for the produc- generation than the senior pastor of Craven tion of that change. The reasoning of the Chapel. During a ministry fast verging on learned Pritchard on that subject, and the half a century, he has suffered no eclipse of argument of the Rev. Dr. Thomas Smythe, faith, passed through no disturbing changes of of Charleston, S. C., do not, therefore, fully sentiment, allied himself with none of the meet the case.
novelties of the day, and in no instance im"A more attentive consideration of the paired the respect due to the sacred office. sacred record given in Genesis, has led to the The prayers and best wishes of thousands, in conclusion, that the miraculous confounding all parts of the kingdom, will attend him as of tongues at Babel was attended by such he gradually descends into the valley of life;
and, when his day of useful toil shall have heart.' Forms of worship, differences of closed, his memory will be embalmed in his creed, and modes of inculcating religious own and other circles as “a good minister of truth, occupy so large a share of the attention Jesus Christ," who has made full proof of his of well-disposed persons, as to make us fear ministry.
that what is of far greater importance is We are reluctant to believe that the volume either overlooked, or comparatively slighted. before us, on“ Christian Experience, in its The mind is apt to escape from self-inspecseveral Parts and Stages," is the last production, and to dwell on what may rest on the tion from the pen of our venerable friend. surface, instead of observing what is passing Yet, we are free to confess, that it would be in the depths of its nature, and attending to a most fitting sequel to a ministry such as, the processes that must there be carried on, by the grace of God, Dr. Leifchild has been if religion is known in its vitality and energy enabled to maintain.
-known as a Divine principle, and as conThe subject is one of great and permanent stituting 'the life of God in the soul of man.' interest. The experience which all true be- It is here that the basis must be laid of all lievers have of the operation of truth and sound religious prosperity, apart from which, grace upon their hearts is a theme well de- all the appearances of it are but as the foliage serving of a careful scriptural elucidation.of a tree, whose branches, through the failing Biblical truth speculatively viewed will never vigour of the root, will be found destitute, in produce it. We can only become subjects of a great measure, of proper fruit." Christian experience by a vital union to We commend, with much cordiality, the Christ. One great excellence in the volume admirable discourses to the notice of the which we now introduce to our readers is the churches, as mature specimens of pastoral highly discriminative spirit in which it has wisdom and fidelity. For domestic use they been written. The false and the genuine in will be found exceedingly appropriate. To religion are here faithfully tested. Spurious young ministers they will supply an excellent raptures are not confounded with the calm model for pulpit ministration. The author's and holy action of Divine grace upon the success may add weight to his example. heart and life. There is, perhaps, not a single phase in the spiritual life which the PosthuMOUS DISCOURSES OF THE LATE author has not depicted, from the most in- Rev. JAMES STARK, D.D., OF DENNY. cipient workings of the grace of God in con- LOANHEAD, with an Introductory Memoir. version, up to the last triumph of faith in the Under the care of the Rev. WILLIAN dying hour.
STEVEN, Largs, and the Rev. JOHN ED. The outline of topics is well chosen for the MOND, Glasgow. author's purpose.
I. The Divine Nature. Edinburgh : A. Pullarton and Co., 1852. 2 Pet. i. 4.-II. Incipient Conversion. Acts This very handsome volume will be wel. xxvi. 18.—III. Model Experience. Philip.comed by many as a precious memorial of a iii. 17.-IV. Spiritual Conflict. i Cor. ix. departed friend and pastor. Nor will it be 26, 27.-V. Religious Declensions. Heb. x. less prized in many circles far beyond the 38, 39.-VI. Entire Sanctification. 1 Thess. scenes of Dr. Stark's personal ministry. It v. 23.-VII. The Witness of the Spirit. Rom. embalms the memory of a "just man," " full viii. 16.–VIII. The Sealing of the Spirit of faith and of the Holy Ghost.” For more Eph. i. 13, 14.-IX. Dying Experience. 2 than half a century, he “served his own Tim. iv. 6, 7.-X. Paradise. Heb. xii. 23.-- generation by the will of God before he fell XI. Heaven. Matt. xxv. 34.
on sleep, and was laid with his fathers." How We think it due to the venerable author of many " proofs” of such a pastorate must have these discourses to say, that the sentiment been gathered into the heavens, before its they embody is uniformly and fervently evan- close! gelical, -that they are full of unction, and
“ His glory now, no tongue of man eminently indicative of a spiritual mind. The
Or seraph bright can tell, style, too, is accurate and elegant,--exhibiting Yet, still the chief of all his joys, in a remarkable degree, that purity, simplicity,
That souls were saved from hell." and warmth of phraseology which befit the For fifty-three years did Dr. Stark labour Christian pulpit.
among the same affectionate and excellent We conclude this brief notice, by quoting people, and the gleanings in the volume bethe author's account of the motives which in- fore us are but a sample of his pulpit services. duced him to publish on such a subject. What changes must have occurred during
“ The choice of the topic rested with him- such a lengthened period !--more than a geneself, and he was led to the onc finally adopted, ration had passed away; and yet what a as called for by the prevailing tendency of happy work was silently going on-the prothe public mind. This is obviously to dwell cess by which human spirits are, under the upon what is external in religion, rather than word, changed and matured for glory. What on what relates to the hidden man of the an honour, too, to have been an humble in
strument in that process, to be recognized by | tural eloquence so wrought upon you, that the Divine Redeemer as an agent in his hand your heart was speedily brought“ under the for filling the realms of glory with their ex- power of the world to come."
The impresalted and grateful population. With unde- sion was produced, not by gleams of genius, viating regularity did Dr. Stark “fulfil his
nor by fineness of sentiment, beauty of course, "—the element of fidelity pervading, imagery, melody of intonation, gracefulness and the spirit of prayer sanctifying his whole of gesture, or power of rhetoric; but by the
A genuine and masculine piety had simple presentation of Divine truth in its full possession of his soul. He was a man of own serene majesty and beauty. This peprayer, and as a prince had power with culiarity was the special charm of Dr. Stark's God.” So sustained and uniform were his preaching; for in the impressions made by it, public appearances, that any sermon he ever the principal cause was the message itself, anpreached might be placed by the side of any nounced with honest, hearty, and unaffected of those printed, and it would not suffer by vigour and pathos. In estimating the effect the comparison. The irregularities to which produced by a sermon, external attractions most men are liable could scarcely be per- are too often to be taken into account-a rich ceived in him, such were his habits of patient voice, a commanding elocution, & sparkling and continuous study. His aged contem- | fancy, or impassioned appeal. But whatever poraries envied--the younger brethren ad personal qualifications Dr. Stark possessed, mired.
they were so employed, and so subordinated, What may be called the events of Dr. that the gospel he preached stood out in Stark's life were few
glorious prominence to win and to convince. " Along the cool, sequestered vale of life There was nothing artistic in his delivery;
He kept the noiseless tenor of his way.' its charm was the natural utterance of Not that he was indifferent to what was weighty thoughts,--the effort of a great mind passing around him. Some of his most re- to pour out its meditations with all the gravity markable sermons were on the passing events and warmth which the theme demanded and of Providence, which he loved to improve. created. Dr. Stark's hearers felt that they He took a keen and permanent interest in all were under a man of massive intellect. Di. that concerned the glory of his Master, and vine truth was given them, not in shreds or the purity, union, and extension of his church. patches, but in its breadth and completeness. But with him there was no idle ebullition- His mind seemed to move somewhat heavily none of that cheap enthusiasm that invites at first, but “as he the fire burned;" others to gaze upon its zeal—a zeal that is his spirit kindled, and in his excitement, born of novelty and dies of collapse, when its paragraphs of accumulative energy formed brief fever has subsided. His attachment to themselves from his lips. a good cause was steady and permanent, and Our deceased friend was a "scribe well his promptitude in action was only surpassed instructed.” Theology was his favourite by his wisdom in deliberation. There was a study. Scholarship, in its modern sense, was manly energy in his advocacy of public in- not in so much request in his younger days, terests, and he gave to them the weight of his nor even the means of attaining it so ample character, as well as the energies of his mind; and accessible as of late years. But he was so that, in his warmest appeals, he never in- an excellent scholar, versed in the tongues jured his cause with extravagant assertions, both of the Old and New Testament. Espe. nor did he commit himself with unwarranted cially was he well exercised in systematic magniloquence. He at once saw a subject on divinity, in the writings of Turretine, Masall sides, and it was, therefore, discussed in tricht, and other continental giants. The its entire circuit, and under all its aspects, theologians and commentators of Holland with calm and judicious fulness and effect. were among his favourite books. Few minds And all the while he was affable, kind, and saw more clearly than his the entire scheme tender-noted for his easy frankness and of grace in all its points and proportions, or humour.
could trace more certainly the boundary beThe sermons published by Dr. Stark dur- tween truth and error. He was especially ing his life-time, and those which are found“ sober-minded.” We would express his mental in this posthumous volume, do not form a characteristics by three epithets—vigour, 80complete image of their author. Alas! the lidity, judiciousness. He was never feeble, living voice is not heard—the stately form of never flimsy, never rash or fanciful in arguthe preacher is not seen. There was an air ment or speculation. of solemnity about Dr. Stark, which subdued The twenty-seven Lectures and Sermons and penetrated his audience. He realized in this volume will well repay an attentive more than almost any preacher we have perusal. The two discourses, named reheard, what it is to preach as a dying man to spectively, “ Redemption, a fit Subject for Exdying men. You listened, and were held in ultation and Praise,” and “ Glorions Designs awful attention. The earnestness of a na- | accomplished by a Feeble Instrumentality," are noble specimens of Dr. Stark's style of he offered himself again, but was put off. pulpit oratory. The reader will perceive one Upon this he was, and is still, resolved to go peculiar beauty in all the sermons—the nume- on in his work; and indefatigable zeal has he rous and felicitous quotations from Scripture, shown in his Master's service. For three especially those taken from the Old Testa- | years, as he told me, he has discoursed twice ment. The “ Life" is written by Mr. Ed- almost every day, for three or four hours tomond, now of Glasgow, who, for more than gether; not authoritatively, as a minister, but eight years, was Dr. Stark's colleague, and as a private person exhorting his Christian who " served with him as a son with a father brethren. He has been, I think, in seren in the gospel.” The biography has many counties, and has made it his business to go touching passages, some of which, had our to 'wakes,' to turn people from such vanities. space permitted, we would gladly have ex- Many alehonse people, fiddlers, and harpers, tracted. Perhaps some paragraphs are rather (Demetrius like,) sadly cry out against him ornate, not unlike a rich purple pall thrown for spoiling their business. But God has over the plain bier of a Presbyterian pastor. blessed him with inflexible courage.
InThe editor of the Discourses has done his stantaneous strength has been communicated part, as a labour of love, with correctness and to him from above, and he continues to go on anxious carea
His affectionate veneration for 'from conquering to conquer.' He is of a his deceased father-in-law was a sufficient most catholic spirit; loves all that love our motive to such pains-taking diligence. The Lord Jesus Christ; and therefore he is frontispiece is a good likeness of Dr. Stark in styled by bigots, a Dissenter.
He is conhis later years. That high forchead, thought- | temned by all that are 'lovers of pleasure ful expression, and pensive gaze, indicate a more than lovers of God;' but God has mind not without its toils, and a life not with greatly blessed his pious endeavours. Many out its trials, yet cheered and ennobled by the call, and own him as their spiritual father, possession of a faith that had long looked for- and, I believe, would lay down their lives for ward to glory, and now felt that, after fifty bis sake. He discourses generally in a field, years of service, it could not be very distant —from a wall, or a table, or anything else, from rest and reward. Need we say that we but at other times in a house. He has heartily commend the volume?
established nearly thirty societies in Soutk
Wales, and still his field of action is enlarged THE LIFE AND Times of HOWEL Harris, daily. He is full of faith and of the Holy
Esq., the first Itinerant Preacher in Wales, Ghost.' whose Labours were rery extraordinary and "When I first saw him my heart successful. By the Rev. EDWARD MOR- closely knit to him. I wanted to catch some GAN, M.A., Vicar of Syston, Leicestershire. of his fire, and give him the right hand of Small 8vo., pp. 298.
fellowship with my whole heart. After I Hughes and Butler.
had saluted him, and given a warin exhortaTHOSE who have read “The Life and tion to a great number of people who folTimes of Whitefield," by the Rev. Robert lowed me to the inn, we spent the remainder Philip, or “ The Life and Times of the of the evening in taking sweet counsel toCountess of Huntingdon," are not unac-gether, and telling one another what God quainted with the name and character of had done for our sonls. My heart was still Howel Harris. He was the intimate friend drawn out towards him more and more. A and freqnent companion of Whitefield, especi- divine and strong sympathy seemed to appear ally in Wales.
** I was much refreshed," between us, and I was resolved to promote says that great evangelist," with the sight of his interest with all my night. Accordingly my dear brother, Howel Harris, whom, we took an account of the several societies, though I knew not in person, I have long and agreed on such measures as seemed most since loved in the bowels of Jesus Christ, conducive to promote the coinmon interest of and have often felt my soul drawn out in our Lord.
After much comfortable and en. prayer on his behalf.
"A burning and couraging conrersation with each other, we shining light' has he been in these parts" kneeled down and prayed; and great enlarge(referring to the principality of Wales);: “ a ment of heart God was pleased to give me in barrier against profaneness and immorality; that duty. This done, we ate a little supand an indefatigable promoter of the true per, and then, after singing a hymn, we went gospel of Jesus Christ. About three or to bed, praising and blessing God for bringing four years God has inclined him to go about us face to face. I doubt not but that Satan doing good. He is now about twenty-five envied our happiness. But I hope, by the years of age. Twice he has applied (being help of God, we shall make his kingdom every way qualified) for holy orders, but was shake."-pp. 31-33. refused under the false pretence that he was It appears that Howel Harris was the first not of age, though he was then twenty-two to invite the Rev. John Wesley to visit the years and six months. About a month ago | principality, when a warm attachment to
each other ensued, and survived the death of two months, having been noticed in very the former, notwithstanding the controversy flattering terms by some of the religious péwhich at length arose between them. When riodicals. I consequently thought of a second on his second visit to Wales, Mr. Wesley met edition, with a view to which I visited TreHarris, by appointment, near the New Pas- vecca, and thence obtained important matesage, and rode with him to St. Brides-in-the- rials, with the existence of which I was preMoors, where they were met by Mr. Hum- viously unacquainted. But being engaged in phries, and Thomas Bissicks, of Kingswood. printing other things which had not the same There the Rev. D. Rowlands preached. success, I afterwards gave up the Trevecca "About eleven,” says Mr. Wesley, "a few | MSS., with some other materials, to my friend of us retired together, in order to provoke | Mr. Morgan, under the impression that he one another to love and to good works. But would do more justice to an enlarged Life of T. Bissieks immediately introduced the dis- Harris than I was likely to do, Having now pute, and others seconded him. This Harris read bis excellent work with great pleasure and Rowlands strongly withstood ; but, find- and satisfaction, previous to publication, and ing it profit nothing, Rowlands soon with heartily approving of what my friend has drew. Harris kept them at bay until about one done with so much ability, candour, and likeo'clock in the morning. Going the next day rality, I beg leave to add my humble testito a neighbouring house, I found Mr. Ilum- mony to the value and importance of his phries and T. Bissicks tearing open the sore Life and Times of Howel Harris, Esq.'. Mr. with all their might. When Harris heard of Morgan's diligence in supplying himself with what had passed, he hastened to stand in the facts, anecdotes, and a large number of letgap ouce more, and with tears besought them ters, is worthy of much praise; and I must all to follow after the things that made for say, that the book he has written is, according peace.' And God blessed the healing words to its size, one of the most interesting pieces which he spake, so that we parted in much of biography that I ever perused. I conceive love, being all determined to let controversy that it will be 4 very great blessing to the alone, and to preach Jesus Christ and him religious world, and higlily valuable to pious crucified.'”
Christians of cvery denomination. To the The Rey. Charles Wesley was equally an members of the Evangelical Alliance it will admirer, and a warın friend, of Howel Harris, | be peculiarly acceptable, their principles beas appears from what he says of him in his ing embodied in Howel Harris, and beauti. Journal, under date of May 8th, 1740, being fully exemplified in his conduct on various then in London ;--"He declared his ex- occasions." perience before the society. O, what a flame was kindled! No man speaks in my hear, WELLINGTON AND VICTORY ; ar, Christians ing as this man spenketh. What a nursing more than Conquerors. By the Rev, A. father God has sent us! He has indeed MORTON BROWN, LL.D., Cheltenham. 8vo. learned of the Good Shepherd to carry the lambs in his bosom. Such love, such power,
John Snow, such simplicity, was irresistible."--p. 48. This discourse affords ample proof that
As thought the Wesleys of Harris, as a the death of a great warrior and statesman is Christian and a preacher, so did also the an event which may be turned to the best Countess of Huntingdon, of which Mr. Mor- account by the enlightened Christian teacher, gan has given ample proof in this excellent A more useful sermon nipon such an occasion volume. It is a book for all, but especially we cannot well imagine; and, indeed, we well for ministers, whether old or young, almost know that, as delivered from the pulpit, it every page of which may be read with ad- produced a most powerful and salutary imyantage and pleasure. But to analyse the pression. It is replete with Bible truths, work, or give a summary of its contents, ably enforced; and though the preacher does such as we could wish, would extend this ar- not contend for the precise use which he has ticle to an inconvenient length. We shall made of his text, we think it by no means therefore conclude with a note by the Rev. improbable, that (perhaps inadvertently,) he John Bulmer, formerly of Haverfordwest, has caught the apostle's idea. The words and late of Newbury, Berks, * which Mr. are those of Paul to the Romans, chap. yili. Morgan has given entire: " During my resi- 37: “More than conquerors." Is it not prodence in Wales, I was so much pleased with bable that Paul, in estimating the triumph of many things I heard and read of Howel Har- Christians through faith in Christ Jesus, inris, that I collected all the information Itended to intiinate that theirs was a victory could procure at the time, and, in 1824, pub- far higher than that which falls to the lot lished Memoirs of his Life and Religious of earthly conquerors, however vast their Labours,' This work was sold in less than renown and however splendid their achieve
Not Bucks, as printed by mistake at the end ments? Be this as it may, we have here of Mr. Morgan's preface.
4 very appropriate and powerful sermon, in