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as an earnest man.
under the full blaze of Christian evidence, but Now, in all good humour, but still as rank and pestilent infidelity?
“ brave men,” we ask Mr. Carlyle what he We next, with this heathenish creed, and means by the “ new Faith beyond ?" Is it after many vicissitudes, some of them very the gospel-the Bible? If it is, how can it affecting, find young Sterling sitting as a dis- be new? No, Mr. Carlyle, it is not the Faith ciple at the feet of Coleridge, the worst trainer accredited by prophets, apostles, and Christ of such a mind that could be found;—for we himself;—but the new Faith" of Germany, do agree verily with Mr. Carlyle in his estimate the logomachies of_Strauss, and others of his of this remarkable person. Having once in class. If we do you wrong, in this assertion, our lives spent a week with him, at a friend's pray set us right, and fill our hearts to overhouse, with John Foster and others, we can flowing with gladness; but, leave us not in verify the truthfulness and vividness of many this dense mist, or renounce your professions of Mr. Carlyle's sketches. The following account of his conversations, or rather, everlast From all the narrative before us contains, ing disquisitions, is unmistakeably just: we are left to conclude that Coleridge made a
It was talk, not flowing any whither like convert of Sterling to his church theories; by a river, but spreading every whither in inex- which, to some extent, his Rationalism had tricable currents and regurgitations like a lake given way;—and the fact is that, after many or sea; terribly deficient in definite goal or changes of opinion and of destiny, Mr. Steraim, nay often in logical intelligibility;- ling took orders in the Church of England, what you were to believe or do, in any earthly and became curate, for a few months, to his or heavenly thing, absolutely refusing to ap- old tutor, Mr. Julius Hare. pear from it. So that most times you felt Speaking of the event, which Mr. Carlyle logically lost; swamped near to drowning in reasonably enough laments, he thus expresses this tide of ingenious vocables, spreading out himself: “ To such length can transcendental boundless as if to submerge the world. moonshine, cast by some morbidly radiating
“ To sit as a passive bucket, and to be Coleridge into the chaos of a fermenting life, pumped into, whether you consent or not, act magically there, and produce divulsions can in the long-run be exhilarating to no and convulsions and diseased developments. creature, how eloquent coever the flood of So dark and abstruse, without lamp or utterance that is descending. But if it be authentic finger-post, is the course of pious withal a confused, unintelligible flood of utter genius towards the eternal kingdoms grown. ance, threatening to submerge all known No fixed highway more; the old spiritual land-marks of thought, and drown the world highways and recognized paths to the Eternal and you l-I have heard Coleridge talk, with now are torn up and flung in heaps, subeager musical energy, two stricken hours, his merged in unutterable boiling mud-oceans of face radiant and moist, and communicate no hypocrisy, and unbelievability of brutal living meaning whatever to any individual of his Atheism and of damnable dead putrescent Cant; hearers, certain of whom, I for one, still kept surely a tragic pilgrimage for all mortals; eagerly listening in hope; the most had long darkness, and the mere shadow of death, before given up, and formed (if the room enveloping all things from pole to pole; and were large enough) secondary humming in the raging gulph-currents, offering us groups of their own." This is dramatically will-o'-wisps for load-stars,-intimating that true; you have the man and his audience there are no stars, nor ever were, except before you; and you cannot but feel the certain Old Jew ones, which have now gone justice of the moral portraiture supplied out."* But, even in describing Coleridge to the life, Why all this vehement rage, because Mr. Carlyle cannot shake himself rid of the Sterling is beginning to turn his back on the vice, for such it is, of dealing in innuendo. Rationalistic world? No such vituperation
“The truth is,” he observes, " I now see, awaited his course, when his religion was Coleridge's talk and speculation was the “ Greekish," and had on it the "Heathen emblem of himself: in it as in him, a ray of form." Why is he so much at fault now? heavenly inspiration struggled, in a tragi- He may have drunk too deeply, as no doubt cally ineffectual degree, with the weakness of he did, into Coleridge's mysticism or Puseyflesh and blood. He says once, he had skirted ism;-but is there not some rising hope for the howling deserts of Infidelity; this was him, that he may yet find Srm footing on the evident enough : but he had not had the rock of eternal truth? Ah, Mr. Carlyle, it courage, in defiance of pain and terror, (what is not Coleridge nor Puseyism that makes pain and terrorP) to press resolutely across thee fierce, at this passage of Sterling's histhe said deserts to the new* firm lands of tory;-or we should have heard nothing of Faith beyond; he preferred to create logical “Old Jew Stars gone out;"-and, unless you fatamorganas for himself on this hither side, deny it, which would give us unbounded satisand laboriously solace himself with these." faction, wo must think of you as having # The italics are ours.
* The italics are ours.
aimed in this phraseology, with other objects but still more to the wrong bias received from combined, a secret thrust, by innuendo, your false oracles. In all the relations of life, great figure of speech, at the Jewish Scrip. we trace in John Sterling rich and beautiful tures, penned by inspired prophets, pro- qualities of mind and heart, which Mr. Car. nounced by heaven-commissioned apostles to lyle has exquisitely depicted. But, alas, be the "oracles of God," and appealed to by neither his living mental career nor his exthe great Teacher as of Divine authority. piring hour is such, in their great and settled
We must suppose, from the facts recorded, principles, as to constitute him a fitting exthat Mr. Carlyle now soon became poor Ster- ample for the ingenuous and educated youth ling's oracle. He relinquished his curacy, of our native land. which he ought never to have entered upon, We do rejoice, beyond expression, to find, after a few months' occupancy; and, we fear, from Mr. Carlyle's account, that in the last fell back again into his old doubts and per- lingering hours of his earthly existence, “He plexities. It was his misfortune to be always read a good deal-earnest books; the Bible, in bad hands;—and with all Mr. Carlyle's most earnest of books, his chief favourite." love to him, and all his kind and generous This refreshing sentence is to us as streams treatment of him, we must be permitted to in the desert;-and we allow ourselves to doubt the salutary effect of his counsels upon hope that Sterling found rest to his weary the mind of this most interesting and amiable soul in the God of love whom the Bible young man. If he did him good, the fruits reveals. are not manifest. The fate of all men must be that of John Sterling, who can receive, PHILIP DODDRIDGE. A Centenary Memorial. without sifting, and without discrimination, By Joun STOUGHTON, Author of “Spiritthe doctrine of Mr. Carlyle here propounded: ual Heroes," &c. viz. “ What the light of your mind, which is
Jackson and Walford. the direct inspiration of the Almighty, pro The name of Philip Doddridge is a familiar nounces incredible, -that, in God's name, leave as a household word.” The pious among all uncredited; at your peril don't try believing parties venerate and love his memory. His that." No doubt there is a thrust here at one dissent is forgotten amid the brightness of his of Coleridge's fond German theories, that of reputation; and the validity of his ministerial "attending to the reason and chaining up the orders is attested by the long chain of his understanding;"—but does it not go deeper triumphs, which extends onwards from his than this, and counsel men to believe only own times to the present day. He is inthat which their own corrupt reason admits vested with an element of holy catholicity, to be worthy of belief? No matter how far and is looked upon by all Christians as a erratic mental courses may have warped the brother beloved. In no circle where religion judgment and vitiated the heart, the light of is honoured, and piety diffuses its heavenly man's mind is still "the direct inspiration of influences, is the name of the great Nonthe Almighty." We would remind Mr. conformist unknown, or his merits unacCarlyle of the words of one greater than he: knowledged. Whatever, therefore, connects "If the light that is in thee be darkness, how itself with him and his labours cannot be hid. great is that darkness!" We believe that It must be welcomed and read by all sects there is a state of mind in which men "love and denominations. It must find its way darkness rather than light;"—and that in into the palace of the prelate, and the home this state the grandest and holiest truths of the nonconforming pastor; into the manthat ever fell on the ear of man will be re sion of the peer, the dwelling of the citizen, jected, in homage to proud and unsanctified and the cottage of the peasant.
We cannot, reason, if it should be at the dreadful peril | therefore, but congratulate Mr. Stoughton on of the loss of the soul. Men sometimes the felicitous nature of the subject on which trifle with religious convictions, till the moral he has been called to exercise his graphic and power to discern heavenly truth is impaired, eloquent pen. He is already well known to if not finally lost. The sceptical line of the world through his “ Spiritual Heroes," things superinduces a paralysis of the reason which forms a very important chapter in the ing faculty, until every oracle is credited but ecclesiastical history of England; but we are the true one that speaks from “ the excellent greatly mistaken, if he do not become still glory."
more widely known through his exquisitely We conclude our notice as we began, by beautiful and comprehensive memorial of afirming that “ The Life of John Sterling,” Philip Doddridge. with all the power and genius it displays, is a The memorial is not, what such books truly melancholy volume to a man of settled oftentimes are, a dry detail of facts, and cirChristian beliefs. We have verily loved and cumstances, and dates, or a patchwork of admired the man, and literally wept over his everything that can be found, good, bad and manifold bewilderments. Much may be indifferent, in any way related to the subtraoed to a rash, sanguine, restless spirit;— ject. It is a rapid, comprehensive and elo
quent sketch of Doddridge in his early days, from the Dutch tile, which are now everyin his preparatory studies, in bis public where associated with his name ;-he is seen career, in his social retirement, in his in youth, eager to devote himself to the work spiritual life, and in his last days. And this of the ministry among Nonconformists, smitbeautiful and living portrait is set in a frame ten by the cold repulse of Calamy, but lifted of Nonconformist history, which imparts up and directed by Clark;—he is seen in additional interest and value to the picture. riper manhood, devoted to study, engaged in
The volume opens with a rapid view of pastoral and academic labours, and mingling lissent in the reign of William III., which is with divines and scholars of all ranks and presented in that graphic, life-like form for denominations;-and, at last, he is seen amid which Mr. Stoughton is so remarkable. In the sighs and tears and impassioned correperusing this chapter, the reader will not find spondence of friends on his way to Falmouth, himself, as is often the case when reading to embark for Lisbon. history, in a kind of sepulchral vault, sur- But in these beautiful pages it is not merely rounded by a heavy atmosphere, and the the objective man that is presented to us. memorials of the dead, but among living men, The inner man—the intellectual and spiritual and throbbing with the sympathies excited by life of Doddridge, is portrayed with great present events. From the commencement, felicity and skill. A just and impartial estiwhen the beach of Torbay echoes with the mate is formed of his endowments, his mental booming of cannon, that announces the powers, and the fruits of his mind. His arrival of William, onward to the close, when mind is shown to have been distinguished by Matthew Henry, “with portly form, full face, the harmony and beautiful combination of its and dignified mien, set off a little by Gen- powers, rather than by the surpassing brilevan cloak and well-curled wig, and his con- liancy of any one capacity; and his writings gregation assembled in their large deep oaken are pronounced models of calmness and simple pews, as early as nine o'clock on a Sunday beauty, rather than samples of impassioned morning,” are set before us, we feel all the oratory, or burning eloquence. And his interest of spectators or actors in the scene. spiritual life—his communion with God, his Nor can the reader of this chapter, whether breathings and pantings after heaven, are set Nonconformist or Churchman, fail to derive forth by Mr. Stoughton in a tone so beautiful, wholesome lessons as to the impolicy and and in a strain of such gentle and subduing wickedness of persecution for conscience' sake, eloquence, that Doddridge must be looked and the wisdom of avowing and defending re- upon by the Christian reader as a bright ligious principles with blended patience and example of holiness, whilst his heart sighs firmness. Good Churchmen will feel sad after the attainment of the blessedness he ness and regret, as they read, that among enjoyed. The sketch of Doddridge, indeed, as Nonconformists “goods were rifled, estates a whole, which is presented to us in this seized, property embezzled, houses broken volume, we consider one of the most beautiful, open, and families disturbed often at mid- instructive, 'and impressive pieces of bionight, in the absence of every cause or graphy we remember ever to have read. shadow of cause, if only a malicious villain Already, we doubt not, it has been perused happened to suspect a meeting there;” and by thousands; and we must assure our readers eager and impatient Dissenters will perhaps who have not yet seen it, that they will find be astonished to find, that the high-minded it to be a book fraught with the deepest and intellectual Ilowe, before consenting to interest, and eminently fitted to convey many take part in the ordination of Calamy, of the highest and most beautiful lessons of deemed it expedient to "wait upon my Lord Christianity to the mind. If they admired Sommers, and enquire of his lordship, whether and loved Doddridge before, and looked upon such a proceeding would not be ill taken, him as one of the ascended fathers, in whose and might not draw ill consequences after footprints they have been striving to tread, it,” and that, after all, he declined to have their love and admiration will be deepened, anything to do with the matter.
and their desire to follow in his steps will be The chapters that trace and delincate Dod- augmented, by a perusal of Mr. Stoughton's dridge, from his early days onward to the just, discriminating, and beautiful memorial. closing scene at Lisbon, are fraught with the The volume closes with an exceedingly deepest interest, and form a model of biogra- interesting chapter on the progress and devephy. There is nothing irrelevant, and there lopment of the several academic institutions is nothing wanting. Doddridge is before the now blended and merged in New College. reader's mind from the commencement to the This forms an appropriate finish to the close, absorbing all his attention, and awaken- volume, as its subject was for many years ing his deepest sympathies, and occasionally devoted to academic labours, in connexion dimming his eyes with tears. He is seen in with his pastoral duties. Doddridge shone as infancy, amid the sunshine of his mother's a tutor not less than as a pastor. smile, acquiring his first lessons of Holy Writ
ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL INTERPRETATION | but this, on our part, may be more matter of
OF THE HEBREW TEXT OF THE BOOK OF taste and habit than the result of purely GENESIS, preceded by a Hebrew Grammar, grammatical demonstration. and Dissertations on the Genuineness of the In point of paper and type, and, what is of Pentateuch, and on the Structure of the Ile- vastly greater moment, the correctness of the brew Language. By the Rev. WILLIAM Hebrew typography, both as to consonants and Paul, A.M., Minister of Banchory De- vowel points, the work is deserving of the renick, N.B. 8vo., pp. 506.
highest praise, and we feel assured it will be Waliam Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and read with delight by every Hebrew scholar. London.
We beg most cordially to recommend it to the We hail with pleasure the appearance of attention of our readers. this admirable work. It is a satisfactory proof that Hebrew literature is successfully THE RELIGION FOR MANKIND : Christianity studied in the far north. The author, who is adapted to Man in all the Aspects of his a parish minister in Aberdeenshire, has here Being. By JAMES SPENCE, M.A., Author wiped off the reproach which has long at of" The Tractarian Heresy," c. tached to the Scottish clergy for their neglect
Snow, London. of the study of the sacred language in which This volume is the production of a clear, the scriptures of the Old Testament were vigorous, and well-furnished mind. Its comoriginally written. The volume furnishes prehensiveness, its lucid arrangement, its arabundant evidence that they are no longer gumentative power, and its high philosophical satisfied with a mere smattering of Hebrew tone, invest it with great value, and render it without the vowel points, but that, on the just such a book as thinking and intelligent contrary, a spirit of profound, thorough-going men would appreciate for themselves and restudy has been excited, which promises im commend to others. The topics embraced portant results in this departinent of sacred are of the most important kind, and are disliterature. No work of the kind has appeared cussed in a manner worthy of their importance. since Robertson's “ Clavis,” which, in the ana A glance at the topics will at once convince lytical part, appears to have been taken as a our readers that we do not over-estimate them, model, but which, with all Kinghorn's im- when we pronounce them as comprehensive provements, it greatly surpasses both in clear- of the “pillar and ground” of evangelical ness and fulness.
truths; and a perusal of the book will, we The Analysis, which embraces the Book of are assured, satisfy every reader, that they Genesis, is preceded by a Hebrew Grammar, are handled by one who is fully competent and by an introduction containing important for the task he has undertaken. The followDissertations on the Mosaic account of the ing are the titles of Mr. Spence's chapters:Creation, the genuineness of the Pentateuch What is Christianity ?-Christianity adapted in general, and the Book of Genesis in par to Man as an Intellectual Being-Christianity ticular; the difference between the style of adapted to Man as a Moral Being–Christhe Pentateuch and that of the later books of tianity adapted to Man as an Emotional Being the Old Testament, and the structure of the - Christianity adapted to Man as a Social Hebrew language.
Being-Christianity adapted to Man as a SufWe thank the author for the masterly fering Being—Christianity adapted to Man as manner in which he has taken up the defence an Immortal Being–Christianity the Religion of the earliest portion of the Divine record of a Sound Mind-Christianity the reign of against the innovating daring of modern God in the Human Soul. These are the scepticism, and on the truly scientific spirit great topics which Mr. Spence discusses in which pervades the entire book. With ad this volume; and we can assure our readers mirable coolness he pursues his subjects that the discussion is conducted with such through their various bearings. He shows ability as cannot fail to render the book an that the Mosaic account of the creation is in eminent boon, especially to the young, amid no respect invalidated by modern geological the general scepticism and irreligion of the discoveries. He proves, by an extensive in- day. duction of facts, that the books of Moses could not have been written at any period LETTERS THE CHURCH OF ROME : later than that usually assigned to them. He Addressed to the Rev. Emmanuel Feraut, also enters very minutely into the discussion D.D. and LL.D., Chaplain to the King of of several important questions connected with Sardinia, and Italian Missionary to England. Hebrew Grammar, of which he proves himself By Bartist WRIOTHESLEY Noel. Letto be no mean judge. If on any point we ter 1. The Claims of the Church of Rome. should take leave to differ from him, it is in Small 8vo. pp. 62. regard to his adoption of Dr. Lee's theory of
James Nisbet and Co. treating as a present what has generally been It appears from this Letter, tłaDr. considered to be the future tense of the verb ; | Feraut, “ as the spiritual director of a young
person who was once a member of Mr. Noel's suggestive of holy and useful thoughts to Bible class, has challenged him to discuss sanctified womanhood. The two subjects with him the merits of the Church of Rome, treated by Mr. Monod are, “The Mission of and has expressed his wish that it may be in Woman; and the Life of Woman;"-and writing.” Mr. Noel manfully says to this never was the theme handled before with Roman Doctor, “I accept your challenge; greater delicacy, or with a more thorough and as you intend to print your replies in the practical result. We should like to see this • Catholic Standard,' I shall send you my cheap-telling volume in the hands of every views in print. In several successive letters, woman throughout the land. It is calculated I propose to tell you what the Word of God to do immense good, and especially to awaken declares respecting the claims of your church, and strengthen in every woman's breast the its hierarchy, its worship, its doctrine, its feeling of responsibility. sacraments, and its discipline."
This is Mr. Noel's course, which he has Bible Fruit FOR LITTLE CHILDREN. marked out for himself, in dealing with his
Gathered by the Rev. E. MANNERING. Popish antagonist; and if we may judge of
18mo. pp. 176. the series of Letters from the first-on " The
John Snow. Claims of the Church of Rome "--we may A CHRISTIAN book, really adapted to the hope for great things. It is an admirable and telling document. In the Essay depart- gift as valuable as it is rare.
very young in our families and schools, is a
Tales we have ment, we have given a specimen, of which we
in abundance for children, many of them are sure, among enlightened Protestants, rather tending to weaken than elevate and there can be but one opinion. We are strongly impressed with the idea, trative of biblical doctrine and narrative, in a
improve the mind;—but books strictly illusthat discussion with Romish Priests, through phrase and with a use of imagery adapted to the medium of the public press, is the most the tender conceptions of very young people, probable method of coming in contact with
are yet but very scarce. One is now added the mind of the Roman Catholic Laity. We
to their number; and we can trust intelligent hail with pleasure this controversy, and pray mothers and competent instructors of children that our beloved brother may be strengthened generally, for a verdict in our favour, when from above to bear a noble testimony against
we say that this is one of the most effective " the Mother of Abominations."
little works ever addressed to little people,
from five to ten years of age. WOMAN: Her MISSION AND HER LIFE.
Mr. Mannering has evidently, from this Two Discourses, by the Rev. ADOLPHIE Monod, of Paris. Translated from the sample of his mind, a great gift for interesting Third Edition. By the Rev. W. G. BARRETT, them to come unto me, and forbid them not;"
the little ones, of whom Christ said, “ Suffer of Royston. 2nd Edition, pp. 18.
and we do hope that he will cultivate the John Snow. On comparing these beautiful and touching The subjects here treated are thirteen. I.
gift, and make it available for extensive good. Discourses, translated from the French of The Bible. II. The Holy Bible. III. Little Mr. Monod, of Paris, by Mr. Barrett, we have Creatures with Wings. IV. The Nest-Home. been struck to astonishment on finding that
V. The Steps that take a Little Child to they have been so freely used by the Rev.
Jesus. VI. Little Children encouraged to John Jessop, M.A., whose work entitled,
come to Jesus.
VII. The Golden City. Woman," was reviewed in our January VIII. The Inhabitauts of Heaven. IX. A number. Certainly the resemblance is so
Word on the Wheels. X. Apples of Gold in close as to prove that it could not be accidental. This is great hardihood in an author, Better Country. XII. Directions for Safe
Pictures of Silver. XI. A Voyage to the in these enlightened times. If the thing were
Sailing. XIII. The History and Lessons of right in itself, he should not calculate on being undetected. We know nothing of Mr.
a Letter. Jessop; but a respectable friend sent us an article, assuring us of his great respectability, DARK DEEDS OF THE PAPACY CONTRASTED and we were happy to insert the critique. Had WITH THE BRIGIT LIGIITS OF THE Goswe known what we do now, we should cer
PEL: Also, THE JESUIT UNMASKED, AND tainly have deemed it unfair to Mr. Monod to POPERY UNCHANGEABLE. By the Rev. review a work as Mr. Jessop's, which is
Dawson Massy, M.A., Vicar of Killashin. strictly speaking the product of our friend. Small 8vo. pp. 218. We thank Mr. Barrett for his excellent
Seeleys. and close translation, which does him great This book is written by one who knows credit. The book itself is worthy of the well-popery, and has seen it in its darkest hidingknown talent and piety of the cultivated and places, where it works out the ruin of milingenious author; and cannot fail to be most lions, body and soul. It is the antagonist of