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Camera lucida, by that excellent artist, Mr. Ford, as a basis for the engraving, which is designed for the pages of the forthcoming number of our home Journal. I myself have tested every letter of the Inscription and added many that were wholly illegible when the
relic was first discovered.
My object in forwarding this most interesting record is, that it maybe submitted to the Antiquarians in your Presidency, with a. View to an independent translation being made, prior to the receipt of Professor Dowson’s rendering‘ of the text, which will probably not be published much within a. month from this date. \Vith this ob
' ject of testing oriental scholarship, I abstain from all comments on
the many important bearings of the document itself, though I feel bound to anticipate Professor Dowson’s own announcement of his successful discovery of the value of the numerals -composing the date, which even the last number ofyour Journal (III. 1862, p. 303) shows to be far from accomplishment by your local contributors. I must premise in order to dispel any doubts about the positive accuracy of the present interpretation, that Mr. Norris independently worked out precisely ‘the same result on the problem involved in this inscription being submitted to him. In brief, then, the numerals employed in Arian or Bactro-Pali Inscriptions follow an Egyptian system. Units are found to run I = 1, l1=2, In =3, but the 41, unlike the Kapurdigiri example of Illl, is now formed by a cross, similar to a Roman X, a symbol, it is true, we do not find in any Egyptian Hieroglyphic scheme, though the five-pointed star exceptionally denoted 5. It will be seen that the Arian eight is formed by a duplication of the four in this fashion xx,
The ten is represented by a semi-circle, and, in its system of dupli. cation, triplication, &c., proves in like manner to take after the usage of the Egyptians; though it is unquestionable that one of the less common forms of the Phoenician tan is expressed thus -| (Gesenius p. 87), yet, to my understanding, the whole scheme seems to be based more directly upon the purely Egyptian ideal,* than upon any
‘Ii Hieroglyphic Numbers p. 402. Encylop, Metr, by R, 5, 130010, Esq_ and Revue Archeologique, p. 261, November 1862.
derivative altered and elaborated through Phoenician influences, such as might have been. anticipated to have accompanied the apparent course of the Arian letters themselves. This may be a curious question for future investigation and illustration; at present, it is suiticient to say, that the three Arian figures, similar to our English 3, constitute as a total, the sum of six tens, while the isolated Q, at the end of the row of figures, completes the number of 70, to which we have to add the eight, already noticed under the units—making the complete date of the plate the year 78.
In conclusion I may notice, that Mr. Dowson concurs in Colonel Cunningham’s reading of the Macedonian months!
These are run either [1 f] n ('1 thus for 4.0 or thus for 2 2 2§6()
nnnn}=fl I I
100 : Q
Gesenius p. 87 Phoenician Numbers; ordinary 10 is — but, alia. figure itidem denarium numerum designans est haec semilunsris 7 7 9
See also Jude/s “ La langue Phénicienne," p. 84.
The Monthly General Meeting of the Asiatic Society of Bengal was held on the 5th instant.
A. Grote, Esq., President, in the chair.
The proceedings of the last meeting were read and confirmed.
Presentations were received—
1. From Lieut.-Col. J. P. Beadle through E. C. Baylcy, Esq., a set of the photographs of Buildings, Monoliths, &.c. in Orissa taken by the Government Photographer in Cuttack.
2. From C. A. Elliott, Esq, a copy of his work entitled—The Chronicles of Oonao, a district in Oudh.
3. From the Academy of Sciences, Hungary, several publications of the Academy.
The Council reported that they had appointed Dr. J. Fayrer to be a member of the Committee of Finance vice Dr. Crozier, who has gone to England.
The undermentioned gentleman was named for ballot at the next meeting:
S. Lobb, Esq., M. A. of the Presidency College, proposed by Mr. Cowell and seconded by Mr. Atkinson.
With reference to a recommendation of the Council that Mr. E. Thomas be appointed Honorary Agent of the Society in place of the late Professor H. H. VVilson, the President stated as follows :—
“ The Council have asked me to obtain the assent of the Meeting to their proposition to appoint Mr. E. Thomas to be their Honorary Agent in London. I need not explain that Mr. Thomas is an old and