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officer, at Ackbarpour,” and driven from their ground; though not before they had plundered a great part of the European baggage. They were soon obliged to cross the Jumna, which they passed at the ford of Culpee, where they made a stand; but after a short aćtion were wholly dispersed. The Vizier had invited the Mahrattas into Oude, without making any provision for the payment of their subsidy; and, fearful that this failure might prompt them to commit an outrage on his person, or create tumults in his army, he never joined their party. The affairs of the Vizier had now fallen to a low ebb ; he had lost the greater part of his country, his army was thinned by desertions, and he was without a treasury, or an ally. After the battle of Buxar, full of alarms and despondency, he had retired into Rohilcund, where he solicited an asylum for his family, and the assistance of the Rohillas. Hafiz Rhamut received him with hospitality, and the respect due to his rank: he afforded him every domestic conveniency, but earnestly advised a peace with the English, as the certain medium of retrieving the desolated states of his for
tunes. Destitute of every resource for maintaining a war, and dismayed by ill fortune, the Vizier at length resolved to throw himself unreservedly on the clemency of the English. He dispatched Monfieur Gentil, a French gentleman, to the English camp,” to obtain an ačtual knowledge of the disposition of his enemies. This agent delivered to the commanding officer, an address from the Vizier, couched in a tenor far different from his former letters. He observed, that the animosities which had arisen between them, must be attributed to the dispensations of Providence: that of this he had now manifest witness by the events which had been produced, and that he was determined to commit himself to the justice of the illustrious English chiefs, constant and unchangeable in their friendship. In the conclusion, written by himself, he says, “I regard not “wealth, nor the rule of dominion: your friendship and favour are “ all I desire. I will, please God, soon be with you; when you “may do that for me, which you may think best.” Lord Clive, who at this time had arrived in Bengal, was empowered by the Government, in conjunction with General Carnac, to negotiate with the Vizier; and having met him at Allahabad, in the month of August, 1765, a treaty of peace was finally concluded. The substance was, That there should be a perpetual treaty of peace between the contraćting parties.—That in the event of the dominions of either being invaded, a military aid should be furnished by the other.—That the Vizier is not to receive Cassum Ali, Sombro, or any English deserters into his service.—That Corah and Allahabad be ceded to the King.—That Bulwunt Sing be continued in the zemindary of Benares, which is to be confidered a fief of the Subahdary of Oude:–And that Chunar-Ghur, a fort in that province, be given up to the English. That no duties be collected on the merchandize of the Company, in any part of the country of the Vizier. That all such subječts or relations of the Vizier, who may have assisted the English during the late war, be pardoned;— and, That this treaty remain in force with the descendants of
* In May or June, 1765.
+ Justice to a charaćter, already distinguished in Hindostan for liberality and valour, calls on me to note in this place, the name of Ahmed Khan Bunglish, the Navaub of Furruckabad; who when urged by Colonel Munro, after the action of Buxar, to assist in completing the overthrow of Shujah-ud-Dowlah, who had ever been the avowed enemy of his house, said that his honour forbid him to carry arms against the vanquished,
* Nudjef Khan was employed also by the Vizier on this occasion to negotiate with the English ; but that officer was more seriously engaged in accomplishing his own purposes, than in procuring terms for his master.
other • The aâ of reinstating the Vizier in his dominion, not only contributed to exalt
the Vizier. Thus was Shujah-ud-Dowlah restored to the possession of his dominions by the vićtorious English, after having been reduced by their arms to the verge of ruin. The terms granted to him breathe a liberal heroic spirit, and conspicuously distinguished the mind from which they sprang. The memory of the Indian hero, ill merits the stain impressed on it by Mr. Dow, who says, “Shujahud-Dowlah, was still possessed of wealth, and the virtue of the con“ querors, was by no means proof against temptation.” – But it “ is a fačt supported by the purest authority, that Lord Clive obstinately rejećted every offer of gratuity, made to him by the Vizier. Exclusive * of the articles of the treaty, a private agreement, ment, entered into by the contraćting parties, stipulated, on the part of the Vizier, a payment of fifty lacks of rupees to the English Government, for defraying the expences of the war; as the English at this period, did not ostensibly interfere in the administration of the Bengal provincial affairs ; which on the death of Meer Jaffier had devolved on his son Nuzzum-ud-Dowlah. The treaty entered into with Shujah-ud-Dowlah, was executed
the character of the British nation, but was strićtly consonant to the principles of sound - policy. policy. It evinces also a foresight which is grievously verified in the events of succeeding times. Lord Clive, in his letter to the Company, says, “Our restoring to * Shujah-ud-Dowlah, the whole of his dominions, proceeds more from the desire of “ not extending the Company’s territorial possessions, than the generous policy of at“ taching him for ever to our interests by gratitude ; though this has been the apparent, “ and is by many thought to be the real motive. Had we ambitiously attempted to “ retain the conquered country, experience would soon have proved the impračticabi“lity of such a plan. The establishment of an increased army must have been added “ to your list, and more chiefships appointed. Aëts of oppression and innumerable “ abuses would have been committed, which, at such a distance from the presidency, “ could neither have been prevented, or remedied ; and must infallibly have laid the “ foundation of another war. Our old privileges and possessions would have been en“ dangered by every supply we might have been tempted to afford in support of the “ new, and the natives must have finally triumphed in our inability to sustain the “ weight of our own ambition.”—In India, it is to be noted, donations are presented to men of power, or those who are supposed to influence them, for personal protećtion, and for the security or acquisition of property. A reječted offer is the established fignal of displeasure, and either indicates its insufficiency, or that some more adequate reward has been already preferred. Shujah-ud-Dowlah was at first alarmed at the condućt of Lord Clive, whose refusal of any gift was construed into a disposition inimical to his interests. But this prince beheld the soldier's magnanimity with admiration, when at the conclusion of the treaty, he received, in token of fiendship, a ring of moderate value.
by this prince, on one part, and on the other by the subahdar of
VQ L. I. U Bengal, * It is termed the Dewany. + From this amount, a pension of two lacks of rupees was bestowed, at the intercession of the English, on Nudjef Khan, who was thought to have rendered them service during the latter part of the Oude War.
Bengal, in conjunction with Lord Clive: but that all future embarrassments might be obviated, a delegated power, authorizing the English India Company to manage and controul the revenues or the provinces, was obtained from the king. It was also stipulated, that in consideration of the appointment of Nuzzum-ud-Dowlah. to the military and executive government of the provinces, and his grant” of the civil jurisdićtion to the English, the sum of twentysix lacks of rupees + should be annually paid to the king, out of the revenues of Bengal. The distrićts of Allahabad and Corah were at the same time dismembered from the Vizier's territory, and ceded to Shah Alum, that he might be enabled to maintain, without a restraint, the dignity of his station. Thou GH he amply experienced the liberality of the English, the Vizier had suffered important injuries during the war. From the revenue of Oude, which with certain districts of Allahabad, was computed at one hundred and fixty lacks of rupees, the cession of Corah and Allahabad, had dedućted thirty-six lacks; and the ravages of his own army, with the incursions of our troops, who had proceeded as far as Lucknow, caused a farther decrease of the general produce of his country.—In acknowledgement sor the cession which had been made, Shah Ullum in