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were obliged to track the boat. These two last days we proceeded only about thirty miles. An evident danger is incurred by approaching the banks of the Ganges during the latter f.ason of the rain, from their frequently falling, being of great height in many places, and chiefly coniposed of loose foil, the weight of earth defcending on a boat, would undoubtedly destroy it.
29th.-At noon, arrived at Jungherah, a small rocky island, on which stands a seminary of Hindoo mendicants, and on one of the fides are seen some figures of very ancient sculpture. A long line of hills, running from the south-east to the north-west, forms here a beautiful termination of a broad range of the river. It has been said, that Seraje-ud-Dowlah was assassinated at Jungherah, whither he had fled for shelter from the pursuit of Meer Jaffier ; but it should seem more probable, that he was apprehended near this place, and carried to Mooreshedabad.
This day, observed the frame of a well, built of bricks, that stood in the middle of the stream, with its wall in perfect condition, full fifteen feet above the surface of the water. It must have pertained to some village, bordering on the Ganges; now destroyed by the encroachment of it's flood.
PROCEEDED this day, about 35 miles, and in the evening, faw Mongheer, where I arrived the next day. The fort is in a decayed condition, as well as the private buildings, which are uninhabited. The situation, which occupies a flat of great extent towards the westward, and has the Ganges on the north, is equally well chofen
fer defence, and conveniency. One of the angle bastions commands' a beautifully winding view of the river, which is closed by a range of distant hills. It appears that the present fort of Mongheer was built by Sultan Shujah, the second son of Shah Jehan,* who governed the provinces of Bahar and Bengal, and was held in high estimation by the natives, for his liberality and equitable admini-stration. As some relation of Sultan Shujah, (especially of the latter period of his life, which was involved in a series calamity) mayo excite your attention, and enable me to offer up a tribute of pity to. the memory of an unfortunate, but gallant, prince, I will lay it before you, agreeably to the memoirs of M. Bernier, one of the most accurate and ingenious writers, on the history of Hindoftan.
After the battle of Alhabad, in which he had been worsted, Sultan Shujah retired into the interior parts of Bengal, with his. army, where he made a vigorous stand against the arms of the Emperor. † Bernier says, There remained, now, no other thorn in " the side of Aurungzebe, than Sultan Shujah, who still main56 tained himself in Bengal; but he was at length forced to yield
to the power and fortune of his brother. " AMIR Kumla, by the numerous bodies of troops that had
* This Prince caused a broad and deep trench to be cut from the river to the hills, very (perceptible traces of which are now to be seen) for the more effectually defending this post against the attack of Aurungzebe's army, which had pursued him from the upper parts of the country.
I joined him, was enabled to hem in the army of Sultan Shujah,
on both sides of the Ganges, and to compel that prince to seek “ refuge at Dacca, a town situate on the extremity of Bengal, to“ wards the sea side ; and here, ensues the conclusion of the tragedy. “ The Sultan Shujah, being destitute of ships to put to ea, and " not knowing whither to fly, sent his eldest son, Sultan Banque,
to the King of Racan,* or Mug, who was of Heathen religion, “ to know, whether he might be permitted to take shelter in his “ country, for a certain time, and when the monsoon, or periodi" cal winds should set in, whether he could be furnished with a
vessel, to carry him to Mecca, from whence he intended passing “ into some part of Turkey, or Persia. Sultan Banque returned to “ Dacca, with some galleasses, manned, with Feringhis, I mean, those
fugitive Portuguese christians, who had entered into the service of “ the King of Racan, and were employed in no other business « than ravaging the lower parts of Bengal. The young man re
porting to his father, that he had been kindly received, and had “ full assurances of protection, and assistance given him ; Sultan " Shujah, with his family, consisting of three fons, daughters, and " their, mother, embarked at Dacca. On their arrival at Racan,
they were treated with much civility, and provided with such “ necessaries, requisite for their subsistence, as the country afford« ed; in the name of the King. Some months pass away, the
More commonly known by the name of Aracan,
“ season of the favorable winds also approach, but no mention is “ made of the vessel, though the Sultan required it, on no other “ terms than the payment of the hire, for he, yet, wanted not ru
pees of gold and silver, or gems.—He had, indeed, too great a
plenty of them, his wealth being, in all appearance, the cause of “ his ruin, or at least, contributing much to it. This prince
might long enough have folicited for a ship; all was in vain ; he “ effected nothing.-On the contrary, the King began to shew
great coldness, and to complain of his not coming to see him. “ I know not whether Sultan Shujah thought it unworthy of « himself, and too great a condescension to visit this King; or “ rather, whether, he feared, that being in the power of their
chief, his person might be seized on, for the purpose of plunder
ing his treasure, and that he himself might be delivered into the “ hands of Amir Kumla, who had offered, in the name of Au
rungzebe, large sums of money, with other considerable advan“ tages, for obtaining the possession of this unfortunate family.
“ WHATEVER might have been the cause, Sultan Shujah did « not go thither, but sent his eldest son ; who, on approaching " the dwelling of the King, began to display his liberality to the
people, by throwing amongst them a considerable quantity of
rupees of gold and silver, and when he came before the King, he “ presented him with rich embroideries, and rare pieces of gold« finith's work, set with precious stones of great value; excusing « at the same time, on account of some illness, his father, in
“ whose name he had now to entreat, that the ship, which had “ been promised, might be held in readiness. But, all that the " Prince had done, had not advanced his business ; on the con“ trary, this King, in the course of five or fix days after, made a “ demand of one of the daughters of Sultan Shujah, in marriage, « in which the father resolving never to acquiesce, the King becamc highly offended.
“ Sultan Shujah seeing the season for failing had passed away, “ and perceiving the situation in which he was then placed was a « desperate one, determined on pursuing equally desperate mea« sures, and undertook the performance of an action, which may " afford a great example of the efforts of despair. Although this
King of Racan, in his religion, is a Pagan, there are many “ Mahometans, mixed with the people, who have either chosen to “ retire amongst them, or have been enslaved by the Portuguese “ before mentioned, in their expeditions to the neighbouring “ coasts. Sultan Shujah secretly gained these men, whom he “ joined with two or three hundred of his own own people, the “ remainder of those who followed him from Bengal ; and with " this force he resolved to surprize the house of the King, put his s family to the fword, and make himself sovereign of the country. “ This bold attempt, which resembled more the enterprize of a
defperado, than that of a prudent man, yet, had, from the in
telligence I collected from many Muflulmen, Portuguese, and “ Hollanders, who were then on the spot, a certain feasibility in