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which the two following propositions are well | Society will object to a good deal that Mr. and strikingly illustrated.
Forster has advanced. But we think he is I. Man's estimate of successful soldiers-substantially right. Whether he has not they are conquerors ;-and, II. God's esti- said more of the religion of the late Duke mate of faithful Christians--they are more than the facts of the case will sustain, may be than conquerors.
In the first part of the reasonably desiderated. But the sermon is discourse, in a somewhat desiderating tone, much above mediocrity, Dr. Brown shows how it has come to pass, that warriors have been so exclusively placed in the rank of conquerors; and he illustrates THE PEOPLE'S PALACE AND THE RELIGIOUS his theme, by pointing to the outward show of WORLD; or, Thoughts on Public Agitation military life, the instigations of ambition, and
against the Promised Charter to the New the influence of Patriotism, so called. Many
Crystal Palace Company, and on " Sabbath thoughts on war are here introduced, well
Desecration." By A LAYMAN. 8vo. pp. 24. worthy of the attention of Christian patriots.
Arthur Hall, Virtue, and Co. In the second part of his discourse, Dr. The author of this pamphlet confesses to Brown shows that Christians are more than his being “a Layman;" and from the conconquerors, because the war they wage is of a temptuous style in which he speaks of the better sort ; because the weapons of the Chris- “state-appointed religion and priesthood," he tian warfare are better than the weapons of must be a Dissenting Layman. We are sorry conquerors; and because the issues of the war- for it. His views of God's day, were they fare in which! they engage are better than largely to obtain, would bring evangelical Nonall the conflicts of earthly warriors.
conformity to ruin. He is in great wrath with The preacher then concludes with a justly- the whole Dissenting press, except the Nonmerited tribute to the memory of one of Eng. conformist, for the determined opposition it land's greatest heroes, most distinguished has made to the chartering of the Crystal statesmen, and most upright citizens. Palace. Upon what page of Nonconforming
As a memorial of Wellington, we recom- history can he fix to show that in this oppomend this discourse to our readers generally.
sition evangelical Dissenters are inconsistent with themselves? We defy him to point to
the page, unless he selects it from the writTHE LIFE OF WELLINGTON: ITS LESSONS ings of men who are steeped in continental
To Young Men. A Discourse. By Rev. latitudinarianism;—the Young England party W. FORSTER. Preached in the Congrega- of the day. He tells us that the proprietors tional Church, Kentish Town, on Sunday of the Crystal Palace will open it on the Evening, October 3rd, 1852. Small 8vo. Lord's day whether it gets the charter or not.
They may dare such a measure; and in doing Ward and Co.
it may continue to evade the laws by chargThis is a truly vigorous discourse, well ing for a refreshment-ticket, instead of an ensustained throughout. The preacher, who trance-fee. This will be very degrading to seems to be filled with a high admiration of themselves; but it will not implicate the the character of Wellington, points to two crown or the government. classes of lessons, which may be learnt from The author's homilies on the chasm which his eventful life. I. General. II. Parti. now exists between the masses and the evancular.
gelicals is, in our judgment, pure cant. Does Among the general lessons, Mr. Forster he think that religious men, who believe in the enumerates the following: That Divine Pro. sacredness of God's day, are likely to come into vidence uses great men for the safety, progress, useful contact with the masses, by concealing and happiness of society;—that Providence can their opposition to their Sabbath-desecrating make war and warriors bring men peace, babits? Would he have the evangelicals besecurity, and prosperity;—what power there is come as irreligious as the masses, in order to in the ministers and means of good to withdraw work out his very doubtful reformation? But our trust from Him who gives them, to them. why all this lugubrious talk about the masses? selves.
Are not evangelical men the great labourers, Among the particular lessons we are re- in every way, for their melioration? Can minded of the importance of a thorough study they keep silence, then, in reference to a of the work which a man has to do ;-of the scheme which threatens, under a royal charvalue of self-control and temperance;—of the ter, to open facilities for their increased neforce of self-reliance and industry;—of the glect of God's grand institution for their importance attaching to the faithful discharge spiritual, moral, and social renovation? We of duty;—of the noble lesson of the love of suspect that our “ Layman" must feel that he country ;-and of the propriety of attention to has overshot the mark. The masses, after all, the forms and services of public worship. will have more faith in the motives of the
We suspect that the members of the Peace | evangelicals, than in those of the proprietors of
the great Sydenham speculation. To talk of Heary Gwyther, M.A., the excellent Vicar of such reformations, is like pleading for the Yardley, will be their sure passport to public morality and religion of the theatre. With fame. Considered as the production of a or without a charter, religious men can but mind only just rising to maturity, they are oppose the opening of the Crystal Palace indeed full of promise. No one can glance on the Lord's day.
at them without feeling that the writer is en
dued with powers which, diligently cultivated, Christian LIFE, ITS EXPERIENCES AND may conduct to great and blessed results.
EVIDENCES ; extracted from the Diary of We always regard it as one of our most chean eminent Divine of the last Century ; with rished privileges, as conductors of the public Remarks, by the Rev. A. MORTON Brown, press, to encourage youthful genius, when LL.D., Cheltenham. 32mo. pp. 184. found enlisted on the side of morality and Ward and Co.
religion. The object of these Sketches is to This is a valuable companion for the be- advance the cause of temperance; and, withliever in his retired moments, when he wishes out committing ourselves to human theories, to commune with his own heart and be still. except so far as they are in harmony with Dr. Brown has performed an acceptable ser- the Word of God, which we believe to be a vice to the Christian church, in the republi- perfect—the only perfect-code of morals; cation of a volume originally edited by the we regard them as eminently adapted to the famous Moses Browne, and the constant accomplishment of their object. No one closet companion of the immortal Hervey. can rise up from the perusal either “ The " It is,” observes the present editor, “ the Broken Wreath,” or, “ The Crown of Spring consideration that the following pages present Flowers," without being thrilled with the hora faithful picture, - first, of the power of in- rors of intemperance, and animated with a dwelling sin, in its multitudinous forms, met fervent desire to diminish, and, if possible, deand mastered by grace and truth;-and, next, stroy the deadly reign of this heart-withering, of what are really the tokens to us of our -soul-destroying vice, which blights the being in Christ, and of our safe conduct hea peace of families, saps the public morals, and venward, through the Spirit's guidance, which sends millions to an early grave, and to a has induced me to desire their publication." miserable eternity. We must add, that Dr. Brown's own Remarks, If the fair author of these sketches will appended to the First Part of the volume, listen to our friendly counsel, she will never which treats of Christian Experiences, are again reward the heroine of her tale, when in keeping with the text;-very scriptural - she happens to be a domestic servant, by very pertinent—and very full of unction. uniting her in marriage to her master's son.
Such things may happen; but they are never THE BROKEN WREATH, AND THE CROWN to be conamended. It is true, good Jane de
OF SPRING FLOWERS; Sketches by Miss served a better husband than even teetotalELIZA THORPE. Small 8vo. pp. 110. ism had made Charles Stanhope; but such Hamilton, Adams, and Co.
alliances are unnatural, and ought not to be The hearty recommendation, on the title- exhibited as the appropriate rewards of virpage, of these family Sketches, by the Rev. / tuous character.
NOTICE TO WIDOWS. ALL Widows receiving assistance from the Funds of the EvangeLICAL MAGAZINE, and who had no grant at Midsummer, are respectfully requested to send their applications, forthwith, to the Editor, through the Publishers; as without such application no grant can be made at the approaching Christmas Distribution. The Widows' letters should be in the hands of the Editor on or before the 25th of December.
AUTUMNAL MEETINGS OF THE CONGREGA- lowing days. Perhaps there has been no
TIONAL UNION OF ENGLAND AND WALES. meeting of the Union at which matters of
TAE town of Bradford presented an ani- greater importance have been discussed, or mating spectacle, on occasion of the late at which a better spirit has prevailed. For gathering of Congregational Pastors and an ample report of its proceedings we are Delegates, on the 18th of October, and fol- deeply indebted to our friend Dr. Campbell; #ho, in a supplement to the " British Ban- | Raffles and the Rev. Thomas Binněý, ex. ner," of the 27th October, has furnished a pressive of their deep regret at not being able fall and correct memorial of the greatest to attend the meetings of the Union. value tờ the Denomination. For this and After these letters had been read, the Rev. every other good service rendered by him to H. R. Reynolds, of Leeds, moted, and the the cause of Congregationalisiti, we offer him Rev. Walter Scott, President of Airedale Colour sincere acknowledgments.
lege, seconded, a votë of thanks to the Rev. On Monday evening, the 18th October, Newman Hall, for his valuable and stiggestive the Sittings of the Union commenced with a address of the preceding evening, accompadevotional exercise. Prayers were offered nied with a request, that it be placed at the up to God by the Rev. Messrs. J. Alexander, disposal of the Committee for publication. R. Ashton, and G. Smith, (Secretary); and Mr. Scott good-naturedly intimated, that an address of considerable force was deli- some things that Mr. Hall had said " about vered by the Rev. Newman Hall, B.A., on saints' names, and about churches and steeples, the Nature and Efficacy of Prayer, and other and things of that kind," had gone just far kindred topics. It was a very stirring appeal, enough for him. The motion was very corin which we could generally agree with the dially and unanimously carried, and with preacher; though, perhaps, his ideas of Con- | much cheering. Mr. Hall made suitable ac. gregationalism are a little more latitudinarian knowledgment of the vote. than ours. But it was a fine, healthy, ener- The Report was theni read, by the Rev. R. getic address.
Ashton, which showed that the expenditure TUESDAY, OCT. 19.
of the Union had exceeded its income by The first meeting of the Union, for busi- £200, not so much by an extra outlay of tlie ness, took place on Tuesday morning, the Committee, as by a diminution of actual re: 19th, at half-past nine o'clock, when the Rev. ceipts of not less than £100, as compare ! Dr. Harris took the chair; read suitable por- with two or three years before. But for the tions of Scripture, and called on the Rev. J. appropriation of the profits of the publicaC. Potter, of Whitby, to implore the Divine tions of the Union, to assist in meeting its blessing on the proceedings of the day. The liabilities, it must have been seriously imChairman then rose, and delivered an address, peded in its operations. Of the Hymn-Book, which will be long remembered by all who 250,000 copies had been sold. Of the Yearlistened to it. It was confined to the mo- Book, the edition of 3500 was sold almost as mentous topic-" The mode of preaching suited soon as published; and the Committee hare to the present day." It is as beautiful and resolved to print a much larger edition for chaste as a composition, as it is logical and the forthcoming year. The profits of the convincing as an argument. No better tract “ Christian Witness" were held sacred to the of its kind has seen the light. We could assistance of aged ministers, and to enable wish that it might be read by all our breyoung ministers to purchase deferred antui. thren in the ministry. No wonder that, at ties for advancing years. During seven years, its close, a burst of rapturous applause rose 315 grants had been made, amounting to from all parts of the assembly.
£3106; and £1800 had been appropriated At this juncture of the proceedings, the for the payment of twelvo deferred annuities; Rev. W. Swan, and the Rev. C. D. Cullen, £6000 were still in the funds to meet future a Deputation from the Congregational Union applications and claims. Three applications of Scotland; the Rev. J. C. Geikie, from for deferred annuities awaited the decision of Canada; and John Fairfax, Esq., from Syd- | the distributors of the fund at the present ney, were introduced to the assembly, by the meeting. The Treasurer's account showed Rev. Thomas James and the Rev. G. Smith, the total amount of receipts to be £186 and took their seats accordingly, being 188. 3d.; and a balance was due to him of heartily welcomed by the brethren. The £122 188. Rev. James Parsons moved, and the Rev. The Rev. Walter Scott suggested that a John Kelly seconded, a vote of thanks to circular shonld be sent round to members, Dr. Harris for his audress, with a request that when their subscriptions were due. The he would give up the manuscript to the Union Rev. G. Smith said that delicacy alone had for publication. These brethren beloved prevented this ; but that in future the sugpronounced a glowing but just eulogy on the gestion of Mr. Scott should be acted upon. powerful address to which the Union had The Rev. J. Alexander moved, and the listened; and their motion having been car Rev. John Sibree seconded, the adoption of ried by the assembly, Dr. Harris, with his the financial statement. accustomed simplicity, at once surrendered The Rev. John Lockwood then came forthe manuscript to the Committee. We can- ward to read a paper which had been prenot but augur great good to the churches from pared by the Rev. Ebenezer Jones, of Pr• its extensive circulation.
mouth, ont “ Evangelical Nonconformity." Letters were then read from the Rev. Dr. | After proceeding with the document som
considerable way, at the request of one or decide upon the election of three bretliren for two gentlemen, it was proposed to refer it for Deferred Annuities, consideration to the Committee, which was moved and seconded by the Rev. W. Spencer
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 20. and Edward Baines, Esq. After a few re- The Rev. James Spence, of Preston, iarks by Messrs. J. Lockwood, T. James, opened the Meeting with prayer.
After and H. Toller, the notion was agreed to. which, the Rev. G. Smith introduced the
The Rev. Geo. Smith, the Secretary, then Rev. J. L. Thompson, as the representative read a Report of the affiliated Societies, of the Congregational Churches of the State which was distinguished by its lucid charac- of New York, to the assembly, which reter, and by the explanation it supplied of the ceived him with warm fraternal greetings. nature of the connexion existing between The following motion was then proposed these Societies and the Union. The Rev. J. | by the Rev. H. Addiscott, of Taunton, and Corbin, of Derby, moved, and Josiah Conder, seconded by the Rev. E. Morley, of Hull: Esq., seconded, the adoptiou of the Report. " That in the judgment of this assembly,
Dr. Massie then read a Report of the considerable advantage would, in all probaBritish Missions, describing their fields, de- bility, result to the interests of religion in monstrating their success, and stating their the Congregational Churches of this country, incomes. John Fairfax, Esq., then delivered if a meeting in some central part of the an admirable address upon the state of the kingdom were held at an early convenient Australian Colonies, and moved a suitable time, of the Treasurers, Secretaries, and resolution, which was seconded by the Rev. Delegates of County Associations, for a free P. Thompson, of Chatham, and carried by and friendly conference on the state of the the assembly. The Rev. A. Reed observed, churches, and with a view to devise means that the success of the Irish Mission would for more efficiently extending the Gospel in mainly depend upon the employment of our own country ; and that, therefore, it be agents who could well speak the Irish lan- an instruction to the Committee to correspond guage. Dr. Massie said, that two of their with the Secretaries of Associations as to the agents were highly qualified as Irish preach- practicability of such meeting, and the obers, and that they were more and more to jects to which its attention should be dilook for such agents.
rected, and to report thereon at the next The Rev. T. Mays moved, and the Rev. J. annual meeting.” Raven seconded, a resolution, that all Home The Rev. J. A. James greatly approved of Missionary Society's agents, being Pædo. | the proposed measure ;-50, also, did his baptist Pastors of Congregational Churches, brother, the Rev. Thos. James. and connected with some county associa- The Rev. John Kelly objected to some of tion, be eligible to participate in the benefits the terms, and to the indefiniteness of the of the Deferred Annuities Fund. The pro- resolution. The Rev. A. Reed feared the position was carried unanimously.
effect of such a proposal. The Rev. J. L. The Rev. Thomas James then presented a Poore, of Salford, sustained it. The Rev. copy of the first four volumes of the cheap R. Ashton explained the object of the conedition of the Congregational Lectures to the templated conference to be simply for mutual President, who spoke of the series in the strength and comfort. highest possible terins. We do hope that The Rev. Walter Scott said, that this was the generous arrangements of the publishers, doubtless a motion of very great importance, Messrs. Jackson and Walford, will be nobly but at the same time it was one of great responded to. At such a price as twelve delicacy. He seared that it would increase shillings, for four volumes, there ought to be the prejudice which was felt by some against an immense demand ; especially when pastors | the Congregational Union. The Rev. T. getting six subscribers will be entitled to a Mays suggested, that the proposition was copy for themselves. We shall not be satis-quite voluntary. The associations might or fied with a circulation of Ten Thousand. might not send delegates, as they pleased. Dinner.
The Rev. J. (awthorn concurred in this. At Dinner, in the school-room of Salem The Rev. George Smith submitted the Chapel, J. Rawson, Esq., the Town Clerk, resolution in an amended form, as follows: presided. After the usual loyal sentiments “ That, in the judgment of this assembly, had been given utterance to, the health of considerable advantage would, in all probathe Secretary, the Rev. Geo. Smith ;--Proso bility, result to the interests of religion in the perity to the Congregational Union of Eng. Congregational Churches of this country if land and Wales ;-and to the Congregational | a meeting, in some ceutral part of the kingChurches in Bradford, were proposed with dom, were held at an early convenient time, much cordiality. Mr. Smith and Mr. Miall of the Treasurers, Secretaries, and Delegates responded. After Dinner, the Distributors of County Associations, for a free and friendly of the Christian Witness" Fund met to conference on the state of the churches, and
with a view to devise means for more plated, much social evil will result, even to efficiently extending the Gospel in our own this class of people, by making the Sabbath country; and that, therefore, it be an in- a day of mere pleasure; that it will necesstruction to the Committee to correspond sarily lead to the employment of a large numwith the Secretaries of Auxiliaries as to the ber of servants and others, who will thus be practicability of that meeting, and the ob- deprived of their weekly season of rest; that jects to which its attention should be di- it lays down an untrue distinction as between rected, and to report thereon to the next the sanctity of canonical and other hours; annual meeting.”
that it can scarcely fail of leading to an inAfter some discussion, in which the Rev. creasing neglect of public worship, and proJ. Dickinson, the Rev. Baldwin Brown, the ducing disastrous effects on the moral and Rev. Dr. Vaughan, the Rev. J. Alexander, religious habits of the community. On these, the Rev. J. W. Richardson, the Rev. Dr. and on other grounds, this assembly utters Halley, and James Carter, Esq., took part, its protest against this contemplated evil, and the motion, in its amended shape, was unani- calls on the friends of Sabbath observance, in mously adopted.
the employment of all Christian means, to The Rev. G. Smith then read the Report use their best endeavours to prevent the inof the Committee, in reference to the ques. fliction of this calamity on the metropolis, the tion of Ministers’ salaries. After a very in- influence of which will extend to the proteresting discussion, in which the Rev. J. vinces of the kingdom.” Gawthorn, Henry Bateman, Esq., Edward SAMUEL MORLEY, Esq., seconded the resoSwaine, Esq., Geo. Hadfield, Esq., M.P., Dr. lution; when EDWARD BAINES, Esq., o Halley, and the Rev. J. Dickinson took part, Leeds, delivered a speech of great moral the following resolution was carried unani- power, and proposed the following addition mously :
to Mr. James's motion :“That the Report of the Committee on the " And that a Memorial, embodying the Augmentation of Pastors' Salaries be adopted, sentiments of this resolution, be presented to and that the valuable paper of Mr. Swaine, the Directors of the Crystal Palace; and, placed at the service of the Union, be remitted further, that a Memorial be presented to Her to the consideration of a Committee consisting Majesty the Queen, respectfully intreating of the following gentlemen, with a request Her Majesty to withhold her royal sanction that its suggestions and recommendations will from that part of the charter which provides be carefully considered by them, and reported for the opening of the Crystal Palace on the thereupon at the next annual meeting of the Lord's-day, if Her Majesty be solicited to give Union :- Mr. J. Cheetham, M.P.; Messrs. her sanction; and that it be a recommendaH. Bateman, E. Swaine, B. Hanbury, J. Car- tion from this assembly to the Christian conter, Charles Reed, Henry Rutt; Mr. Milligan, gregations of this country to take similar M.P.; Mr. Hadfield, M.P.; Mr. E. Baines, steps, with a view to avert this threatened Mr. Kershaw, M.P.; Secretaries of British infliction of a great evil. That a sub-ComMissions and of the Union. (With power to mittee, consisting of the mover and seconder add to their number.)"
of the resolution, with Mr. Baines, be apThe Sabbath.
pointed to draw up these Memorials, and to Then followed a noble discussion upon present them to the assembly to-morrow.” Sabbath Sanctification, which did great credit Dr. Massie and some others objected to to the Union. Never did it occupy liigher the addition ; but the resolution passed unground than in that discussion. In connec- scathed through the assembly; for which we tion with one of his most powerful addresses, sincerely bless God. the Rev. J. A. JAMES moved the following resolution :
SAMUEL MORLEY, Esq., then read a Re“ That this assembly cherishing, as it does, port from the Board of Education, which was a deep conviction of the Divine authority of moved by the Rev. Walter Scott, seconded the Lord's-day, and of the numerous advan- by the Rev. A. Reed, and unanimously adopttages resulting from its observance in this ed. On this frequent and important subject, land, views with alarm the increasing tempta- G. Hadfield, Esq., M.P., and Dr. Vaughan, tions presented by public bodies and others expressed their opinions. After some conto pleasure excursions on that day, and has versation on the topic of the place of meeting heard, with intense concern, the reported in- for the next autumnal meeting, the sitting of tention of the managers of the New Crystal the Union was adjourned, after singing the Palace to open that building on a part at Doxology. least of that day. Anxious at all tiines for
Dinner, the welfare of the working classes, and for At the Dinner, the Mayor of Bradford pretheir due relaxation from bodily and mental sided, supported by Robert Milligan, Esq., toil, this assembly is, nevertheless, apprehen- M.P.; G. Hadfield, Esq., M.P.; John Resive that by such a step as that now contem- mington Mills, Esq.; Benjamin Hanbury,