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in an author of his pretensions to pub- book is, its pretension to impartiality;
author into the wide field in which he
less than four occasions within the What is most entertaining about the last few years.
Literary and Philosophical Jntelligence.
ASIATIC SOCIETY OF CALCUTTA.
The third volume, 1822, of the InA meeting of the Asiatic Society was dische Bibliothec, was received from Proheld at the Society's apartments, Chow fessor Schlegel. The Journal Asiatique, ringhee, on Wednesday evening, the 3d from September 1822 to January 1823, September : J. H. Harington, Esq., Pre from the Asiatic Society of Paris; and sident, in the Chair.
Rouleaux de Papyrus, from M. Von Professor Fraehn, proposed at the last
Hammer, of Vienna. meeting, was elected an honorary mem
Baron de Sacy has completed his seber, and Mr. T. Thomason a member of
cond volume of the Mukaumutee Hurreethe society.
ree in Arabic, and has forwarded a copy
to the Society. Letters were received from the Horti. cultural, Geological, and Astronomical
The secretary read a biographical sketch
of the life of the late Lieut. Col. Lamb. Societies of London, acknowledging the receipt of the voluines of the Researches
ton, F.R.S., by Jolin Warren, Esq. In presented to them by the Asiatic Society.
this brief memoir the following charac
teristic anecdote is mentioned. On the 4th A letter was read from H. T. Cole
of April 1799, General Baird received brooke, Esq., announcing his having dis
orders to proceed during the night to scour patched a copy of the index to the first fourteen volumes of the Researches, which
a tope, where it was supposed that Tippoo has since been received.
had placed an advanced post. Capt. Lamb
ton accompanied him as his staff, and after A specimen of the aerolite that fell
having repeatedly traversed the tope, withnear Allahabad in 1822, was presented by out finding any one in it, the General Mr. Nisbet, through Dr. Carey.
resolved to return to camp, and proceeded A curious species of lizard from the accordingly, as he thought, towards headwoods of Bancoorah, 'was presented by quarters. However, as the night was clear, Mr. Flatman, of the telegraph department and the constellation of the great bear was A dried flying-fish by Mr. Hewitt Two near the meridian, Captain Lambton noOtabeitan carved paddles by Capt. Web- ticed, that instead of proceding southerly, ster, of the ship Juliana : these paddles as was necessary for reaching the camp, were a personal present from the Queen the division was advancing towards the of Otaheite to the commander of a coun north—that is to say, on Tippoo's whole try ship which touched at the island. Some
army; and immediately warned General Hindoo images and rosaries by Mr. Tyt- Baird of the mistake. But the General
and an artificial wax candle by Mr. (who troubled himself little about astroGibbons.
nomy) replied, that he knew very well A letter was read from Mr. Pickering, how he was going without consulting the of Salem, Massachussetts, presenting a stars. Presently the detachment feil in copy of Dr. Edwards' Observations on the with one of the enemy's outposts, which Language of the Muhhekaneew Indians, was soon dispersed; but this at last led one of the tribes of the North American General Baird to apprehend that Capt. Continent, lately published, with notes, by Lambton's observation might be correct Mr. Pickering.
enough; he ordered a light to be struck,
and on consulting a pocket compass, it tinct chemical principle similar to oxygen, was found (as Col. Lambton used hu- clorine, &c., iodine has but very recently morously to say) that the stars were been applied to the practice of medicine, right!
and it is on that account the more essential, A letter was read from the chief secre that every fact connected with its administary to Government, presenting to the So. tration in goitre, or other diseases, should ciety seven copper-plates with Sanscrit be carefully noted and recorded. We inscriptions, recently discovered in a field should be glad to know whether, as it is a near the junction of the Burna Nullah marine production, some plants, or fuci, with the Ganges at Benares. The secre may not be found on the shores of India, tary to the Society also read a translation of to yield iodine in greater abundance than the inscriptions and remarks by Capt. Fell, those from which it has hitherto been ob. with additional observations by himself. tained at home. This would seem highly These inscriptions, and other authorities to probable, from the water of the ocean be met with in the volumes of the Asiatic containing a larger proportion of saline Researches, furnish a tolerably satisfactory ingredients in bot than in temperate clirecord of the series of princes who reign- mates; and thereby, it may be presumed, ed at Kanooj and Delhi, in the period that imparting a character of greater intensity intervened between the first aggressions of to the vegetable elements in whose formathe Mussulmans, and the final subversion tion it is accessory. Another subject of of the native states in the upper parts of great interest to all classes of the commuHindoostan. They are, with one excep nity was brought before the meeting, tion, records of grants made in the reign namely, the destruction occasioned to timof Jaya-Chandra, the last of the rival ber by various kinds of insects. Specihouse of Kanooj, who survived but a very mens of the paroges were exhibited, of short time the downfall of that of Delhi, to the temas fatalis, or white ant, and the which he contributed not only by previous teredo navalis ; and the members were contests for pre-eminence, but even, if the solicited to direct their researches with a Mussulman writers are to be believed, by view to discover the best mode of preventan actual alliance with the invaders. ing these destructive effects. — (Ind. Gas.
A statistical account of Kemaoon by Mr. Traill was laid before the Society;
RUSSIAN CHINESE LITERATI. and also a series of tables of the barometer
St. Petersburgh, Jan. 23, 1824. and thermometer, by Capt. J. A. Hodg Ever since the year 1728, when the son, surveyor-general.
treaty of peace and commerce was conThe secretary submitted a private letter cluded between Russia and China, our from Mr. Gerard, forwarding his Vocabu. Government has maintained at Pekin an laries of the Hill Dialects, conceiving Archimandrite and four ecclesiastics, 10 them likely to be acceptable to the Society. whom as many young men were added, to --[Cal. Gov. Gaz., Sept. 11.
learn the Chinese language, and to serve,
in the sequel, as interpreters, as well on CALCUTTA MEDICAL AND PHYSICAL SOCIETS. the frontiers as in the department of fa
At the meeting of the Medical and Phy. reign affairs at St. Petersburgh. Hitherto sical Society held lately, there was a very no persons have returned to Russia from numerous attendance of members and of this establishment who have done any imvisitors interested in the prosperity of the portant service to literature; but the archiinstitution. Two distinguished individuals, mandrite Hyacinthus, who bas lately reMajor-General Hardwicke and the Hon. turned from China, differs from all his Sir C. Grey, of Madras, were elected predecessors. Astonishment is excited by honorary members of tiie Society, and the zeal with which he has applied to the several new names were added to the list Chinese and other languages, and by the of non-residents. We are happy to learn important works which he has composed that this is daily increasing, and already during bis residence at Pekin : viz. 1. A comprizes a very large proportion of the General History of China, from the year medical gentlemen of both services on 2357 before the birth of Christ, to the this establishment, besides some belonging year 1633 of the Christian era, 9 vols. to the sister Presidencies. Among many folio ;-2. A Geographical and Statistical instructive communications read at the Description of the Chinese Empire, with meeting on Saturday, there was one of a large map, in the five principal lanmore particular interest, from its detailing guages spoken by the people, in 2 vols
. the effects of the new remedy, iodine, in folio;--3. The Works of Confucius, transgoitre (ghiga of the natives). This dis- lated into Russian, with a Commentary; ease, we understand, is extremely com 4. A Russian and Chinese Dictionary:-5. mon in some districts of India, and the Four works on the Geography and Hisacquisition of so powerful an agent in its tory of Thibet, and of Little Bucharia ;remoral becomes therefore an object of the 6. The History of the Land of the Mon
first importance. Though known for seve- gols ;-7. The Code of Laws given by the ral years to the scientific world as a dis Chinese Government to the Mongol Tribes;
NORTH-EASTERN COAST OF SIBERIA.
-8. An accurate Description of the City thermometer on the Sherwaroyah hills durof Pekin ;-9. Description of the Dykes ing last month (July), between 6 A.M. and Works erected to confine the Waters and 6 p.x. was 69; the least height 60. of the Yellow River, followed by an ac. The register is headed by the following curate Description of the Great Canal of gratifying communication, addressed to the China. Besides these Chinese works trans Editor. lated into Russian, the Arcbimandrite Hya “I send you a register of the thermocinthus has written several treatises on the meter on the Sherwaroyah hills for the manners, customs, festivals, and domestic month of July : the thermometer was kept employments of the Chinese, and on their in a house covered with grass. military art, and on the manufactures and “ The months of May, June, and July, branches of industry in which they excel. are the hottest; and in this year they have
The interest which the Emperor Alex- been more bot than usual, owing to the ander takes in every thing that can contri- quantity of rain which has fallen having bute to the glory of the empire and of his been less. The climate is delightful. The government, and to all that can extend the black and yellow raspberry are common, sphere of useful knowledge, gives reason and so are the orange and the lime, which to hope that the Russian Government will grow wild ; some peach trees, and a China afford the learned Archimandrite the ne plum tree, planted in October last, have cessary means to print the literary treasures already yielded fruit. English apple trees, which he has brought with him from China. the Cape and Tirhoot pear, the Cape -[Literary Gazette.
peach, and China flat peach, which have
been brought from Bangalore, are all in a TRAVELS OF M. BERGGREEN IN THE EAST. thriving state. The strawberries are ex
M. Berggreen, Chaplain to the Swe- cellent; and Europe vegetables of every dish Legation at Constantinople, who description grow most luxuriantly." coinmenced in 1820 a tour in Asia and [Mad. Cour., Aug. 16. Africa, has been obliged to return to Sweden, after a severe illness; but he has brought with him, from the Maronite
Capt. Cochrane, after two years' exploconvent of Antara, situated on Mount
ration of the north-eastern coast of SibeLebanon, where he passed some time, ria, bas ascertained that there is no juncmany curious observations, and a copy of tion between the continents of Asia and the pretended Holy Scriptures of the Dru.
America. sos; a book filled, he says, with abominable doctrites. The geography of Mount
ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN Lebanon is very different from the account given of it by Volney.-[Literary Gazette.
The meetings of this society, during the
last few months, have been very interesting. PRESERVATION OF SHIPS' BOTTOMS. Amongst the papers that have been read, Sir H. Davy and Sir Robert Seppings the Natural History, &c. of a portion of
we may particularly notice a memoir on have been at Portsmouth, applying a chemico-mechanical process, by way of ex
Afghanisthan, by the late Capt. Gilbert periment, for the preservation of shipping.
Blane;—the Chinese Regulations for the This consists of the introduction of iron
Trade with Russia (communicated by Sir or zinc in union with the coppering on the
G. T. Staunton, Bart.);—the Metaphysical bottoms of vessels, by which means their
System of Gotam, a Hindoo philosopher, sheathing is rendered electro-negative, and by the Director, H. T. Colebrooke, Esq. ; resists the corrosive action of the salt
-and an Account of the Indian Fig Tree, water. The Samarang, of 28 guns; the
as described both by ancient and modern Manby, gun-brig; and several boats have
writers, by the Secretary, Dr. Noehden. been coppered on the new principle.
Feb. 13.- This day being the fourth A stratum of coal, of considerable anniversary of the Society, a numerous thickness, has been discovered in Syria, a meeting of the members took place at their few miles inland from the coast; and a apartments in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, when pit or mine has been opened, from whence a very satisfactory report upon the state of the Pacha of Egypt is preparing to draw the Society's affairs and proceedings during supplies for the steam-hoats which he is the last year was read, and ordered to be intending to employ on the Nile and its
printed. This report paid a due tribute of branches.
respect to several members which the So
ciety has lost by death in the last year, and SHERWA ROYAH HILLS.
particularly to Colonel Lambton, of MaAccording to a register published in the dras, and 'Dr. Walbeck, of the ObservaMadras Gazette, the greatest height of the tory of Abö. It gives a succinct account
of the measurement of the largest conti- duced sixty pounds, of excellent quality. nuous arc of a meridian yet measured, Might not this plant be cultivated in the which occupied the former gentleman up- south-western part of the United States ? wards of twenty years in India.
Feb. 19.- Various meteorological jour A letter from Molinella, in the legation nals and astronomical observations were of Bologna, of the 6th says, “ that within communicated by Sir Thomas Brisbane, the last few days a great number of meGovernor of New South Wales.
teoric stones bave fallen in the neighbourhood of the village of Arenazo. The largest
of these stones is twelve pounds in weight. Feb. 3.-Among the presents was a col of extreme violence, accompanied by wind,
Its fall was preceded by claps of thunder lection of plants made in a journey through
a phenomenon which much astonished the Circassia, Persia, and Georgia, by Lieut. inhabitants of the country. The largest Col. Wright, of the Royal Engineers.
aërolite has been taken to the Observatory of Bologna.”—(French Paper.
Jan. 2.- A paper was read, “ On the
VACCINATION. Geological Structure of St. Jago, one of
The total number vaccinated from 1818 the Cape de Verd Islands,” by Major to 1822 in the United Kingdom (excepting Colebrooke.
the capital) is 397,521, and the total by the stationary vaccinators for the same
time, 34,275. In 1821 there were 90,000 The clove is now cultivated in the vici persons vaccinated in Ceylon: 20,149 in nity of Port-au-Prince, in the island of the Presidency of Fort William ; and St. Domingo. A single tree has pro 22,478 in that of Boinbay.
CULTIVATION OF THE CLOVE IN HAYTI.
NEW PUBLICATIONS. Memoirs of India. By R. G. Wallace.
FRENCH PUBLICATIONS. 8vo. 14s.
Pantheon Egyptien, Collection des Per. On the Colonization of New Zealand ; sonnages Mythologiques de l'Ancienn: addressed to the People of England. Egypte, d'après les Monumens, avec un 8vo. 6d.
Texte explicatif; par M. J. F. ChampolThe History of George Desmond : found lion le Jeune, et les figures d'après les ed on Facts which occurred in the East dessins de M. L. J. J. Dubois. Paris, Indies, and now published as a useful 1823, in-4to. caution to Young Men going out to that
In the Press. country. Post 8vo. Ts.
Chrestomathie Chinois, par M. MouliPreparing for Publication.
nier, avec nombre de Planches lithograThe Universal Review ; or Chronicle of phiées. the Literature of all Nations, No. I. 5s. Dictionnaire Mandchou-Français, par To be published every two months. J. Klaproth, un fort volume grand in-8vo.
Twelve Views of Calcutta and its Envi Fables Arméniennes, nouvellement trarons, from Drawings executed by James duites, avec le texte en regard. B. Fraser, from Sketches made on the spot. Grammaire Arabe Vulgaire, suivie de
Dialogues, de Lettres, et d'Actes de tous
genres, par Caussin de Perceval. Vol. Preparing for Publication.
in-8vo. A Code of Signals, for the use of Ves. Grammaire Japonaise du P. Rodrisels employed in the Merchant Service, guez, traduite sur le Portugais par M. by Capt. Marryatt, R. N. ; including a Landresse. Cypher for Secret Correspondence, and all Mémoires relatifs l'Asie, par J. Klap. the Merchants' Ships belonging to the
roth. Un vol. in-8vo. Ports of Calcutta and Bombay.
Meng-T'seu, ou Mencius, le plus célèThe Bengal Almanack and Annual Di- bre philosophe Chinois après Confucius, rectory for 1824.
traduit littéralement au Latin, et revu The Case of Mr. Erskine, containing an avec soin sur la version Tartare-Mand. Authentic Statement of the Proceedings chou, avec des Notes par A. Stanislas against that Gentleman in the Hon. the Julien. Recorder's Court of Bombay, in June 1823. Tableaur Historiques de l'Asie, depuis The Bengal Stud Book.
la Monarchie de Cyrus jusqu'à nos jours ; The Calcutta Annual Directory and Re par J. Klaproth. Un vol. in-4to., avec un gister, for the Year 1924,
Atlas in-fo. de 25 cartes,
Debates at the Gast-Jndia House.
East-India House, Feb. 27. in fact, a matter of indulgence."-(Hear,
hear !)* HAILEYBURY COLLEGE.
The Hon. D. Kinnaird's motion having An adjourned Special General Court of been read, the debate on the college quesProprietors of East-India Stock was this tion proceeded. day held at the Company's house in Lea Mr. Money said, when he was interruptdenhall Street, for the purpose of con. ed on the preceding Wednesday by a tinuing the consideration of the following Learned Gent. (Mr. Impey), who moved proposition, viz.
an adjournment, he rose merely to offer a “ That application be made to Parlia few observations on that part of the speech ment, in the present Session, for the Re- of the Hon. and Learned Gent. (Mr. R. peal of the 46th Clause of the Act of the Jackson), who was now entering the 53d Geo. III. cap. 155, by which the Court, wherein he stated that he would Court of Directors is prohibited from send- exhibit to the Proprietors what he coning to India, in the capacity of a Writer, ceived to be the morality of the College at any person who shall not have resided Hertford ; with that view he repeated a during Four Terms at the Haileybury quotation from a pamphlet published by College.”
Mr. Malthus, and to which he (Mr. JackThe minutes of the last Court having son) had referred in a speech made in that been read,
Court seven years ago.
The Learned The Chairman (W. Wigram, Esq.) ac
Gentleman had, however, introduced only quainted the Court, that it was met, by
a partial statement of the sentiments of the adjournment, to resume the consideration author; he had stopped short on the maof the College question.
terial point, and arrived at a very different Previous to the commencement of the conclusion, as to the state of the College,
from that which the learned writer had regular business of the day,
intended to be drawn. He deemed it Mr. Kirkpatrick rose, and observed, that
necessary, at the time when what had having seen in The Times Newspaper a fallen from the Learned Gentleman was paragraph, complaining that at the last fresh in the recollection of the Court, to Court the reporters had been prevented make some remarks; but, as the debate from occupying the situation which they had taken a different course, he now reusually took in that room, he wished quested the indulgence of the Court while to ask whether the Hon. Chairman he delivered his sentiments on the general had sanctioned such a prohibition ?- question before them ; a question which (Hear!)
had been temperately and dispassionately The Chairman.-" I can answer most introduced by the Hon. Mover ; a question distinctly that no such orders were issued. which appeared to him to be of vital imIt was merely directed that none but
Pro- portance to their civil service in India, and prietors should be admitted into the Court to be intimately connected with the dearest until twelve o'clock. This has been the interests of the East-India Company. customary practice. I was, until a late (Hear!) In offering his sentiments, he hour yesterday evening, ignorant that any was unconscious of having his mind under inconvenience had been sustained by the the influence of any bias, which should reporters, whose exclusion I certainly do divest his judgment of that title to imnot desire."-(Hear!)
partiality to which other gentlemen, and Mr. Kirkpatrick wished to know whether he doubted not with justice, had laid claim. he was to understand that the reporters He had no concern with the foundation of were in future to be allowed their usual the East-India College, for he was not in indulgence?
England when it was projected; and he The Chairman. -" I am at a loss to was free to confess, that some of the earliest know the meaning of the expression fruits which it produced, and which he * usual indulgence.' The first persons had opportunities of very nearly observing entitled to seats in this Court are the Pro.
* It may be proper 10 observe, that, at the preprietors; that is an undeniable proposition. ceding debate, on the 25th of February, the reThose gentlemen who attend for the public cluded from the body of the Court, where iney press are at present, I perceive, in that part have been in the habit of sitting. They beard, or of the Court where they have been per
rather attempted to hear, the debate from the mitted to sit, as a matter of courtesy.
gallery ; but the situation is so extremely incon.
venient, the crowd was so great, and the noise so I hope they will receive every accom considerable, that was impossible, at times, to modation ; but I cannot be a party to grant
catch what fell from the speakers, whose backs
were necessarily turned towards them, when they ing that, as a matter of right, which is addressed the Chair. Asiatic Journ. -No, 100.
Vol. XVII. 3D