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(2) A special reading-room for Undergraduates is open until 11 P.m. It is provided with books of reference and other works likely to be of use to candidates for Honours in the Schools of the University. The books are during Term confined to the room, but may be taken out in Vacation on application to the Librarian. (3) A room called the Taberdars' Room is provided for the use of residents, in which newspapers &c. are supplied.
At New College, the College Library is open to Undergraduates, and books may be taken out under conditions prescribed by the College or by the Librarian.
At Lincoln, (1) the College Library is especially rich in Scholastic Theology, in pamphlets of the period of the Civil War, and in books bearing on the Old Testament. It is open to Fellows of the College only, except by special leave. (2) The Undergraduates' Library is furnished with books bearing on the subjects of study in the various Schools recognised in the University. It is open to all Undergraduates of the College between 9 A.m. and 10 P.m. on every day during Term.
At All Souls, the Library is especially rich in works bearing upon Modern History and Law. A Reading-room is attached to it, which is open to all Graduates of the University, to Barristers on the Oxford Circuit, and to other persons recommended by the Warden or a Fellow of the College, by a Chichele Professor, or by a Head or Tutor of a College or Hall, from 10 A.m. to 4 P.m. every week-day in full Term, and from 11 A.m. to 4 P.m. in Vacation (but on Saturdays from 11 to 2); during the months of August and September, and on some few days during the rest of the year, it is entirely closed. Books from the General Library, except those specially reserved by the Librarian, may be sent for into the Reading-room, upon application to the Assistant Librarian.
At Magdalen, the Library is rich in Divinity, Natural Science, and Topography. Standard works in Classics and other branches of University education are added as required. Undergraduates can obtain books from it by application to the Librarian or his Assistant, and it is open at stated hours of the day, during which they can either take out such books as they require, or use them in the Library itself.
At Brasenose, Undergraduates have admission to the College Library at times arranged by the Librarian: there is also a special Library and Reading-room for the use of Undergraduates.
At Corpus, the Library is rich in MSS., in early printed books, and in works relating to Italian history and topography.
At Christ Church, (i) the Library is especially rich in old Divinity: (2) there is also an Undergraduates' Library and Reading Room, which contains the books most likely to be useful to those who are studying the Classics, Modern History, Philosophy, Theology.
At Trinity, Undergraduates may obtain books from the College Library by applying to the Librarian. There is also an Undergraduates' Library.
At St. John's, (1) the College Library is especially rich in Theology, and is open to Undergraduates under certain restrictions. (2) There is also a special Library, which is open every day in full Term, and from which Undergraduates are at liberty to take books out for themselves.
At Jesus, the College Library is especially rich in English law and controversial divinity of the latter half of the seventeenth century. There is also a Library of selected books for the use of Undergraduates.
At Wadham, (1) Undergraduates may obtain books from the College Library by applying to the Librarian: Graduates may, on application, be provided with keys. (2) There is a Library for the special use of Undergraduates, from which books may be taken out by them, under certain conditions.
At Pembroke, there is an Undergraduates' Library; and Undergraduates can also obtain books from the College Library by applying to the Librarian or to a resident Fellow.
At "Worcester, (1) the College Library has many Architectural Works, Travels, Old Plays, and Pamphlets: its special department is Classical Archaeology. All members of the College and resident members of Convocation, on application to the Librarian, may under certain restrictions, obtain books from it,
for use both in Term-time and in Vacation. (2) The Undergraduates' Library, containing books bearing on the subjects of the several Schools, is open as a reading-room every day until
At Keble, the Library is open to Undergraduates, and books may be taken out under regulations made from time to time. Part of the Library is fitted up as a Reading-room, and provided with duplicates of the books most commonly required, which are confined to the Library.
At Hertford, Undergraduates can obtain books from the College Library by applying to the Librarian.
At St. Mary Hall, the Library is at all times accessible to Undergraduates without restriction. .
At St. Edmund Hall, the Library is rich in Patristic and Modern Theology. It is open at fixed times on three days in the week to all members of the Hall.
§ 5. Mon-Collegiate Students' Library.
This is a Library of books necessary for Students in the various Schools (with the exception of the Natural Science School).
It is open whenever the Clarendon Buildings are open.
There is also a Lending Library, which is open, under certain conditions, to those Students who have paid an entrance fee of ten shillings.
§ 6. The University Museum.
The University Museum consists of a large group of buildings which are wholly devoted to the study and teaching of various branches of Physical Science. It contains collections in illustration of Mineralogy, Geology, Zoology, Comparative Anatomy, Pathology; together with the necessary apparatus for Chemistry and Physics. It also contains Lecture-rooms, special Libraries, Laboratories, Dissecting-rooms, and other appliances for each class of teaching. It also contains the Radcliffe Library, which consists of a large collection of books in almost every department of Physical Science, and which is open to all who are admitted to the Museum (see p. 44).
It is divided into separate Departments, which correspond to the several Professorships of Mathematical and Physical Science, and all of which are accessible without fee to all members of the University. Students of Physical Science who are not members of the University are admitted on the introduction of a Professor; and strangers from a distance, who wish merely to view the Museum, are admitted daily, between 2 P.m. and 4 P.m., on recording their names in the Visitors' Book.
The separate Departments are described in the following pages.
1. Department Of Mathematics.
This Department consists of Lecture-rooms in which the Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy and the Savilian Professor of Geometry give lectures, the former upon Applied, the latter usually upon Pure, Mathematics.
2. Department Of Astronomy. The University Observatory was completed in November, 1875, and is maintained at the expense of the University. It contains a refracting telescope of 12J inches aperture and 15 feet focal length, furnished with every known contrivance for diminishing the physical labour of the observer and conducing to the accuracy of his work. It is furnished with spectroscopes and other necessary adjuncts.
The Observatory contains two reflecting telescopes of 13 inches aperture and of rare excellence, presented to the University by the munificence of Warren De La Rue, Esq., F.R.S., Hon. D.C.L.
There are also several other instruments of less magnitude provided for the use and instruction of students.
This Observatory is devoted partly to the purposes of academical instruction, and partly is intended for the furtherance of original research in the various branches of Astronomical Science.
The Professor devotes at least two evenings of each week, during Term time, to the instruction of University students in Practical and Philosophical Astronomy. Other lectures are also given on subjects connected with the Lunar and Planetary theories.
The building and instruments are open on all week-days to the inspection of members of the University, between the hours of 11 A.m. and 2 P.m.
3. Department Of Physics.
The Clarendon Laboratory attached to the University Museum is specially designed to afford facilities for the study of Physics. It contains the Physical Cabinet, a Lecture Theatre adapted for lectures requiring experimental illustration, and several laboratories respectively devoted to the different branches of Physics, viz. Acoustics, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, and Optics.
The instruction given is of two kinds.
First, Lecture courses, intended either to supplement the instruction given in the laboratories, or to teach students the general principles of Physics.
In general, two lectures are delivered by the Professor in each week during the Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, and other courses of lectures are given by the Demonstrators. These lectures are, when necessary, illustrated by experiments, and are designed to make as little demand as possible on the mathematical knowledge of the student; an acquaintance with the simplest elements of Geometry and Algebra being in most cases all that is required.
Upon first entering the class of the Professor of Experimental Philosophy the student is required to pay a fee of £1; he is then free during his University career to attend all ordinary lectures given by the Professor.
Secondly, the Laboratory course, intended for students aiming at Honours in Physics in the School of Natural Science, and for those requiring a thorough knowledge of the use of physical apparatus, and of the methods of accurate measurement and physical research.
In the Physical Laboratory the students work singly or in small groups, according to the nature of the instrument or method under consideration. Instruction is given to the student in the nature and use of the instruments employed, and each is then required himself to carry out experiments, or to make exact measurements suggested to him, under the superintendence of the Professor and Demonstrators.
The Laboratory is open daily from 10 A.m. to 4 P.m., but it is usual for a student to work in the Laboratory only on alternate