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all man's best interests for time and eternity; | LUTHER : or, Rome and the Reformation. By -it is the enemy of freedom and good govern- ROBERT MONTGOMERY, M.A., Author of ment;-it degrades human nature by making “ The Christian Life," " God and Man," it the passive instrument of a designing priest- &c. Small 8vo. pp. 392. hood;-it embitters social and relative life,
James Blackwood. by its foul and disgusting confessional;-it THIS Poem is entitled to no mean rank converts & fair country into a desert, and as a poetical composition. It contains paschanges a noble-minded people into a nation sages of great power and pathos, and is susof beggars. Mr. Massy has seen all this, tells | tained by large and scriptural views. Το his distressing tale, which deserves to be those who like poetry as a vehicle of historic heard and pondered by all serious Christians truth, it will be an acceptable aid in tracing and thoughtful men. The book is well and the stately stops of the great German Repowerfully written; and will do great good former. Would that we had a few men of if it should obtain, as it deserves, a wide Luther's mould in our day. How he would circulation.
put the whole Puseyite brood of priests and
bishops to the flight! * ALL THINGS ARE READY:” Inquiring Sin- THE HISTORY OF THE INQUISITION, from its ners directed to their Refuge. By WILLIAM
earliest to the present time : toith an Account HARCUS.
of its Procedure, and Narratives of its VicSnow, London.
tims. By CHARLES H. DAVIE. Second This is a peculiarly striking, pointed, and Edition. Small 8vo. Pp. 444. impressive little tract. It is just what its
J. C. Bishop, Paternoster-row. title intimates. The careless, the undecided, We are glad to see this able historical the inquiring cannot read it without profit. production in a second edition.
We hope Christian Instruction Societies, Tract distri- that this may be regarded as proof that it has butors, and City and Town Missionaries, been extensively read. It deserves to be should possess themselves of it, and scatter it carefully examined. A new policy, or a revival throughout the length and breadth of the of an old policy, must be adopted with the land.
Jesuits. If we could have our will, not a single Jesuit should be permitted to set his
foot on English soil. I am not bound, with AN EXPOSITION OF THE BOOK OF Psalms, my eyes open, to permit a sly thief to enter with Practical Remarks and Observations.
We believe England is now By MATTHEW HENRY, late Minister of swarming with Jesuits ; and that more than the Gospel. Unabridged and Illustrated. half the Puseyite clergy have some mysteri870. pp. 704.
ous connection with them. The facts on the Bible Warehouse, 13, Gough-square.
surface prove this. Let us awake from our This portable and cheap edition of Mat- lethargy, and protect ourselves from this thew Henry on the Psalms, interestingly wretched moral vermin,—the scourge and illustrated, we welcome with great delight. pestilence of the earth, and the abettors of His commentaries cannot be unduly multi- half the crimes of the Papacy. plied; and we are not without hope that this may prove one volume of an octavo edition of An EXPOSITION OF THE FIFTH AND THREE his immortal work.
FOLLOWING CHAPTERS OF THE EPISTLE
CHAPMAN, Great Salkeld. pp. 278.
Penrith: Printed by H. Brown.
THE Author of this work has been eighteen
years pastor of an old Nonconforming conTHESE “Way-side Gatherings" are very gregation at Great Salkeld, a sweet sequescreditable, as the production of one young in tered village by the banks of the River Eden, years, and of immature experience. Indeed, Cumberland. Having passed through a reguwe cannot but regard the thirty-five Essays lar course of attendance upon literary and here introduced, upon a vast variety of in- philosophical lectures in the University of teresting topics, as handled in an exceedingly Edinburgh, and having afterwards devoted pleasing and practical manner; with great five years to the study of theology, under the piety, great deference to Divine authority, late eminent Dr. Dick, of Glasgow, he was, and sound views of human nature, and the in 1833, ordained to be the pastor of the state of human society around us.
Protestant Dissenting congregation of Great We recommend the volume as a promising Salkeld.* The time not occupied by official effort at early authorship; and we can con
# This is one of six old congregations, in this scientiously speak of them as first-ripe
neighbourhood, that were formed soon after the fruits."
revolution in 1688, by the long persecuted Dissent
B. L. Green.
duties, Mr. Chapman devoted to the critical time, is heartily sick of his miracles. If he study of the sacred writings; and one fruit of be an honest man, it is a sad thing for him his labours is a “ Commentary upon the Epis- to indorse such monstrous cheats. If he tle to the Romans.” The present publication were more stupid, or rather, not so clever, we contains only his Exposition of the fifth, sixth, should not be so much perplexed. We think seventh, and eighth chapters. His reasons the laws of belief for the human mind are for this selection he assigns in a well-written tolerably well defined ; - As Popery wants Preface :
special licence for the things which it would “ The reasons for preferring this particular have men believe, we must demur, and remind part of the Epistle to any other, are, first, even Dr. Newman that the law of belief is these four chapters are the most disputed uniform. It is sheer impudence, at this time portion; and many persons will be decided to of day, to call upon Englishmen, not corcountenance or discourage the publication of rupted by Popery, to believe the impostures the whole work, by the character of the ex- of Rome, calling them miracles. position given of these chapters. Secondly, Thanks be to Dr. Cumming!
he has done these chapters stand more distinct from the more to take the shine out of Dr. Newman other parts, and have greater union and than any other antagonist who has hitherto completeness in themselves, than any other entered the field with him. We should hope equal portion that could have been chosen."
Papists themselves,—not totally surrendered In his Exposition of the fifth chapter, the to a designing Priesthood,—will henceforAuthor contends that Paul teaches the doc- ward blush for their miracles. They would trine of the imputation of Adam's first sin to disgrace any set of jugglers that ever pracall his posterity, including condemnation on tised upon the credulity of the public. that account, as well as for their own per- This Lecture on Romish Miracles should sonal sins. The doctrine of sanctification by be in every house throughout the empire. a vital union to Christ, is illustrated in the It demonstrates the effrontery of Rome ;Commentary upon the sixth chapter, and the shows it to be unlike every other religious first part of the seventh. Upon the much system ;-more flagitious even than heathendisputed passage in the latter part of the ism itself. seventh chapter, Mr. Chapman's views are Dr. Cumming has nobly acquitted himvery decided, that the apostle, in that pas-self. What answer can Dr. Newman make ? sage, describes his own experience, not as an Silence, we suggest, will be his wisest course. unconverted, but as a renewed man, stating the A religion built on falsehood and imposture effect of the application of the law of God can have nothing in common with Chrisupon his mind and conscience, first, at his tianity. It disdains the chicanery of Priestconversion, and afterwards in the whole of his hood. Christian course. The expression, " By the law is the knowledge of sin," is applicable to both of these cases.
The effect of the know- THE CONGREGATIONAL YEAR BOOK, FOR ledge of the law was, to inspire him with 1851, WITH AN ALMANACK FOR 1852; reverence for its holy nature and tendency, containing the proceedings of the Congregaand to humble him under a sense of his own tional Union of England and Wales and its sinfulness.
confederated Societies for that year. ToMr. Chapman has refuted many of the in- gether with Supplementary Information, reterpretations of the American divines, such as specting the Associations, Ministers, Nero Stuart and Barnes, and has cast light upon Chapels, Schools, and Publications, of the some of the more obscure parts of the Epistle. Congregational Body throughout the United
We hope that the approbation of the reli- Kingdom. 8vo., pp. 310. gious world will encourage the learned Author to publish the whole of his “ Comment
This is a very creditable book to the Conary upon the Epistle to the Romans.”
gregational denomination, containing much
matter that cannot fail to prove both interestROMISH MIRACLES. Lecture delivered in
ing and useful. We are happy to find that the Town Hall, Birmingham, on Tuesday, it is every year increasing in circulation; and December 16th, 1851. By the Rev. John
we would hope the period is not far distant CUMMING, D.D. The Right Hon. Lord
when it will find its place in every CongreCalthorpe in the Chair. 18mo. pp. 112. gational family in Great Britain and her Price ls.
Colonies. It is admirably edited as to plan; Arthur Hall, Virtue, and Co. We should think Dr. Newman, by this and, as returns are made more carefully ers, after they obtained liberty of separate public from the country, we doubt not its accuracy, worship, in consequence of the Act of Toleration. in all minor details, will ultimately be perThe meeting house at Great Salkeld has the date offected. It is the cheapest volume in the 1708. These congregations were formed at Penrith, world. 310 pages octavo, for One Shilling, Penruddock, Great Salkeld, Plumpton Parkhead, and Garrigill.
was never heard of before.
Jackson and Walford.
EMOIR OF THE LATE MR. GEORGE TUCKER, | the gentle and sympathizing influence of a
mother's love, now became matured into How grateful is it to look back on the religious principles, and formed a manly life of a good man! How refreshing is the Christian character. He now, therefore fragrance of a good dame! With what plea- (together with his endeared partner), joined sure do you refer to his acts and deeds, and himself to the church of Christ meeting in live again with him in scenes and associations Queen-street Chapel, under the pastoral care engraven on your memory in indelible lines! of the late highly esteemed and judicious
This attempt to sketch the life of such a minister, the Rev. James Boden. In the man must, from the limited space allowed, document which he addressed to the church, be brief, at the same time faithful and true. on his seeking admission among God's people, * The memory of the just is blessed, and the he states, “ There appears to have been a righteous are to be had in everlasting remem- progressive acquisition of religious knowledge, brance."
which, like leaven, has gradually wrought, Mr. George Tucker, the subject of this until it has pervaded the whole soul; or as memoir, was a native of Sheffield, where his the twilight of the morning imperceptibly father for many years carried on one of the increases into the light of day, so the beams staple trades of the town, the manufacture of of Divine grace and mercy have fallen in plated goods. George, who was the second silence on my heart.” son, was put apprentice to one of the prin- He was next invited by a respectable firm cipal houses in the town, and was intended to enter their service as a commercial traveller; for the general business of a merchant. It this situation he saw right to accept. During was while in this situation, and before his this engagement he was much from home, principles were settled, that he was assailed and became acquainted with many friends, and tempted, by other young men in the same with whom, for a long period, he maintained establishment, to join in the various scenes of a friendly correspondence. His frequent riot and dissipation which too frequently journeying brought him into contact with mark the character of youth when associated eminent preachers of the gospel, on whose together without restraint. He was ridiculed ministry he was accustomed to attend during on account of his religious scruples and his short stay in the various localities where tendencies; various infidel publications and they laboured and taught. He used, on his opinions were placed before him; but these, return from his travels, to be the delight of instead of overwhelming him, only put him on the family circle, where he would graphically the defensive. He applied to one who was always describe the scenes and services in which he ready to sympathize with him in his trouble, had happened to join during his absence; so and to help him in his difficulties. Watson's that his friends, in this manner, soon formed ** Apology for the Bible," was put into his for themselves acquaintance with many of the hands, and, furnished from such an armoury, first ministers of the day, whom they had he did battle against his foes for the cause never seen, and listened to sermons which of truth. He soon cleared himself from these they had never heard. associates, scattered their flimsy arguments, About this time Mr. Tucker settled in life: and himself became more emboldened, con- he married Eliza, the only daughter of Mr. firmed, and valiant as a youthful soldier of Ebenezer Birks, of Sheffield, and sister to the cross.
Thomas Birks, Esq., late mayor of the town. About the time that he attained his majo- This proved a happy connexion, and was the rity, the situation of head-master of the sphere in which were exhibited those lovely Lancasterian School became vacant. Mr. traits of domestic life, which Mr. Tucker was Tucker applied for the appointment, and ob- so eminently calculated to adorn, as a hustained it, and, for several years, carried on band, a parent, or a friend. that important institution with credit to him- It was while a commercial traveller and self, and satisfaction, both to the parents of daily mixing with men of the world, that his the children and the committee of manage principles were severely tested. Here he ment. Many testimonies have been received witnessed scenes which were not calculated to from young men educated in the school, and promote his piety, or increase his growth in now actively and honourably filling important grace; yet amidst such associations, so abunsituations in society, gratefully acknowledg. dantly was the Divine Spirit imported to him, ing the benefits derived from his instruction that his principles became confirmed, his soul and advice, whilst pupils in that institution. more holy, bis experience richer, and his
The religious convictions and impressions decision of character still more manifest; and which had been early formed in his mind by his correspondence during this period breathes the spirit of one who lived much in the sono mom was blessed to see the fruit of his Divine presence, and relished with a keen appetite the angels' food on which it fed. labour, in a large and flourishing school,
Amidst such scenes and circumstances, which has been honoured of God as the when so many temptations to follow an op- means of conversion to many souls. posite course lay in his path, he formed the The church assembling at Queen-street, noble resolution of joining the temperance having now an opportunity of witnessing movement, and of becoming a total abstainer more of the spirit and character of our befrom all intoxicating drinks. He had counted loved friend, soon fixed on him as a suitable the cost, he knew how he should be exposed person to fill the office of deacon, to which he to the jeers of the thoughtless, and the scoffs was chosen in August, 1847; and here he of the profane, but none of these things purchased for himself a good degree, and moved him; he steadily and cheerfully pur- great boldness in the faith which is in Christ sued the course laid down for his own guid- Jesus. ance. He did not unnecessarily, and on all Among the sister churches of the same occasions, obtrude his opinions on others, yet order in the town he was highly respected. when assailed he shrunk not from avowing He was liberal in his principles, though and defending his cherished principles. At the strongly attached to the denomination to first he was almost alone in his views, but which he belonged; he was forward in every shortly he was joined, first by one, and then movement connected with the Christian body. another, until for some time before he discon- The cause of popular education found in him tinued his business journeys, he had the a decided advocate; all the institutions whose pleasure of witnessing the temperance prin- tendency was to help it forward had his conciple taken up and advocated by many, and stant support, both of time and money. It all acknowledge the great change which has was mainly owing to his strenuous efforts taken place in the habits and customs of that the College at Rotherham was continued, commercial travellers.
and the wisdom of the measures le advoAfter some years spent in this way, he cated is seen in the increased prosperity and relinquished his engagement, and entered into cheering prospects of that institution. Of business on his own account as an iron mer- the extensive benevolence of our beloved chant. This more settled way of life ap- friend it is almost impossible to speak too peared to suit his spirit and disposition; he highly. He had a large heart, and a liberal was naturally kind, cheerful, and affectionate, hand. His liberality was never bestowed and calculated to promote the happiness and grudgingly; it was limited only by his ability. reciprocate the endearments of the domestic As he had the opportunity and the power, he circle. Now it was that those traits of cha- was ever ready to assist in every good work. racter, which he had always exhibited, became He was the friend and counsellor of the poor more apparent and vigorous.
and needy, the widow's heart he often caused He had for some years been connected as a to leap with joy, and the cause which he superintendent with the Wicker Sunday- | knew not he searched out. The deeds of school; his frequent absence from home in- private charity which have come to light terfered with the discharge of these duties, since his decease, have revealed to his friends but now that his circumstances permitted it, such a wide range of benevolence, as even his he gave his whole soul to the work. He was most intimate connexions had no concepmainly instrumental in promoting the erec- tion of. tion of a new school, in which the institution He was a sympathizing Christian. The cause has continued to prosper for many years. of suffering humanity touched his feeling heart, Mr. Tucker was not soon discouraged in a and the glistening eye and the starting tear good cause he was a man of strong faith would often betray his inward emotion. in righteous principles.
He was a decided Christian. There was in In the year 1830, he was invited by the him none of the doctrine of expediency; he unanimous voice of the teachers to the office would not wink at a fault, or hide his prinof superintendent: and here he continued to ciples. Whatever might be the character of labour amidst difficulties and discourage the company amongst whom he was placed, ments which would have driven from the his conduct was ever the same; he tried not field a less faithful and zealous servant. No how closely he could steer (without actually personal ease or gratification could tempt him crossing it) to that line of demarcation which to neglect the duties of his school, which he separates the church from the world. He considered paramount. No popular preacher, knew nothing of the cowardice which would no exciting service was sufficient to lead him induce him to bide his principles, or shrink away from the path of duty. These duties from the defence of them. With a manliness were voluntarily undertaken and such engage- of purpose and an open frankness peculiarly ments made for the cause of Christ he consi- his own, he would maintain his religious chadered binding on the conscience, and not racter, and boldly contend for the policy of
acting and governing upon Christian prin- of those institutions which have now become ciples. Yet did he secure the esteem and so extensively scattered throughout our respect of all parties. Those who differed country. But we must bring this brief from him in opinion honoured his uprightness sketch to a close. and integrity of purpose.
He was " not Our dear friend was removed in the primo ashamed of the gospel of Christ.”
of life~in the full vigour of manhood-by a He was a cheerful Christian. His counte- sudden and unexpected stroke, leaving benance was ever radiant with a smile ; good hind him no dying testimony, for it was not nature and benevolence were impressed upon needed, having been what is far better, a it; the young were ever happy and unre- living epistle, known and read of all men. strained in his presence, and the more matured Having concluded his Saturday's labours, sought his fellowship. But it was in his family and completed his business arrangements for especially that the warmth of his heart and his the week, he walked home with a Christian affectionate disposition were pre-eminently friend, who resided a short distance from the exhibited. His was a happy home, and the town, in the same direction. On the way he father was the source and centre of its com conversed with his wonted cheerfulness, and forts; his presence always diffused a pleasant in his own characteristic manner bade his influence, so that his society was sought both friend "a good night,” and wished him “a by young and old.
happy Sabbath on the morrow." Having He was eminently a praying Christian. This made all his arrangements for the anticipated was the atmosphere in which he lived ; his duties of the coming day, in his beloved intercourse with heaven was close, intimate, Wicker school-having conducted the deand habitual. He made every circumstance, votions of the family as usual—and in the reand every person associated with him, a plea tirement of the closet spent a season of comfor a visit to the throne of grace. It was his munion and fellowship with his God and custom, in his own house, to have worship Saviour, he retired as usual to repose, little three times a day. Like Abraham, he com- apprehending that his intercourse with heaven manded his children and his household after was so soon to be renewed. Shortly after him. It was very often a wonder to many, the hour of midnight, Mrs. Tucker was awoke how, amidst the bustle and business of daily by his difficult respiration. She immediately life, he succeeded in keeping up that high tone became much alarmed, and without a moof piety, as well as that considerable equa- ment's delay, roused the family, and sent for nimity of temper by which he was charac- medical aid. But before that aid could arterized; but here lay his strength, here he rive, her beloved husband, unconscious of obtained the grace by which his devotion was pain, without a struggle or a groan indicative fed, here he received those supplies by which of mortal agony, had breathed his last, and he was strengthened. But there was one his happy spirit had exchanged the labours practical illustration of his deep conviction of of an earthly Sabbath just commenced, for this duty, which we cannot forbear to men the rest of an eternal one. So sudden was tion, and which it would be well were it car the closing scene of our dear friend's earthly ried out by all our merchants and manufac career ! In the midst of health, surrounded tarers who make a profession of Christianity. by the endearments, and engaged in the active Mr. Tucker made it his constant practice to duties of life, like Enoch, he was not, for mpen his warehouse every morning with prayer. God took him. The sad intelligence quickly Before commencing the ordinary duties of spread, and soon hundreds of hearts were the day, he summoned the men in his employ filled with sorrow, and their eyes with tears. into the counting-house, and there sought the The town itself seemed shrouded in sadness. blessing of heaven on his worldly concerns, The last petition presented by our friend at and the guidance of unerring wisdom in his the domestic altar was for the Sabbath-school. business transactions.
He had, as we have stated, made preparation Mr. Tucker was not only active amidst for the renewal of his labours; and, like a the various socicties connected with his own warrior clad in complete armour, and enchurch or denomination, but he also took a veloped in his martial cloak, he lay down to prominent part as a Christian citizen. He necessary repose, ready, when the hour arwas elected a member of the Town Council rived, again to wield the sword of the Spirit, in 1845, and this office he continued to fill and serve in the ranks of the Lord of until the period of his death. His name Sabaoth. Well was it that he was ready! might be seen connected with the manage. For the summons came not in the morning, ment of almost every institution intended to nor at noon, but at midnight. From his benefit his townspeople, and to promote the slumbers he was aroused, not by the trumpet social, intellectual, moral, or religious well- sounding to arms--not again to go forth to the being of society at large. He took an active help of the Lord; but to receive his discharge part, and spoke eloquently at the formation -to lay down his weapons—to put off his of the Mechanics' Library, one of the earliest armour, and to enter on his reward.