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recognised in the Honour Schools of either the First or the Second Public Examination.
But since Responsions may now be passed before Matriculation (p. 128), and also since certain other Examinations which may be passed before Matriculation are accepted by the University as substitutes for Responsions (viz. the Senior Local Examinations, provided that a special certificate has been obtained, see p. 216, and the Oxford and Cambridge Schools Examinations, provided that a candidate has obtained a certificate in Latin, Greek, and Elementary Mathematics, see p. 213), these examinations are now sometimes accepted by Colleges as substitutes, either total or partial, for their ordinary entrance examinations. The extent, however, to which they are so accepted varies so much at different Colleges that a student who proposes to claim exemption from the College examination on the ground of having passed an equivalent examination should previously communicate with the College.
The following are the regulations of the several Colleges and Halls in regard to their ordinary examination:—
At University the ordinary Examination is usually held in May and October for residence in October.
The subjects are as follows:—(1) Some portion of a Greek and Latin author, not less than a play of jEschylus or Sophocles, or an equivalent amount of Homer, Thucydides, Demosthenes, or Plato, together with a book of Virgil, or an equivalent amount of Horace, Livy, or Cicero, or any other classical author that has formed part of their educational course. (2) Translation from English into Latin Prose. (3) Grammar and Parsing. (4) English Composition, with miscellaneous questions to test intelligence or information. (5) Unseen passages from the Greek and Latin Authors usually read in the highest Forms of Schools. (6) Euclid Books I, II, and Algebra as far as Simple Equations inclusive. (7) The whole of Arithmetic, as given in the school textbooks of Colenso or Barnard Smith.
Candidates, at least a week before the Examination, may name any other special subject, such as higher Mathematics, Ancient or Modern History, Physical Science, Political Economy, in which they wish to be examined: and deficiency in any one of the subjects mentioned in the preceding paragraph may be compensated for by proficiency in others, provided that a candidate gives evidence of being likely to pass Responsions within the first Term of residence. A Schools' Certificate with Honours exempts a Candidate from the College Examination.
A certain number of admissions are also made by open competition at the Scholarship Examination. Candidates so admitted and passing their Responsions before October have precedence in College standing over all others.
At Balliol the Examination is usually held at the beginning of each Term on the Wednesday and Thursday of the week in which the College meets, with a view to residence in the ensuing Term. Candidates are expected to be present at Nine o'clock A.m. Any candidate who applies to the Butler of the College a week beforehand can be lodged and boarded in College, during the period of the Examination, at a fixed charge of £i, including attendance.
The subjects are as follows:—(l) Divinity, including the Gospels in Greek. (2) In Greek, a written translation from either Thucydides or Demosthenes, at the option of the- candidate, and a viva voce translation from Homer. In Latin, a written translation from either Cicero or Livy, at the option of the candidate, and a viva voce translation from Virgil. No portions of any of these books are fixed beforehand. (3) Translation from English into Latin Prose. (4) Questions in Greek and Latin Grammar viva voce. (5) An English Essay. (6) Euclid, Books I, II; or the first part of Algebra. (7) Arithmetic, as far as Decimals, inclusive.
Candidates may also be examined, if they please, in other subjects, such as History, Composition in Modem Languages, and the more advanced parts of Mathematics. Proficiency in these will be accepted as compensation for some degree of failure in classical attainments, provided there be reason to suppose that the candidate will be able to pass the University Examinations.
The Examination is not competitive, but candidates are expected to attain such a standard as will enable them to read for Honours.
At Merton the Examination is held on the last Wednesday in November and May, and on the Thursday immediately preceding the day of beginning residence in Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, at 9.30 A.m.
The subjects are as follows:—(1) Latin Prose Composition. (2) Greek and Latin Grammar. (3) Arithmetic. (4) Euclid, Books I, II; or Elementary Algebra. (5) Viva voce examination in portions of one Greek and one Latin author: the following are recommended— Euripides, Hecuba and Alcestis; Virgil, iEneid I-V.
At Exeter the Examination is held at least once in each Term.
The subjects are as follows:—(1) Two Greek Plays by the same author: the Medea and Hecuba of Euripides, or the CEdipus Rex and Antigone of Sophocles, preferred. (2) Horace, three books of the Odes, and the Ars Poetica.—Leave can be obtained to substitute any other Greek and Latin books allowed in Responsions. (3) Arithmetic.
(4) Euclid, Books I, II; or Algebra, to Simple Equations inclusive.
(5) Latin Prose Composition.
Weight will be given to any additional books or special subjects in which candidates may desire to be examined. The Examination is not competitive. Any one of the certificates which exempts the holder from Responsions is accepted in place of the Matriculation Examination. Testimonials of character are always required.
At Oriel the Examination is held at least once in each Terra, usually in the Term previous to that of residence. The subjects are the same as those which are required by the University at Responsions, with the addition of translation papers from Greek and Latin authors which have not been prepared.
At Queen's the Examination (for residence in the following Term) is ordinarily held (I) on the day after Ash-Wednesday, (2) on the Thursday after Ascension Day, (3) on the second Thursday in November. Supplementary Examinations are held, when required, just before the beginning and at the end of each Term.
The subjects are as follows:—(1) Greek and Latin Grammar. (2) Translations from English into Latin Prose. (3) Greek Books:—the Hecuba and Alcestis of Euripides. Latin Books:—Four Books of Caesar. Or some equivalent Latin and Greek Books. (4) Arithmetic; and Euclid, Books I, II, or Algebra, as far as Simple Equations inclusive.
Candidates who hold a Certificate which excuses them from Responsions are admitted without further Examinatfon.
At New College the Examination is ordinarily held twice a year, in May and November: residence usually begins in the following Term, but those who wish to offer themselves for Responsions immediately may do so. The Examination is directed to ascertain that candidates for admission have a reasonable prospect (1) of passing all the necessary Examinations of the University; (2) of reading with profit to themselves for Honours in some one School.
The Examination consists partly of necessary, partly of optional subjects.
The necessary subjects are :—(1) Divinity, including the Gospels in Greek (except for those who can claim exemption, according to the Statutes of the University, from Divinity Examinations: see below, pp. 135, 149). (2) Easy Passages for translation from the Classical Authors usually read in schools: at the discretion of the Examiners. (3) Translation from English into Latin Prose. (4) Greek and Latin Grammar. (5) Greek and Latin Books. (6) English Composition. (7) Euclid, Books I, II; or, for those who prefer it, Algebra as far as Simple Equations inclusive. (8) Arithmetic.
The optional subjects are:—(1) Greek and Latin Languages. (2) History. (3) Mathematics. (4) Natural Science.
Candidates offering Mathematics are requested to state how much they have read in that subject.
Candidates offering Natural Science are requested to select one or more of the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology.
Proficiency in any one of the optional subjects is accepted as compensation for defective knowledge of the necessary subjects, provided there be reason to believe that the candidate will be able to pass Responsions within the first two Terms of his residence.
At Lincoln the regular Matriculation Examinations are held at least four times a year, viz. on the first Friday in each Term for residence in that Term, and also early in June for residence in the Michaelmas Term following. Due notice of the day will be given to the applicants for admission.
The Examination is in the following books and subjects:—(i) Latin Prose Composition. (2) Easy Passages of unprepared Translations. (3) A portion of some Greek author, e.g. two Greek Plays of the same author, or five consecutive books of Homer; and a portion of some Latin author, e.g. the Georgics, or five consecutive books of the JEneid, or Horace's Odes I— III inclusive, with the Ars Poetica. The Latin and Greek books selected must be such as may be offered for Responsions. (4) Greek and Latin Grammar. (5) Euclid I, II; or Algebra to Simple Equations inclusive. (6) Arithmetic.
The Certificate of the Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board or that of having passed the Examination in lieu of Responsions will be accepted instead of the Matriculation Examination.
At Magdalen the Examination is usually held at the end of each Term and also at the beginning of Michaelmas Term. The subjects are the same as are required at Responsions: the portions of Classical authors which are recommended are the Hecuba and Alcestis of Euripides, and Horace, Odes I-III, with the Ars Poetica.
At Brasenose the Examination is held at the beginning of Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, and in Whitsun week. The subjects are:—(1) St. Matthew's Gospel, with Rudiments of Religious Knowledge. (2) The Hecuba and Alcestis of Euripides (but for one of these plays Homer, Iliad I, may be substituted). (3) Horace, Odes I-III with the Ars Poetica. (4) Translation from English into Latin Prose. (5) Greek and Latin Grammar. (6) Arithmetic. (7) Either Euclid, Book I, or the First Part of Algebra.
At Corpus the ordinary Matriculation Examination is held twice a year: (1) early in June; (2) at the same time as the Scholarship Examination, which is duly advertised. The subjects are as follows:— (1) Translation from English into Latin Prose. (2) Translation into English of an unprepared passage of Greek or Latin. (3) Portions of two Greek authors and one Latin author, or two Latin authors and one Greek author, selected by the candidate from the list prescribed for Responsions (see p. 131). (4) Arithmetic. (5) An English Essay, or a paper of General Questions. (6) Euclid, Books I, II; or Algebra to Simple Equations.
Candidates who have passed Responsions or any equivalent examination are excused from examination in Elementary Mathematics.
Candidates who propose to read for Honours in Mathematics, Natural Science, or Modern History, will be examined in those subjects, and in so much only of the Classical subjects as is required for Responsions. Such Candidates will be excused from the classical part of the Examination, if they have obtained a certificate which excuses from Responsions either in the Oxford and Cambridge Schools' Examination, or in the Oxford Local Examinations. Such Candidates are requested to give notice of the subject in which they wish to be examined, in writing, to the President, a month at least before the date of the Examination.
AU Candidates are expected to show fair promise of obtaining Honours in the University Examinations.
Candidates who have passed the Oxford and Cambridge Schools' Examination with a certificate which excuses from Responsions, and with distinction in one of the following subjects, viz. (i) Latin, (2) Greek, (3) French and German, (4) Mathematics, (5) Natural Philosophy, (6) Heat and Chemistry, (7) History, will be allowed to matriculate without further examination.
At Christ Church the Examination is held twice in the year:—(1) On the Thursday and Friday in October before the beginning of full Term, with a view to residence in the January following. (2) On the Thursday and Friday in the third week before the Commemoration, with a view to residence in the October following. Candidates must call on the Dean at 9.30 A.m. on the first of the two days, bringing testimonials of character for the previous two years from their Masters or Tutors.
The subjects of Examination are:—(1) Euripides: two of the following plays, Hecuba, Alcestis, Medea; or Xenophon, Anabasis I-IV.
(2) Caesar de Bello Gallico I-IV; or Cicero de Amicitia, and de Senectute; or Virg. JEn. I-V. (3) Latin Prose Composition. (4) Latin and Greek Grammar. (5) Arithmetic. (6) Euclid, Books I, II, or Algebra to Simple Equations inclusively; but the former is strongly recommended.
At Trinity, candidates for residence in October are usually examined in the May preceding; but Examinations are also held at the beginning of Term in October and January, when a few candidates are admitted to fill extra vacancies. The subjects are:—(1) Translation from English into Latin prose. (2) Translation of a passage of unprepared Greek into English. (3) Latin and Greek Grammar, or English Essay, or both. (4) Two plays of Sophocles, prepared. (5) Five books of the jEneid, prepared. (6) Arithmetic. (7) Euclid, Books I, II, or the first part of Algebra. For (4) and (5) equivalents may, by permission, be offered by candidates who are still at school at the time of the Examination.
Candidates may offer as extra subjects any of the following:—(I) Higher Mathematics, (2) Chemistry or Physics (one or more branches),
(3) A period of Ancient or Moder n History.
At St. John's the Examination is held at the beginning of every Term. The subjects are :—(1) Latin Prose composition. (2) Greek and Latin Grammar. (3) Arithmetic. (4) Euclid, Books I, II, or Algebra, as far as is required for Responsions. (5) Euripides, Hecuba and Alcestis. (6) Virgil, jEneid, I-V, or equivalents. (7) Translation into English of an easy passage of unprepared Latin.
Candidates who have passed the University Examination in lieu of Responsions, or have satisfied the Oxford and Cambridge Schools' Examiners in Latin, Greek, and Elementary Mathematics, are admitted without any further examination.
At Jesus the Examination includes (1) Latin Prose Composition, (2) Greek and Latin Grammar, (3) Arithmetic, (4) Algebra as far as is