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parish, town or place where such offenders shall inhabit, or can be found (within the limits of his or their jurisdiction) to levy the fame by distress and sale of the offender's goods, returning the overplus (if any be) to the owner or owners; and where no sufficient distress can be found, to commit the offender and offenders to the house of correction, there to be kept to hard labour for such time as the justices of the peace, before whom such conviction shall be had, shall think fit, not exceeding three months.
VI. Provided, That all prosecutions for offences against this Prosecutions act shall be commenced within forty days next after the offence ^tc^mence committed or discovered, and shall be prosecuted with effect, and days!*1 4° without wilful delay; and if any person or persons shall find him
or themselves aggrieved by the judgment or order of any of the said justices of the peace, such person or persons may appeal to Appeal to the justices of the peace at the next general quarter-sessions to be Qngster;" held for the county, city, town or place where the offence shall be committed, giving reasonable and sufficient notice of such appeal, and the judgment and determination of the justices at such general quarter-sessions shall be final; and they have hereby power, upon such appeal, to allow such reasonable costs and charges to either party as they shall think just, to be levied and paid in such manner, as is usual in other cases of appeal from orders of justices of the peace to the general quarter-sessions,
VII. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any u action or suit shall be commenced or prosecuted against any
person or persons for any thing he or they mall do in pursuance of this act, or in the execution of any of the powers thereby granted, all and every person and persons so sued may plead the general issue, and give this act and the special matter in evidence; Qenera| ijue and if the plaintiffs or prosecutors shall 'become nonsuited, or forbear prosecution, or suffer discontinuance, or a verdict mall be given against him or them, or judgment upon demurer, the defendant or defendants shall recover his and their treble costs, for which he and they (hall have like remedy as in cafes where costs by law are given to defendants; and this act shall be taken and allowed as a publick act in all courts and places within this kingdom, and all judges, justices and others, are hereby required to take notice thereof as such, without special pleading of the same.
An att for the free importation of cochineal, during the time therein limited,
HERE AS cochineal of the growth cf the Spanish WestIndies, is of principal use in dying cloth, and other the-wool- Revived by Jen manufactures of this kingdom, cf scarlet, purple and other colours, 7Gf°' z: c' I** called grain colours, to the great improvement thereof by which great Togtotc^ numbers of his Majesty s subjects are employed in finishing and per- to 1 Juae'1754.* feeling such woollen manufactures-y and whereas such cochineal, £y.&c. the foivs in being, cannot be imported but from Spain, or the places
cf its grozvth, and British flnps are not at present admitted into the ports of Spain, and the territories thereunto belonging, so that this kingdom is not likely to be furnished ivith a sufficient quantity os cochineal for the necessary service thereof, unless some provision be made for the free importing of the same, during the interruption of the commerce with Spain, %vhereby great quantities os cloths, and other woollen manufactures of this kingdom, are like to remain white in the makers and merchants hands, for want of cochineal to dye the fame into grain colours for exportation-, and ivhereas in several parts of Europe cochineal is now fold at much cheaper rates than in this kingdom, and it is ?icw u/ed abroad in dying foreign manufactures, at lower prices than his Majejlys sub j'eels can dye the manufactures of this kingdom therewith, to the great encouragement of foreign woollen tnanufaenires, the great prejudice of the ivoollen manufaclures of this kingdom 1 and impoverishment of many of his Majestys jiibjecls imployed therein: for remedy whereof, he it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in this present parliaAfter 20 May merit assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from i7i7, for si>: ^nd after the twentieth day of May one thousand seven hundred to°thVendnof arK* twentY seven, during the space of six months, and to the the nextfessi- enc^ °f trie trien next session of .parliament, it shall and may be on ot'pariia- lawful to and for any person or persons to import and bring coment,cochine- chineal into this kingdom, in any ship or (hips, vessel or vessels alonMs-ee m" belonging to Great Britain, or to any kingdom or state in amity ? A * with his Majesty, from any port or place whatsoever; any act or acts of parliament to the contrary in any wife notwithstanding,
An aft for better regulation of the linen and hempen manufassures in that part of Great Britain called Scotland.
2 Geo ^ \ \ HE RE A S t/^ advancement of the linen and hempen manu* V. 31s e° *" * V failures in that part as the united kingdom called Scotland (which are now under great discouragements) will not only imploy great numbers of poor, but will be a general good to the united kingdom, by
.adding to the ivealth of the realm-, and ivhereas several frauds and abuses are daily convnitted in the said manufactures, whereby the * growth of flax and hemp within that part of the united kingdom is discouraged, the credit of the said manu facture destroyed, and the der mand for the same lessened, for want of proper laws and regulations
for that purpose: to the end therefore that these frauds and abuses may for the future be prevented, and that the manufactures may be incouraged, and the credit thereof raised; be it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of
AfT 1 ^->ad the *arne> That from and after the first day °f November which luitit^loT shall be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and hempseedto twenty seven, no person or persons shall import or cause to be be imported imported into any port or place in that part of the united kinginco Scotland. dom cajJed ^eotland^ bad, mixed or damnified lintseed or hempseed, seed, but that from and from and after the said first day of November, all lintseed or hempseed that shall be imported into any part of Scotland^ of the growth of the Netherlands, Russia, Livonia, Poland, 'Germany or other places, mall be fresh, good and clean, without mixture.
II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, No damnified That from and after the said first day of November no person or lintseed to be persons (hall vend, fell or expose to sale, within any port or place f^^or^ar in Scotland, any mixed or damnified lintseed or hempseed, or any C^S *Q lintseed commonly called or known by the name of short lint- ent countries* feed j and that no person or persons do presume to mix qr cause
to be mixed different parcels of lintseed or hempseed of different countries or growths together; and that from and after the said first day of November every person who shall sell or vend any Seller to give parcel or parcels of lintseed or hempseed within any part or place an account of of that part of the united kingdom called Scotland, shall, toge-the Parce}* ther with the said parcel or parcels, deliver to the buyer, in writing, a particular account of the parcel of lintseed or hempseed sold by him, expressing the quantity thereof, the place from whence the same was imported, and where it grew, and the year of its growth, to the end if that the seller shall have been guilty of any fraud, he may be the more easily convicted, and subjected to the penalties herein after expressed.
III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, penajt for That from and after the said first day of November, all and every selling bad person and persons, who shall sell or expose to sale, bad, short lintseed, &c. or damnified lintseed or hempseed, or who shall mix what is left
of the lintseed or hempseed of the former year with what is imported in a subsequent year, or shall mix different parcels of lintseed or hempseed together, or who shall sell lintseed or hempseed of a different growth or age from what he, she or they have expressed at the sale, in the account to be given in writing as aforesaid, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, shall, upon being duly convicted thereof in manner hereafter mentioned, for every such offence, forfeit the said lintseed or hempseed so sold or exposed to sale, or the price thereof, and likewise a sum not exceeding five pounds sterling, nor less than fifty shillings for every hogshead of lintseed or hempseed so sold or exposed to sale, and so proportionably for every greater or lesser quantity; and all and every person and persons who shall sell or vend any lintseed or hempseed by any other measure than the Linlithgow measure streaked, and the fractions thereof, shall forfeit for every such offence, the measure used by him, her or them, and a sum not exceeding forty shillings sterling, to be levied and recovered in manner herein after particularly described.
IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,
That from and after the said first day of November no hemp orblTtl? m lint within that part of Great Britain called Scotland^ shall be hemp oHial steeped or watered in any boghole, peat, moss or turf-pit; and that no lint or hemp stiall be steeped or watered for two years successively, in any standing pool, or in any hole or pit with standing water, unless such hale or pit is dug near to the fide of
a running river or rivulet, from whence the said pool, hole or pit may be frequently supplied with frelh water; and all and every perion and persons, steeping lint or hemp contrary to the true intent and meaning hereof, shall for every such offence, being thereof duly convicted in manner hereafter directed, forfeit such lint or hemp, to be levied and recovered in manner herein after mentioned.
Penalty for V. And tab er ca $ great frauds are frequently committed in the selling lint or spinning and reeling of linen yarn^ to the great prejudice of the linen re^krlyTM ^' manufa^llre^ be 11 enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from made up. anc* after the said first day of November no person or persons whatsoever (hall sell or expose to sale, or import into Scotland, or carry or transport from any one part of Scotland to another, any linen yarn, other than such as is made up into cuts, and helps or hanks, each hesp or hank consisting of twelve cuts, and no more, and each cut containing one hundred and twenty threads, all exactly numbered, and no more; and that all the yarn contained in the said hesp or hank be lint-yarn only, or tow-yarn only, and of the same colour and fineness; and that no tow-yarn and lint-yarn be mixed together in one and the fame hesp or hank, and that the same be tied up with a piece of packthread, and not yarn; and that the said yarn be well reeled, and each cut and hesp or hank be separated, as the fame (hall be reeled, and not afterwards; and that from and after the said first day of November the uniform standard reel of Scotland shall be two yards and half, or ninety inches in circumference; and that all and every person and persons who after the said first day of November shall sell or expose to sale, or carry or transport from one part in Scotland to another, any lint or hemp yarn, made up in another manner than as aforesaid, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, and shall be thereof convicted as herein after is mentioned, shall forfeit the help or hank made up of fewer cuts than twelve, or in which any cut shall be falfly made up, to him, her or them, who shall inform and prosecute the same with effect. Magnates VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, ^"fery That it (hall and may be lawful to and for any justice of the than yardand Peace or magistrate, within any burrough, or to and for any an hah in cir- person or persons lawfully authorized, by warrant under the cumference. hand of such justice of peace or magistrate, to enter into any house or houses, the doors thereof being open, at all times of the day; and if any reel or reels be there found, other than two yards and an half, or ninety inches in circumference, the fame shall and may be carried before such justice of the peace or magistrate within any burgh; and the said justice of the peace or magistrate shall and may, and are hereby authorized and required to break, burn and utterly destroy the same.
VIL And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Officers may That from and after the said first day of November it shall and "•^bouses may ^ lawful to and for the respective officers herein after Vc^Vnd seize named, or any of them, from time to time, and at all times
by day, to enter into all and every warehouses, storehouses, linen yarn
rooms, shops, cellars, vaults and other places made use of for made UP con
• r • trsxv to tli'*
keeping or making any linen yam, and seize and carry away all a(c^
such linen yarn, as they (hall then and there find made up contrary to the direction herein before mentioned, and detain the fame till it (hall be tried whether such yarn was made up according to the directions of this act; and the fame is hereby directed to be tried in the fame way and manner, and under the fame penalties as herein after directed concerning linen cloth seized as made up contrary to the directions of this act; and if Penalty for any person or persons whatsoever shall let, obstruct or hinder obstructing any of the said officers from entring such places, or in seizing 0 cer* and carrying away such linen yarn, the person or persons offending herein shall for every such offence forfeit the sum of five pounds sterling, to be recovered as is herein after mentioned.
VIII. And for the better encouragement and advancement of the trade, art or mystery of weaving and making of linen cloth, agreeable to the directions of this act; be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the said No weaver to first day of November no weaver shall set up for himself, as ma- set up before ster weaver, until he give security before one or more justice or security given, justices of the peace, or magistrate or magistrates, within any contr^rTtcT burrough, under such penalties as the said justice or magistrate this act. shall think fit, that neither he, nor any person or persons to be employed by him, shall weave any linen cloth for sale, otherwise than according to the rules and directions prescribed by this Penalty for act; and if any person or persons (hall set up for him or them- setting up selves, as master weavers, without giving such security as afore- without iecufaid, he or they being duly thereof convicted, in manner here- Tlty*
in after mentioned, shall forfeit for every webb or piece of linen ,cloth (so wrought or wove by him or them, or any employed by them) the said webb, piece or pieces of cloth, or the value thereof, for the benefit of the informer, and mall further forfeit the sum of live pounds, to be recovered in manner herein after mentioned.
IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Penalty on That from and aster the said first day of November every weaver weavers workof linen cloth of any kind, sliall make all the warp of every jPg deceitpiece of linen cloth, of equal fineness, and the woft likewise
all of one fineness, and proportionable to the warp; and that every piece of linen cloth (hall be of equal fineness and thickness throughout the whole piece; and that no part of the fame piece be coarser or thinner than the other, and that no weaver shall put lint-yarn and tow-yarn in the same piece; and if any weaver mall, from and aster the said first day of November 9 weave or cause to be weaved, any piece or webb of linen cloth contrary to the directions aforesaid, every such weaver being thereof lawfully convicted, in such manner as is herein after mentioned, sliall forfeit the security by him given as aforesaid, or so much thereof as the justice of the peace or magistrate^ 6 within