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within any burgh, before whom he shall be convicted, shall think fit to modify and direct, and (hall be disabled to carry on his trade as a wreaver, until he renew his security in manner before directed.

Penalty on X, And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That weavers not if any weaver shall neglect to weave any linen yarn, delivered conn-actedS t0 ^Y anY Pern or persons, into such cloth, and within for, orimbe- sucn time, and in such manner as was contracted and agreed "ailing. foi*> or (hall waste, imbezil or damnify, or suffer to be wasted,

imbeziled or damnified any linen yarn, delivered to him, such weaver being thereof convicted in such manner as is here after mentioned, (hall for every such offence make good the party's damage, and (hall further forfeit and pay to the person aggrieved a sum, not exceeding forty (hillings sterling, nor less than five shillings sterling, to be recovered in such manner as is herein after mentioned. N

XL And whereas great prejudice arises to the linen manufacture^ by reason that the persons who deal therein, make their cloths essuch lengths and breadths, for which there is no great demand, either at hopie or abroad; for preventing thereof, be it enacted by the The standard authority aforesaid, That from and after the said first day of

b?eldthsaSf li- November a11 linen cloth of anY kind> that {ha11 be made in Smnen cloth, land, (hall and is hereby directed to be made and measured by the standard yard-wand, and of the several lengths and breadths following: viz. each piece of plain linen, intended to be whitened, shall be in breadth, when whitened, full half-yard, or full five eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full yard, or full yard and eighth, or full yard and quarter, or full yard and half; and that all brown or green linen, not intended to be whitened, made after the said first day of November, shall be in breadth full half-yard, or full five eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full yard, or full yard and quarter, or full yard and half; and that each piece of plain linen cloth that is whitened, shall contain in length, at least twelve yards and an half; that all striped linen cloth (hall be in breadth full three quarters of a yard, or full seven eighths, or full yard, or full yard and eighth, or full yard and quarter; and all forts of ticking shall be in breadth full five eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full yard; and all checks (hall be in breadth full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full yard, or full yard and eighth; and all chequered handkerchiefs made of linen only, or of linen and cotton, or of cotton only, (hall be in breadth full half-yard, or full five eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, and (hall be of the fame length with the breadth, that they may be square; and that all striped, plain, dropped or spotted mustin, when whitened, shall be in breadth full three quarters, or full seven, eighths, or full yard, or full yard and eighth, or full yard and quarter, or full yard and an half; and that all cambricks, when whitened, (hall be in breadth full five eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full yard, and (hall not contain

less less in length, in each piece, than seven yards and an half i and

all muslins made for aprons, when whitened, (hall be full yard

and eighth in breadth, and the fame in length; and all muslin

handkerchiefs, when whitened, (hall be full three quarters,'or

full seven eighths in breadth, and the fame in length; and aM

muslin for neckcloths or cravats shall, When whitened, be in

breadth full half-yard, or full five eighths, and in length full

three quarters, or full yard and half of made cloth; and all forts

of b.ngals made of cotton and linen shall be in breadth full five

eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full

yard, or full yard and sixteenth, or full yard and eighth, or full

yard and quarter; and that each piece of broad, double or single

dornick or diaper, made for table-cloths, shall be full two

yards, or full two yards arid quarter in breadth; and each piece

of double or single dornick or diaper, made for table-napkins

or towelling, shall be in breadth full half-yard,, or full five

eighths, or full three quarters, or full seven eighths, or full

yard 5 and that all dyed yarn, that shall be wrought into any

chequered linen or handkerchiefs, tickings or bengals, shall be

of a sufficient dye that will hold in washing.

XIL And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Stamp-matter That when any person or persons shall offer any cloth to be •°fjm1ar^.t-llle inspected and stamped in manner herein after directed, the ^ briadthi stamp-master or lapper that sliall be appointed for that purpose, 0f pieces, in such manner as hereafter is mentioned, sliall, after inspect* ing the cloth, measure the same, and mark upon each end thereof the just length or number of yards each piece contains, and shall likewise mark upon each end of the piece the breadth of such piece he shall find upon measuring thereof; and if any piece, which mall be offered to be stamped as of five eighths of a yard broads comes short of that breadth in any part of such piece, that then the said piece of cloth shall be marked as of the next lower denomination* videlicet^ half-yard, and so of all the other breadths herein mentioned*

XIII. And to the intent that every buyer of plain, brown or XVeaverforim "White linen cloth, may the easier discover and judge of the a coarse thread goodness, quality and value thereof^ and may know the exact through every number of threads in the breadth or warp thereof, be it further a,00 tlireads°£ enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the said anotherP* first day of November every weaver sliall at the end of every such through every piece of cloth, which he shall weave or cause to be weaved, run 40 threads of or cause to be run, a coarse coloured thread through every two tJje wa^P» at hundred threads of the warp, of the said cloth, so as to di- s' stinguisli the number of hundreds of threads in the breadth of the said cloth, and also another coarse coloured thread as aforesaid within a quarter of an inch of the former, in like mantier through every forty threads of the warp of the said cloth, so as to distinguish the number of biers or scores of threads in the breadth. of the said cloth •> and in case any weaver shall omit to weave or cause to be weaved, such threads as aforesaid, or shall so mark his cloth with a coloured1 thread, as to make . Vot. XV. £ e it

it appear to contain more threads in the breadth, than it really does, he (hall for every such offence, being thereof convicted in manner after mentioned, forfeit a sum not more than five pounds, nor less than twenty shillings, to the use of the informer, to be levied and recovered in such manner as is herein after mentioned.

XIV. And whereas several persons have of late years made use of lime, pigeons dung, j ope-dregs, or other improper materials for whitening or bleaching of linen cloth, to the great prejudice of such cloth, and to the discredit of the linen manufaclure; for preventing such practices for the future, be it further enacted by the auPenalty for thority aforesaid, That from and after the said first day of Nousing lime, vember no person or persons shall make use of any lime, pigeons &c for bleach* ^unS or sope-dregs, for bleaching or whitening any linen cloth ing ot' linen. or nnen yarn> and that all and every person and persons using any lime, pigeons dung or fope-dregs, for bleaching or whitening any linen cloth or linen yarn, (hall, being thereof duly convicted in such manner as herein is after mentioned, for every such offence, forfeit to the informer the said linen cloth or linen yarn, so whitened or bleached with lime, pigeons dung or fope-dregs, and (hall also forfeit the sum of rive pounds sterling to the use of the informer; and in case the linen cloth or linen yarn, so whitened contrary to the directions of this act, shall not be found, it (hall arid may be lawful to and for the justice of peace or magistrate within any borough, before whom such complaint mall be made, to set a further fine upon the offender at his discretion, not exceeding the sum of five pounds sterling, to be raised and levied, together with the former penalty of five pounds, in such manner as herein is after directed, and the offender shall also be, and is hereby made incapable to bleach or whiten any linen cloth or linen yarn, for the space of two years after such conviction as aforesaid. Ma -iftrates ^ w^ereas ^e improvement of the said linen manufaclure

m;?y summon depends very much upon putting an end to this pernicious praclice9 servants of and in preventing the mixing andfelling of damnified hempfeed or Untbieachers, and fe€^ oe it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it

on^oath ^ anC* ma^ ^e ^aw^ t0 anc* f°r anY one or more of his Ma

on jesty's justices of the peace, or any magistrate 6r magistrates

within any borough, >within their respective jurisdictions, by a writing under his or their hands, to summon the servant of any bleacher or dealer in hemp-seed or lintseed, or any other person or persons whatsoever, to appear before him or them, and upon his or their appearance to examine him or them upon oath (which oath the said justice or justices of the peace, or. magistrate or magistrates within any borough as aforesaid, is and are hereby impowered to administer) what such servants, person or persons, know of his or their master, or of any other person or persons using of lime, pigeons dung or fope-dregs, in the bleaching of linen cloth or linen yarn, during three months immediately preceding such examination, or of their mixing different parcels of hetnpseed or lintseed together, or of their

uttering*. uttering, vending or sellings or exposing or offering to sale, hempseed or iintseed as of a different growth, or as imported from a different country from what it really is or was; and in Penalty on cafe such servant, person or persons, being so summoned, shall servant.3 ^ot neglect or refuse to appear pursuant to such summons, such ju- f^monf °a slice or justices of the peace, magistrate or magistrates within any borough, may issue his or their warrants to apprehend or bring before him or them such servant, person or persons -3 and in cafe he, she or they, shall appear and refuse to be examined, or answer upon oath to the purpose aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful to and for such justice and justices of the peace, or magistrate or magistrates within any borough, to commit such offender or offenders to the next adjacent gaol or toll booth, there to remain until he or they submit to be examined as aforesaid, the person desiring or demanding such oath to be tendered and administred to such servant or other person, first making oath (if the same shall be required) that he or she believes the person whom he or she desires may be examined upon oath, knoweth and can discover some breach of this present act committed, in the matters aforesaid j if such servant or other person be obliged to take such oath: provided nevertheless* and it is hereby declared, that such servant or person shall not forfeit or be liable to any punishment for any matter or thing relating to the crime which he shall, upon such his examination^ discover.

, XVI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Persons arJThat it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every person Pointe^ maT and persons, appointed by the trustees for improving the hempen bteachyards, and rlaxen manufacture- herein after mentioned, or by any of &c. to search* his Majesty's justices of the peace or magistrates within arty borough, by writing under his or their hands to enter into any bieachyard, buekhoufe or the appurtenances or places thereunto belonging, at any hour of the day, and view and search all places, rooms, reeives and boilers therein, and view the lees* and refuse, and dregs thereof; and in cafe any lime, pigeons clung or sope-dregs, is or has been mixed with such lees* that the poslessors of such bieachyard, bleach-house or places thereunto belonging, and all and every person and persons working in the said bieachyard, buekhoufe or places thereunto belonging, contrary to the true intent and meaning of -this act> shall incur the several penalties by this act inflicted on persons that make use of lime, pigeons dung or fope-dregs, in bleaching linen cloth or yarn, to be levied and recovered as those penalties are severally to be levied and recovered.

XVII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Constables That the constable or constables, who by virtue of any warrant who shall seize from such justice of the peaee^and magistrate within any borough, clot^ bleached shall seize such cloth or yarn, bleached with such lime, pigeons wit£ lirae>&g. dung or fope-dregs, or levy the value thereof, or the penalties per pound!' in this act mentioned, shall be allowed by the prosecutor for his pains, at and after the rate of two shillings in the pound, for

E " what

Refusing to what he shall so seize or levy; and if any constable or Constables rant ihaH for*" neS*ec^ Qr refuk to execute any such warrant of any justice of icit 51. * peace or magistrate within any borough, he or they for every such offence, being thereof convicted as herein after mentioned, (hall forfeit the sum of live pounds sterling to the prosecutor; and it (hall and may be lawful to and for the person aggrieved to complain thereof to the same justice or magistrate within any borough, or to any other justice of the peace or magistrate aforesaid, who is hereby impowered and required to summon the person or persons concerned before him, and summarily to hear and determine the said complaint, and issue a ..warrant to any constable or constables to levy the said penalty of five pounds sterling, in such manner as is herein after mentioned.

His Majesty- XVIII. And to the end the several orders and regulations, may appoint made pursuant to this act,, for the improvement of the linen o^erseeiiT^the anc* nemPen manufactures may be effectual, and carried into a linen and due and regular execution, be it further enacted by the authohem-pen trade, rity aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful to and for his Majesty, his heirs and successors, by letters patents under the great seal appointed by the treaty of Union to be kept in Scotland in place of the great seal thereof, to nominate and appoint any number of persons resident in Scotland, not exceeding the number of twenty one, to be trustees for overseeing, directing and better improving the said linen and hempen manufactures, within that part of Great Britain called Scotland, with power to the said trustees, or any number of them by the said letters patents to be determined, to assemble at such place or places, and to make such rules and orders for the improvement of the said manufactures, and for preventing abuses therein, as they shall think expedient, consistent with the true intent and meaning of this act, and with the laws and statutes of the realm. Trustees may XIX. And for the better promoting the said manufacture, be appoint per- it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it lhall and sons to lap up may be lawful to and for the said trustees to licence and appoint cloth.for sale. _fucn gt and proper persons, in such places of Scotland, as they lhall judge most convenient, to view, examine, lap up, mark and stamp all such linen cloth, as (hall be exposed to sale, as is herein after mentioned, and from time to time, to direct such stamp or stamps to be made use of, as they shall think proper, Dealers in ^X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,

cloth to carry That all dealers in linen cloth, before he, {he or they, ^ shall sell it to the lapper or expose to sale, any linen cloth (if the same be white cloth, to be stamped. as foon as t[ie fame js fuiiy whitened and dried) carry the fame in the waterfold of a yard or half-yard in length, to the phee where such lapper or stamp-master, so to be named and appointed, shall reside, there to be inspected, marked, lapped up and stamped by him, in such manner as is herein after directed; and if the said lapper or stamp-master shall find such piece or pieces of cloth, so offered to him to be marked, lapped up and stamped, to be of an equal breadth from one end of the pie, e

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