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It is also evidently the species to which Major Tickell directed my attention, as a white-headed Maina common about Rangoon; and which he had only observed in that vicinity; but I did not chance to meet with it.*
ANTHOCINCLA, nobis, n. g. A very remarkable Thrush-like Myiotherine (f) form, with short tail and rounded wings ; the tarse moderate or somewhat short, and the toes furnished with straight claws, especially that on the hind toe. Bill as in the coarser-billed OREOCINCLJE, with no perceptible notch to the upper mandible. No rietal vibrissee. Plumage devoid of bright colours.
A. PHAYREI, nobis, n. s. Length about 9-} in., of which tail barely Q in ; closed wing 41 in., the fourth and fifth primaries longest, and the first primary measuring 2 in. : bill to gape 1% in. ; tarse 1% in. ; hind-claw T9; in. Colour a rich brown above, paler and more fulvous below, Where each feather has a black spot on either web: middle of throat white, bordered laterally with black, and this again by a. streak of black-margined fulvous-white feathers, below the brown ear-coverts; a long supercilium of feathers resembling those of the white moustache-streak, and above this again the feathers on the sides of the crown are squamate and pale-centred: primaries and their coverts black, save an angular fulvous spot at the base of the first primary; tertiaries plain brown, like the back, but the coverts of the secondaries black with broad fulvous sagittate tips. Bill dusky ; and feet and claws pale. Tounghoo.
Prcrrozvorus FAMILIARIS, nobis, n. 5'. Form typical. Plumage light earthy-brown, paler beneath, less so on the breast; the lower tail-coverts a little rufescent : stems of the ear-coverts conspicuously white. Bill dusky-eorneous; and legs apparently the same. Length about 8 in., of which tail 3% in.; closed wing 3% in.; bill to gape % in.; and tarse the same. Tounghoo. This dull-plumaged species was also procured at Thayet-myo by Dr. J erdon, who informs me that
* ACRIDOTHEBES rmsrxs, Aoa. FUSCUS, and Sroauomsron comm, van, I observed abundantly so far south as Mergui ; but I know of only the second as an inhabitant of the Malayan peninsula. Tenasserim specimens of the first are dark-coloured, like those of Ceylon. At Mergui there is also the CALOBNIS DAUmcus, a common Malayan species. Tammvucuus MALAIIARIOUS I observed abundantly near Moulmein, and far in the interior of Martaban province. The Paslor peguanus, Lesson (Belanger’s T/o_y.), is no other than the young of P. nosausl
its habits are remarkably confiding and familiar, whence the specific name.
OSMOTRERON PHAYREI, nobis, n. .s-. : Treron malabarieus apud nos, passim. Distinguished from Osu. MALABARICUS (verus) by having the entire cap ash-coloured in both sexes, and the male, by having alarge ochreous patch on the breast. Common in Asém, Sylhet, Arakan, Pegu, Martaban, and rare in Lower Bengal. It is the only species of the group which I observed in the forests of the Yunzalin district, Upper Martaban, where exceedingly abundant. At Moulmein I obtained the Osm. mcnrcrus, (J erdon).
(The following kindred races have to be recognised,)
OSM. MALABARICUS, (Jerdon), Ill. Ind. Orn. ; Vinago aromatica et 7. qfifnis, Jerdon, Catal. Has the forehead whitish-grey, and no defined ash-coloured cap, though a tinge of that colour on the crown. Throat and front of neck yellow. Malabar. JV. B. The V qjfinis, Jerdon, seems rather to accord with the female of OSM. PHAYREI; but the latter race can hardly occur in Malabar.
Osn. rmvoeumnrs, nobis, J. A. S. XXVI, 225 ; Vinago aromatica apud Selby, Jarcline’s Nat. Libra, ‘ Pigeons,’ p. 97; V. aromatica var., J erdon, Catal. Distinguished by its yellow forehead as well as throat, and by having the lower tail-coverts of the male white-tipped green, as in the female, and as in both sexes of 08141. CHLOROPTEBA, nobis, of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; whereas in the other species the lower tail-coverts of the male are of a dark cinnamoncolour. Hab. Malabar and Ceylon.
OSM. POMPADOUBA; Columba pompadoura, Gmelin. Vida J. A. S. XXVI, 225. Cey10n.*
* The other birds collected by Col. Pliayre &r6—PALEORNIS JAVANICUS, HmMATORNIS cnnnm, CIRCUS MELANOLEUCOS, ll/IICRASTUB moms, ATHENE coco, LOIDES, Ur-on LONGIILOSTBIS, J erdou (rufous Burmese race), Conacus AFFINIS Mnnors Q,UII\'TICOLOR, CERYLE RUDIS, MEGALAIMA LINEATA, M. INDICA, HennCEROUs cannnre, Cnnrsooomrrns sunrnmus, Tree INTERMEDIA, Gnomes VIKIDANUS, G. OCCKPITALIS, Gmcum INTERMEDIA, M nun euncromnu (the Malayan
'type), PASSERFLAVEOLUS, Ensrrza AUREOLA, Panes FLAVOCRISTATUS, SITTL
CASTANBOVENTRIS, DBNDROPIIILA rnorvranrs, CORYDALLA RUFULA, PIPASTES AGILI5, Nrmomcom INDIGA, Ganaomx BELANGERI, G. PECTORALIS, G. MONI~ menu, Cnarennmm GULAEIS, »A>.+noBNIs SUPER-OILIARIS, REGULOIDES surnncrmosus, Pnrnnoscoros morons, Pa. AFFINIS, CAMPEPHAGA SYKESI, Ineru PUELLA, PERICB.OCO'1‘US sreemsus, P. PEREGBINUS, Unusm HOTTENTOTA, Enomus PARADISEUS, Dlcrwuus LONGICAUDATUS, CHAPTIA mum, Anmuts rescue, HIRUNDA RUs'1‘TGA, Tonrrnm AFFFNIS, Mrmeim AZUREA, CRYPTOLOPHA. POIOCEPHALA, Cnrnrene. FLAVEOLUS, Pyorronorus HEEMORRHOUS, P. Jocoeus, P. MELANOCEPHALUB, PHYLLOBNIS AUR-IFROLNS, Pu. COCHINCIIISENSIS, Iona
II. Col. Fytche, Commissioner of the Martaban and Tcnasserim provinces, Moulmein.
The skeleton of an Andaman savage, a male of about 35 or perhaps 40 years of age, who died in the hospital of Moulmein at the time of my first visit to that station.* Finding that there was no hope of his recovery, I requested Col. Fytche to direct that his bones should be prepared for the Society’s museum ; but as I was just leaving at the time, I was unable to superintend the preservation of them. I regret now to find that the skeleton is very imperfect; too much so, in fact, to be set up. Of the vertebral column, the axis and one of the lumbar vertebrae are missing, also several of the ribs, and most of the small bones of the hands and feet. Of the teeth, the two medial and the left lateral upper incisors have been lost, also the first upper right prae-molar, the left lower canine and all the lower incisors, though one or more of these last may have been lost during life, as were the last upper true molars right and left, the alveoli of which have quite disappeared. A.s usual among savage races, the molars are ground evenly flat, or very nearly so. The skull is essentially of the Indo-Germanic type, very similar to some Hindu skulls, and exhibiting no tendency to the negro peculiarities. The parietal bones are rather broad and posteriorly fiat; and the glabella (or inter-orbital space) is somewhat wide. The general character thus conforms to my observations of the living men, as embodied in Col. Fytche’s notice of them, J. A. S. XXX, 364:, et seq. ; and at the time of making those remarks, I may observe that I had not seen Prof. Owen’s notice of the skeleton of an Andamaner read before the British Association in 1861. The left zyyoma of the individual had
. been fractured, but the bone had re-united, with a considerable bend
inward occupying the anterior half of the arch. Col. Fytche has also favoured us with the skull of a. Rhinoceros, shot by Dr. Hook of Tavoy near Tavoy Point, where there is a small
isolated colony of the species. I refer it to the narrow type of RII.
(To be continued.)
ryrnrs, Onroms MELANOCEPHALUS, O.rm~wmosrn1s, Drcazcnr CRUENTATUM, Naoruamm ABIATICA, N. PHEENICOTIB, CARPOPHAGA BYLVATIGA, Toaroa TIGEnmus, T. numnrs, Funnoonrnus PHAYREI, Tuanrx ocntmrcs, Ssuooomuns ATBOGULABIS (the Burmese and Malayan type, which 1 procured so high us at Akyab, distinguished from the Indian by having the neck largely black all round, set off below by a white border), CEAB.ADEIUs rnrmrrrncs, GALLINAGO sranuns, and STEBNA JAVANICA.
* The individual known as ‘ Punch Blair,’ vide J. A. 8. XXX, 259.