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(6) Honour School of Theology.
Regius Professor of Divinity.
Regius Professor of Hebrew.
Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History.
Margaret Professor of Divinity.
Ireland Professor of Exegesis.

Oriel Professor of the Interpretation of Holy Scripture.
Grinfield Lecturer on the Septuagint.
Reader in Rabbinical Hebrew.
Reader in Ecclesiastical History.

The Professors and Teachers who lecture on subjects which are less directly recognised in the Examinations for Honours in the Faculty of Arts, although some of them are rewarded by scholarships or prizes, are the following:—

(1) Fine Arts. Professor of Poetry.

Slade Professor of Fine Art (assisted by the Master of Drawing in the Ruskin Drawing School).

(2) Languages and Literature.

(a) European:— Professor of Anglo-Saxon. Professor of Celtic.

Merton Professor of English Language and Literature.
Taylorian Teacher of French.

„ „ German.

„ „ Italian.

Lecturer in Icelandic Literature and Antiquities.

(b) Oriental:
Laudian Professor of Arabic.
Lord Almoner's Professor of Arabic.
Professor of Chinese.
Teacher of Hindustani.
Teacher of Persian.
Teacher of Telugu and Tamil.

The Professors and Teachers in the other Faculties are as follows:—


(1) Faculty of Theology.

The Professors mentioned above under the head of the

Honour School of Theology.
The Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology.

(2) Faculty of Law.

The Professors mentioned above under the head of the
Honour School of Jurisprudence.

(3) Faculty of Medicine.
Regius Professor of Medicine.
Lichfield Clinical Lecturer in Medicine.
Lichfield Clinical Lecturer in Surgery.

(4) Faculty of Music.
Professor of Music.

§ 2. Of College Tutors and Lecturers.

Side by side with the extension of the public teaching of the University there has been an extension of the teaching of Colleges and Halls. Some years ago this teaching was chiefly confined to catechetical morning lectures, supplemented by weekly written exercises; and there was an attempt on the part of each College or Hall to provide within its own walls all the instruction that its members required. Within recent years, however, this system has been largely modified. On the one hand, there has grown up a much greater freedom of intercourse between Tutors and students. Teaching is neither so limited nor so formal as it used to be. The special needs of individual students are regarded, and a student of ability commonly receives from his Tutor all the private help which it is possible for him to give. On the other hand, the principle of division of labour has been applied to a much greater extent than formerly. Several groups of Colleges have combined together for purposes of instruction in such a way that each lecturer, instead of having to lecture upon a number of heterogeneous subjects, is able to appropriate to himself some one or more special branches. The advantage of this system to the student is partly that a much wider range of subjects can be covered, and partly that he is able to gather the best thoughts of several minds.

The ordinary lectures of Colleges and Halls are of course chiefly intended for their members: the subjects of lecture are not published, but are announced by a written notice on the buttery-board: the fees, which are included in the terminal * 'battels,' vary from £15 to £25 per annum, irrespective of the number of lectures which an Undergraduate attends. This charge for tuition sometimes ceases after the twelfth Term of residence, and sometimes continues to be paid until all the Examinations necessary for the degree of B.A. have been passed. (See P-233-)

Some Colleges and Halls admit to their lectures students who are not members of their own body. This is especially the case with the Readers on the foundation of Dr. Lee at Christ Church, to whose lectures all members of the University are admitted on payment of a fee of £1.

The combined lectures of Colleges and Halls are usually announced by printed schedules circulated in the University, some of which are printed in the University Gazette. The combinations which at present exist are:—

(1) Between University, Balliol, Exeter, New, Magdalen, Corpus, St. John's, Trinity, and Worcester Colleges in respect of lectures for the'First Public Examination; and between the same, omitting St. John's, for the School of Literse Humaniores.

(2) Between Merton, Oriel, Queen's, Lincoln, Magdalen, Brasenose, Corpus, St. John's, Jesus, Wadham, and Pembroke Colleges, and St. Edmund Hall, in respect of certain lectures in the School of Literae Humaniores.

(3) Between University, Balliol, Merton, Exeter, Queen's, New, Magdalen, Corpus, Trinity, St. John's, Pembroke, Worcester, and Hertford Colleges in respect of lectures in Mathematics: these lectures are free also to members of St. Edmund Hall and to Non-Collegiate Students.

(4) Between Balliol, Exeter, and Trinity Colleges in respect of lectures in Natural Science.

(5) Between Balliol, Exeter, New, Magdalen, Christ Church, Trinity, St. John's, Jesus, Wadham, and Keble Colleges in respect of certain lectures in Natural Science.

(6) Between Merton, Exeter, Oriel, Queen's, New, Lincoln, Magdalen, Brasenose, Christ Church, Trinity, St. John's, Jesus, Wadham, Pembroke, Worcester, Keble, and Hertford Colleges in respect of certain lectures for the School of Theology: these lectures are free also to members of St. Edmund Hall and to Non-Collegiate Students.

(7) Between Oriel and Lincoln Colleges, also between Queen's * College and St. Edmund Hall, in respect of all subjects of University Examination.

Any member of the Colleges which have entered into these several combinations is free to attend any lectures which are given by the lecturers who have entered into the combination. Other members of the University, whether they are or are not attached to a College or Hall, are also usually admitted to these lectures on the application of their Tutors, and on payment of a fee which varies from £1 to £3 3-f.

§ 3. Of Private Tuition.

Before the recent extension of Professorial and College teaching most candidates for University Honours were practically compelled to avail themselves of private help. This help was given, partly by College Tutors during the hours which were not employed in College lectures, partly by other resident Graduates. Many of the most distinguished members of the University were thus employed, and much of the best teaching was only thus to be obtained. But although there are still some cases in which a candidate for Honours may find it advisable to supplement in this way the help which he can derive from public sources, private tuition is no longer practically indispensable to the attainment of high distinction.

For students of another class private tuition prevails to an even greater extent than formerly. Nearly all the instruction which is given by College Tutors to candidates for ordinary degrees is necessarily adapted to the average requirements of such candidates: and consequently those students who, from defective preliminary training or other causes, fall below the average standard of attainment, usually require more full and individual help than College Tutors afford. This help is more necessary on first entrance than afterwards: and it is often a mistaken economy not to seek it.

For whatever purpose a private Tutor be required, it is very desirable that a student should seek the advice of his College Tutor or of the Censor of Non-Collegiate Students, before selecting one. Among private Tutors are many Graduates of high attainments and wide experience, but it should be remembered that the attainment of academical distinction is not always an indication of the power of communicating knowledge, and also that where a subject of study has many branches it is not always easy for a student to find out without guidance the particular branch in which a particular Tutor excels.

The fee of a private Tutor has been for a long time fixed by custom at £20 for an hour's lecture on six days in the week for eight weeks, or £10 for an hour's lecture on three days in the week. Some private Tutors receive their pupils in small classes, the fee for which varies with both the particular Tutor and the particular subject of study.


Oxford has long been singularly rich in the means of acquiring literary information; it has lately become rich also in the means of acquiring scientific knowledge. It is less rich in Antiquities and objects of Art; but what it does possess is both interesting and valuable. Most of these means, whether literary, scientific, or artistic, are readily accessible to all members of the University.

§ 1. The Bodleian Library.

The Bodleian Library consists partly of the original collection of the founder (Sir Thomas Bodley), partly of collections which have been from time to time bequeathed to the University, partly of copies of every copyright work published in England, and partly of purchased books and MSS. It contains at present between 400,000 and 450,000 volumes (above 1,000,000 separate printed works), and about 25,000 manuscripts.

For purposes of reading it is divided into two parts.

(1) The Library proper, which contains the greater part of the collection, is open from 9 A.m. to 3 P.m. in January, November,

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