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II. COLLEGE FELLOWSHIPS.
[The following pages do not contain a complete digest of the Statutes relating to all the Fellowships in every College; they prof ess to give only such information as may be useful to any person who intends to be a Candidate for a Fellowship, as well as to any person who wishes for a career in Oxford as a member of the educational staff of any College.,]
In the Statutes framed for the various Colleges1 by the late University Commissioners, and approved by the Queen in Council in 1882, Fellowships are as a general rule divided into (1) Ordinary, or Non-Official, or Non-Tutorial, and (2) Official, or Tutorial.
(1) Ordinary Fellowships:—
In almost every College, Candidates must have passed all Examinations required for the degree of B.A., and must be unmarried; also they must not possess more than a certain specified income (generally £500 a year), from any benefice, property, pension, or office.
The election is made after an Examination in some branch of knowledge recognised in the Schools of the University.
The yearly emolument of every such Fellowship is £200-, together with, in most cases, rooms rent free and an allowance for dinner in Hall. The tenure is for seven years.
These Fellowships are offered as rewards for proficiency in the various subjects studied in the University. The holders of them are under no obligation to reside3, or to remain unmarried after election, or to serve their Colleges in any capacity. They remain Probationer Fellows for one year*; till the expiration of which time, and also in several instances till the completion of a certain amount of residence, they are not entitled to take any part in the government of their Colleges.
(2) Official Fellowships:—
These are mainly intended to be held by members of the Educational Staff in each College; but they are also in many cases tenable by other College officers.
The yearly emolument is generally £200, besides rooms rent free,
1 Lincoln College remains as yet subject to its previous Statutes: and Keble and Hertford Colleges are unaffected by the recent legislation.
* At Worcester College from £150 to £200 a year, as the state of the College revenues will allow.
3 At Christ Church leave of absence must be applied for.
4 Except at University College, for six months.
and in most cases an allowance for dinner in Hall. An official Fellow, being Tutor, receives annually in addition a sum varying in different Colleges1 from £50 to £150 paid out of the Corporate Revenues, together with such a sum paid out of the Tuition Fund as may be from time to time awarded.
The length of tenure varies from two years to fifteen; but the holder may always be re-appointed for successive periods varying from fifteen years to five.
An Official Fellow, who has been on the Educational Staff of his College for a certain specified term of years, is eligible for, and in some cases is entitled to, a pension calculated according to the length of his service, but in no case exceeding £400 a year. An allowance may always be made in cases of compulsory retirement owing to illness.
An Official Fellow is in some cases entitled, and may in other cases be permitted, to continue to hold his Fellowship after marriage, provided that there be resident within the College a specified number, varying from two to six, of unmarried Fellows.
By these it is intended to make provision, in certain Colleges, for the religious instruction of the Undergraduates and for the due performance of Divine Service. There must be at least one in Balliol, Brasenose, Exeter, Jesus, Oriel, Pembroke, Queen's, St. John's, Trinity, University, and Worcester Colleges: at least two in Magdalen College: at least three in Christ Church.
In All Souls, Corpus Christi, Merton, New, and Wadham Colleges it is not required by Statute that any Fellow should be in Holy Orders, but it is provided that one of the Fellows may hold the office of Divinity Lecturer or Chaplain.
The number of Fellowships is to be thirteen, inclusive of the Stowell Civil Law Fellowship.
Candidates must have passed the Examinations for the B.A. degree, and must be unmarried: there is a property disqualifi
1 In Oriel and Wadham Colleges no additional payment is made out of the Corporate Revenues, but a definite stipend is payable out of the Tuition Fund.
cation. But these requirements may be dispensed with in four cases, if the services of the Fellow be required as Praelector, Tutor, or Chaplain.
Thrice at least in every twelve elections the examination is to be in the subjects recognised in one or more of the Final Schools other than that of Literae Humaniores.
The Stowell Civil Law Fellowship is open to any one who has passed the usual Examinations and has not completed the twentyeighth Term from his matriculation: it is awarded after an examination in Jurisprudence, Roman or Civil Law, and such other subjects as the College may determine on each occasion.
Every Fellow vacates his Fellowship at the end of seven years from election or re-election, subject to certain provisions and exceptions, viz.:—such number of Fellows (not exceeding six) as the Master and Fe ows shall determine holding either of the offices 6f Praelector, or Tutor, and a Chaplain Fellow, may continue to hold their Fellowships so long only as they reside and serve the College; two Fellows, but not more at any one time, may have the tenure of their Fellowships prolonged for a period not exceeding two years, provided that they have been for that period resident and employed in the educational work of the College; a Fellow engaged in some approved and specified work of literature, science, art, or research at the time when he vacates his Fellowship may be re-elected for successive periods of seven years under the same conditions; a Fellow appointed by the University to a Readership or Lectureship may be continued in his Fellowship for successive periods of five years or less under the same conditions.
A Praelector, or Tutor, is appointed on the nomination of the Tutorial Committee for a period not exceeding twelve years, and may be re-appointed for similar successive periods.
The yearly emolument of every Fellowship is £200; and in addition a Praelector or Tutor (if among the number of those determined as above by the Master and Fellows) is entitled to (1) £100 out of the Corporate Revenue, (2) such payment out of the Tuition Fund as may be allotted to him.
So long as there are resident within the College two unmarried Fellows being Praelectors or Tutors, a Fellow who has held the office of Praelector or Tutor for seven years may marry and yet retain his Fellowship; moreover, if by marriage within seven years after election he vacate his Fellowship, he may be elected to fill the vacancy.
A Praelector or Tutor, if not re-elected Fellow after twenty years' service, or if he voluntarily retire from office after twentyfive years' service, is entitled to a pension.
(1) Non-Tutorial Fellowships. The number is to be not less than one nor greater than nine. Every person is eligible, provided that, if he be a member of any University in Great Britain or Ireland, he has passed all Examinations required for the degree of B.A. or other first degree. Thrice at least in every ten vacancies filled up, the examination is to be in the subjects recognised in one or more of the Final Schools other than that of Literae Humaniores.
The tenure of two Fellowships, and not more at any one time, may be prolonged for a period not exceeding two years, provided that the holders have for that time been resident and employed in the educational work of the College.
(2) Tutorial Fellowships. The number is to be not less than seven nor greater than eleven. The Master nominates to them, subject to confirmation by the College. They are tenable for ten years, and renewable for successive periods of not more than ten years.
So long as there are four of the educational staff unmarried and resident in College, a Tutorial Fellow, who has held his Fellowship for seven years and has obtained leave to reside elsewhere than in College, may marry and yet retain his Fellowship: moreover, if by marriage within seven years after election he vacate his Fellowship, he may be elected to fill the vacancy.
The yearly emolument is (1) £200, (2) £50 to a Fellow giving his full services to the College, (3) a progressive stipend paid out of the Tuition Fund, beginning at £100, and rising, by annual increments of £15, to £340.
A Tutorial Fellow is entitled to a pension, if not re-elected after twenty years' service or if he retire after thirty years' service: he is eligible for a pension after twenty years' service.
The number of Fellowships with emolument is to be not less than nineteen, and may be increased to twenty-six.
They are tenable for seven years, and renewable for similar successive periods. The stipend is £200 a year.
(1) One Fellowship at least, but not necessarily more than two, is to be filled up after examination each year. Once at least in every cycle of fourteen elections the subject of each distinct School in the Second Public Examination is to be recognised in the examination. Candidates must have passed the Examinations for the B.A. degree: there is a property disqualification.
(2) Not more than ten Fellowships may be filled up without examination; and in these cases the usual qualifications may be dispensed with.
Seven of these may be assigned to persons holding either of the offices of Tutor or Lecturer: but a Fellowship is vacated at once, if the Fellow cease to hold the office which originally made him eligible.
A Fellow who is a Tutor or Lecturer receives annually (1) the emolument of his Fellowship, (2) £100 from the Corporate Revenue, (3) such payment out of the Tuition Fund as may be allotted to him.
A Fellow who is a Tutor, Lecturer, or College officer may retain his Fellowship after marriage, provided that by his marriage the number of unmarried Tutors, Lecturers, or disciplinary officers resident in College be not reduced below two.
A Tutor is entitled to a pension after twenty-one years' service, and is eligible for a pension after fourteen years' service.
The total number of Fellowships is to be not less than twelve nor greater than sixteen.
Candidates must either have passed all Examinations required for the degree of B.A. or have incorporated as Graduates, or have become members of Convocation.
Thrice at least in every ten vacancies filled up, the examination is to be in the subjects recognised in one or more of the Final Schools other than that of Literae Humaniores.
(1) Ordinary Fellowships. The number is to be not less than three, and may be seven.