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stilly convicted by the oath or oaths of one or more credible witness or witnesses, before one or more justice or justices of the peace where the offences shall be committed, the person or persons so convicted shall be sent to the house of correction, there to be kept to hard labour for any time not exceeding one month.
V. Provided always, That it shall and may be lawful for any Persons agperfon aggrieved by any order or orders to be made by any Srie^dtTMaJie such justice or justices,, to appeal to the next quarter-sessions^^^0 1 of the peace, to be holden for the county, city, town or place where such onkr—mall be made, giving eight days notice of such appeal, and such justices at their quarter-sessions (hall hear the * master, and shall have power to make satisfaction to either # Sg -m thc re^ party, as to them (hall seem just, whose determination therein cord. shall be final.
An aff for more effectual execution of justice in a fret ended privileged place in the parish of Saint George in the county of Surrey, commonly called the Mint; and for bringing to speedy and exemplary justice such offenders as are therein mentioned; and for giving relies to such persons as are proper objects of charity and compassion there.
Wr HE RE AS it is notorious, that many evil-disposed and ivicked persons have, in defiance of the known laws of this realm, and to the great dishonour thereof unlawfully assembled and associated themselves in and about a certain place in the parish of Saint George in the county of Surrey, commonly called or known by the name 0/Suffolk-place, or the Mint, and have assumed to themselves [by unlawful combinations and confederacies) pretended privileges y altogether Jcandalcus and unwarrantable, and have committed great frauds and abuses upon many of his Majesty's good subjects, and by force and violence protected themselves^ and their wicked accomplices, again ft law and justice: and whereas it is evident, that an act made in the eighth and ninth years of the reign of his late majesty King William the Third, intituled, An act for the more effectual re- g &9 w. 3, lief of creditors in cafes of escapes, and for preventing abuses c. 27. in prisons and pretended privileged places, hath not proved effectual within the said place, commonly called Suffolk-place, or the Mint; and it is absolutely necestary, that further provision should be made for more effectually abolishing the pretended privileges aforesaid^ and for bringing all offenders in the premisses to more speedy and exemplary justice: may it therefore please your most excellent Majesty, that it may be enacted and be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent os the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That if any person or persons shall, after the tenth day of October one thousand seven hundred and twenty three, within the said place,
commonly called Suffolk-place, or the Mint, in the parish of Saint George in the county of Surrey, or within any the Persons op- limits, or pretended limits thereof, knowingly and wilfully obecudonof CX* f^ruct or °PPose anY Per*s°n or persons, serving, or endeavourwrits, how to in£ or attempting to serve or execute any writ, or any rule or be puniihed. order of any court of law or equity, or other legal process whatsoever, or any escape-warrant or any warrant or warrants of any justice or justices of the peace, or shall assault or abuse any person or persons serving or executing any such writ, rule, order, process or warrant, or for having so done, whereby any such person or persons shall receive any damage or bodily hurt, every person so knowingly and willingly offending in the premisses, being thereof lawfully convicted, shall be adjudged guilty of felony, and shall be transported to some or one of his Majesty's colonies or plantations in America, by such ways, means and methods, and in such manner, and for such time, and under such pains and penalties, as felons in other cafes are by law to be transported.
II. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That after the tenth day of October one thousand seven hundred and twenty three, upon any complaint or complaints at any time or times to be made to any three or more justices of the peace of the county of Surrey, by any person or persons, who have or hath, or mall have any debt or debts, sum or sums of money, due or owing to him, her or them, from any person or persons now being, or which hereafter shall be or reside within the said place or places, commonly called Suffolk-place, or the Mint, or within any the limits, or pretended limits thereof (such creditor having any legal writ or process taken out for prosecuting recovery, or levying any such debt or debts, sum or sums of money, and making oath before such justices of the peace, or any of them, that a debt or debts, exceeding fifty pounds at the least, is justly due to him, her or them, from the person or persons against whom such complaint shall be made, arid that such creditor verily believes, that such person or persons doth then reside or remain within such place or places as aforesaid ) it shall and may be lawful to and for the said justices of the peace, or any three or more of them, and they are hereby authorized and impowered, in all and every such cafe and cafes T'jstices may (if tnev in meir discretions shall find it to be requisite) to issue iJfie warrants their warrant or order, from time to time, to the sheriff of the to the sheriff, county of Surrey, or to the bailiff of the liberty of the borough the foirTM&c5 °^ Soutbwark, for the time being, thereby strictly enjoining to^rreftV&cs and requiring him or them, his or their respective deputy or Merlons owing deputies, officer or officers (under such penalty, as by this act above 501. is prescribed for non-performance of his or their duty therein) to raise and take the posse comitatus, or such other power or force, as to the said justices, or any three or more of them, shall seem requisite, and enter the said pretended privileged place, called Suffolk-place, or the Mint, and the limits, or pretended limits thereof, and every or any part thereof,' and to arrests rest, and in case of resistance or refusal, to open or break open any door or doors to arrest such person or persons, upon any mesne process, or other process, extent or execution, and to seize the goods of any such person or persons, upon any execution or extent; and if any such sheriff or chief bailiff, or Sheriff,Sec.reany his or their deputy or deputies, officer or officers, or any fusing to exeof them, shall neglect or refuse, upon any such warrant or or- cute process, der, with such force, to use his or their best endeavours for the to^erfa^hT* executing of such process, execution or extent, he or they so neglecting or refusing to execute such process, execution or extent, shall forfeit to the plaintiff or plaintiffs the sum of two hundred pounds, to be recovered by action of debt, or of the cafe, bill, plaint or information, in which no essoin, protection, wager of law, or more than one imparlance (hall be allowed ; Persons opand if any person or persons shall resist or oppose any officer or ^m^al^^eFS, officers of justice, or any person or persons, who (hall be aiding transported, or assisting to such officer or officers in the execution of anywrit, or any escape warrant, or any warrant or warrants of any justice or justices of the peace, or of any legal process, execution or extent, within the said place called Suffolk-place; or the Minty or within any the limits, or pretended limits thereof, or (hall make rescous of any prisoner taken upon any such writ> process, execution or extent, within the place or limits aforesaid, or mall there knowingly harbour or conceal any prisoner so taken, or any person or persons, who rescued any such prisoner, or (hall be any ways contriving, or knowingly and willingly abetting, aiding or assisting, in resisting any such officer or officers, or in rescuing any such prisoner or prisoners taken as aforesaid, or shall presume to exercise any unlawful jurisdiction, or make or execute, or join in the making or executing any pretended rule, order or ordinance, for supporting any pretended privilege within the said place called Suffolk place, or the Mint, or any the limits, or pretended limits thereof, contrary to law, or for opposing or hindering the due execution of any legal process, or any lawful warrant, or any rule, order or decree of any court of law or equity, all and every person and persons so offending, being thereof lawfully convicted upon any indictment or information to be brought or filed within six months after the offence committed, (hall be adjudged guiltv of felony, and shall be transported to some or one of his Majesty's colonies or plantations in America, by such ways, means and methods, and in such manner, and for such time, and under such pains and penalties, as felons in other cafes are bv law to be transported.
III. And for more effectually preventing for the future the great and enormous mischiefs and abuses, which have been riotouslycommitted and done within the Jaid place called Suffolk-place or the Mint, or within any the limits, cr pretended limits thereof, by wicked person^ in vizards, mojks, or disguised habits, or having their faces or bodies disguised; be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if after the tenth day of October one thousand seven hundred
Persons disguised abetting riots, Sec. to be deemed felons.
Concealers, &c. to be transported.
* December in the record.
The sum of 40 1. to be paid by the iLeriff on conviction ot" offenders.
Disputes touching the reward, how to be determined.
fcnd twenty three, any person or persons whatsoever, wearing any vizard, mask, or disguised habit, or having his or their face or faces, or body or bodies disguised, shall within the said place called Suffolk-place, or the Mint, or within any the limits, or pretended limits thereof, join in, or aid or abet any riot or tumult there, or shall, in any vizard, mask, or other disguise whatsoever, knowingly and willingly there oppose tire execution of any legal process, order or warrant, or assault and abuse any person or persons serving or executing any such process, order or warrant, or for having so done, all and every such person and persons, being lawfully convicted of any such offence, shall be adjudged guilty of felony, and shall forfeit and suffer as in cafes of felony, without benefit of clergy $ and all persons aiding, assisting or abetting, or knowingly harbouring or concealing any such disguised person or persons, being thereof convicted, snail be adjudged guilty of felony, and shall be transported to some or one of his Majesty's colonies or plantations in America, by such ways, means and methods, and in such manner, and for such time, and under such pains and penalties, as felons in other cafes are by law to be transported;
IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the tenth day of Oftobcr * one thousand seven hundred and twenty-three, all and every person and persons, who shall apprehend and take any person or persons, guilty of any of the offences before mentioned, and prosecute such person or persons until he or they be convicted, mall have and receive, for every such offender so convicted, the sum of forty pounds, to be paid by the sheriff of the county of Surrey, without any deduction or fee for the same, within one month after such conviction and demand thereof made, by tendring a certificate to the said sheriff, under the hand or hands of the judge or justices before whom such offender or offenders shall be convicted, certifying the conviction of such offender or offenders, and that he or they were taken by the person or persons claiming the said reward; and,in case any dispute shall arise between the persons so apprehending any of the said offenders, touching their right and title to the said reward, that then the said judge or justices, so respectively certifying as aforesaid, shall in and by his and their said certificate, direct and appoint the said reward to and amongst the parties claiming the fame, in such shares and proportions, as to the said judge or justices shall seem just and reasonable > and if it shall happen any such sheriff shall die or be removed after such conviction and demand made of the said reward (the same not being paid as aforesaid) that then the next succeeding sheriff of the said county of Surrey^ shall pay the same, within one month after demand, and certificate brought as aforesaid; and if default of payment of the said sum or sums of money shall happen to be made by any such sheriff, the sheriff making default shall forfeit to the person and persons, to whom such money shall be due as aforesaid, double the sum or sums of money such sheriff ought to have paid, to be recovered vered with double costs of suit by the person or persons afore- On death or said, or his or their executors or administrators, in any of his ^^s°^ces Majesty's courts of record at Westminster, by action of debt, bill, s0r shall pay" plaint or information, wherein no essoin, privilege, protection the reward, or wager of law shall be allowed, nor more than one imparlance. &c.
V. And be it further enacted, That in cafe any person or persons shall happen to be killed by any such offender or offenders, endeavouring to apprehend, or in making pursuit after
him or them, that then the executors or administrators, or The execu_ such person or persons, to whom the right of administration of tors, Sec. of the personal estate of each person so killed shall belong (upon persons killed certificate delivered under the hands and seals of the judge or offenders, justices of assize for the county where the fact was done, or the 4.01! ^ tQ the two next justices of the peace, of such person or persons being so killed, which certificate the said judge or justices, upon sufficient proof before him or them made, is and are hereby required immediately to give without fee or reward) shall receive the sum of forty pounds from the sheriff of the county where the said fact was done and committed, and upon failure of payment thereof by the said sheriff, such sheriff shall forfeit double the said sum of forty pounds, to be recovered against him, with double costs of suit, in manner aforesaid.
VI. And it is hereby further enacted, That all sheriffs, their
executors or administrators, upon producing; such respective OT -œ 0
, . ■ J r ^\ u .1 -j * Sheriffs, &c.
certificates, and the receipts tor the money by them paid in on producing
pursuance of this act, (hall be allowed, and are hereby im- receipts, are
powered to deduct, upon their accounting with his Majesty, his t0 De allowed
heirs and successors, all monies (other than the forfeited sum thJTM°"r%a
and sums of money, and costs of suit) which they shall disburse to thl^actf11
as aforesaid, without any fee or reward whatsoever.
VII. Provided always, That if upon the account, of any
slieriff there shall not be sufficient in the hands of such sheriff* The sheriff to reimburse him such monies paid by him by virtue of this act, how to be re« that then the sheriff having so paid the said monies, shall have imbursed. the same repaid by the commissioners of his Majesty's treasury orthe lord high treasurer for the time being, out of the revenue of the crown, or by record of surplusage upon any other sheriff indebted to his Majesty, upon certificate from the clerk of the pipe to that effect.
VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, profeCutorbeThat in case any such apprehender and prosecutor is guilty of ing himself any of the offences aforesaid, every such apprehender and pro- guilty, and secutor, not being in prison for any the said offences, and con- not 111 Pr'son, victing two or more persons of any the offences aforesaid, shall two^e^/c^T^ not only have the aforesaid reward of forty pounds, but stiall &c. shall have also have, and is hereby entitled to his Majesty's most gracious the 401. and a pardon, for any of the said offences committed at any time or P^don. times before discovery made of such other two or more persons
so to be convicted as aforesaid.
IX. And whereas it is notorious, that dangerous riots and tumults have been frequently occasioned^ and gnat mischiefs done by many in
V91,, Xy, I habitants