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were obliged to track the boat. These two last days we proceeded only about thirty miles. An evident danger is incurred by approaching the banks of the Ganges during the latter sason of the rain, from their frequently falling, being of great height in many places, and chiefly composed of loose soil, the weight of earth descending on a boat, would undoubtedly destroy it. 29th.-At noon, arrived at Jungherah, a small rocky island, on which stands a seminary of Hindoo mendicants, and on one of the fides are seen some figures of very ancient sculpture. A long line of hills, running from the south-east to the north-west, forms here a beautiful termination of a broad range of the river. It has been said, that Seraje-ud-Dowlah was assassinated at Jungherah, whither he had fled for shelter from the pursuit of Meer Jaffier; but it should seem more probable, that he was apprehended near this place, and carried to Mooreshedabad. This day, observed the frame of a well, built of bricks, that ftood in the middle of the stream, with its wall in perfeót condition, full fifteen feet above the surface of the water. It must have pertained to some village, bordering on the Ganges; now destroyed by the encroachment of it's flood. Procee DED this day, about 35 miles, and in the evening, saw Mongheer, where I arrived the next day. The fort is in a decayed condition, as well as the private buildings, which are uninhabited. The situation, which occupies a flat of great extent towards the westward, and has the Ganges on the north, is equally well chosen for

for defence, and conveniency. One of the angle bastions commands
a beautifully winding view of the river, which is closed by a range
of distant hills. It appears that the present fort of Mongheer
was built by Sultan Shujah, the second son of Shah Jehan," who :
governed the provinces of Bahar and Bengal, and was held in high .
estimation by the natives, for his liberality and equitable admini--
stration. As some relation of Sultan Shujah, (especially of the lat-
ter period of his life, which was involved in a series calamity) may
excite your attention, and enable me to offer up a tribute of pity to
the memory of an unfortunate, but gallant, prince, I will lay it be-
fore you, agreeably to the memoirs of M. Bernier, one of the most.
accurate and ingenious writers, on the history of Hindostan.

After the battle of Alhabad, in which he had been worsted, Sultan Shujah retired into the interior parts of Bengal, with his army, where he made a vigorous stand against the arms of the Emperor. F Bernier says, “There remained, now, no other thorn in “ the side of Aurungzebe, than Sultan Shujah, who still main“tained himself in Bengal; but he was at length forced to yield “ to the power and fortune of his brother.

“AMIR Kumla, f by the numerous bodies of troops that had

* This Prince caused a broad and deep trench to be cut from the river to the hills, very (perceptible traces of which are now to be seen) for the more effectually defending this post against the attack of Aurungzebe's army, which had pursued him from the upper parts of the country.

+ Aurungzebe.

# The Officer commanding the expedition against Sultan Shujah.


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“joined him, was enabled to hem in the army of Sultan Shujah,

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on both sides of the Ganges, and to compel that prince to seek refuge at Dacca, a town situate on the extremity of Bengal, towards the sea side; and here, ensues the conclusion of the tragedy. The Sultan Shujah, being destitute of ships to put to sea, and not knowing whither to fly, sent his eldest son, Sultan Banque, to the King of Racan,” or Mug, who was of Heathen religion, to know, whether he might be permitted to take shelter in his country, for a certain time, and when the monsoon, or periodical winds should set in, whether he could be furnished with a vessel, to carry him to Mecca, from whence he intended passing into some part of Turkey, or Persia. Sultan Banque returned to Dacca, with some galleases, manned, with Feringhis, Imean, those fugitive Portuguese christians, who had entered into the service of the King of Racan, and were employed in no other business than ravaging the lower parts of Bengal. The young man reporting to his father, that he had been kindly received, and had full assurances of protećtion, and assistance given him ; Sultan Shujah, with his family, consisting of three sons, daughters, and their, mother, embarked at Dacca. On their arrival at Racan, they were treated with much civility, and provided with such necessaries, requisite for their subsistence, as the country afforded; in the name of the King. Some months pass away, the “ season of the favorable winds also approach, but no mention is “made of the vessel, though the Sultan required it, on no other “ terms than the payment of the hire, for he, yet, wanted not ru“ pees of gold and silver, or gems.-He had, indeed, too great a “ plenty of them, his wealth being, in all appearance, the cause of “ his ruin, or at least, contributing much to it. This prince “ might long enough have solicited for a ship ; all was in vain; he “ effected nothing—On the contrary, the King began to shew “ great coldness, and to complain of his not coming to see him. “I know not whether Sultan Shujah thought it unworthy of “ himself, and too great a condescension to visit this King; or “ rather, whether, he feared, that being in the power of their “ chief, his person might be seized on, for the purpose of plunder“ing his treasure, and that he himself might be delivered into the “hands of Amir Kumla, who had offered, in the name of Au“ rungzebe, large sums of money, with other confiderable advan“ tages, for obtaining the possession of this unfortunate family. “WHAT Eve R might have been the cause, Sultan Shujah did “ not go thither, but sent his eldest son ; who, on approaching “ the dwelling of the King, began to display his liberality to the “ people, by throwing amongst them a considerable quantity of “ rupees of gold and silver, and when he came before the King, he “ presented him with rich embroideries, and rare pieces of gold“ smith's work, set with precious stones of great value; excusing “ at the same time, on account of some illness, his father, in

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* More commonly known by the name of Aracan,

Vol. I. C “ season

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whose name he had now to entreat, that the ship, which had

been promised, might be held in readiness. But, all that the Prince had done, had not advanced his business ; on the contrary, this King, in the course of five or six days after, made a demand of one of the daughters of Sultan Shujah, in marriage, in which the father resolving never to acquiesce, the King becamc highly offended. “Sultan Shujah seeing the season for sailing had passed away, and perceiving the situation in which he was then placed was a desperate one, determined on pursuing equally desperate measures, and undertook the performance of an action, which may afford a great example of the efforts of despair. Although this King of Racan, in his religion, is a Pagan, there are many

Mahometans, mixed with the people, who have either chosen to

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before mentioned, in their expeditions to the neighbouring coasts. Sultan Shujah secretly gained these men, whom he

“joined with two or three hundred of his own own people, the

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remainder of those who followed him from Bengal ; and with this force he resolved to surprize the house of the King, put his family to the sword, and make himself sovereign of the country. This bold attempt, which resembled more the enterprize of a desperado, than that of a prudent man, yet, had, from the intelligence I collečted from many Mussulmen, Portuguese, and Hollanders, who were then on the spot, a certain feasibility in

C 2 “ it.

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