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The ghaut there very bad daylight, with a very bright moon; and after Mundlaysir situated on the right bank of riding about five hours, through a pretty the Nerbudda, here tolerably · wide, but country and over a good road, came to a confined by very steep banks. Madras small village called Rageaghur, where I houses miserably bad; it is 1,700 feet balted : passed several villages on the route lower than Mhow.
this morning, the principal of which was Friday, Oct. 15, 1819. Commenced our Akberpoor, about two miles from this, march from Kurnaul towards Neemutch; where there appears to be an abundance of marched from Kurnaul at five A.M., every thing requisite for supplying a camp. arrived at our ground at Geroundah at 8.30 Ragcaghur is a small village, very prettily A.M.-country a jungle the whole march. situated at a short distance from a range of
Saturday 16. Marched from Geroundah hills (over which I believe my route lies toat five A. M. to Panneef, arrived at nine morrow); it is distant from Jillane about A.M. ; country open ; distance ten miles.
eighteen miles; the last part of the road lies Mundlaysir, July 3, 1820. Rains not through rather a picturesque country, well cominenced yet; weather very pleasant. cultivated. A very bad place for snakes; great Oct. 29. At an hour before daybreak numbers of them beginning to appear. left Rageaghut for Billaole : the first part
July 5. Rains set in ; weather very cool of the road was good, but lay through a -finding cloth jacket comfortable through- very thick jungle, which did not give rise to out the day.
the most pleasant sensations; for as this July 6. Killed a snake in my sleeping part of the country is full of tigers, it is
really dangerous passing through the Aug. 1. Delightful weather, very little smallest portion of jungle during the night. rain.
A short time before daybreak the road got Aug. 13. The first heavy fall of rain we
very stony, and began to descend. At have had this year commenced to-day, and daybreak, to my great satisfaction, I found continues.
myself out of the jungle, and over the hills Aug. 15. Rain still continues, weather
I saw yesterday, in a very prettily wooded very pleasant ; since the commencement of valley, extending for a long distance both to the rains we have had delightful weather. the right and left; the road again not good, Until three days ago we had scarcely any and at sun-rise brought me to the village of rain, but fine cloudy cool days, and the Kennawd, a small village on the right; nights so cool that, since the beginning of
about four miles further passed Pepleu, a June, I have slept every night with a
tolerably large place, in which there are blanket ; indeed since our arrival at Malwa plenty of supplies for any party; about we have not known what a hot night is.
four miles beyond this is a miserable vilRoute from Mhm towards Calcutta, via lage called Billaolee, where there actually Saugor and Mirzapore. 1820.
were not supplies for my small party; the Oci. 27. Marched from Mhow to Jil road in general lay E.N.E., distance about lane, in progress to Saugor, distance about thirteen miles. At an hour before sunset fourteen miles; the road tolerably good and started again for Tuppa, a village about country flat in general, but interspersed with eight miles distant; the road was good, but hills. Jillane is a pretty large place, and lay through a jungle, in which the guido the vicinity of it very pretty: some fine twice lost the way, so that we did not reach trees about it, and a very good tope for Tuppa until eight o'clock, where I took encamping in : water is also good, and up my quarters. Intense cold during the plenty of supplies for a detachment or night: passed two nuHabs after dark, and battalion. At sun-set marched from Jil. several villages. Tuppa is rather a large lane, intending only to go three miles ; but village, with a gunee, there are supplies in no village was to be found where I ex- plenty. pected one, and I was therefore obliged to Oct. 30. At daylight started for Gajna, proceed for another hour, through a jungle and a little after entered a pass (over a dark as possible, until I at length reached range of bills running north and south) a village, when I found very good quarters which was about two miles long. After in the Potail's house.
getting through it, crossed a small nullah ; Oct. 28, Started about two hours before at eight o'clock arrived at Gajna, The Asiatic Journ.- No. 97.
Vol. XVII. D
road from Tuppa is good, but lies through arrived at the village of Goonga, distance a jungle the wbole way: there are several from Bigonia eight miles; the road was small villages close to the road, with little bad and stony; crossed several nullahs : a patches of cultivation about them. Gajna very dangerous ride, on account of the is a very small wretched place, containing immense grass jungle through which the not above thirty houses, built in a square road lay. After passing Goonga about by way of a defence; it is distant from half a mile the jungle ceases, and a most Tuppa about eleven miles, the direction pleasing view presents itself, a beautiful same as yesterday. At the village of valley, richly cultivated, and studded with Coterie there are supplies for a camp.
noble trees. There are two other pretty Oct. 31. Started about two hours before villages close to the road, with very fine daybreak for Ashta, distance about ten topes about them : the road is good, and lies miles; the road is tolerable in general, but through luxuriant crops of sugar-cane, in some places bad, Arrived at Ashta a badjera, Indian corn, and wheat (just aplittle after daybreak: it is a large place, pearing). There are great numbers of with a considerable fort, very prettily si- date trees, as far as the eye can reach. At tuated, a number of fine trees all round it; eight A.m. arrived at Hindola, a very small it has a tine bazar, and appears capable of place, but we have got supplies in plenty: supplying a large camp. The Rajah was there is here one of the finest banian trees very civil, sent me fowls, kids, eggs, and I ever saw; it has extended its branches milk, in great plenty. At four P.M. start- into seventeen fine trees the circumfered again for Umlay (or Imlay), where I ence of the ground in which it has taken arrived after dark, and took up my quarters root is 205 good paces, and I fancy it for the night; distance from Ashta about must shade 500. Hindola is distant from thirteen miles. Umlay is rather a large Bigonia eighteen miles. There is a large village. The road was good the whole way. nullah here, the water of which supplies.
Nov. 1. Started at a little before day, the village, there being no. well; it is tolerbreak for Sehore: the country improved ably good, but is the better for being boiled very much this march, cultivation almost
before you drink it. the wbole way; arrived at Sehore at eight Nov. 5. Marched same time as yestero'clock, di:tance thirteen miles; was kindly day, and had a great deal of trouble in entertained by Major Henly, who is in crossing the nullah, which should be crosspolitical charge of this part of the country: ed in daylight if possible; it is very rocky he has a pretty place at Sehore, which he and uneven, one step not over your horses bas laid out very tastefully.
hoof, the next up to his girths : I fancy it Nov. 2, Halted at Sehore.
must be almost impassable in the rains. Nov. 3. Marched from Sehore at three About a mile further on passed another, A.m. for Bigonia, distance eighteen miles. but not so bad. At daylight arrived at the The first part of the road I did not see,, being village of Pawa Mullah, distance about asleep on Major Henley's elephant; arrived five miles from Hindola ; it has a large at Joomrah at sunrise, where I found my stone fort, the walls of which are very low. horse, which I mounted, and arrived at The road was not very good so far, but from Bigonia at eight A.M. The road from Pawa to Kam Keira was capital; the Joomrah is good, but lies through a grass nullah at Pawa bas a very soft bottom, in jungle, without a spot of cultivation the which my horse sunk up to his knee. whole way. Bigonia is a small place, but About three miles and a half further crossed there are supplies, good water, and a capi- another nullah, with the same fault. The tal tope for encamping in : there is also a country from Pawa was cultivated; it is good deal of cultivation about the village, very flat, and is surrounded by hills, at principally badjera and sugar cane. This about eight or nine miles distance. There part of the world will in a few years be the is no village to be met with between Pawa finest province in India. Ever since our and Ram Keira, the distance is about seven arrival, the revenue of the district of Bho- miles. Ram Keira is built on a small hill, paul has increased five lacs of rupees, and is which rises in the centre of the plain, and capable of yielding fifty if fully inhabited. makes it conspicuous for some distance
Nov. 4. Marched from Bigonia at half round; it has also a peculiar appearance past three a.d. for Hindola, at daylight from all the houses being tiled, rather an
uncommon circumstance in Indian villages Gaspoora seven miles and a half. It has a There is a tank here, the water of which kind of fort built on the hill immediately is the only procurable;—it is tolerably above the village; there are supplies and good; supplies are plenty. Killed a large snake on the march this morning. The Nov. 8. Marched at four A.m. for Rutcoss are bere about two miles and three- ghur, distance twelve miles. The road quarters long. At four p.M. marched again was good, but the country uncultivated. for Bhilsa, distance twelve miles; the road At daybreak arrived at a small village was in general good, but in some places called Myrzapoor, situated at the foot of a very stony, especially at a village four low range of hills, the name of which the miles from Bhilsa. The approach to guide could not tell me ; at half past nine Bhilsa is also very bad; there is a very A.M. arrived at Rutghur. It is a large large nullah, which you cross three times, place (with a fort) built on the right bank the last ford is very bad indeed. Arrived of the Bhena river, the course of which is at Bhilsa at nine p.M. Bhilsa must be an N. W. : it is rather wide here, and must immense place ; the only part of it I saw be very troublesome to pass during the was the bazar, which is without exception rains. The fort is built on a hill imme. the finest street I have met with in India. diately over the town, and has a fine apIt being a Hindoo holiday, the whole pearance; it covers the entire top of the town was illuminated, and looked very hill. This was one of the coldest mornings well; I am sorry I had not an opportunity I have experienced in India ; my feet were of seeing Bhilsa in daylight, as it is well almost frozen in the stirrups, and when I worth seeing
dismounted at daylight I could hardily Nov. 6. Marched from Bhilsa a little be- stand. At four P. M. started again for fore daylight for Attaree Ka Kejna, dis- Gumeria, where I arrived a little after tance fifteen miles. The road was good, dark; distance six miles, through a jungle. and the country beautiful; fine wheat-fields Gumeria is situated on the banks of the extended to the right and left as far as I Dussanei. could see, and very pretty villages are to Nov. 9. Marched an hour before daybe met with every two or three miles. break for Saugor, where I arrived at eight Arrived at Kejna at nine o'clock, very A.M., distance ahout ten miles. Liked much fatigued, having marched forty miles Saugor very much, it is a very pleasant in the twenty-four hours. Kejna is a station; it is built in the midst of low slony middle sized village, with capital water, hills, but is very healthy. plenty of supplies, and a fine tope, three Nov. 12. At eleven o'clock P.M. staried very necessary articles for the Indian tra- for Putterah on an elephant, another being veller. All the villages in this part of the laid at Soonoudra, where I arrived about country are tiled, which gives them a very one o'clock in the morning of the 13th peculiar appearance.
Nov. : started again for Shapore, where Nov. 7. Marched at three A. m. for Bag. my horse was laid, at which place I arrode, distance fifteen miles. At dayliglit rived a little beforeday break; mounted and arrived at the village of Gaspoora, situated proceeded to Putterah, where I arrived a at the foot of a low range of hills (which short time after sun rise. Putterah is a my guide called the Muttall Hills). The large and very pretty place, distant from road was good as far as Gaspoora, but at Saugor thirty miles. The road was good, the entrance into the hills very bad indeed, but the latter part was jungle, from Sha. not passable for wheeled carriages. Gas
pore to Putterah. poora is distant from Kejna seven miles Nov. 14. Started at three A.M. for Nurand a half. The road from thence to Bag- singghur, where I arrived (after riding over rode lies over the hills, through a nasty jun- a most abominable road) at eight A.M. and gle. About a mile from Gaspoora, we came found the Dawk I expected ; started for on the track of a couple of tigers, which Kootree, where I intend remaining during lasted about three miles, when we lost the month. Kootree is a small place in their marks about a mile from Bagrode, itself; there are some fine bungalows built : where we began to descend, and at eight it is situated on the right bank of the Sonar 4.M. arrived at Bagrode, which is situated river, here rather wide and deep. at the east side of the bills, distant from Nov. 28. At two A.M. started from Koo
tree for Tigra, distance about thirty-six the village crossed a wide and deep nullah, miles. Passed numerous villages, the
called Russerie. The weather is now most principal of which were Huttah, Bhintee, intolerably cold. The people here are Gyzabad, and Symmeriah. A little on this very civil. side Gyzabad crossed the Cane river, the Dec. 3. At three A.M. marched for Dur. bed of which is very wide, but the channel gunpoor, distance seventeen miles : the at present insignificant. At ten a. M. ar- road was very good this morning. At rived at Tigra, which is a small village, daylight, after a small descent, arrived at built on the left bank of the Cane river. the village of Putterhut, rather large, with
Nov. 29. At three A.M. marched from an extensive stone ghurre. Before passing Tigra for Maliewah, distance about sixteen through the village crossed the Russerie miles. Immediately below Tigra crossed nullah once more; it has here, immethe Cane river again : it is here very wide, diately below the ford, a very wide and with steep banks, and at the bottom rather deep reach for about a mile. At eight stony. The first part of the road to-day A.M. arrived at Durgunpoor, distant from was a good deal broken, and intersected Putterhut about seven miles. It is also by several nullahs; it lay also through a a large place, with a ghurre. dock jungle : about an hour before day- Dec. 4. At four A.M. started, and a break, passed the village of Khodue, and little before daybreak arrived at the village at sun-rise passed another called Tuall, of Rampoor, distance from Durgunpoor both tolerably large. No cultivation ex- seven miles, At nine A.m. arrived at the cept round the above mentioned villages; village of Umerie, and (Rewah being still the country one continued flat, bounded distant eight miles) halted. Umerie is to the north east and south-west, by ranges
nineteen miles from Durgunpoor ; it is a of hills, at about twenty miles distance. small place, but has plenty of supplies. Mahewah is rather a large place, with a The road this morning was very good, and stone ghurree.
the country well cultivated ; about four Nov. 30. Marched at three A.M. for miles from Umerie a gentle ascent comLobargong, where I arrived at half-past menced, and continued as far as the village, seven, distance fifteen miles. The road is where the country again gets flat. To the very good, the latter part hilly. Lohar. right of the road, at about sixteen miles gong was lately a station for a battalion of distance, are a number of high hills, deinfantry, a squadron of cavalry, and brigade tached from each other, but running paof guns; the two latter are all that now re- rallel, and ending in a point to the N. E. main. It is a miserable place ; the coun- Dec. 5. At daylight started for Rewah, try about it one continued prospect of distance eight miles; the road was capital black stony hills, covered here and there this morning, and the country really beauby a few loose dock bushes: there is tiful. At eight a.m. arrived at Rewah, actually only one tree in cantonments. and was much disappointed at its appear
Dec. 1, 1820. Rode a troop charger as ance ; it is a mean place, and not half far as Silgee, about fourteen miles, where the size that might be expected. The fort my own horse waited for me ; arrived there is extensive, but its defences very paltry : at sun-set, and set forward for Magoud, a six-pounder would demolish the whole distance eleven miles, where I did not ar. in ten minutes. At three p.m. marched rive until past nine o'clock, the guide again for Roypore, distance twelve miles ; having twice lost the way. Crossed a wide the road and country were the same as in nullab with steep banks.
the morning, a verdant green as far as the Dec, 2. Marched at five A.m. for So. eye could reach. Arrived at Roypore a haul, distance fourteen miles ; road very little after sun-set ; it is a large place, but good, and lay through a beautiful country, the houses are little paltry huts, so cultivated as far as the eye can reach, and slept under a tree. studded with groves of noble trees. Ar- Dec. 6. Started at daylight for Moorrived at Sohaul at half-past eight A.M. It gamah, distance twelve miles, where I aris a large and very pretty place, the ap- rived at half-past eight. The road this proach, for upwards of a mile, being morning presented to me a new and pleasthrough a wood of fine trees, swarming ing appearance, namely, crowds of travelwith the largest apes I ever saw: close to lers moving in all directions, giving me
hopes of soon coming into a civilized it was also very much broken. At about country : on the road I have hitherto six miles from Kutkunie crossed the travelled I never saw any one except my
Bhwerma Nullah, which is very rocky; own servants. Moongamah is rather a a little on this side of it, the ascent becomes large village. At six p.m. marched again much greater than it has hitherto been, for Laur or Launee, distance thirteen but it discloses to your view one of the miles : there I arrived a little after sun- finest prospects imaginable ; the country set; the road was capital, and the country to the right is really beautiful. Guns or the same as the two last marches. Laur wheeled carriages would find great diffiis a small village, situated some distance culty on this march, the road being a good from the road.
deal broken, and very rocky. At eight Dec. 7. At daybreak started for Mow- P.M. arrived at Puttera, which is an imgunge, distance thirteen miles. At about mense collection of pig-styes huddled tosix miles from Laur crossed the Udder gether in the greatest confusion; it is Nullah, and three miles farther crossed really surprising that the natives of this the Tharmer Nullah ; the latter has got fine province should be so filthy in their very steep banks. The road this morning habitations. was capital, and the country, as usual, At four P.M. marched for the Ghaut, at beautiful; every three or four miles there the top of which I arrived at sunset ; it are fine tanks. The road for the last five is distant from Puttera ten miles, and is marches has been gradually ascending, two miles to the bottom, where I arrived Mowgunge is rather a large place, but the at six P.M. huts are miserable; indeed that is the Dec. 9. Marched at day-light for Hilleah, case in all the villages about here, I have distance ten miles ; was much impeded pot seen a tolerable house in one of them. by the baggage of a wing of the 9th, At four p. m. marched again for Kutkunie, who were ascending the ghaut on their distance twelve miles. About four miles
way to Hussingabad. Arrived at Hilleah from Mowgunge crossed the Kharrie at eight A.M. : it is a large and very pretty Nullah ; its banks are very steep and place: feel quite at ease again, having got stony, guns or wheeled carriages would into our own territories. At three p.m, find great difficulty in passing it. Two started for Lalgunge, distance thirteen miles further passed the village of Patera, miles, where I arrived at seven o'clock : it a large place situated in the midst of is a large place. beautiful topes. A short distance from Dec. 10. At five A.M. started for Tana, Patera crossed the Junkie Nullah; it is distance ten miles, where I arrived at also very rocky. At six P. M. arrived at eight A.m. The road was tolerable, Kutkunie, which is a large village, but with the exception of the ghaut above the huts as usual miserable; the approach Tana. At three P.M. started again for to it is very bad.
Myrzapore, distance six miles. I arrived Dec. 8. At daybreak marched for Put- at sun-set, and met the kindest welcome tera, distance eleven miles. The first part from my dear and valued friends there, and of the road was through a jungle, which so ended my march from Mhow.-(Cal. however did not last above three miles; Jour.
NEW ZEALAND FLAX.
To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. SIR : It appears that the Phormium p. 418. The writer calls this article tenar, or flax of New Zealand, has New Holland flax: the Phormium been successfully cultivated in France. tenax is not, however, indigenous Whether it be not worth the attention there, but has been introduced by the of our agriculturists to try the experi- English settlers from New Zealand : ment in this country, is a question I
M. de Labillardière, in 1802, detailed cannot solve; but beg to subjoin to the Institute the many advantages that the account given of this fact in the
would accrue from naturalizing in France Annales de Chimie for August 1823, the Phormium tenur, or fax of New Hol