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Examination held in July under the authority of the Oxford and Cambridge Schools Examination Board (see page 212). Candidates, if members of the University of Oxford, must be Non-Collegiate Students of not more than one Term's standing: or they may be persons not members of the University, in which case they are required, if successful, to matriculate as Non-Collegiate Students in the ensuing Michaelmas Term.

The Exhibition is tenable only so long as the holder's name is on the books of the Delegacy.

Each Exhibitioner must pass Responsions in his first year, as a condition of holding the Exhibition for a second year, and the First Public Examination in his second year, as a condition of holding the Exhibition for a third year. Before each instalment of an Exhibition is paid, a certificate must be obtained from the Censor to the effect that the holder has kept such residence as is required of students in full residence in the University during the period for which it is payable, that he has fulfilled the above requirement as to Examinations, and that his moral conduct and attention to his duties as a member of the University have been satisfactory.

In the event of no Candidate appearing to be of sufficient merit to satisfy the Examiners, the Exhibition may be awarded for proficiency in Mathematics, after examination in that subject.

They have also granted three Exhibitions, each of the annual value of £30 and tenable for three years, to be given to NonCollegiate Students at Oxford who give evidence that they are candidates for honours.

V. ABBOTT SCHOLARSHIPS.

In 1871 the University accepted the sum of £6,000 sterling for the foundation of three Scholarships to be competed for annually in Easter Term under certain regulations, of which the following are the most important:—

The candidates for these Scholarships must be sons of clergymen of the Church of England who stand in need of assistance to enable them to obtain the benefits of an University education, and, if members of the University, Undergraduates who have not exceeded their third Term of residence.

For every election the Trustees appoint two or more Members of Convocation, not necessarily of their own body, to examine the claims of all persons wishing to become candidates. Every claim on which the judges so appointed cannot agree is referred to the Vice-Chancellor, and his decision is final. No person is received as a candidate without the consent of the Head or Vice-, gerent of his College or Hall or of the Delegates of Non-Collegiate Students, or, if not already a member of the University, without sufficient testimonials. The names of those who have been found to be duly qualified are sent to the Examiners; and the election is then made upon the ground of merit only, except that candidates born in the West Riding of the County of York are ceteris paribus preferred.

Each Scholarship is tenable for three years from the date of election. If however a person not a member of the University is elected and his residence is deferred for more than one Term beyond the Term in which he was elected, he only has the profits of his Scholarship from the date of his coming into residence.

The Scholarships are not tenable with any Scholarship or Exhibition in any College or Hall, the annual value of which exceeds the sum of fifty pounds.

CHAPTER IV.

OF DEGREES AND EXAMINATIONS FOR DEGREES.

I. OP DEGREES.

§ 1. General Conditions>

The University grants degrees in five Faculties, viz. in Arts, Music, Medicine, Law, and Divinity. The three latter are termed 'superior' Faculties, that is, the attainment of a degree in Arts is a 'condition precedent' for entrance upon them. Degrees in Music stand on a peculiar footing, and do not confer the privileges which are attached to a complete course of liberal study.

The special conditions which are required before a candidate is eligible to receive any of these degrees in ordinary course are mentioned below. Three further conditions are common to all degrees, (i) Candidates must obtain the consent of their College or Hall, or of the Delegates of Non-Collegiate Students, as the case may be: this consent must be signified in writing to the Registrar on or before the day on which the degree is to be conferred. (2) They must obtain the consent of the University, for which purpose their names are publicly read out in Congregation by one of the Proctors. (3) They must give notice of their intention to become candidates, by entering their names in a book, which is kept for the purpose at the Vice-Chancellor's house, not later than the day before that on which they purpose to take their degrees.

When all the required conditions have been satisfied, the candidates are presented to the Vice-Chancellor and Proctors in the House of Congregation: those who are to be admitted to the degree of B.A., B.M., or B.C.L., give a promise to conform to the Statutes of the University; those who are to be admitted to the degree of M.A., D.M , D.C.L., B.D., or D.D., also give a promise in reference to their privileges as members of the House of Convocation; and those who are to be admitted to the degree of B.D., or D.D., are further required to signify their assent to the Thirty-nine Articles and the Book of Common Prayer. The formula which is employed by the Vice-Chancellor in conferring the degrees of M.A., D.M., D.C.L., and in which the name of the Holy Trinity occurs, may be varied, if objection be urged.

§ 2. Special Conditions of the several Degrees.

1. Degree Of Bachelor Of Arts.

(a) Candidates, except, on certain conditions, members of an Affiliated College (see p. 224), must have resided for twelve Terms within the limits of the University, under the conditions mentioned in Chapter I, pp. 17-22: a certificate to this effect must be given by their College or Hall, or by the Delegates of Non-Collegiate Students, as the case may be. And since the statutable time of residence in each Term is shorter than the Term itself, candidates who have resided for twelve consecutive Terms from their matriculation are eligible for their degree in their twelfth Term as soon as they have completed the statutable residence for that Term: for example, a student who matriculates in Michaelmas Term 1885, maybe eligible for a degree in Trinity Term 1888, i.e. in about two years and eight months.

(/3) They must exhibit to the Registrar, on or before the day on which they propose to take their degree, certificates of having passed the First and Second Public Examinations, i.e. (1) either (a) the Testamur of the Classical Moderators, or (b) a certificate of having been placed in a Class in Greek and Latin Literature, together with a certificate (which may be either combined with or, in the case referred to on p. 140, distinct from the certificate of the Class) of having satisfied the Moderators in the Gospels or the substituted matter, or (c) a certificate of having passed the General Examination at Cambridge together with a certificate of Incorporation at Oxford: (2) the Testamur of the Examiners in the Rudiments of Faith and Religion or in the substituted matter; (3) either the Testamurs of having passed one of the legitimate combinations of three subjects in the Pass School, or the certificate of having been placed in a Class in one of the Honour Schools, at the Second Public Examination.

(y) They must pay to the University a fee of £7 10s. Members of Colleges and Halls have also to pay a fee to their College or Hall: see p. 239.

2. Degree Of Master Of Arts.

(a) Candidates must have taken the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and must have entered upon the twenty-seventh Term from their matriculation (reckoning only those Terms in which they have kept their name on the books of a College or Hall, or on the register of Non-Collegiate Students). There is no prescribed interval of time between the degrees of Bachelor and Master of Arts, so that a Candidate who has attained the requisite standing can take them on the same day.

(18) They must pay to the University a fee of £12, unless they have previously been admitted to, and paid the fees for, the degree of Bachelor of Civil Law or of Medicine, in which case the fee is £7. Members of Colleges and Halls also pay a fee to their College or Hall: see p. 239.

At the expiration of the Term in which a Master of Arts has taken his degree (Easter and Trinity Terms being for this purpose reckoned as one) he becomes a ' Regent Master.' He is then, but not until then, a member of the House of Convocation, and as such entitled to vote upon any question which comes before that House, so long as he pays his annual dues to the University, and also keeps his name on the books of a College or Hall, or on the register of Non-Collegiate Students. Arrangements have been made by which he may compound for all such dues by payment of a single sum, and thus become a life-member of Convocation.

3. Degree Of Bachelor Of Civil Law.

(a) Candidates must have been admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

(j3) They must have had their names on the books of a College or Hall or on the register of Non-Collegiate Students for twentysix Terms, and must have entered on the twenty-seventh Term.

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