Edward III and the English Peerage: Royal Patronage, Social Mobility, and Political Control in Fourteenth-century England
Patronage was central to medieval kingship, and a crucial facet of royal power. This book, the first in-depth examination of this crucial facet of royal power, offers a detailed analysis of how Edward III, one of the most successful and, to use a modern term, charismatic of medieval English monarchs, used royal favour to create a "new nobility" and to reward and control the established peerage. Dr Bothwell shows how judicious use of largesse helped to produce domestic stability and encouraged the successful prosecution of foreign wars. Further, the study demonstrates how the nature of royal patronage came to reflect changes in feudalism, land law, finance, and the Church and the consequences of these changes for the more general history of medieval patronage, the evolution of the Lords and Commons, and the state of royal power both at the centre and in the localities. Overall, it is a clear, concise study of how Edward III used patronage to reposition the monarchy after the vicissitudes of his father's reign and a problematic minority.
J.S. BOTHWELL is Lecturer in Later Medieval English History, University of Leicester.
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Mechanisms of royal largesse
Royal feudal rights
Annuities and assignments
Distribution of royal favour
Kings the parliamentary peerage and royal patronage in
administration Ages alien amount annuity Appendix arrangements Beauchamp Bohun Bradeston Brian castle century Cobham connected considerable continued customs Darcy death Despenser earl early Edward III Edward III's endowment England English escheats especially established nobility example exchequer expectancies farm favour feudal Finally forfeiture France given granted heirs held helped Henry History hold III's important individual inheritance issues John keeping king king's lands late later least less London major manor March marks marriage Mauny Medieval minority monarch Montagu Mortimer Name nobility noble nonetheless offices originally paid parliament parliamentary peerage payment peerage perhaps period political potential promotions properties reason received reign rent result Roger Rolls royal patronage single single single substantial summoned supporters Thomas town Ufford usually various Wales wardships widow