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*wo years, from the twenty fifth day of March one thousand seven hurfdred and twenty two, and from thence to the end of the then next session of parliament, shall be and is hereby continued, from the expiration thereof, for and during the space of three years, and from thence to the end of the then next session of parliament, except so much of the fame act as relates to ships Exception, or vessels performing quarentine.

V. And whereas by an aft made in the fourth year of his Maje- ^Geo. 1. e. zz. Jlys reign, intituled, An act for enforcing and making perpetual

an act of the twelfth year of her late Majesty, intituled, An aft for preserving all such /hips, and goods thereof which /ball happen to be forced on shore or stranded on the coaf of this kingdom, or any other of his Majesty's dominions, and for inflicting the punishment of death on such as shall wilfully burn or destroy (hips, it is amongst other things enacted, That if any owner of or captain, mast er y mariner, or other officer belonging to any /hip, Jhall after the twenty fourth day of June which jhall be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighteen, wilfully cast azvay, burn, or otherwife destroy the /hip, of which he is owner? or unto which he belongs, or in any manner or wife direct or procure the fame to be done, to the prejudice of any person or persons that stall underwrite any policy or policies of insurance thereon, or of any merchant or ?nerchants that /hall load goods thereon, he stall suffer death.

VI. And whereas some doubts have arisen touching the nature of the offence provided against by the said reded act, and the trial and puni/hment to be had and inflicted for the fame, be ittherefore enacted and declared by the authority aforesaid, That if any owner of, or wilfu decaptain, master, officer or mariner belonging to any (hip or vef- stroying ships, sel, mall afrer the four and twentieth day of June one thousand deatli. seven hundred and twenty five, wilfully cast away, burn, or o

therwise destroy the hhip or vessel, of which he is owner, or to which he belongeth, or in any wife direct or procure the fame to be done, with intent or design to prejudice any person or persons, that hath or shall underwrite any policy or policies of insurance thereon, or of any merchant or merchants that (hall load goods thereon, or of any owner or owners of such ship or vessel, the person or persons offending therein, being thereof lawfully convicted, (hall be deemed and adjudged a felon or felons, and mall suffer as in cafes of felony, without benefit of clergy.

VII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, How t^ese 0^ That if any of the said offences, in wilfully casting away, burn- fences are to ing, or otherwise destroying any (hip or vessel as aforesaid, (hall be tried.

be committed within the body of any county of this realm, the fame (hall and may be enquired of, tried, determined and adjudged in the fame courts, in such manner and form, as felonies done within the body of any county, by the laws of this realm, are to be enquired of, tried, determined and adjudged; and if any of the said offences (hall be committed upon the high seas, the fame shall be enquired of, tried, determined and adjudged before such court, and iri such manner and forrn^ as in and by

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*8 H. s. 0 15. an ac^ made m tne e^gnt and twentieth year of the reign of King 'Henry the Eighth, intituled, For pirates, is directed and appoint

ed tor the enquiring, trying, determining and adjudging of felonies done upon the high leas.

CAP. XXX,

An a£t for more effectual preventing frauds and abuses in the publick revenues; for preventing frauds in the fait duties; and for giving relief for fait used in the curing of salmon and codfish, in the year one thousand seven hundred and nineteen, exported from that part of Great Britain called Scotland; for enabling the insurance companies to plead the general issue in actions brought against them •, and for securing the stamp-duties upon policies of insurance.

HE RE A S notwithstanding the many good laws, which have been made and passed for preventing of frauds and abuses in his Majesty s duties of excise, and other his Majesty's duties which have been put imder the receipt and management of the respective commifstoners of excise in Great Britain, the several and respective revenues, arifing by and from the said several a?id respective duties, are very much lessened, by the clandestine and collusive importation of brandy, arracks rum, spirits and strong waters, coffee, tea, cocoanuts and chocolate, into this kingdom of Great Britain, from parts beyond the fas, without payment of any of the duties by law chargable on the fame, and the fair dealers in the said commodities much A prejudiced in their trade therein: for remedy whereof, be it en

171!^ Offices a^ed by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the ados excise may vice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and corngo on board mons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority ihips to search 0f the fame, That from and after the twenty fourth day of June forbranay,&c. one thousand seven hundred and twenty five, it shall and may be cers legally lawful to and for the officers of his Majesty s revenue ot exciie, may. or any of them, to go on board and enter into any ship or ves

sel whatsoever, which shall be within the limits of any of the ports of this kingdom, and to continue on board the fame, and to rummage and search in like manner, as the officers of the customs may now legally do, for all such arrack, rum, brandy, spirits or strong waters, or other excifeable liquors whatsoever, and for all coffee, tea, cocoa nuts, chocolate and cocoa paste, and to seize, for his Majesty's use, as well all such of the said commodities as shall be there found, as by the laws thereunto respectively relating shall be forfeited, together with the casks, boxes, chests, bags', or other package containing the fame, and in like manner to seize such of the commodities aforesaid, every or any of them, as before due entry thereof with the proper officer or officers, and without paying or securing the duties on the importation thereof, shall be found unsliipping or unshipped out of such ship or vessel, to be laid on land without entry and payment of the duties due for the fame respectively, together

with with the casks, chests, boxes, bags, or other package whatsoever containing the fame.

II. And it is hereby further enacted by the authority afore- Officer by fpesaid, That in cafe any officer or officers for the said duty of ex- ^TM{arcblor cife shall have cause to suspect that any foreign brandy, arrack, brandyT^c'.0^ rum, spirits or strong waters shall be fraudulently hid or con- fraudulently cealed in any place whatsoever, either entred for keeping the hid.

same as aforesaid, or not entred, with an intent to defraud his Majesty of the duties thereon, then and in such cafe, if such place shall be within the cities of London or Westminsteror within the limits of the weekly bills of mortality, upon oath made by such officer or officers before the commissioners of excise for the time being, or any two or more of them, or in cafe the fame (hall be in any other part of Great Britain^ upon oath made by such officer or officers before one or more justice or justices of the peace for the county, riding, division or place, where such officer or officers shall suspect the fame to be hid or concealed, setting forth the ground of his or their suspicion, it shah and may v be lawful to and for the said commissioners, or justice or justices of the peace respectively, before whom such affidavit or affidavits shall be made, if he or they shall judge it reasonable, by special warrant or warrants under his and their respective hands and seals, to authorize and impower such officer or officers by day or by night, but if in the night-time in the presence of a constable or other lawful officer of the peace, to enter into all and every such place or places where he or they mall so suspect such foreign brandy, arrack, rum, spirits or strong waters shall be so fraudulently hid or concealed, and seize and carry away all such foreign brandy, arrack, rum, spirits or strong waters, which he or they shall then and there find so fraudulently hid or concealed, as forfeited, together with all the casks or other vessels and things wherein the fame shall be contained; and if any person Obstructing or persons whatsoever shall obstruct, oppose, molest, let or hin- officer forfeits der any officer or officers of or for the said duties, or any of1001, them, in the doing, performing or executing any of the powers or authorities by this act given to such officer or officers, every such person or persons offending therein mall for every such offence forfeit and lose the sum of one hundred pounds.

III. And it is hereby further enacted by the authority afore- ^Q brandy," said, That from and after the said twenty fourth day of June &c. to be exone thousand seven hundred and twenty five no arrack, brandy, posed to sale rum, spirits or strong waters, whether Britijh or foreign, shall J^^lac en~ be fold, uttered or exposed to sale, either by wholesale or re- rc p ace* tail, but when the same shall be in some or one of the warehouses, storehouses, rooms, shops, cellars, vaults or other

places, entred or to be entred in pursuance of an act of parliament made in the sixth year of the reign of his present Maje- 6Geo. i.e. zi, sty, intituled, AnaB for preventing frauds and abuses In the publick revenues of excise and cujloms, stamp-duty and houje-money^ on pain of forfeiting all such arrack, rum, spirits and strong waters which shall be so sold, uttered or exposed to sale contrary to the

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true intent and meaning of this act, together with the casks, bottles or other vessels containing the fame, over and above the penalty of forty shillings per gallon imposed for the said offence by the said act of the sixth year of his Majesty's reign. Sellers of IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,

brandy, &c. That from and after the said twenty fourth day of June one thouth^nTlb^of knci feven hundred and twenty live all and every person and coffee, &c. to Persons whatsoever, who {hail keep a publick house, (hop, eelbe deemed lar or warehouse, for selling of brandy, arrack, rum, spirits or dealers, strong waters, and shall have in his,-her or their custody, or in the custody of any other person or persons for his, her or their use, any, coffee, tea, chocolate or cocoa nuts exceeding the quantity of six pounds of any of the said commodities, shall be deemed and taken to be sellers and dealers in the said commodities within the meaning of this and the said former act for charging inland duties upon coffee, tea and chocolate. Adulterating V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,

^ndiool* ^ ^^at ^rom anC* a^tes thc ^ twenty fourth day of June one an 100 . thousand seven hundred and twenty five no dealer in tea, or manufacturer or dyer thereof, or pretending so to be, {hall counterfeit or adulterate tea, or cause or procure the same to be counterfeited or adulterated, or mail alter, fabricate or manufacture tea with Terra Japanica, or with any drug or drugs whatsoever, nor {hall mix or cause or procure to be mixed with tea any leaves, other than leaves of tea, or other ingredients whatsoever, on pain of forfeiting and losing the tea so counterfeited, adulterated, altered, fabricated, manufactured or mixed, and other thing or things whatsoever added thereto, or mixed or used therewith, and also the sum of one hundred pounds.

ioGep.j.c.io. VI. And zvhereas by an ad pajsed in the tenth year of the reign of his present Majesty', for repealing certain duties therein mentioned payable upon coffee, tea, cocoa nuts, chocolate and cocoa paste, and for granting inland duties in lieu thereof, and for other purposes therein mentioned, it was raacled, That the importer or importers, proprietor or proprietors, of such coffee and tea as were found in the warehouses appointed by the commissioners of the customs for the reception thereof, should, in one month next after the twenty fourth day of June one thousand seven hundred and twenty four, or upon delivery thereof out of the said ivarehoufes before the expiration of the said pionth, make an entry at the custom-house of all such coffee and tea so fund, and pay or secure the remaining customs or duties due therecn, or 011 failure thereof, that all such coffee and tea should be forfeited and lost, and in case such coffee a?td tea, or any part thereof should be exported within the time alloived by lazv for that purpose from the importation thereof the exporter or exporters should > on a proper. debenture, be entitled to draw back all the duties paid on such importation, or the security for the fame s)0uld be vacated (except half of the old subsidy.)

VII. And zvhereas a considerable quantity of coffee and tea was found in the said ivarehoufes^ which had been there upwards of three

years? years, and for which the remaining duties were paid or secured according to the directions of the said aft, part of which coffee and tea hath been exported to parts beyond the sea, and some doubts have firifen upon the making out of the debentures for drawing back the duties of such coffee and tea so exported, the exportation of which coffee and tea not being by law refrained to any particular time; for Warehoused obviating of which doubts, be it enacted and declared by the posted since^ authority aforesaid, That the exporters of all such coffee and 24 june 1?z^$ tea, as have been exported since the said twenty fourth day of or to be exJune one thousand seven hundred and twenty four, or (hall be P0I"J-ed before exported before the twenty fifth day of March one thousand se,- ^z^a^WS yen hundred and twenty six, are and shall be entitled to draw back all the back the respective duties so paid or secured for the same, (ex- duties, except cept half of the old subsidy ;) any law, custom or usage to the half of the old contrary notwithstanding. EX P. ^ lubfid^

VIII. And whereas great quantities of tea imported into Flanders, Holland and other parts beyond the fas, dire ft ly from the EastIndies by foreigners, are from thence imported into this kingdom on pretence that such tea was formerly exportedfrom hence, to the great prejudice of the trade find navigation of this kingdom, and to the great discouragement and loss of the fair importers of the said commodity from

the place of its growth; be it therefore enacted by the authority No tea to be aforesaid, That from and after the said twenty fourth day of imported but June one thousand seven hundred and twenty five no tea what- of^Vtowth^ soever (hall be imported into this kingdom from any place whatsoever, other than from the place of its growth, although the fame may have been formerly exported from hence, or upon any other pretence whatsoever, on pain of forfeiture of all such tea 5 one moiety whereof shall be to the use of his Majesty, his heirs and successors, and the other moiety to the use of such person and persons as shall seize and sue for the same; any law, statute, custom or usage to the contrary whatsoever notwithstanding.

IX. And*ivhereas, in order to increase the weight of roofed cosfee, whereby to defraud and impose upon such as buy the fame, divers evil-disposed persons, at the time or times of roofing such coffee, or soon after, or before the selling thereof do use or mix, or cause to be used or mixed therewith, or do add or cause to be added thereto butter, lard, grease, water or other materials, whereby such coffee is rendered less zuholefome, to the prejudice of the health of his Majefiys fubjefts, and to the loss and injury of all honest and fair dealers

therein; for preventing whereof, be, it enacted by the authority Penalty on aforesaid, That from and aster the said twenty fourth day of roasters of ^ June one thousand seven hundred and twenty five, no person k°^er ^c1"^ or persons whatsoever, either in roasting or soon after the roast- therewith ing, or before selling thereof, shall, in order to increase the 1001. weight pf such coffee, use or add thereto, or mix therewith any butter, lard, grease, water or other materials whatsoever, on pain of forfeiting for every such offence, the sum of one hundred pounds; and if any trader or dealer in coffee lhall Jtnowingly buy or fell any coffee so mixed, or to which such

addition

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