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5. History.

(1) The Arnold Historical Essay Prize. This is awarded every Hilary Term for the best essay on some subject of Ancient or Modern History alternately. Its value is £42 in money. Candidates must be Graduates of the University who, on the day appointed for sending in the compositions, have not exceeded eight years from their matriculation.

(2) The Stanhope Historical Essay Prize. This is awarded every Easter Term for the best essay on some subject of Modern History, Foreign or English, between A.d. 1300 and A.d. 1815, Its value is £20 in books. Candidates must not, in the Term in which the prize is to be awarded, have exceeded the sixteenth Term from their matriculation.

(3) The Marquis of Lothian's Historical Essay Prize. This is awarded every year for the best essay on some subject of Foreign History between the Dethronement of Romulus Augustulus and the Death of Frederick the Great. Its value is £40, in money or books, at the discretion of the adjudicators. Candidates must be members of the University who, on the day appointed for sending in the compositions, have not exceeded the twenty-seventh Term from their matriculation.

6. Political Economy.

Cobden Prize. This is awarded every three years for an essay on some subject connected with Political Economy. Its value is £60 in money, and it is open to all members of the University who, on the day appointed for sending in the essays, have not exceeded twenty-eight Terms' standing from their matriculation.

7. Moral Philosophy.

Green Prize. This is awarded once in three years for a dissertation on some subject relating to Moral Philosophy. Its value is £90. Every candidate, before the day appointed for sending in the essays, must have been admitted to, or qualified for, the degree of Master of Arts.

8. Divinity.

(1) Denyer and Johnson Theological Scholarships. These are two in number, and are awarded to the two persons who obtain the two highest places in a theological examination held annually in Hilary Term, and open to all Bachelors of Arts who have not, at the time of examination, exceeded the twentyseventh Term from their matriculation. The emoluments are £50 for one year. The subjects of the examination, which are slightly varied from year to year, usually include (1) the Old Testament, with special reference to the Hebrew text and Septuagint version of one or more books, (2) the New Testament in the original, (3) Dogmatic Theology, with one or more specified treatises, (4) Butler's Analogy or Sermons, (5) a specified portion of Ecclesiastical History.

(2) Ellerton Theological Essay Prize. This is awarded every year 'for the best English essay on some doctrine or duty of the Christian religion, or on some of the points on which we differ from the Romish Church, or on any other subject of theology which shall be deemed meet and useful.' Candidates must be members of the University who have passed their Examinations for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, who have begun their sixteenth Term from their matriculation inclusively for the space of eight weeks previous to the day appointed for sending in the essays, and who have not exceeded their twenty-eighth Term on the day on which the subject of the essay is proposed (which is in the Easter Term of each year). The value of the prize is £21 in money.

(3) Canon Hall Greek Testament Prizes. These are two in number, a Senior Prize of the value of £30, and a Junior Prize of the value of £20, and are awarded every Hilary Term, (a) Candidates for the Senior Prize must be members of the University who have completed the eighteenth but have not exceeded the twenty-eighth Term from their matriculation, and who have passed all the Examinations necessary for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The subject of examination is 'the New Testament in the original Greek, in respect of translation, criticism, interpretation, inspiration, and authority.' (b) Candidates for the Junior Prize must be members of the University of not more than eighteen Terms' standing. The subject of examination is the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles in the original Greek, in respect of translation, criticism, and interpretation.

(4) Hall-Houghton Septuagint Prizes. These are two in number, a Senior Prize of the value of £25, and a Junior Prize of the value of £15, and are awarded every Hilary Term, (a) Candidates for the Senior Prize must be members of the University who have completed the eighteenth but have not exceeded the twenty-eighth Term from their matriculation, and who have passed all the Examinations necessary for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. The subject of examination is 'the Septuagint version of the Old Testament in its twofold aspect, retrospectively as regards the Hebrew Bible, and prospectively as regards- the Greek Testament.' (b) Candidates for the Junior Prize must be members of the University of not more than eighteen Terms' standing. The subject of examination is one or more books of the Septuagint announced from year to year by the Trustees of the Prizes.

(5) Houghton Syriac Prize. This is of the value of £15, and is awarded every Hilary Term. Candidates must not have exceeded the twenty-eighth Term from their matriculation. The examination is in the ancient versions of the Holy Scriptures in Syriac, in respect of translation, criticism, and interpretation: the particular books and versions are announced from year to year by the Trustees of the Prize.

9. English Composition.

(1) English Essay (Chancellor's Prize). This is awarded every year for the best essay in English on a subject which has been announced in the preceding year. Its value is £20 in money. Competitors must have completed four but not have exceeded seven years from their matriculation.

(2) English Verse {Sir Roger Nenvdigate's Prize). This is awarded every year for the best composition in English Verse. There is no limitation as to the length of the composition, but the metre is usually required to be heroic couplets. The value of the prize is £21. Competitors must be Undergraduate members of the University who have not exceeded four years from their matriculation.

(3) English Poem on a Sacred Subject. A prize for this is awarded once in every three years: there is no restriction as to metre, but the length of the composition must be not less than sixty nor more than three hundred lines. The value of the prize is about £100. Competitors must be members of the University who at the time the subject is announced have passed the Examinations necessary for the degree of Bachelor of Arts.

[The Arnold and Stanhope Historical Essay Prizes are mentioned above, p. 73.]

10. Languages.

(1) Boden Sanskrit Scholarships. These are four in number: one is awarded every Hilary Term after an examination in Sanskrit: the emoluments are £50 per annum for four years. Candidates must be matriculated members of a College or Hall who on the day of election have not exceeded their twenty-fifth year. The holders of the Scholarships are required to keep their names on the books of a College or Hall, to keep a statutable residence of three Terms in each year, to attend the lectures of the Boden Professor, and to satisfy him at the end of each Term of their proficiency in the Sanskrit language.

(2) Kennicott Hebrew Scholarships. These are two in number, awarded in Michaelmas Term. The Senior Scholarship is open to members of the University, who on the first day of the Term in which the Scholarship is awarded have passed the examinations needed for the degree of B.A. and have not exceeded twelve years from matriculation. It is awarded every alternate year, and is tenable for two years: the emolument is £120, half paid upon election to the candidate, whose essay (on a subject connected with the Hebrew language and literature, and approved by the Regius Professor of Hebrew) is deemed by the electors of sufficient merit, and the remainder so soon as the Scholar shall have published this essay. The Junior Scholarship is open to members of the University, who on the first day of the Term in which the Scholarship is awarded have passed the examinations needed for the degree of B.A., and have not exceeded thirty Terms from matriculation. It is awarded each year, and is tenable for one year on condition that the Scholar reside seven weeks during both Michaelmas and Hilary Terms, and seven weeks between the first day of Easter Term and the twenty-first day of Trinity Term: the emolument is £120 paid in three equal instalments.

(3) Pusey and Ellerton Hebrew Scholarships. These are four in number: two are awarded every Michaelmas Term: the emoluments are £40 per annum for two years, subject to the condition that every Scholar shall reside not less than seven weeks in the Michaelmas and Hilary Terms respectively of each year, and seven weeks in the Easter and Trinity Terms of some one of those two years, and that during such periods of residence he shall pursue his studies in Hebrew and the cognate languages under the direction of the Professor of Hebrew. Candidates must be members of the University who have not exceeded fourteen Terms from matriculation, or twenty-five years of ageThe subjects of examination are Hebrew and other Semitic languages, together with the application of Hebrew to the illustration of the New Testament. This Scholarship must be vacated if the Scholar obtain the Kennicott Scholarship.

(4) Taylorian Scholarship and Exhibition. These are awarded every Michaelmas Term, and are of the value of ,£50 and £25 respectively for one year. Candidates must be members of the University who have not exceeded the twenty-third Term from their matriculation. The subject of examination is some one or more of the languages taught within the Taylor Institution, comparative philology as applied to the same, and the literature of such selected language or languages. The particular language for examination is fixed from year to year.

(5) Chinese Scholarship. This is awarded every alternate year, after an examination in the Chinese language and literature, and is of the value of £50 per annum for two years, subject to the condition that the Scholar shall reside not less than seven weeks in each Term, and that he shall pursue his studies in Chinese under the advice and supervision of the Professor of Chinese. The Electors have power, in case no candidate satisfies them in the examination for the Scholarship, to grant the annual stipend of £50, or any less sum, under the name of an Exhibition, to any person who shall be certified to them as desirous of pursuing the study of Chinese.

[The Syriac Prize is mentioned above under the heading of Divinity Prizes, p. 75.]

1 Till the year 1880 'Candidates must be members of the University under the degrees of M.A. or B.C.L., or persons who having taken those degrees have not exceeded twenty-five years of age.'

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