Page images
PDF
EPUB

Their power.

Penalty for refusing entrance to the inspectors.

Inspectors salary how to be raised.

yearly and every year, shall choose and appoint so many skilful men of good character and repute within the said respective counties, as they shall think reasonable, to be inspectors for the year ensuing, and may allow to each of them a salary not exceeding thirty pounds perannum^ to be paid out of such money as shall be received by the treasurers of the said counties respectively, as is herein after directed -9 which said inspectors shall, and they hereby have full power, at all seasonable times, in the day time {Sundays excepted) to enter and inspect all and every the mill and mills, shop and shops, out-house and out-houses, and tentor grounds of every clothier, millman and other person concerned in the manufacturing and milling of mixed or medley woollen broad cloth ; and they are to measure the length of every tentor or rack, and length and breadth of every such cloth he shall there find, before it shall be carried from thence, and shall stamp his name on a lead seal, to be furnished by the jnaker of such cloth or cloths-, and affix the fame on the head end of every such cloth, and shall keep one or more book or books, wherein shall be registred or set down such clothier's, miilman's or other person's name, and the number and exact length and breadth of every such cloth, which shall be made within their respective divisions; and (hall, at every general quarter-sessions of the peace to be holden for the county, city or town corporate wherein they shall be so appointed respectively^ give in a true copy of such register, with an account of what pains, penalties and forfeitures have been levied, recovered and received, by virtue of this act, within their respective divisions j and no inspector shall enter upon the execution of such his office before he hath taken the oath following before one of his Majesty's justices of the peace for the county, city or towi} wherein he shall be appointed inspector:

IA. B. do swear that I will well and truly execute the office of an inspector os mixed or medley woollen broad cloth within this county according to the lazvs andstatutes of this realm> and according to the best of my still and knowledge. So help me God.

XI. And if from and after the said first day of August one thousand seven hundred and twenty seven, any clothier or maker of any such cloth, or any millman or other person within the counties aforesaid, shall refuse such inspector or inspectors tQ enter the said places or any of them for the purposes aforesaid, the person so refusing or resisting shall forfeit and pay the sum often pounds.

XIL Provided, and be it enacted, That if any such inspector or inspectors appointed as aforesaid, do or shall act therein against his or their said oath or oaths, he or they being convicted thereof, shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty pounds.

XIII. And for the raising the aforesaid salaries for the inspectors aforesaid, Be it enacted, That from and after the said first day of August every maker or makers of mixed or medley wool

lea ien broad cloth within the counties aforesaid, shall pay to the said inspector or inspectors appointed as aforesaid, the sum of two pence per cloth, for every such cloth, he, (he or they (hall make, before the said cloths are sent away from the said mill or mills; and the said inspector or inspectors shall, every three months or oftner, pay the money by him or them so received, into the hands of the treasurer of the county for the time being, where such inspector or inspectors shall live or exercise his or their office or offices, to be applied by the direction of the said justices at their general quarter-sessions, towards the salaries of inspectors to be appointed by virtue of this act.

XIV. And if any millman within the counties aforesaid mall,

after the said first day of August, send home to any clothier or ^"im^sendmaker of cloth, any such cloth or cloths as aforesaid, before ing home they are inspected and measured as aforesaid, then such mill- cloth before man mall, for every piece of cloth so sent home, forfeit and pay inspected, the sum of forty shillings.

XV. Provided always, That nothing in this act contained #ot t0 repeal mall extend, or be construed to extend, to repeal or make void a charter to any powers formerly given by charter or act of parliament to t]f- clothiers the corporation of clothiers in the city of Worcester, for the bet- of Worcet^er* ter governing and regulating the woollen manufacture, but that

the fame stiall and may be used and exercised, as if this act had never been made; any thing herein contained to the contrary thereof in any wife notwithstanding.

XVI. And whereas, by an act pasled in the twelfth year of the Prosecutions reign of his present Majesty, intituled, An aft to prevent unlawfulon the act combinations of workmen employed in the woollen manufactures, and for 5gC0 fenced the better payment of their wages. It is enacted, That if any clothier, within fergemaker, woollen, or worsted stuffmaker, or person concern- 3 months after ed in making any woollen cloths, serges or stuffs, or any ways office coinconcerned in employing woolcombers, weavers or other labour- mittea*

ers in the woollen manufactures as aforesaid, stiall pay any person or persons employed by them, their wages or other price agreed on, or any part thereof, either in goods, or by way of truck, or in any other manner than in money, every person so offending stiall forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds.

XVII. And whereas by the said acl no time is limited for prosecuting for such offence as aforesaid, be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every prosecution for such offence, by virtue of the said recited act, stiall be commenced within the space of thiee months next after such offence committed, and not otherwise.

XVIII. And be it further enacted, That if any person is sued General issue, or molested for aqy matter done in pursuance of this act, such

person may plead the general issue, and may give this act and the special matter in evidence; and if after the defendant or defendants mall have appeared the plaintiff shall be nonsuited, or discontinue his action, or if upon demurrer judgment shall be given against the plaintiff, or if a verdict is given for the defendant or defendants, the defendant or defendants stiall and

D d 4 may

may recover treble costs, for which he and they shall have the same remedy, and all advantages as in cafes wherein costs are by law given to defendants.

XIX. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be taken and allowed as a publick act, of which all courts and justices are required to take notice, without special pleading the same.

CAP. XXIV.

An act for preventing frauds and abuses in the dying trade.

WHEPvEAS divers persons zuithin this realm, using the mystery or craft of dyers, have of late used and excercised false and deceitful ways in dying hays and other -woollen goods black, without itfing woad, indigo or mather, and for pa(smg off such goods as true hathered blacks, (though falfly dyed as aforesaid) the corner only thereof hath been dyed red, and a red rose or other mark, for a true dyed mather blacks tied tip at such corner, when the rest of the said hays and woollen goods, or great part thereof, are falfly died without tvoad, indigo or mather as aforesaid, and such or the like deceitful practices have been and are used in dying of black cloths, bays and other woollen goods, to imitate and resemble true woaded blacks, ivithout using any ivoad or indigo in the dying thereof and a blue rose or other mark for a true woaded black hath been fixed to the corner thereof to deceive the buyer \ and whereas great deceit hath been practised in the dying of blues ivith logwood in/lead of woad and indigo, or mixed therewith^ which frauds and abuses tend to the great deceit and hurt of his Majesty's fubjecls at home, and to the discredit and flander, as well of the merchants as of the dyers of this realm+ and the too oil en manufactures of this kingdom are thereby greatly disparaged in foreign parts-, for redress in the premisses, may it please your most excellent Majesty, that it may be enacted, and be it ens' tCrno per-6 acted b>7 ths King's most excellent majesty, by and with the adson to dye any vice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and cornblack bays or mons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority woollengoods, 0f t[ie fame, That if after the twenty fourth day of June one ^nUdti^oand0aC3, thousand **even hundred and twenty seven, any person or permather only: f°ns whatsoever shall, within that part of Great' Britain called England, Wales and Berwick upon Tweedy dye or cause to be dyed black, or as or for black, any bays or other woollen goods, as or for mather blacks, the fame not being dyed throughout with woad, indigo and mather only, without any other ingredient or mixture, g ving tincture or colour, or shall dye or cause to Or any cloths, be ^yed black, or as orr black, any cloths, long ells, bays &c. not being' or other woollen goods, as or for woaded blacks, the fame not woaded being woaded throughout, every person offending in the pre

throughout, misses shall forfeit and pay for such deceitful and false mathered blacks as followeth (that is to fay)

For every long Booking bays, containing seventy yards or upPenalty. wards, forty four (hillings.

For every Colchester bays or short bays, containing thirty five yards or upwards, the sum of twenty two shillings, and so in proportion for any greater qr less quantity of any such bays, or

ot of any other woollen goods falfly or deceitfully mathered or pretended to be mathered as aforesaid.

For every cloth falfly and deceitfully dyed black without being woaded throughout, containing forty four yards or more, the sum of forty shillings.

For every piece of bays falfly and deceitfully dyed as aforesaid, containing seventy yards or upwards, thirty shillings.

For every Colchester or short bays, containing thirty five yards or upwards, twelve shillings.

For every Perpetuana or stuff, falfly and deceitfully dyed as aforefaid, the sum of four shillings, and so in proportion for any other woollen goods falfly and deceitfully dyed, as and for woaded blacks as aforesaid.

II. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all Woollen woollen goods and manufactures which shall be truly mathered goods truly black, according to the directions of this act, shall be marked gathered, to with a red rose and a blue rose, and all woollen goods and ma- witTMarreddan(j nufactures which shall be truly woaded black throughout, ac- blue rose, cording to the directions of this act, shall be marked with a blue and trulyrose only; and if any person or persons whatsoever shall, after w?aded black, the said twenty fourth day of June, counterfeit or forge, or ^e a cause to be counterfeited or forged any of the said marks, or Penalty for shall dye, stain, imprint or affix any such mark or marks to any forging

of the woollen goods or manufactures aforesaid, falfly and de- marks,
ceitfully dyed as or for mather or woaded blacks as aforesaid,
every such offender shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay-
four pounds for every piece of goods to which the said mark or
marks shall be affixed as aforesaid.

III. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if penaity for after the said twenty fourth day of June any person or persons using logwood whatsoever shall use or cause to be used, any logwood in dying in dying blue, of blue, every such person shall, for every such offence, forfeit

and pay the sum of forty shillings for every piece of cloth so dyed, containing in length forty four yards or more, and twenty two shillings for every long piece of Booking bays, containing in length seventy yards or more, and twelve shillings for every Colchester or short bays, containing in length thirty rive yards or more, and four shillings for every Perpetuana or stuff, containing in length twenty four yards or more, and so in proportion for all other forts of woollen goods dyed blue with logwood, contrary to this act.

IV. And for more effectual preventing the frauds and abuses Dyers in Lonaforesaid, and for better discovery thereof, be it further enacted don, &c. subby the authority aforesaid. That all persons occupying the trade, ie(^ed.to the art or mystery of dying any manner of woollen cloth, stuffs or theTompLny. woollen manufactures whatsoever, within the city of London or

the suburbs thereof, or within the limits of the weekly bills of mortality, or within ten miles compass of the fame city, shall be subject to the examination and inspection of the incorporate company of dyers of London \ and that it shall and may be law- Company may ful to and fqr the master, wardens and court of assistants of the ersTn London*

said &c.' said company of dyers, by writing or writings, or under their common seal, to appoint honest and skilful persons to be searchand quarter- ers within the limits aforesaid; and out of the limits aforesaid, sessions in o- ]t fl^u ancj may ^e ]awfui for the justices of the peace at their t er p aces. generaj or quarter-sessions of the peace for any county, city, enter d^ei-s1^ t0Wn °r P*ace>to aPPoint ^ucn searchers; and it (hall or may be houses to exa- ^aw^ f°r a^ or anv fL]Ch searchers so to be appointed by the said mine cloths, company of dyers, or by the justices of the peace as aforesaid, &c. taking to his or their assistance a constable or other peace-offi

cer of the place (who is and are hereby required to be aiding and-assisting in the premisses) at all seasonable and convenient times in the day-time, to enter into the shop, warehouse or workhouse of any person or persons, or company or corporation whatsoever, using or exercising the trade, art or mystery of dying, or into the shop, warehouse or workhouse of any other person concerned in the dying of any such woollen goods as aforesaid, or in the making or fixing such marks to the fame as aforesaid, to search and examine all or any cloths, bays, stuffs and other woollen goods dyed or to be dyed black or blue, and if any person or persons (hall oppose, hinder or refuse such search, every such offender (hall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay ten pounds. Penalties how V. And it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all ofto be recover- fences against this act, where the penalties or forfeitures {hall ed, exceed the sum of five pounds, shall or may be recovered by

action of debt, bill, plaint or information, in any of his Majesty's courts of record at Westminster, wherein no essoin, privilege, protection or wager of law shall be granted or allowed, nor any more than one imparlance; and in cases where the penalties and forfeitures shall not exceed the sum of five pounds, the matter of the offence stiall or may be examined, heard and determined by two or more justices of the peace for the county, city, town or place where the offence shall be committed (such justices not being concerned in the matter of the said complaint) which examination shall be upon oath of one or more credible witness or witnesses, which oath such justices are hereby inland how to powered and required to administer; and all penalties and forbe distributed, feitures wThich shall happen by virtue of this act, shall, within the city of London and suburbs thereof, and within ten miles distance of the fame, go and be, the one moiety to the informer or informers, and the other moiety to the said company of dyers; and beyond such compass, the whole of such penalties and forfeitures shall go and be to the informer or informers, and proseDistress for cutor or prosecutors; and in cafe any offender shall neglect or nonpayment, refuse to pay any of the said penalties or forfeitures, where the fame shall not exceed the sum of five pounds, by the space of twenty days after the conviction of such offender, that then it shall and may be lawful to and for the justices of the peace, beT fore whom such conviction was had, and such justices are hereby required to issue their warrant or warrants under their hands and seals to the constable or constables of the .ward, precinct,

parish.

« PreviousContinue »