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truth, it appeared from the last financial pressure of previous arrangements for the letter, that there was a surplus revenue of payment of a considerable debt in this nearly a crore and a half of rupees. He country. The Chairman concluded by was happy to say that he had received a saying, that “ having during a period ot letter of a very recent date, not from the nearly nine years conducted the affairs of Noble Marquess himself, but from an old the Company with unabated zeal and and intelligent servant in one of the Go with most unexampled ability, it did apvernments, in which it was stated, that there pear to the Court of Directors nothing was hardly the most remote probability of more than proper that they should express the renewal of war. The Chairman their warm gratitude to the Noble Mar. proceeded to say: “ the general diffusion quess. Their purpose was a clear and of knowledge, and the general good-will plain one; there was no contingency in which prevailed throughout the country, the vote; it was a positive vote of regret to the British Government, had removed for the loss of his services.” From his every apprehension of war.
India now (Mr. Kinnaird's) own recollection of what enjoyed profound peace, and that which took place, as well as from reference to a should always accompany peace (though, work in which their proceedings were gesuch was the lot of human nature, they nerally considered to be fairly recorded, were not constantly united), content and he was quite convinced that no objection prosperity. In the midst of India, all was offered to the statement made by the was tranquil and prosperous. He had official organ of the Executive Body. next to observe, that the Noble Marquess On that occasion, the Court of Directors had achieved a very great saving to the having hinted to the Proprietors that they East-India Company in a financial ope- might as well originate the resolution of ration, by the removal of the payment of thanks, a Learned Gent. (Mr. R. Jackinterest on a very large loan, from the son) proposed the following: Home treasury to the treasury of Bengal. “ Resolved unanimously, That this Many persons had certainly suffered by Court most cordially concur with the this measure ; but circumstances render Court of Directors, in their estimation of ed it necessary, and the consequent sav. the unremitting zeal and eminent ability ing had placed the Home treasury in a with which the Most Noble the Marquess state of great comparative afluence.” He of Hastings has, during a period of nearly (Mr. D. Kinnaird) meant to observe ge nine years, administered the government nerally, that these facts were publicly of British India, with such high credit to stated from the Chair, with the full con himself, and advantage to the interests of currence of the Directors; and, indeed, the East-India Company. remained perfectly uncontradicted by any “ That this Court, referring to the senpart of the Court, either on one side of timents expressed by themselves and the the bar or the other. The Chairman then Court of Directors, in December 1816, said, “ At the same time he must be al- on returning thanks to Lord Hastings for lowed to state, that when the Court felt it his skilful and successful operations in the necessary to make this change, it was not war against the Nepaulese; to their resoluwith a view to any project of this kind: tion of the 3d of February 1819, recogthe measure was taken up by them on nizing the wisdom and energy of those grounds of general policy. The profit measures which extinguished a great prewas certainly a considerable advantage, datory power that had established itself in but still that was not the object which the the heart of Hindoostan, whose existence Court contemplated : their design was to experience had shown to be alike incomparelieve the Home treasury from an opera- tible with the security of the Company's tion which it was not able to bear ; but he possessions, and the general tranquillity of thought, as a great saving had been effect.
India ; applauding at the same time the ed, it was a matter of fair congratulation foresight, promptitude, and vigour with to the Company, and a transaction highly which his Lordship, by a combination of honourable to the Noble Marquess, who military with political talents, had anticiby a single stroke of his wand had, like pated and encountered the proceedings of a powerful magician, brought the business an hostile confederacy among the Mahto an immediate conclusion; so that in a ratta States, defeated their armies, 'reduced few months, nay, even a few weeks, the them to submission, and materially lessenHome treasury was relieved from the ed their means of future aggression ; repayment of interest to the amount of ferring also to the resolution of the Court £1,000,000 sterling per annum. In of Directors of the 20th of April 1819, this passage (continued Mr. Kinnaird) the in which they appeal, at the close of two Chairman alluded to a transaction, by glorious and successful wars, to the records which the Noble Marquess was enabled, of the East-India Conipany, for the great by a grand effort of vigour and determina. services which his Lordship's unwearied tion, to send home to the Company's assiduity and comprehensive knowledge of treasury, a million of money, which ef. the Company's affairs had enabled him to feetually relieved the Company from the render to its most important interests : this
Court cannot but with the highest satisfac- money; he would thus be freed from tion witness their Executive Authority again any imputation of being induced to act coming forward at the termination of a with a view to his private advantage.'" career so useful and brilliant, to express He was quite aware, that the Marquess of and promulgate their sense of his Lord Hastings felt it necessary afterwards to ship's exalted merit, and their deep regret prosecute, nominally, a claim for prizethat domestic circumstances should with money. Though he himself refused to draw him from the government of their derive any benefit from it, yet he was Asiatic territories. That this Court strong- called on, by his brother officers and solly participate in that regret, and request diers, to support their right to a share of the Court of Directors to convey to the the prize-money captured in the Pindarree Marquess of Hastings, Governor-Gene The Privy Counsel declared, for ral and Commander-in-Chief, their ex reasons best known to themselves, that the pressions of their unfeigned admiration, prize-money should be confined to those gratitude, and applause.'
divisions by which it had been actually He (Mr. Kinnaird) was desirous of captured; and General Hislop, as Commaking a remark, with reference to a cir- mander-in-Chief of the army of the Deccumstance which took place during the can, until the 31st of March 1818, shared, debate on the grant to the Noble Marquess with his staff, in the entire prize-money in 1819, because it tended to shew more taken by that army; but the Marquess of distinctly that the military services of the Hastings and the grand army, of wbich Noble Marquess were then alone under the Deccan was but a portion, were exconsideration. Some allusion had been cluded from any participation in the prizemade to the impolicy of centering in the money. He had alluded to Colonel Al. same person the situation of Governor- len's speech, elicited as it was by observaGeneral and Commander-in-Chief, since tions on the situation of the Marquess of the hope of profiting, in the latter capacity, Hastings, as Commander-in-Chief, to by war, might render the individual more prove that the grant was distinctly given ready to adopt hostile measures than he on the ground of military operations, ought to be. It was said, “ why should But to return, he had now brought the you grant money to Lord Hastings as a history of the Noble Marquess, so far as General, his successes will amply reward the Company was concerned, down to him.” It was very true the vote was made to 1822. On that occasion the thanks of the him as a General; but it was also very true Directors and Proprietors were unanithat he had declined receiving the prize- mously accorded. The ordinary forms money of a General. Colonel Allen, one were not indeed observed. It was very of the Directors, after these remarks had true those motions were agreed to without been made, thus justified the conduct of any papers being produced. They were the Marquess of Hastings, which appear- proposed, and they were carried, on the ed, as it always did, to be founded on the spur of a most melancholy occasion-one most honourable motives.
66 To remove
which he was inclined to think made a (said Colonel Allen) any unfavourable im- deep and honourable impression on many pressions which such declarations might Gentlemen behind the bar. The time had produce, it was only necessary to read the then come, when, having been long ia dispatch of the Marquess of Hastings, communication with a Governor-General assigning his reasons for refusing to take on whose talents and whose experience any portion of the prize-money. The they had not originally been taught to Noble Marquess said, " I thought it fitting rely; of whose various fine qualities they to declare, that when my share of the had not an opportunity of acquiring a prize-money, as Commander-in-Chief, was previous knowledge; who, in the admi. separated from that of the other officers, it nistration of his great charge, had been should be thrown back into the general viewed by them with a degree of jealousy stock, for the benefit of the lower classes which, he believed, had never before been of the army. This I did, because I think manifested towards any public otficer, on no consideration should exist which might the part of any confiding body, since this be supposed to induce an individual, unit. Company – nay, since this country had ing in himself the power of Commander- existed; the time had then come, when in-Chief and Governor-General, to em they were about to lose the benefit of those bark in hostilities unnecessarily.' And exertions, the spendour of which had (continued Colonel Allen) the Noble overcome prejudice and vanquished opMarquess in this letter called on the position. To a certain extent, jealousy Board of Controul to amend the prize- of public servants was deserving of praise money act, by the insertion of an ad- nay, he would not be very strict in its ditional clause. • It would be right,' limit, but it was carried, with reference to said he, to bar, by a special clause, the the Marquess of Hastings, 10 a degree Commander-in-Chief in the field, when that was not justifiable. That jealousy, he also filled the situation of Governor which appeared to increase in proportion General, from any participation in prize to the success which attended the proceed
ings of the Noble Marquess, continued up act of justice towards themselves. They to a very late period of his administration; might, in the first place, suppose that a it continued until they began to perceive heavy responsibility devolved on them, if that it was directed against a man whose they voted away the Company's money, conduct was wholly beyond suspicion; since some persons might be of opinion and, he believed, that the sudden intima- that the Marquess of Hastings had been tion that they were about to lose those already sufficiently rewarded. If such services, froin which they were then con were their feeling, they would naturally vinced they had received such enormous wait, because they would naturally expect advantages, excited very sincere regret. that the motion would originate with the Then it was that, in a manner honoura Court of Proprietors. That motion, wbich ble to themselves, they called on the Pro- would give the Directors an opportunity prietors to come forward, and to join with of openly stating their opinion, must be them in one common espression of sorrow decided by the Proprietors, who were only for the loss which they were about to sus accountable to themselves, and to public tain. The truth of the old adage, that opinion, in giving away their money. There “ we never know we had a friend till we were also other motives which might have lrave lost him," was again painfully veri- operated on the minds of the Executive tied. When they were on the point of Body. The Court of Directors might, in being bercaved of this great man's talents, the inost perfect spirit of fairness, have they came forward, and expressed their said, “it would be unfair in us to preregret for his recession, their thanks for cipitate this vote, for the results of the pohis long and meritorious services, (Hear, licy adopted by the Marquess of Hastings hear!) He believed it was the anxious are growing larger and larger every day, wish of the Court of Directors (justly and he is entitled to the utmost benefit appreciating the value of the thanks of this which the latest result can give him a right Court), that the vole should reach the to claim ; therefore, let us allow the latest Noble Marquess before he left their Indian possible period to the operation of his territory. They felt that the moral effect different measures. The later our vote, on the people of India would be increased the more likely is it to be just, and the by that measure, in a very high degree ; more likely is it to be justly appreciated therefore the resolution was suddenly pro- by the Marquess of Hastings. In that pounded; therefore it was that the whole case, we shall not have an opportunity of transaction bore evidence of that laudable saying hereafter, such and such results, impatience, which could not otherwise which we expected, have not taken place, be accounted for. Those thanks were and, in our haste to reward, we have done unanimously voted, and he believed they too much." This he felt to be another were received by the Noble Marquess be ground which might have wrought on the fore he left India. From that time forth, minds of the Directors, and have induced from the moment Lord Hastings had been them to suspend the opportunity of esthus honourably noticed, he challenged the pressing their sentimentsman opportunity Court of Directors (in saying this he for which he, in common with many other meant nothing hostile), to declare, whether Proprietors, was most impatient, since it every day had not accumulated the proofs would enable them to shew that they were of the soundness of that Noble Lord's not insensible to the merits of the Marquess policy? Whether every hour had not of Hastings, and not incapable of manifestdisclosed results more beneficial, more ing their respect for those talents which he advantageous to their interests, than the had devoted to their service. There was, be most sanguine mind had ever dared to sides, a third reason by which the conduct anticipate from his administration ? (Hear, of the Directors might have been swayed. hear) This' he would state distinctly They might have said, “we approve of some and fearlessly, that the public of Eng- part of the Noble Marquess's policy, of land had joined with the Proprietors of other parts of it we entirely disapprove; and East-India stock at large, in manifest our disapproval rests on such grounds as ing some astonishment that those advan will not allow us to reward him for that tageous results, which they now at least part of his conduct which is praiseworthy." enjoyed, had not been exultingly noticed, This was undoubtedly a matter of acand substantially rewarded by the Com count; but it should be matter of liberal pany. He, as one of the great body of account ; and, if the Directors acted on Proprietors, felt it necessary to state the the reason which he had just suggested, reason which actuated him in not proceed the account, debtor and creditor, ought to ing, at an earlier period, to call the .at be laid before the Proprietors. Some teytion of the Court to the merits of the reason ought to be given to them, exMarquess of Hastings. There were, he plaining why the Marquess of Hastings must observe, several reasons which might, had not received that reward which all and he supposed did, influence the Court Europe expected he would have received of Directors in delaying this memorial of long since. (Heur, hear!) When he said respect to the Marquis of Hastings—this “all Europe," he did not speak figura. Asiatic Journ.-No. 100.
VuL. XVII. 3 K
tively, he uttered the words most advisa- had not ceased to manifest their applause bly. The name of the Noble Marquess and gratitude for the excellence of his stood recorded as that of the most emi. conduct while he held the dignified situanently successful Covernor-General the tion of Governor-General. (Hear, kear!) Company ever possessed ; his fame filled This he would say, that even now the a great portion of the globe, that portion reward of the Marquess of Hastings came which was talked of by all Europe, as late. He was, however, sure, that if the well for the enlightened policy by which Noble Marquess were appealed to, he it was governed, as for the wisdom which would say, so far as his own feelings were formed and applied its commercial regula- concerned, “pause-suspend your judga tions. (Hear, hear !) So conspicuous was ment-wait till the grave has closed over the situation in which the Marquess of me-then weigh my actions, record my Hastings st od, that he could not long merits, and reward my family." They remain in Europe without compelling the were not, however, to be guided by that Company to do him justice. (Hear, hear!) feeling; they had an interest in rewardUnder these circumstances, he confessed ing their Governors-General while they that he felt it impossible, now the Mar. were living, and he brought this case quess of Hastings had returned, not to forward as a matter of justice, which they call on the Court of Proprietors to do ought immediately to notice. (Hear, that which he thought was a pure matter hear !). It was a question for the decision of justice towards the Marquess of Has of the Proprietors, and he urged it before tings, and which was also a matter of them as one, in which justice to themselves real interest, so far as it concerned them was mixed up with the justice that iras selves. It was their duty adequately to due to Marquess of Hastings. (Hear!) reward the beneficial conduct of their He had stated what the Court had already Governor-General ; if they did not, they done, he had stated their last act of gratiwould be censured by the great fiat of tude, which was a hasty vote of thanks to public opinion, and they would in the the Marquess of Hastings, proposed at the end lose that most important power--the moment of his departure from India, power of conferring praise and reward on when their minds were penetrated with meritorious and zealous servants. He sorrow and regret at his secession from knew that, where there was neglect, puh. office. The circumstances which he had lic opinion would set the matter right at stated rendered it imperative on him to last. But if they suffered time to elapse, introduce this subject; and, in doing so, if they were tardy in doing an act of he had given to those who might be opjustice, how could they expect, hereafter, posed to his opinion, an opportunity of to give public opinion that tone, which on stating on what grounds their opposition a subject of this nature they ought to im- rested. From the gentlemen behind the part to it? For surely, with respect to the bar he did not anticipate any opposition conduct of the Governor-General, they to the resolution which he meant to prowere the best and most competent judges. pose, for he could not imagine any cirIt was their duty, even if it were not their cumstance at all calculated to create a interest, to mete out an ample measure of hostile feeling. He called upon the justice to the Marquess of Hastings. Court to say why they would not at onco (Hear, hear !) He trusted that, in the make their approval of the conduct of the course which he bad taken, he had shewn Marquess of Hastings, if it appeared that no impatience to take this business out of they had a right to do so, on account of the hands of the Court of Directors; that the services he had rendered to the Conhe had manifested no desire to prevent pany? He had no interest in this questhem from proposing a commensurate re tion. He could state, most positively, ward for the services of the Marquess of that his object was justice; that his mind Hastings. (Hear, hear !) He should feel was unbiassed by any sinister feeling ; himself responsible in a very great de- and, however apt he inight be to express gree, if he induced others to take a step, his feelings warmly, however liable he which hereafter might appear not to have might be to give way to the impulse of the been proper.
What he would say was moment, he could conscientiously say this, “it is our duty, after the vote of that he bore malice to no man. (Hear, 1822, which was sent out to the Noble hear!) He declared to God, he always Marquess in India, and the justice of regretted a warm or a harsh expression. which had never been impugned or con. Observations that were unnecessarily harsh
adicted, to proceed farther." (Hear, or severe, should never be uttered. (Hear, hear !) He would venture 10 assert, that hear!) But, though the phrases inight the expressions and sentiments contained not be correct, the sentiments which gave in that vote were acknwledged to be true rise to them might be perfectly just. and sincere by every person who heard (Hear, hear!) Having said this, tre would him. He believer they had not ceased to now appeal to the Hon. Chairman and the regret the termination of the Noble Mar- other Directors for their pardon, if, on a quess's administration; he believed they recent occasion, be had offended them by
any expression, which, in the heat of the this, “ that he thanked them for what they moment, he might have used. (Hear, had thanked him for.” (Hear, hear !) hear!) But, while he made this avowal, It had been said, that the Noble Marquess he must farther observe, that he should had treated the Proprietors in an unbedespise himself, if he denied or withdrew coming manner. But what had he done? the sentiments which then fell from his If he had made to the communication of mouth ; he spoke in the name of justice, the Court of Directors a dignified reply, and the cause which he advocated excited similar to that which he addressed to the his feelings most strongly. He trusted he two Houses of Parliament, let it not be should be excused for saying so much : considered as a disrespectful act. Nobut it would have been idle, it would have thing else could be expected; for he cerbeen ridiculous, if he had passed over in tainly had not received, at their hands, silence what had occurred at a former Court. more than he had done from the two He was as sincere then as he was ho- highest bodies in the country. He trusted nest now; and, while he regretted from that, in coming to this question, all perthe bottom of his soul what had taken sonal feeling would be laid aside, and that place on that occasion, he was quite sure the ends of justice would be attained by it never could be forgotten by the Court. calm investigation and temperate discusWhat he now demanded was an act of sion. (Hear, hear!) The resolution with justice, a demand which the circumstance which he should have the honour to conthat occurred at the former Court com clude, and which he would now read, was pelled him to delay no longer. The in as follows: troduction of this question did not depend “ Resolved : That this Court, recurupon that circumstance, but it required “ring with undiminished pride and gratihim imperatively to bring forward the sub “ fication to the repeated occasions on ject at once. He would make the same “ which the distinguished services renproposition that he intended to have made « dered to the East-India Company by the if no such occurrence had ever taken “ Most Noble the Marquess of Hastings place. And here he would declare, in “ have been under its consideration, and the name of the Marquess of Hastings, “ more especially to the 20th day of Dethat if any charge or accusation could be “cember 1816, and to the 3d day of Febrought against that distinguished noble “ bruary 1819, when the unanimous thanks man, he would suspend his resolution es of this Court were successively voted to until that charge was fully investigated, “ his Lordship for the planning, conduct, and triumphantly refuted. (Hear, hear!) " and conclusion of two splendid military The Marquess of Hastings, he might be “ achievements; and which were again permitted to observe, from whatever body “ inore especially acknowledged and rehe received thanks, knew how to appre
grant of £60,000, unaniciate their value perfectly well. This was “ mously voted to the Marquess of Hasexemplified in the answers he had returned “tings and his family on the 26th of May to the votes of the Houses of Lords and “ 1819; and further adverting to the unaCommons. Mr. Canning bad spoken “nimous expression, on the 29th of May warmly in praise of the Noble Marquess, “ 1822, of this Court's high sense of the for “extending the protection of British “ political and military talents displayed justice to every part of our widely spread “by the Governor-General, during nine dominions," and for “ leaving as he may “ years' administration of the supreme find them, the harmless prejudices of na power in India, as well of its deep re. tions, and conforming our government to gret at having then learnt his determi. native habits and institutions.” In short, “ nation to return to Europe: is of opinion he gave the Noble Marquess credit in his “ that the time is at length arrived when speech for the great ability with which he “ the splendid and glorious results of the had administered the affairs of that im- “Marquess of Hastings' government, to mense territory, under the authority of an “ the financial prosperity and to the perAct which was passed when the Britisha “ manent tranquillity of India, ought to ernpire in India was no more like what it “ be adequately rewarded, as they are fully was now, than England now resembled appreciated by the Proprietors at large, what it was in the days of King Arthur; “ in common with their applauding counbut on these points his resolution was “ trymen, both in Europe and in Asia. totally silent. In a manner which did That it be therefore referred to the him honour, the Noble Marquess gave a “ Court of Directors forth with to take dignified reproof to the Lord Chancellor “ into their consideration, and to report to and the Speaker of the House of Com “ this Court, the means and the measure of mons, when he answered their letters com " such a pecuniary grant, for the approval municating to him votes of thanks, in " of this Court, as may be at once worthy which the policy of his government was " of our gratitude for the benefits received, not mentioned, although it had been so “ and of the illustrious personage who has highly praised by those who brought the “so mainly contributed to the reignmotions forward. His reply amounted to ing tranquillity of their empire, and