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other address as the Librarian may deem requisite. On returning a book the borrower shall demand this voucher, which will then be separated from its counterfoil and given him as his acquittance. Every borrower not applying in person must send a written request, which shall be treated in all respects as a voucher.

5. All books shall be brought back to the Library at or before the end of each Term, but may be taken out again by privileged persons intending to continue residence, on condition of returning the same before they quit Oxford. Unbound numbers of Periodicals and Reviews must be returned at the end of one week from the time of borrowing.

6. If application be made to the Librarian for a book which has been taken out, he shall issue notice to the borrower, who must return it within a week from the delivery of such notice. The Library Committee may also direct the issuing of such notices at their discretion.

7. The following classes of books are subject to special restrictions. Lists are kept by the Librarian.

(1) Atlases, Grammars, and Dictionaries, in common use, several Manuscripts, volumes remarkable for scarcity or condition, and some Bibliographical and other books, are restrained from circulation.

(3) Certain Catalogues, works on Bibliography, Collections of various kinds, some illustrated and other books, can be borrowed only by written permission of the Library Committee.

(3) Certain Encyclopaedias and Biographical Dictionaries are allowed

to circulate, one volume at a time, but must be returned within a week or upon twenty-four hours' notice.

(4) The last received number of each Periodical or Review may

be taken out at or after 4.45 P.m., and not earlier, on condition of being returned at or before 11.30 A.m. next day.

8. No book shall be taken out of Oxford without permission in writing obtained from the Library Committee. Such permission can be conceded on special grounds to privileged persons only, and under no circumstances shall any book be taken over sea.

9. Undergraduate Members of the University, not being privileged as Taylorian Scholars, may obtain a limited privilege of using books out of the Library, subject to its Regulations, upon presenting to the Librarian a paper (copies of which may be obtained from him) in which the Head, the Vicegerent, or a Tutor of the applicant's College or Hall not only recommends the applicant to the Curators, but also undertakes to be personally responsible for any loss which may occur to the Library by default of the person whom he recommends.

Books can be borrowed under this rule during Term-time only; every book must be returned at or before the end of Term; and no person thus borrowing shall have in his possession more than two volumes at any one time. For any special extension of privilege application must be made to the Library Committee.

Attached to the Taylorian Library is also a room containing the Finch Collection, which consists (i) of a library, composed chiefly of classical works, modern Italian literature, and illustrated works, and (2) of a small collection of works of art; this room is also fitted up as a special reading-room for Masters of Arts.

The Catalogue of the Library proper is at present in MS.; that of the Finch Collection has been printed. The Bibliographical works and Dictionaries will be found near the Librarian's desk, and may be consulted by all readers.

Ilchester Endowment. The Curators of the Taylor Institution are also the administrators of a special fund bequeathed by the Earl of Ilchester for the encouragement of the study of the Slavonic Languages, Literature, and History. They apply the proceeds of the fund from time to time to the delivery of Lectures, or the bestowal of Prizes or Exhibitions, or the publication of works bearing upon the above-mentioned subjects.

§ 3. The Radcliffe Library.

The Radcliffe Library was founded under the will of Dr. Radcliffe, early in the eighteenth century, and the building now used as the Camera Radcliviana was in the first instance built to receive it. At present it is placed in the University Museum, and is wholly confined to scientific literature. Most of the leading works in the several departments of Physical Science, and almost all scientific periodicals, will be found on its shelves.

The Library is arranged in two parts: (1) the Principal Bookroom; (2) the Reading-room.

In the Principal Book-room, the books are arranged in subjects, viz. 1. Philosophy; 2. Mathematics; 3. Astronomy; 4. Physics; 5. Chemistry; 6. Mineralogy; 7. Geology; 8. Voyages and Travels; 9. Biological Science; 10. Medicine; 11. Biographies, &c.; 12. Miscellaneous.

The many large illustrated works, such as those of Audubon, Gould, and Mascagni, or the Voyage de l'Astrolabe, have places conveniently allotted to them apart from the general classification. They are for the most part in cases, standing in the body of the room, and constructed for folios of any size. The works on Medicine, and the older and less used volumes, are in the galleries.

The Reading-room has wall-cases, floor-cases, and a gallery. On the east side of the room are placed Transactions and Proceedings of Academies: those of the British Empire begin the series; they are followed in alphabetical order by those of other countries, America (U.S.), Denmark, France, &c.

On the west side are journals relating to special subjects, in the order of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Biology. The Medical journals are in the eastern gallery, and are arranged according to countries. A special catalogue of the serials has been printed, and may be purchased of the Sub-Librarian in attendance.

In the south-eastern corner of the room is a collection of standard books, called ' The Students' Library.' It contains books arranged under the heads of the subjects studied in the Museum, selected by the Professors of each department. Each set contains manuals, systematic treatises, and typical monographs. Changes in the selection are made from time to time. (A catalogue of the works in the Students' Library may be had from the SubLibrarian: a new edition is being prepared.)

Then follow, in an adjoining case, Dictionaries, and Encyclopaedias of the subjects just named.

On several stands in the centre of the room are, ist, Maps and Plans; 2nd, such Geological, Anatomical, and Zoological works as consist chiefly of large plates; and 3rd, the newer books which have been added to the Library.

Opposite each window is a table calculated to accommodate four readers.

At the south end of the Reading-room is a stand for holding catalogues and other books pertaining to the management of the Library, as well as shelves for bibliographical works.

The Catalogue of the Library up to 1872, and also annual lists of the additions since that date, have been printed, and may be purchased.

The Reading-room is open daily from 10 A.m. to 6 P.m. in Term, and from 10 A.m. to 4 P.m. in Vacation. All persons who are allowed to use the Museum may enter this room, and obtain orders to read from the Sub-Librarian; all the books in it may be removed from the shelves by them without further permission, or any condition except the observance of the regulations of the Library.

The regulations are as follows:—

1. All persons who are admitted to study in the Museum will be admitted to the Reading-room of the Library, for the purpose of reading.

2. Persons who desire to use the Reading-room without studying in other parts of the Museum, may obtain an order for the Reading-room by letter, addressed to 'The Radcliffe Librarian—Oxford Museum,' enclosing, if personally unknown, a sufficient letter of reference or introduction.

3. All persons entering the Reading-room are at liberty to use all books, maps, and documents in it, and to take any such from their places. They are requested to leave them on the table, and not to return them to their shelves.

4. Readers may, by application to the Sub-Librarian in attendance, e obtain any book which is in the Library, other than those in the Reading-room. They may apply orally, or in writing on one of the slips provided at the Catalogue Stand.

5. There are two forms of slips for written application, one for books to be used in the Reading-room, one for books to be taken into the Central Court.

6. Books may be removed according to the regulation on the slips, for study of objects in the Court, but readers may bring from the Court to the Reading-room such objects as osteological specimens, if the rules of the Court allow it; such as are calculated to injure the books cannot be so introduced.

7. The permission to use books in the Court does not extend to the Work-rooms, Private Rooms, or Laboratories.

8. By means of the Catalogue, and by application to the SubLibrarian, it is believed that readers will obtain everything which they require; under special circumstances an order may be obtained from the Librarian to consult works in the Principal Book-room without removal to the Reading-room.

9. Readers who intend to frequent the Reading-room may have part of a table reserved for them, if they leave their names with the SubLibrarian—subject, of course, to the condition that they retain their right by use. If they wish books in use to be reserved for the next day, they should express their wish to the Sub-Librarian.

10. Readers who desire to draw, either from objects in the Museum or from plates existing in the Radcliffe Library, may have an easel and water (for water colours) on application to the Sub-Librarian. At present an artist is ready to take pupils in Natural History Drawing.

11. The Master in the Ruskin Drawing School (seep. 65) is ready to hold Evening Classes for teaching the Anatomical drawing of the Figure, on certain evenings during Term.

12. A first-class microscope by Powell and Lealand (including a -fa object-glass) is attached to the Library, for reference, and for comparison of real objects with the illustrated works.

13. Readers are earnestly requested to observe silence. They can communicate to the Sub-Librarian any wants they may find unsupplied, and any inconvenience which they desire to have remedied.

§ 4. College Libraries.

At University, the College Library is open to all members of the College, and books may be taken out at all times, the borrower being only required to enter his name in the Register kept in the Library.

At Balliol, the College Library is especially rich in Divinity and modern books bearing on Classical Literature and Philosophy. There is a reading-room attached to the Library, which is open to Undergraduates between the hours of 10 A.m. and 10 P.m. Books may be taken out both in Term and for the Vacations.

At Merton, the College Library is open between 9 A.m. and 1 P.m. in Term to all members of the College. The Library is especially rich in Mediaeval Theology and Medicine: it will hereafter be devoted chiefly to books on Modern History.

At Exeter, (1) the Fellows' Library is open to Undergraduates every Saturday in full Term between noon and j P.m. Books may be taken out at that time on application to the Librarian, and at other times on application to a Fellow. (2) There is a Library for the special use of Undergraduate Members of the College, which is open every week-day from 9 A.m. to sunset, and from which books may be taken out under certain conditions.

At Oriel, (1) the College Library is open to Undergraduates under certain restrictions; (2) there is a separate Library and Reading-room for Undergraduates open to them without restriction.

At Queen's, (1) the College Library is especially rich in Modern Literature. It is open to all resident Graduates of the College, who may on application to the College obtain a private key for use during Term: also to all Undergraduate members of the College, who are allowed to take out books, not being books of reference, for any period not exceeding three weeks. Graduates of the University, residing in Oxford, may take books out, under certain conditions, on application to the Librarian.

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