Human Adaptation and Accommodation

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University of Michigan Press, 1993 - 532 Seiten
How human beings have adapted to a wide range of stressful environments - extreme temperatures, solar radiation, high altitudes, and nutritional stress - has been the subject of much research in recent years by psychologists, biologists, and physical anthropologists. Here for the first time Dr. Frisancho presents in a single volume knowledge on human adaptation that has previously been widely scattered and highly specialized. He examines from physiological and anthropological perspectives the short- and long-term reactions of the human body to various environmental stresses. Based on research that has been done in the laboratory and from studies of native populations living in stressful environments, Dr. Frisancho discusses the effects of extreme heat and cold, solar radiation and the selective value of skin pigmentation, high altitude hypoxia, growth in high altitude populations, diseases related to life in high altitudes, diseases and effects of undernourishment, and disease and the westernization of diet. This work is a valuable and much needed introduction to the field of human adaptation.

 

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Inhalt

The Study of Human Adaptation
3
Principles of Temperature Regulation
23
Thermoregulation and Acclimation
79
Native
101
SKIN COLOR AND ADAPTATION TO SOLAR RADIATION
145
Evolution of Population Skin Color
163
Respiratory Function and Gas Exchange in
175
Cardiovascular System
201
Accommodation to the Energy Demands
311
Accommodation to the Energy Demands
335
Accommodation to Acute and Chronic
357
Accommodation to Experimental Starvation
381
Accommodation to Industrialization of Dietary
399
Accommodation and Adaptation
427
A Conversion Factors for Measurements Used in
459
Glossary
485

Biological Effects and Tolerance
219
Adult Acclimatization Developmental
243
Prenatal and Postnatal Growth and Development
281

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