« PreviousContinue »
Terms of residence need not be consecutive; they may, as far as the University is concerned, be distributed over any number of years. Sometimes a break in the regular sequence of Terms of residence is caused by illness; and sometimes also students of limited means can afford to reside for one or two Terms only in the course of a year. As the same total number of Terms of residence is required from all alike, this latter course postpones the obtaining of a degree: but it should be borne in mind as a possible alternative by those who, for whatever reason, find continuous residence impossible.
Note.—It is necessary to draw a distinction between Terms of Residence and Terms of Standing. The latter are those Terms during which a member of the University, whether resident or not, has kept his name on the books of a College or Hall, or of the Delegates of Non-Collegiate Students, and has paid his terminal fees. The former are those Terms in .which, in addition to this, he has resided in the manner and for the length of time mentioned above. In the public Examinations of the University, Terms of Standing, for the degree of B.A., Terms of Residence, are alone taken into account.
These general regulations of the University are supplemented by the regulations of the several Colleges and Halls, and of the Delegates of Non-Collegiate Students. As a rule, Undergraduates are required to begin their residence in each Term on a particular day, and to reside for two or three weeks longer than would satisfy the bare requirements of the University. They cannot come or go altogether as they please; and although permission either to begin or to cease residence at other than the appointed time is never refused in cases of urgency, yet such permission has to be obtained beforehand from the proper authorities. The day on which the Undergraduate members of each Society are expected to come into residence is usually notified in the University Gazette.
As a rule, residence in vacations is discouraged, and sometimes prohibited: but in the Easter Vacation, and during the last four or five weeks of the Long Vacation, permission to reside is not unfrequently given to those who intend to become candidates for one of the ensuing University Examinations. At Balliol, if a sufficient number desire to do so, Undergraduates are allowed to reside, and arrangements are made for their residence, during six weeks of the Long Vacation. Residence without permission, whether in College or in lodgings, is a punishable offence.
§ 2. Of the Place of Residence.
1. Regulations Of The University.
An Undergraduate must reside not only within the limits of the University, but also in one of the recognised places of residence; that is to say, he must reside either—
(1) Within the gates of a College or Hall (public or private), or of one of their annexed buildings: or
(2) In lodgings which have been licensed by, and are under the supervision of, the Delegates of Lodging-houses, and which must be situated within a mile and a half of Carfax: or
(3) Under special circumstances, at the discretion of the Delegates, in a house not licensed as a lodging-house but situated within the forementioned limit.
For residence in a College or Hall no other consent is necessary than that of the authorities of the College or Hall, but in the two other cases, an Undergraduate, of whatever standing, must obtain the permission of the Delegates of Lodging-houses. If he takes up his residence, even in licensed lodgings, without such permission, he forfeits the privileges of the University for the time during which such residence, continues; and if he persists in such residence after having been cautioned by the Delegates, he is rusticated by the Vice-Chancellor.
The necessary permission is given under the following conditions :—
(1) Undergraduates, whether they are or are not attached to a College or Hall, must have the consent of their parents or guardians, unless (a) they are twenty-one years of age, (A) or have resided twelve Terms within the University; in either of which cases such consent is dispensed with.
(2) Undergraduates who are members of a College or Hall must have the consent of their College or Hall.
The consent both of the parents or guardians, and of the College or Hall, must be signified to the Delegates by the Head of the College or Hall, and must be accompanied by a certificate of good character.
Practically, an Undergraduate has but little difficulty in the matter. A licence to keep lodgings is never refused to any respectable person; nor is a licence to reside in lodgings ever refused by the Delegates to a student of good character. A student of mature age can usually obtain permission to reside where he pleases; and a like permission may be granted by the Delegates, under special circumstances, to students who are not of mature age; e.g. they may obtain permission to reside with their parents or their tutor.
A list of licensed lodgings, with the prices of the several sets of rooms annexed, is printed every year, and may be seen at the office of the Delegates of Lodging-houses. The prices vary from ys. to 65/. per week. In order, as far as possible, to prevent misunderstanding, a form of agreement between lodginghouse keepers and their tenants has been sanctioned by the University, and must be signed by both parties when lodgings are taken.
2. Regulations Of Colleges And Halls.
A Non-Collegiate Student has to satisfy no other requirements in respect ef the place of his residence than those which have been mentioned above; but a member of a College or Hall must also satisfy the requirements of his College or Hall. Most Colleges and Halls prefer that their Undergraduates should complete their necessary residence within the College walls, but some Colleges give an absolute option in the matter, and all, except Keble, allow residence outside the College walls under special circumstances. After the completion of twelve, and in some cases of eight, Terms' residence within the College walls, Undergraduates are usually required to remove into lodgings, except in the case of Scholars upon the foundation, who have usually the option of retaining their rooms in College. Those who reside outside the walls of their College or Hall are subject to various rules, of which the most important are subjoined.
At University, special permission must be obtained for residence in lodgings before the completion of twelve Terms' residence.
At Balliol, Undergraduates may choose before admission, subject to the necessary limitation of the number of vacant rooms in College, to reside either in College or in lodgings. Those who reside in lodgings may either battel in College, or be wholly independent of the College in respect of their meals. In the latter case they may still, at their option, on giving notice to the manciple, dine in the College hall.
At Merton, Commoners reside in College for eight Terms at least.
At Exeter, Undergraduates, at the request of their parents or guardians, are allowed to reside in lodgings during their whole course. As a rule, all Undergraduates are required to go into lodgings after twelve Terms' residence.
At Oriel, Undergraduates, other than Scholars, as a rule, go into lodgings after eight Terms' residence in College.
At Queen's, Undergraduates may, with the consent, if they are under age, of their parents or guardians, obtain the leave of the College to reside in lodgings during their whole course. In ordinary cases, however, the College discourages parents and guardians from exposing young men at the outset of their University course to the additional risks involved in residence in lodgings. As a rule, Scholars and Exhibitioners may be required to go out of College after twelve Terms', Commoners after eight Terms', residence. Residents, whether in or out of College, are allowed complete freedom in regulating their own expenses with reference to their meals.
At New College, Commoners, whose parents or guardians desire it, are admitted to reside in lodgings during their whole term of residence. They are under no obligation to battel in College, but are allowed to do so, either partially or entirely, at the discretion of the College.
At Lincoln, the general rule is that Undergraduates reside in College for twelve Terms. The regulations as to dining in Hall apply equally to Undergraduates residing in College Or in lodgings.
At Magdalen, both Commoners and Foundationers can obtain leave to reside in lodgings at any part of their course. Foundationers are usually allowed to occupy rooms in College until they have taken the degree of B.A. Commoners go out of College after eight Terms' residence.
At Brasenose, Scholars are required to reside in College for twelve Terms, and Commoners for at least eight Terms.
At Corpus, Commoners may be admitted either (i) to reside in College for a period varying from eight to twelve Terms from matriculation; or (2) to reside in lodgings but dine in the College hall and have other meals brought from the College.
At Christ Church, Undergraduates of less than twelve Terms' standing are allowed to reside out of College only in special cases. All Undergraduates in residence are required to battel in College.
At Trinity, a limited number of Undergraduates are allowed to reside in lodgings.
At St. John's, Undergraduates, whose parents or guardians desire it, may occasionally obtain leave to reside in lodgings during their whole course. All Undergraduates are required to go into lodgings after twelve Terms' residence.
At Jesus, all Undergraduates, except Scholars, usually go out of College after twelve Terms' residence.
At Wadham, Undergraduates may, under special circumstances, obtain permission to reside in lodgings during their whole course.
At Pembroke, Undergraduates are allowed, under special circumstances, to reside out of College, on condition of their attending the College Lectures, and, unless specially exempted, of their battelling in College and attending the College Chapel.
At Worcester, Undergraduates, under special circumstances, are allowed to reside in lodgings during their whole course. All Commoners, but not Scholars, go out of College, unless they obtain special permission to remain in, after twelve Terms' residence.
At Keble, no Undergraduates reside in lodgings.
At Hertford, no Undergraduates of under twelve Terms' standing, for whom there is room in College, are allowed to reside in lodgings, unless at the express request of their parents or guardians for special reasons to be approved by the College. But Commoners for whom rooms cannot be provided in College are allowed, with the consent of their parents or guardians, to begin their residence in lodgings, and are entitled to the first choice of rooms subsequently vacated in College.
At St. Mary Hall, Undergraduates may reside either in Hall or in lodgings, and may battel either wholly or partially in Hall. All Undergraduates are liable to be required to go into lodgings after eight Terms' residence in Hall.
At St. Edmund Hall, Undergraduates of less than twelve Terms' standing are allowed to reside in lodgings only under special circumstances. Those who do so are not required to battel in Hall, but may do so to whatever extent they think proper.
IIi. OP DISCIPLINE.
The nature of the discipline which is exercised by the University over its junior members has varied both with the increase in the average age of graduation and with the variations in the general habits of society. When the University took the place which is filled at present by the Public Schools, the Statute-book contained an elaborate series of minute prohibitory enactments, which had become practically obsolete long before they were