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Candidates must have passed the Examinations for the B.A. degree; and there is a property disqualification.
In certain specified cases the usual qualifications may be dispensed with at the election (or re-election after seven years) of four persons, and not more at any one time, qualified for any of the offices of Tutor, Lecturer, or Bursar. The appointment of a Tutor or Lecturer under these provisions is for a period of not more than fifteen years in the first instance, and afterwards for successive periods of not more than ten years.
A Fellow, if unmarried when thus elected or re-elected as Tutor or Lecturer, vacates his Fellowship by marriage: but he may be elected to fill the vacancy, provided that there are resident within the College two unmarried Fellows being Tutors or Lecturers.
A Tutor may receive, besides the emolument of his Fellowship, a yearly sum not exceeding £100 out of the Corporate Revenue, as well as any stipend paid to him out of the Tuition Fund.
Two Fellows, and not more at any one time, after thirty years' service are entitled to retain their Fellowships for life.
The number of Fellowships is nineteen. Fifteen are tenable by unmarried persons only; of two the holders must be married at the time of their election; the other two are temporary and unendowed. All the endowed Fellowships are open to persons who have passed all the Examinations required for the degree of B.A. in the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, or Dublin. Most of them are limited to members of the Church of England, or of Ireland, or of the Protestant Episcopal Churches of Scotland, the British Colonies, or the United States of America.
HI. COLLEGE SCHOLARSHIPS, EXHIBITIONS, AND CLERKSHIPS.
Scholarships are awarded after a competitive examination. The following limitations as to age and tenure exist in every College, unless some special difference is noted.
Candidates must not be more than nineteen years of age on the day of election.
The tenure is in the first instance for two years *: it may then be renewed for a fur ther period of two years, in caso the conduct and diligence of the Scholar have been satisfactory; and the tenure may be extended on special grounds for one year longer.
The stipend of an Open Scholarship in no case exceeds £80 a year inclusive of all allowances.
About two-thirds of the whole number are awarded for excellence in Classics, the remainder are divided between other branches of University study; Mathematics, Natural Science, Modern History and Modern Languages, have in certain Colleges Scholarships specially assigned to them. The examination-papers are not published, but copies of them can sometimes be procured from one of the officers of a College; and candidates who have not been at one of the larger Public Schools, where the standard required is usually well known, will do well to endeavour to ascertain the nature of what is required of them before entering into the competition.
Exhibitions differ from Scholarships partly in that the limit of age is often extended, and partly in that they are frequently confined to persons who produce evidence of their need of assistance. They are commonly given after an examination of the same kind as that which is held for Scholarships.
Bible-Clerkships are offices to which certain duties, such as those of marking the attendance of Undergraduates in Chapel and of saying Grace at dinner, are usually attached. They are in the free gift of the Head of a College or Hall, but it is not infrequent for him to open them to a competition among persons who- produce evidence of want of pecuniary assistance.
At University there are—
(1) Seventeen Scholarships of the annual value of £80. The election is held either in Michaelmas or in Hilary Term.
(*) Fifteen Exhibitions. Of these the Heron and the two Lodge Exhibitions (value not exceeding £70) are open to all persons in need of support at the University who are not over twenty-one years of age or six Terms of standing: the three Freeston Exhibitions (value £50) are confined in the first instance to
1 This period begins on the day of election in almost every case, if the Scholar be already matriculated; if not, most Colleges may, within specified limits, fix a day from which the two years shall be reckoned.
the Grammar Schools of Normanton, Wakefield, Pontefract, and Swillington, and the four Gunsley Exhibitions (value not less than £45) to the Grammar Schools of Rochester and Maidstone. All the above Exhibitions are held on the same tenure as Scholarships.
At BaHiol there are—
(1) Fifteen Foundation Scholarships, three of which are awarded every year in Michaelmas Term, after an examination in Classics. Their annual value is about £80 per annum during residence.
(2) Four Mathematical Scholarships, one of which is awarded every year. They are open to all persons who have not exceeded one year from their matriculation. Their annual value is £80.
(3) Four Modern History Scholarships, one of which is awarded every year. They are open to all candidates who have not exceeded two, years from their matriculation. Their annual value is £80.
(4) Four Natural Science Scholarships, one of which is awarded every year. They are open to all candidates who have not exceeded two years from their matriculation. Their annual value is £80.
(5) Fifteen Classical Exhibitions, of which three or four are awarded every year. They are open to all persons who have not exceeded eight Terms from their matriculation, and are subject to the Same limitations as to tenure as the Scholarships. Their annual value is £70.
(6) An Exhibition (called the Jenkyns Exhibition) is usually awarded every year, after a competitive examination in Scholarship, History, and Philosophy, to an Undergraduate of the College of not more than sixteen Terms' standing. Its annual value is £100, it is tenable for four years, and it may be held together with any other Scholarship or Exhibition in the College.
(7) It has also been the custom of the College to award two Exhibitions 'annually for proficiency in Classics, Mathematics, Natural Science, Modern History, or a combination of these,' according to the result of an examination held at the College. The annual value of these Exhibitions is £40, and they are tenable for four years.
(8) Fourteen Exhibitions (called the Snell Exhibitions), two or three of which are awarded every year, after an examination held at Glasgow. They are open to those members of the University of Glasgow whose fathers or grandfathers were Scotchmen: they are tenable for five years, and their annual value is about £110.
(9) Five Scholarships (called Blundell Scholarships), confined to persons educated at Tiverton School, one of which is awarded every year after an examination held at that School. They are subject to the general limitation of age; but at the close of the first period of tenure they may be continued till the end of the fifth year from the day of election: their annual value is £60.
(10) An Exhibition (called the Warner Exhibition) is awarded once in every five years, after an examination held at the College. Its annual value is £90, and it is tenable for five years. Candidates must have been born in Scotland, or be the sons of fathers who were born in Scotland. The subjects of examination are the same as for the Classical Scholarships.
(11) Two small Exhibitions, confined to Tiverton and Ludlow Schools respectively, if candidates of sufficient merit appear.
At Merton there are eighteen Postmasterships, about four of which will be vacant every year. One of these will usually be awarded for Mathematics, one for Natural Science, and the rest for Classics.
Their annual value is £80, inclusive of rooms and all allowances. There are also four Exhibitions of the annual value of £60, open without limit of age.
At Exeter there are at this time twenty-eight Scholarships:
(1) sixteen Open Scholarships of the value of £80 per annum;
(2) eight of the value of £60 per annum, limited in the first instance to persons born in the diocese of Exeter, or educated in some school in that diocese for at least three years last past;
(3) one or more King Charles the First's Scholarships, of the value of £80 per annum, limited in the first instance to persons born in the Channel Islands, or educated for three years last past at Victoria College, Jersey, or Elizabeth College, Guernsey. In the event however of no candidate offering, who in the judgment of the electors is duly qualified to be a Scholar of the College, both the Scholarships for the diocese of Exeter and those for the Channel Islands may be thrown open to all British subjects. Additions to the number of Open Scholarships are made by the College. There are also (4) the Carter Scholarship of the value of £80 per annum, with a preference ceteris paribus for a native of Kent who is already a member of the College; (5) two Hasker Scholarships of the value of £80 per annum, open to all persons intending to study Theology with a view to taking Holy Orders.
The candidates must not, on the day of election, have completed the nineteenth year of their age, except in the case of the Carter and the Hasker Scholarships, for which there is no limitation of age.
Besides an Exhibition from the Archdeaconries of Nottingham and Lincoln tenable at the College, there are numerous Exhibitions in the gift of the College.
(1) Two with the same conditions as King Charles the First's Scholarships.
(2) Two called How Exhibitions, of the value each of about £35 per annum, limited in the first instance to the kin of the Founder; in default of such kin, to the sons of clergymen resident in Somerset or Devon, or, on failure of fit candidates from such counties, to sons of clergymen of the Church of England without limitation of locality.
(3) One Gifford Exhibition, of the value of about £70 per annum, limited first to persons educated at Ashburton School; in failure of such, to persons born or educated in the county of Devon, or in failure of such, open to all British subjects.
(4) The Symes Exhibition, worth about £60 per annum, limited in the first instance to persons born or educated either in the county of Somerset or Dorset; or, on failure of such, open to all British subjects. The Exhibitioner, however, must be of not less than two Terms' standing, and a person intending to take Holy Orders in the Church of England.
(5) The Michell Exhibition, of the value of about £50 per annum, open to all members of the College who are applying themselves to the study of Divinity, and are at least of two Terms' standing.
(6) Two Richards Exhibitions, each of the value of £30 per annum, one open to general competition, the other awarded at