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good. In his domestic relations he was worthy (and more than worthy he could not be) of the eminent felicity which for many years he enjoyed; a husband of exemplary tenderness and fidelity; a father fond to excess; the most affectionate of brothers; the kindest master; and, on his part, he has been often heard to declare that, in the most anxious moments of his public life, every care vanished when he entered his own roof.
One who long and intimately knew him, to divert his own sorrow, has paid this very inadequate tribute to his memory. Nothing which relates to such a man can be uninteresting or uninstructive to the public, to whom he truly belonged. Few, indeed, whom the divine goodness has largely gifted, are capable of profiting by the imitation of his genius and learning; but all mankind may grow better by the study of his virtues. Br. F. Laurence.
* * * *
There is a man who has a great command of words, esteemed by the vulgar a firstrate orator, simply from his celerity of speaking. Whatever his followers may say will not deter me from speaking what I think of the eloquence of Burke. Athens was the parent and patroness of science; but an Athenian audience would have listened with delight to Burke; would have admired his inventive copiousness of diction; would have thought the goddess Suada herself enthroned upon his lips.
There were some amongst the Romans who considered a dry style and poverty of sentiment as attic, provided the language was polished, courtly, and elegant; and who disdained the lofty, magnificent, copious style of oratory. But many, who prided themselves on their taste, their learning, and their judgment, were ignorant of the gradations, the inequalities, and variety of attic eloquence. Cicero himself was by some insolently termed diffuse, Asiatic, and tumid. In these days also there are not wanting those who insinuate that Burke is destitute both of energy and modulation. I am proud to speak a different language. I do not hesitate to aver, that such affected sentiments proceed from an inability to bear the lustre of his eloquence. He who imitates Burke may be assured, that his model is marked by attic excellence; he who hears him with delight may be satisfied that his own progress in literature is far from contemptible.
That man requires no studied panegyric as to his moral character, whose manners are conciliating and agreeable, and whose actions are directed by the rules of virtue. But the rectitude and integrity of Burke have been so obviously conspicuous, that, defying all scrutiny into his own, he may be justified in exacting a rigorous account of another's conduct. Dr. Parr*.
* In his dedication of the first book of Bellandenus to Burke, Dr. Parr describes him as " a man most peculiarly distinguished by. learning alike eloquent, and elegant, and extensive; by those nobler energies of mind, acute to invent, prompt to explain, fruitful to adorn, who has constantly and consistently deserved from science, which meed alone he himself has found to defy every vicissitude of place and time; from the senate, which, when menaced with danger, consiTHE RIGHT HON. HENRY DUNDAS,
AFTERWARDS LORD MELvILLE.
Behold now the mighty, the enormous Thrasybulus! whose countenance and appearance affords amplest matter for ridicule. If you wish to know the quality of his eloquence, it is marked by no elegance or ornament, it is rude and offensive; always maimed, confused, and obscure. To this add a prompt volubility of tongue, and impudence not soon or easily abashed; with a tone of voice, which, although I have heard, I shall find difficult to describe: it is by nature rustic and dissonant: it sometimes menaces with suffocation; at others it is harsh, as if passed over a file. In the constant exercise of his unwearied sides, it knows no pause; it beats the air, and wounds the ear; till broken, and as it were cut in two, it terminates in a scream. Cicero was of opinion that a harsh and rustic modulation is a manifest imperfection, notwithstanding there are who take pains to acquire it. But I never knew any one, Thrasybulus alone excepted, who having a tone of voice most remarkably offensive, did not either endeavour to avoid it altogether, or at least try to soften its effect by ingenious artifice or constant industry.
They who have seen the distortions of Thrasy
dered him its pride and his support; lastly, from this oar country (to its most affectionate citizens, alas! not always generous or just), all that can be conferred of honour or of gratitude."
bulus, sometimes to this side, sometimes to the other, are at a loss to imagine which will be favoured with his suffrage. Indeed the sentiment of Marius seems equally true and apposite with respect to him—That, to obtain eminence in the state, a man should never remember either injuries or kindness. Can he, however, be said ever to suffer from injury, whose zealous service every man in power can direct and command as he pleases 1 The interest therefore of Thrasybulus is secure, for he never knew what it was to blush. Tully observes, that he had known some who, not able to make themselves orators, had obtained proficiency in the knowledge of the laws. Very different motives impelled our Thrasybulus to this courtly, though perilous habit of life. That he should be constantly on the watch for new game is not at all wonderful; appetite sharpens the wit, and expands the genius. As long as he continued in his own country, he was confined to the lower courts, and esteemed, even by the vulgar, rude and uncouth as an orator, and a mere child in legal knowledge. What his powers of speech were able to effect, the judges hardly gave themselves time to consider; but even they allowed him the merit of clamorous perseverance. His good fortune, therefore, was not complete and perfect; for although he possessed the two great requisites of a pleader, confidence and noise, he did not succeed in his profession. Nevertheless, he who was deemed by his countrymen to rank only with Leguleius and Blatero—a mere hunter of syllables, and guardian
of forms—was by the fates designed to enter the lists of eloquence with men of the most refined and exquisite accomplishments.
From a life of drudgery he turned his attention to other habits, which is indeed frequently done by those who wish to escape calamity, or elude misfortune. He had read, we believe, that the ancient Germans inured the less tractable and more misshapen of their cattle to undergo the greatest labour, by the effect of constant exercise. This man, therefore, born to stoop beneath a servile yoke, took care to discover in his character the fortitude which deliberately defies all danger, and the patience which can acquiesce under the greatest difficulties. He conceived that his merit would not only be more conspicuous, but more splendid, if he openly confessed that no eye should ever discover, in his conduct, a reluctance to undertake measures of a difficult nature, or a fastidious delicacy with respect to those which appeared base, and were thought dishonourable. By being every thing with every body, he insinuated himself into the favour of the great. He then entered on senatorial duty; a situation full of care, and exposed to much mortification. His tongue was, if we may be allowed the expression, always in the water. He took a deliberate survey of the different advantages of peace—affluence—power—the public revenues—the army; and how the eventual result of each was likely to affect his own individual interest. He submitted to various difficulties, and bore very patiently a great deal of arrogance