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not less I think than 11 feet in height, is a nearly naked Buddha, exceedingly well sculptured, seated in an attitude of demonstration or teaching ex cathedra (Fig. 2.) This has originally occupied an elevated place opposite the entrance, but it has fallen and now leans slanting against the wall. On either side sits, still enthroned, a mildfaced male figure of somewhat smaller size, crowned and jewelled, and having the hands also raised as if in conversational action. These did not appear to represent any Hindu gods, and were without monstrosities or emblems?‘ There are also six highly sculptured niches in the walls, such as usually contain crossed-legged Buddhas, but empty.
There is then, in the interior, nothing inconsistent with pure Bud
dhism. But the exterior on each side is sculptured in relief with figures which are undoubtedly those of Hindu divinities,with their attendants ; an 8-armed goddess on one side, Parvati, I believe ; 4!-armed gods on the other two. The whole contour of the figures, and that peculiar sway of the hips in the standing attendants, which we still see in coarse modern Indian sculpture, is purely Hindu. Parts of the pilasters or styles of the panels containing these relieves are richly carved in scrolls, not unlike those on the well-known beautiful arcades of the great mosque at the Kootub. There can be little doubt that these relieves and all the surface ornaments were sculptured after the erection of the masonry, as Mr. Crawfurd has observed in regard to some others of the Javanese temples. I have lately seen this fashion of working very clearly exemplified in the ancient tops of Sarnath near Benares, where you may see the rich ornamentation of the surface in parts left unfinished, and in parts just etched out to guide the carver. But still I think undoubtedly these relievos must have been part of the original design, and I do not mention the circumstance as elucidating the combination of Brahminism and Buddhism. I believe this mixture is found in some of the caves of western India. In Ceylon the temples of the Hindu divinities are constantly found immediately adjoining the Buddhist pagodas, and though such a combination is totally strange to modern Burma, we found one very old temple at Pagan which exhibited Hindu divinities in panels on the exterior.1‘
" May they be Dharma and Songs, the law and the church, the two other
objects of Buddhist reverence ?_ _ _ n
- Besides these figures, both the base of the superstructure and the walls of the basement terrace are abundantly sculptured with fantastic subjects. The former is formed into panels of scroll work, the centre of each being a different animal, including the elephant, parrot, braminee goose, stork, deer, buffalo, &c. In the latter, the patterns are alternately of scroll and diaper (See Fig. 3.) The sides of the staircase have been sculptured more rudely with scenes of domestic life, the chase, and other incidents. One of them quaintly represents the old fable of a tortoise carried through the air by two wild geese. In the porch adjoining the entrance, on each side are corresponding groups, one of a man with the brahminical thread, the other of a woman with a child, each surrounded by boys engaged in gathering fruit which others shake down from the trees overhead.
Above these are rows of feniale figures kneeling towards the shrine, and presenting offerings.
Passing from Mundot about 2% miles to the N. W. across the river Progo, and noting by the road side a small ancient temple of the same character, which has been caught in the embrace of a large cotton-tree, and is being gradually upheaved by its roots and buttresses, we came in sight of Boro Bodor rising like a half-finished pyramid on the top of a hill about 130 or 140 feet high, and backed by the roots of the great Sumbing, which was itself (alas) invisible,excepting now and then when for a few moments his vast cone peeped forth above the clouds and 11,021 feet above the sea.
A good carriage drive ascends the hill to the base of the building, and passes beyond it to a spacious bungalow or rest-house shaded by a grove of trees. Scattered and fallen sculptured stones and Buddhas have been gathered together and ranged along the avenues of approach. Evidently now there is no neglect of this singular and magnificent monument. But no efforts, I'fear, can prevent its decay from proceeding with accelerated speed.
It is scarcely possible to find a point of view from which a sketch would give a true idea of this structure, and the best notion of it is to be got from the plates in Rafiies and Crawfurd. Indeed the first near view of Boro Bodor is disappointing. It appears to be far more ruined than it was in the days when Raffles described it, and at first
sight it seems little better than a vast and shapeless cairn of stones,_
with here and there a dome and pinnacle discernible.