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other allowances, than are therein mentioned and appointed: and whereas the time limited by the said aft for the exportation of fish cured with foreign salt, so as to be entitled to the allowances then given, was too short, in refpecl that being the prime season of the salmon-fisting, considerable quantities of salmon and codfifij were then in the hands of jeveral cur er s of fijh in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, which they were under a necessity to cure with so* ■ reign salt, the duties ivhereof were either paid or secured to be paid: end whereas it may be just and reasonable, that the curers and proprietors of all such fijh, aclually arid really in hand on the said twenty fourth day of June one thousand seven hundred and nineteen, legally and duly cured with foreign fait, according to the several acls of parliament in that behalf, the duties of which salt were either paid or secured to be paid, Jhould be paid the same allowances, and in the fame manner, as if exported on or before the said twenty fourth day of June one thousand seven hundred and nineteen, be it enacted and declared by the authority aforesaid, That the barons of his Majesty's court of exchequer in Scotland, upon receiving a satisfacRelief for so- tory proof of what quantities of salmon and codfish were actual-*reign salt used Jy and really in hand on the said twenty fourth day of June one moi^ancfcod tnou^an<^ ^even hundred and nineteen, duly cured with foreign fish in Scotland ^9 anc* legally exported, the duties whereof have been either in 1719. and paid or are secured to be paid, (hall and may order and direct the legally export- proper officers to make out debentures to the proprietors or curers ed# of such fish, certifying the allowances for the fish contained in
such debentures to be the fame as were payable before the said twenty fourth day of June one thousand seven hundred and nineteen, and to be paid in the same manner. C Geo. 1, c. 18. XLIII. And whereas by an act passed in the sixth year of his Majesty's reign, intituled, An act for the better securing certain powers and privileges intended to be granted by his Majesty by two charters for assurance of strips and merchandizes at sea, and for lending money on bottomry; and for restraining several extravagant and unwarrantable practices therein mentioned, his Ma-^ jesty was enabled to er eel tivo distinct corporations for assurance of sinps, goods and ?nerchanclizes at sea, or going to sea, and for other purposes therein metitioned: and whereas his Majesty hath been gra* ciousty pleased, pursuant to the said acl, to ereel two distincl corporations for the purposes aforesaid, one by the name and title of The Royal Exchange assurance, and the other by the name and title of The London assurance; and whereas the said corporations, in pursuance of the said acl, and the ends and purposes for ivbicb they were so incorporated, have, from time to time, as occasion hath required^ entred into atid executed great numbers of policies of assurance for the assuring of Jhips and goods and merchandizes, at sea pr going to fea^ and still continue so to do; but by reason of their being bodies corporate, such policies of assurance could not be entred into by their sub~ scribing of the same, as is the constant usage for private insurers to do<> kit the refpeclive common seals of the said corporations are set to such policies of asturance, and by means thereof, the manner of proceed* ing and pleadings in any suit or aclion to be commenced upon such policy licy of assurance under the respeclive common seals of the said corporations are different from the proceedings and pleadings in actions and suits commenced upon policies of assurance entred into by private insurers, or persons not incorporated in manner as aforesaid \ and by reason of the necessity os pleading specially in such cases, the whole merit of the cafe in question cannot oftentimes come into consideration, and the jury, by the rules of law, are often obliged to find a verdicl for the whole sum os money assured, though it be never so apparent, that in justice only a small part thereof is due to the assured by such policies of assurance \ and the said corporations are thereby forced to seek relief in courts of equity, when the matter in question might be as well determined at once by a jury, as it is done in the cafe of private insurers, or persons not incorporated; for remedy whereof, be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the twenty The insurance fourth day of June one thousand seven hundred and twenty five, companies on all actions of debt to be sued or commenced against either of may Plei}dthe the said corporations, upon any policies of assurance under the factions Ue common seal of such corporation for the assuring of any ship or brought aihips, goods or merchandizes at sea or going to sea, it shall or gainst them* maybe lawful to and for the said respective corporations, in such action or suit, to plead generally, that they owe nothing to the plaintiff or plaintiffs in such suit or action; and that in all actions of covenant, which shall be sued or commenced against either of the said corporations upon any such policy of assurance under the common seal of such corporation for the assuring any ship or ships, goods or merchandizes, at sea or going to sea, it mall and may be lawful for the said respective corporations, in such action or suit, to plead generally, that they have not broke the covenant in such policy contained, or any of them, and if thereupon issue shall be joined, it mall and may be lawful for the jury, if they (hall see cause, upon the trial of such issue, to find a verdict for the plaintiff or plaintiffs in such suit or action, and to give so much or such part only of the sum demanded, if it be an action of debt, or so much in damage, if it be an action of covenant, as it shall appear to them upon the evidence given upon such trial, such plaintiff or plaintiffs ought in justice to have, or is or are entitled unto > any law or custom to the contrary notwithstanding. .
XLIV. And whereas several persons have of late endeavoured ta evade the payment of the stamp-duties on policies of assurance or insurance, by giving promissory notes instead of policies for the insuring goods, ships or merchandizes at sea, by which notes the insurer notifies or expresses the terms on which he would insure, to the great detriment and loss of his Majesty's revenue, be it therefore enacted by the au-?ollcies of in*J thority aforesaid,' That when any vessel, goods or merchandiz- stamped, es shall be insured, a policy duly stamped sihall be issued, or at forfeiture of least made out within the space of three days at furthest, and 1001. the insurer or insurers neglecting to make out such a policy or policies within the time aforesaid, (hall forfeit the sum of one hundred pounds for every such offence, to be sued for and recovered, and divided in the same way and manner, as other penal
ties and forfeitures may be sued for, recovered and divided by Promissory the Jaws relating to the stamp-duties; and all promissory notes notes for in- for assurances or insurances of (hips, goods or merchandizes furances void. at sea or g0;ng t0 sea? are hereby declared void, and nothing
lhall be recovered thereon by the insured.
AnnoRegni GEORGII L Regis Magnæ Bri^ tanniœ> Franciœ &? Hiberntæ^ duodecimo.
A T the parliament begun and holden at Westminster, the ninth day of October, Anno Domini one thousand seven hundred and twenty two, in the ninth year os the reign os our sovereign lord GEORGE, by the Grace os God, os Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith, &c. And from thence continued by several •prorogations to the twentieth day of January one thousand seven hundred and twenty five \ being the fourth session os this present parliament.
An act for granting an aid to his Majesty by a land-tax to be raised in Great Britain, for the service of the year one thousand seven hundred twenty fix. E X P. Is. in the Pound.
Surplus arising hereby how appropriated, iz Geo, i. c, iz. sect. 28;
An a£l for granting to his Majesty the sum of one million^ to be raised by way of a lottery.
Geo 1 stat 1 1\/T O S T gracious Sovereign, Whereas by an aft of parliament c. 27° relating IVJL made and passed in the seventh year of your Majesty's reign > to deductions intituled, An act for raising a sum not exceeding five hundred of 6 d. per thousand pounds, by charging annuities at the rate of live pounds chsinist0" ^ Per cmtumPcr wnum, upon the civil list revenues, till redeemed Clvi 1' by the crown, and for enabling his Majesty, his heirs or successors (by causing such a deduction to be made, as therein is mentioned) to make good to the civil list the payments which mall have been made upon the said annuities; and for borrowing money upon certain lottery-tickets; and for discharging the corporation for assurances, of part of the money they were obliged to pay to his Majesty; and for making good a deficiency to the East India company, it was (amongst many other matters and things) enatlcd, "That to the end your Majesty, your heirs and successors^ might he enabled to reimburse fuel: sum and sums of money ^ as in pursuance of the said aft should be issued out of the civil list revenues, for or 'towards payment of the annuities charged by the said acl, it should and might be'lawful for your Majefy, your heirs or successors, to cause a deduction to be made, not exceeding six pence in J ^ 7 J the the pound9 out of all monies, which from and after the first day of August one thousand seven hundred and twenty one should be paid for or upon all pensions and annuities charged upon any of the said hereditary andtemporary duties, and for and upon all salaries, fees and wages, payable for or in refpeft of offices of profit, granted by or derived from the crown, and for and upon all other payments from the crown whatsoever, or for or upon any arrearages of them, or any of them incurred or to be incurred (the pay of commission and non-commission officer sand private men, serving in the navy or army, only and always excepted) the fa?ne deductions to be made for the use of your Majesty, your heirs and successors, for the benefit of your or their civil government, so long as the said annuities should, by virtue of the said ad, be payable out of the revenues charged therewith as aforesaid, and until the same annuities .should be redeemed, pursuant to the said aft, as by the said aft relation being thereunto had, more fully and at large it doth and may appear: and whereas by virtue and in pursuance of another aft of . parliament made and passed in the eleventh year os your Majesty's uGeo i c x reign, intituled, An act for redeeming the annuities of twenty concerning five thousand pounds per annum, charged on the civil list reve- exchequtrnues by an act of the seventh year of his Majesty's reign; and bills charged for discharging the debts and arrears due from his Majesty to his thereon' servants, tradesmen, and others, a number of new ex chequer-bills, not exceeding in the whole the sum of one million of pounds sterling, were made forth, and the principal, interejl, Præmium, or rate to groiv due thereon, were charged and chargeable upon the monies arife?i or to arise by or from the said deduftio?is, and also upon such monies, as at any time or times, from and after the making forth such exchequer- bills, should be or remain in the receipt of the exchequer, arifen or to arise from all or any the duties, revenues or branches granted to your Majesly for the support os your houfhold, and the honour and dignity os the crown, as ivell those which are hereditary, as those which are granted during year Majesly s Use; and from and after your Majesty's demise, then upon all such monies as from thenceforth shall groiv due and come into the receipt of the exchequer from the hereditary revenues, duties and branches therein mentioned, except as therein is excepted and provided-, and the sum of five hundred thousand pounds, part of the said sum not exceeding one million, in exchequer-bills, was issued and applied for the redemption of the said annuity of twenty five thousand pounds per annum; and the remaining five hundred thousand pounds in ex chequer-bills was issued towards satisfying the debts and arrears, and other uses of your Majesty's civil government, as in and by the said last mentioned aft zvas dire ft ed and appointed: noiv the puhlick service requiring that the ex chequer-bills remaining uncancelled and undischarged, which were issued by virtue of ^ the said aft, and which do amount to the principal sum of nine hundred and ninety thousand pounds should, without delay, be cancelled aud discharged, we your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the commons of Great Britain in parliament assembled, do most XJaion^^' humbly pray your Majesty, that it may be enacted; and be it timied!^ C°n* enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent os the lords spiritual and temporal and comVol. XV. U snons.
mons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That it mall and may be lawful to and for his Majesty, his heirs and successors, to continue the said deductions of sixpence in the pound for the purposes in this act mentioned, in the fame manner, and as the said deductions have been made and raised by virtue of the said act passed in the seventh 7Geo. t Hat. i* Year °f n*S Majesty's reign, subject nevertheless to the savings c. 27. and exceptions in the said act mentioned.
II. And to the end a sum of money may be raised by way of a lottery for and towards discharging and cancelling the said exchequer-bills remaining uncancelled, and other publick. services; oool tobe^e lt furtner ena<^ed by tne authority aforesaid, That yearly the yearly anc* every year, from and after the twenty fourth day of June fund at three one thousand seven hundred and twenty six, the full sum of per centum, thirty thousand pounds by and out of the monies, which from and after the said feast-day (hall arise and be paid into the receipt of the exchequer of or for the said deductions of six pence in the pound, sliall be, and the fame yearly sum of thirty thousand pounds is by this act declared and enacted to be a particular fund and security for answering and paying all and every the annuities or yearly payments, after the rate of three pounds per centum per a?2nu?n^ to the contributors in the lottery herein aftermentioned, their executors, administrators and assigns, in the manner hereafter in this act expressed, until the redemption thereof according to the proviso hereafter in this act contained in that behalf; and that the said yearly sum of thirty thousand pounds, or so much thereof as shall be sufficient to satisfy and discharge all the sums which shall grow due from time to time for or upon the said annuities at the rate of three pounds per To be paid centum per annum, shall from time to time be paid half-yearly, half-yearly at at Christmas and Midsummerby even and equal portions, until the bank. redemption of the said annuities according to the true meaning of this act, at the said receipt of exchequer, to the chief cashier of the governor and company of the bank, of England for the time being, by way of imprest and upon account for payment First payment of the same annuities j the first payment of the said yearly sum on 25 Dec. to the said cashier to be made on the twenty fifth day of Decem3726, ter one thousand seven hundred and twenty six; and the said
commissioners of his Majesty's treasury now being, and the high
Any persons III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, maybecontn- That for or towards raising the said sum of one million it shall butors. and may be. lawful for any person or persons, natives or foreign
ers, bodies politick or corporate, to contribute by paying, at or