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establislmwnt qf running steamers, and that a vast amount of time
will be saved over present routes. Of the political bearing of the
subject, we have said nothing, but holding in View that the line
from Ceylon to Cochin China, is nearlyzstraight, we are convinced
that if Great Britain does not take it in hand, France must, with
every chance of a profitable opposition to the P. and 0. Company in
their line with Europe to Calcutta via Madras. ~
ALEX. Fnasnn,
_ Captain, Bengal Engineers.
J. G. Fonnono,
Captain F._R. S E.

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Table of Great Sea Routes from Ceylon to China and Calcutta and vice verse’. See Report on the communication

by the Isthmus of Krau by Captains Fraser and Forlong.
Dated Tavoy, the 26th April, 1861.

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Saving per annum after deduction of Cost of 13,50,000 31; Lacs


M _ above line from saving A. See 8th clause para. 19. — 92
* By leaving out Mergui, and establishing communication between Rangoon and Elephant Point, and Amherst and Maulmein, theHT
saving of 19 hours may be increased to 34 hours, see 8th clause 17th Para. of Report.
(Signed) ALEX. FRASER, (Signed) J . G. Fonnose,
Bengal Engineer. Ex. Engivzeer 1'. & M. P.

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A Further Note on W/ild Asses, and alleged W/ilzl Horses.
--By E. BLYTH.

1. The TVil¢l Ass of-‘ the African Zahdra.

At the time that my paper ‘On the Different Animals known as Wild Asses,’ (Vol. XXVIII. 229,) was submitted to the public, I had seen no detailed description of an undoubted African wild Ass, though (for reasons assigned) I claimed it as the veritable ASINUS ONAGER, as distinguished from sundry kindred specific races that had been a good deal confounded. This animal has, of late, been received both in the Paris Jardin [les Plantes, and in the London Zoological Gardens ; though, still, no particular notice of it would appear to have been yet published, shewing its distinctive characters, upon comparison, with the HEMIPPUS, HEMIONUS, &c.; nor have we been made acquainted with those that are alleged to justify the discrimination of the Kyang from the Ghor-lchur. In a very interesting work* that I have lately seen, however, I find a description of the wild Ass of the African Zahara, which, I think, worthy of citing, and thus bringing more prominently to notice; and, especially, as it indicates the existence of at least a. second African species, as the Hamar or Ahmar of Sudan ; which latter is, doubtless, that which Dr. Barth considered to be identical in species with Mr. R. Schlagintweit’s Indian Ghor-khur. I may further notice, that, in Kral’f’s Travels, &c., in E. Africa (p. 277), “ wild Asses” are mentioned as being “plentiful in Kayo" (about 5° N. lat.)

i Mr. Tristram writes, that, while his companion “set off with his sketch-book, I returned to see a very fine Ass which had been brought, ‘for inspection, and was valued at thirty dollars. Having heard that wild Asses were to be occasionally found in the Soufa. desert, on the route to Ghadames, I had made every enquiry after one; fully believing that I should see the Koomrah (Eguus hzlppagrus, Jardine,)1'

mentioned by Dr. Shaw, and known to inhabit some of the sparsely

wooded hills of the Fezzan country.

“ My surprise, therefore, was great on seeing a veritable ‘ Onager’ or wild Ass, of what exact species I cannot state. He certainly approached, very near, the ASINUS ONAGER of Asia [meaning the Glzor-klsur, or E. asinus onager of Pallas and the younger Gmelinjj],

* The Great Saluira .- Wanderings South of the Atlas mountains. By H. B. Tristram, M. A., F. Z. 8., &c. (1860), p. 318. 1' Potius C. Hamilton Smith, in Ju.rdine’s Nat. Libr.—~E. B. I Aainus indicua, Scluter.

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