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1. Admission of Selected Candidates. A Selected Candidate is eligible for immediate admission at almost all Colleges and Halls, or as a Non-Collegiate Student of the University. At Christ Church there are six Scholarships, of not more than £50 a year each, for which Selected Candidates alone are eligible. They are in all cases required to matriculate as members of the University, but are not required to pass an entrance examination. It is not always possible for such Candidates to be admitted to residence within the College walls: in this case they can reside in licensed lodgings selected by themselves. The arrangements of the several Colleges and Halls vary so widely that it is advisable for a Selected Candidate, as soon as he has fixed upon the particular College or Hall at which he would prefer to enter, to write to the Head of that College or Hall, and ascertain from him the precise conditions under which he would be admitted.
2. Instruction of Selected Candidates. Instruction is provided by the University in each of the six subjects prescribed in the Regulations of the Civil Service Commissioners.
(1) In Law, the Regius Professor of Civil Law usually gives each year two, or three, Courses of lectures upon Roman Law. The Reader in Roman Law also lectures in that subject. The Reader in Indian Law lectures upon the prescribed subjects.
(2) In the Classical Languages of India the Professor of Sanskrit gives instruction during each Term both in the elements and in the higher philology of the language: the Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic and the Laudian Professor of Arabic give whatever instruction may be necessary in that language during each Term, and the Teacher of Persian lectures during thirty-two weeks in the year.
(3) In the vernacular languages of India the Teacher of Hindustani and the Teacher of Telugu give instruction three times a week during thirty-two weeks in the year in Hindustani, and in Telugu and Tamil, respectively. Instruction is also provided in Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, and Burmese.
(4) In the History and Geography of India the Reader in Indian History lectures twice a week during Term, and also receives exercises from persons who attend his lectures.
(5) In Political Economy the Professor of Political Economy lectures at least twice a week during two Terms.
(6) In Natural Science, the Professors of Botany, Rural Economy, Geology, and Zoology, respectively, give not only lectures but practical instruction, and the Botanic Garden (p. 60) and the Geological and Zoological departments of the Museum are open for study during the greater part of the year.
The fees for these lectures vary, and in several cases the instruction is free: but the total fees payable by a Selected Candidate for tuition vary from about £30 to £3 5 a year, including the ordinary College fees for tuition, and special courses of lectures which are provided when necessary for the Selected Candidates in the subjects of their examinations.
In addition to the University teaching, every Selected Candidate who enters a College or Hall is admitted to the lectures of the College or Hall, so far as they bear upon his course of reading.
3. Examinations for the Degree of B.A. A Selected Candidate is not required to pass Responsions: but he must pass the First Public Examination in the ordinary way. In the Pass School of the Second Public Examination certain changes have recently been made, the operation of which, though not confined to Selected Candidates, is of special benefit to them. A Candidate in that School may now offer Sanskrit, or Persian, or both, in lieu of either Greek and Latin or a modern European language: he may also offer a period of Indian History and a branch of Indian Law. That is to say, he can obtain his degree by offering three of the same subjects which he is required to offer to the Civil Service Commissioners.
4. Examinations for the Degree of B.C.L. Certain branches of Indian Law are now included as principal subjects in this Examination (see p. 205).
VI. AFFILIATED COLLEGES.
1. Any College or Institution within the United Kingdom or in any part of the British Dominions, being a place of education in which the majority of the students are of the age of seventeen at least, may be admitted to the privileges of an Affiliated College on the following conditions, namely:
(a) That its members have been incorporated by Royal Charter, or that provision has been otherwise made for its establishment on a permanent and efficient footing and for its government-.
(b) That it shall allow the University to be represented on its Governing Body and to take such part in its Examinations as shall from time to time be determined by or under the authority of the University.
(c) That it shall have been admitted to the privileges of an Affiliated College by a vote of Convocation.
(d) That the connexion between the University and an Affiliated College shall be • terminable either by a vote of Convocation, or by a resolution of the Governing Body of the College.
2. Any person who has completed a course of three years at least at an Affiliated College, and who has passed the Examinations connected with that course in accordance with regulations to be prescribed or approved from time to time by the Delegates of Local Examinations, is entitled to receive a Certificate from the University indicating that such person has completed at an Affiliated College a systematic course of study and examinations approved by the University.
3. Any person who has received such a Certificate may, if he has obtained Honours in the Second (or final) Examination at such affiliated College, be admitted as a Candidate in the First Public Examination of the University without having been matriculated; and if he satisfies the Moderators in that Examination, and is matriculated in the course of the Term next following, he is not required to pass Responsions, and the Term in which he has been matriculated is, for the purposes of any provision respecting the standing of members of the University, reckoned as the fifth Term from his matriculation; and if he obtains Honours either in the First or in the Second Public Examination, he can obtain the degree of Bachelor of Arts as soon as he has kept statutable residence for eight Terms and has passed the Second Public Examination. But no person already matriculated can offer himself as a Candidate in the First Public Examination under the provisions of this Statute.
The Colleges at present so affiliated are St. David's College, Lampeter, and University College, Nottingham.
OF ACADEMICAL EXPENSES.
The cost of living at Oxford varies so largely with the means, tastes, and moral courage of a student that it is not possible to lay down many general propositions respecting it. The total amount is made up in each case of several elements: there are certain fixed expenses which are common to all alike, such as University and College fees: there are other expenses, such as those of board and lodging, which, though varying with particular cases, vary only, as far as the Colleges and Halls are concerned, within definite limits: there are others, such as subscriptions to clubs or societies, which are common but voluntary: there are others, such as tradesmen's bills, which are not special to University life, and which are almost wholly within a student's power to fix for himself.
If the first two of these four classes of expenditure be alone taken into consideration, it is a matter of experience that a student who resides within a College or Hall can, with economy, obtain the degree of B.A. for a total expenditure of £300. This estimate includes board, room-rent or lodging, and washing, for twelve Terms of residence, tuition and miscellaneous College charges, admission, examination, and degree fees: the necessary expenses which it does not include are clothes, books, railway fares, and the cost of living in the vacations. Many students have been known to obtain their degree for less than the sum above mentioned: but this has required a more than ordinary amount of thrift and self-denial, and possibly also a forfeiture of some collateral advantages which University life brings.
Members of Colleges and Halls who reside in lodgings are, in most cases, on the same footing as Non-Collegiate Students in respect of entire freedom in the regulation of such expenses as are involved in board and lodging. They have usually, however, to bear a certain share in the cost of the College establishment; but at Balliol and New Colleges the sum so paid is less than the difference between the University fees which are payable by a member of a College or Hall and those which are payable by a Non-Collegiate Student. The only pecuniary advantage which a Non-Collegiate .Student enjoys over a member of one of those societies is, that he is not liable to the payment of the tuition fee which is charged upon members of Colleges.
Some Colleges and Halls have of late revised their scale of charges, and made new arrangements with a view to the reduction of necessary expenses. For example, the deposit of a sum of money on admission, which was formerly required from all students as a guarantee against possible loss, is no longer required at certain Colleges and Halls from those who pay their battels in advance: the difficulties which arose to many students of slender means from being compelled to purchase the furniture of their rooms on coming into residence are obviated in several Colleges and Halls $y allowing the hire of furniture from the College: the miscellaneous charges have been in several instances gathered together into a fixed annual payment: and at Keble College, St. Mary Hall, and St. Edmund Hall, the payment of a fixed annual sum is made to cover, with trifling exceptions, all 'necessary academical expenses.
In the following statement are gathered together, (i) all fees which are payable to the University, (2) as much information as is at present available in regard to the charges of Colleges and Halls. It has not been attempted to include any expenses except those which are independent of the personal tastes of a student.