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we should state that the original cost, we understand, was 30,000 dollars; and that the fitting out, and expenses of every description for the voyage, including value for the return cargo, was estimated at 60,000 more; say altogether 100,000 dollars. The number of the negros brought back, as has been before stated, was 860, and they were said to have been sold at 340 dollars per head, producing the sum of nearly 300,000 dollars, of which two-thirds, therefore, was net profit. So long as such returns can be effected, we fear that no efforts whatever will be effectual in suppressing the traffic, and certainly not while the dealers have only to meet such a system of corruption as pervades every department of the government of the island.
"The Chinese Government, which has long been waging war, though ineffectually, with the opium trade, a trade that is creating indescribable havoc amongst the subjects of that vast Empire, has, at last, been exasperated to adopt the strongest measures that lie within the reach of an absolutely despotic government. By a decree of the emperor, the whole commerce of China with foreigners has been suspended, and all the residences of the, merchants surrounded by a military guard, and all food and water denied. The restraint on them was not removed until all the opium in the port, amounting to 20,283 chests, was surrendered to the Chinese authorities. The celerity with which the proceedings have been conducted,' says a correspondent in the newspapers, 'the decision which marks its termination, and the magnitude of the measure, cut off as it has in one moment, and by a single stroke of policy, the vast sum of four millions sterling from the trade and resources of a great nation (i. e. Great Britain), invest the transactions with a character which has no parallel in the history of commerce.' The correspondent further states, that much of the floating speculative capital of Bengal and Bombay, was invested in the operations of the opium trade, and the East India Company drew annually a clear revenue from the monopoly, of 2,000,000 sterling. The shipping interest is also said to be severely hurt by these violent measures of the Chinese government
But what then will be the result? Why, first of all, the English government will make it a question, and will take
effectual means to force the trade into China. When the East India Government is cut off at one stroke from the annual receipt of two millions, we may be quite sure that the tiger of the East will put out its claws, and that effectually. The weaker government will have to succumb, and this monopoly of death, misery, desolation, and ruin, will be solemnly secured to the East India Company. Nothing more avowedly wicked was ever undertaken by any government, than this diabolical opium trade. The pernicious drug is cultivated by the Company in lands near Benares, for the express purpose of smuggling it into China, against all the laws and edicts of the Chinese Empire. The trade has caused the death of several thousands of the Chinese every year; and, indeed, is an evil beyond compare, next to that of slavery. But what can stand against two millions sterling annual profit? And what can our navies and armies do against the slave trade in the West, which we see exceeds in profit all other speculations that cupidity can achieve?
All these things are mine, said the devil, and I give them to whom I please. He is god and prince of this world, and in it he will reign and be worshipped. When he can shew man that by doing some sin he may accumulate riches, then is the sin undertaken without a moment's delay. If it could be shewn that three hundred per cent profit could be gained by burning infants alive in the furnaces of Moloch, then would companies be secretly formed in England with large capital, for buying up children, or stealing them for the horrid rites; the shipping interest could be all on the alert, and every branch of trade, sooner or later, would participate in the guilt. "Respectable" individuals, the nobility, clergy, and gentry, male and female, gentle and simple, the pious and impious, would alt speculate.' Shares would sell at an immense profit, and large fortunes would be lost and won. Imagination cannot invent any thing too wicked for man, if only there be large profit in the sin. This is the prime consideration, " quocunque modo rem."
But what a view does this open to us of that mystery which men so much admire-government." Look at the East India Company gaining two millions sterling annually by smuggling; look at the English government receiving
five millions annually for the licensing of ardent spirits; look at the American government steadily upholding slavery; look at all the cotton trade of Great Britain, the chief support of the slavery of America! Is this then the world that man thinks is to be renovated by man?
WILLIAM HUNTINGTON'S VIEWS OF THE
WHO has not heard of William Huntington, S.S.? It may be interesting to see the opinions of that writer on the millennium.
"And they that were ready went in with him to the marriage, and the door was shut." This marriage is not in heaven, or in ultimate glory; for Christ at this time comes to raise the dead who died in faith, and to change the saints that shall at this time be found alive upon earth; and when the one is changed, and the other raised, they enter into the heavenly Jerusalem, which at this time will be let down out of heaven from God. 66 "They will mount up to meet the Lord in the air," when he will burn the world, and the wicked in it, as he did Sodom and Gomorrah, and then "create all things new." "The elements shall
melt, and the heavens pass away with great noise; the earth and all her work shall be burnt up, and a new heaven and a new earth appear," agreeable to the promise, "wherein dwelleth righteousness." This will be the last jubilee, an the last Sabbath; and now shall "the meek inherit the earth," and the elec shall "long enjoy the work of thei hands," for they will, in this state, out live all the antediluvians, for "they shal live and reign with Christ a thousanc years." This will appear a heavenly country, and Zion "a city that hatl foundations whose builder and maker i God." This will be "the heavenly Je rusalem, the holy city," and the camp o the saints; and the thousand years' res that remains to the people of God, of which the Sabbath was a sign; and here we shall rest from our works as God did from his. At this time we shall meet all the flock; this will be "the general assembly and church of the first-born, whose names are written in heaven." And at the close of the thousand years the wicked shall be raised and judged, and when banished and imprisoned, the saints will ascend to ultimate glory; the scaffold will be struck, and time will be no more; but heaven will be the saint's final home, and God will be all in all.— Sermon on the Wise and Foolish Virgins, preached A.D. 1797.
MILLENNARIANISM-THE CONGREGATIONAL MAGAZINE.
THE Congregational Magazine for August has the following sentence :-" Mr. Fysh is a Millennarian, an advocate of a literal first resurrection, and a personal reign of Christ and of the saints, to extend over a period of 360,000 years. His attempt is but another convincing proof of the soundness of our opinion, deliberately formed, and long maintained, how little the habit of mind which falls in with modern Millennarianism is adapted to the severe induction of facts and arguments, sober comparison of events, and close observation of cause and effect, required in the interpreter of prophecy. In fact, all that is learned in the Millennarian school must be forgotten, ere men can,
with advantage or propriety, occupy the lowest form in that of sober Scripture interpretation" (p. 518).
In whatever "form" we may be placed, or whatever may be our views of this momentous subject, we trust that we shall never adopt the language, or fall into the line of thought relating to the study of prophecy which the writer of the above paragraph has exhibited. The more we see of the scholastic spirit in these regions, the more insupportable does its aspect become.
By Serristori's Statistics of Italy and of the Papal affairs, we learn that the
Papacy now reckons, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, or what they would call "The Universal Church," 668 archbishops and bishops. In Europe, 573; in Asia, 15; in Africa, 10; in America, 70.
The revenue of the Pope amounts to 41,000,000 francs (about 1,800,0007.) per annum. The annual expenses of the Papal Palace are about 60,000l. The College of Cardinals receive from the Pope 30,000l. The Papal troops cost "his Holiness" 400,000l. per annum. Of the clerical body there are 5,300 in the city of Rome, regularly domiciled; but this number, by addition of occasional residents, who are congregated in the Papal city on ecclesiastical business, is said to amount to two thousand more. The States of the Church possess seven universities; one at Rome, with 660 students; one at Bologna, with 550 students; one at Perugia, with 200 students; one at Camerino, with 200 students; one at Fermo, with 200 students; one at Ferrara, with 300 students; and one at Macerata, with 200 students. There are, besides, 21 collegiate schools for the education of boys in the Papal dominions; but the instruction of the schools and universities is wholly, and exclusively in the hands of the clergy; just as in England, the priests of the Anglican Church are endeavouring to secure a monopoly of education in their own hands.
William C. Maxwell, Esq., of Everingham, in Yorkshire, has built a most superb church at Everingham for the Roman Catholic religion. The length of this stately building is 120 feet; the interior of the church is decorated by a range of fluted Corinthian columns; the roof is semicircular; the altar is of the richest Italian marbles and workmanship, and the whole building is to be decorated with statues and pictures. The first mass was performed in this church on the 10th of July, with all imaginable pomp and grandeur. There were near a hundred priests in procession, bishops in in their mitres, banners, relique-biers, trumpets, torches, and all the paraphernalia of their superstition. A vast concourse of people was assembled to behold the spectacle, and the provincial newspapers seem at a loss for words to express their astonishment at the glitter and grandeur of this most imposing ceremony, which lasted seven hours. Under the roof of the chapel there was in the
evening a grand banquet, at which the Roman Catholic clergy, nobility, and gentry, in high hilarity, over flowing bumpers, expressed the exuberance of their Popish feelings.
But what the saints, whose bones had that day been enshrined and consecrated in the reliquery below, would think of all this obstreperous festivity above, we know not. The banquets of all chapel openings marvellously resemble one another.
Tixall-Conversion.-On Sunday, June 30th, C. Wolseley, Esq., eldest son of Sir Charles Wolseley, Bart., made a public abjuration of Protestantism, and was formally admitted into the Roman Catholic Church, in the chapel at Tixall. It would, however, be a great mistake to suppose that either the baronet or his son were ever really Protestants: they were ostensible members of the Church of England; and what that means every body knows.
Ireland, Coleraine.-Forty adults have lately been received into the bosom of the Roman Catholic Church, by the priest Green.
They are going to build a superb Popish church at York: a separate association has been formed for the exclusive purpose of purchasing stained glass for the edifice. It will, doubtless, be a very fine building but the old cathedral will ever eclipse any work that the Papists can raise in these days.
John Thorogood, a Protestant dissenter, is lying in gaol at Chelmsford "for contempt of the Ecclesiastical Court;" in other words, for refusing to pay five shillings and sixpence, church-rate. He has complained of the harsh treatment he meets with in the gaol; and the visiting magistrates have published a reply to his statement. The last sentence of their reply is remarkable: "Felons are only allowed to have such books as are published by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and approved by the chaplain of the gaol." Alas! poor felons! The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the chaplain of the gaol will make these unfortunate culprits understand by experience somewhat of the bitterness of penal ignorance.
What saith the Scripture ?-ROм. iv. 3.
THE SCRIPTURE ESTIMATE OF SERVICE IN THE
"If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour."-JOHN xii. 26.
§1. THE CHURCH OF GOD.
To judge aright concerning any portion of the truth of God, it is needful to take the testimony of the word as being the only authority to which we can have recourse. Any judgment formed apart from this will resolve itself into one of these two things: either into acquiescing in the thoughts of others, whether from indolence or from the desire of pleasing them; or else following our own thoughts to please ourselves. Obedience to God answers and meets both of these forms of error; a Christian ought to judge according to the word, not that he may please other men, or himself, but that he may please God. We may judge a thing which really is right to be so, because it is according to the word, or we may approve of it because of the approbation of others, or because our own pride of intellect impels us so to do. Men may suppose in the three cases the result to be the same, while before God it is altogether different. Three men may perform actions exactly similar in the judgment of man, as far as his eye can see, but one may be complying with those around him, and doing that which they judge to be right; the second may be pleasing himself; while the third may be pleasing God, doing His will from the heart, because he has learned God's mind.
This may help to illustrate the important truth, that it is only from God's revealed will in His word that we can learn to act or to judge aright. Other things may possibly, in some cases, lead to rectitude in external action, but the right motive, and the ground of judgment, will always be wanting, if the mind be not resting in obe. dience upon that which God has declared.
In looking at that important portion of Christian truth which is involved in Service in the Church of God, it will be needful simply to follow the revelation of the word, and to look at truth as there presented.
But before making any remarks on "Service," it is necessary to speak of the "Church of God;" for the characteristics of service in that "Church" can only be apprehended aright by first seeing what it really is in itself—what its character, standing, and blessings.
The "Church of God" is the aggregate of those "whose names were written from the foundation of the world, in the book of life of the slain Lamb" (Rev. xiii. 8. Greek), the whole of that great multitude which no man can number, who will appear before the throne, having washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb (Rev. vii). They are called "the general assembly, and Church of the first-born, whose names are written (or, enrolled) in heaven" (Heb. xii. 23). Of them it is written, "Christ loved the Church, and gave Himself for it, that He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, that He might present it to Himself a glorious Church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it should be holy and without blemish" (Eph. v. 25-27).