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marched in the following January, and in the short space of about three months,” the Rohillas were completely defeated in a pitched battle that was fought in the centre of their country. Near five thousand of them were killed and wounded; but the loss became irretrievable by the death of their chief, who was slain in the action. Hafiz Rhamut, though he bled in an honourable cause, merited a milder fate. He had never been the enemy of the English, and he had protećted Shujah-ud-Dowlah at the lowest ebb # of his fortunes. After the engagement, Fyze-ullah Khan retreated with a large party of the routed army to Lall Dong,f where he took post on the side of a steep hill. The Vizier, accompanied by the English brigade, invested the intrenchments of the Rohillas, who being reduced to various distress, from a confined unhealthy situation, and serving under a leader of no military talents, they proposed earnest terms of accommodation to the English commanding officer; who urged, and prevailed on the Vizier, after a long struggle, to liberate Fyze-ullah, and cede to him a certain territory in Rohilcund. This chief, before the war, held the Jaguir of Rampour, rated at five lacks of rupees ; but this convention * invested him with a revenue of fifteen lacks, and the most fertile quarter of Rohilcund. FYze-ULLAh KHAN, having concluded the negotiation, which was wholly effected by the English officer, with whom a counterpart of the treaty was executed that the sančtion of the Company might be obtained, he paid, according to a previous stipulation, a gratuity of fifteen lacks of rupees to the Vizier. The change of the system of the Bengal Government which began to operate at this time, and was hostile to the councils of Shujah-ud-Dowlah, might also have impelled him to a speedy conclusion of the Rohilla treaty. - - . . . . . HN the year 1783, Fyze ullah was liberated from all military vassalage to the Vizier, on the payment of a sum of money to the English resident at Lucknow, which was applied to the service of the Bengal Government. BUT had Shujah-ud-Dowlah been permitted to pursue the system of policy which had been observed to the other Rohilla chiefs, Fyze-ullah would at this day have languished in poverty and dependance. Happily for this chief and the residue of his nation who have now fertilized and made populous a large tract of country, a powerful advocate came forth in their behalf, who though the leader of a subsidiary body, assumed in an honourable cause, the efficient power of protećtion. The Vizier, in an acti. monious complaint preferred against this officer, observes, “ that “ as it had been his absolute determination to extirpate the Ro“ hillas, and for that purpose requested the assistance of the Eng“ lish troops, was it not highly improper in the commanding “officer, to enter into such a correspondence without his per“ mission ?” The Vizier had in truth resolved to destroy the Rohillas, or expel them; and this resolution shaped the whole form of his conduct during the campaign in Rohilcund. He entertained so rooted a dread of this people from their valour and haughty spirit, or perhaps a consciousness of the injuries he had already committed, that he would not permit those that were subjected to remain in any part of his dominions. .

* The battle was fought on the 23d of April, 1774, near the village of Tessunah. —For the situation, Wide Rennell's map.

+ Shujah-ud-Dowlah, with his family, took refuge in Rohilcund after the battle of Buxar.

# The northern boundary of Rohilcund.

vention * * “Whereas friendship is established between me and Fyze-ullah Khan.—I give * unto him Rampour, and some other distrićts dependent thereon, altogether amount“ing to 14 lacks and 75,600 rupees yearly; and I direét that the said Fyze-ullah “ Khan do on no account take into his pay above 5ooo soldiers. I engage, at all times “ and on all occasions, to preserve the honor of the said Fyze-ullah Khan, and to act “ for his good and advantage, on the condition, that he shall look to no other power * but mine for support; that he engages to correspond with no other state than the “ English. Our enemies and friends are mutual. Fyze-ullah Khan shall assist me “ with 2 or 3ooo troops according to his ability. If I go in person on any expedition, “ or to any part of my dominions, Fyze-ullah Khan shall attend me ; and as the num“ ber of 5000 troops which Fyze-ullah Khan is allowed at all times to keep up, is “ small, and he may be unable to bring them all into the field with him, in such case, * I will place from 2 to 4ooo men under his command, that he may join me with be“ coming dignity: the pay of these additional troops to be found by me. It is upon “ the abovementioned considerations that I consent to settle upon Fyze-ullah Khan “ the said country, and engage to support his interests. If he continue firm in the “ performance of this treaty, by the grace of God, I never will be backward in con“ sulting his advantage and good. — He is to cause all the Rohillas to cross the river “Ganges. Sworn by the Holy Koran, calling God and his Prophets to witness to “ the performance of these articles.”

JExtraffed from the Bengal Col. Champion’e Rujeb 1183 Hegira. Record of 1774. Seal. October, 1774, A. D.

Y 2 the tained * The son of Najeb-ud-Dowlah,

Air the close of this general description of the progress of the

English arms in Rohilcund, [for the aids afforded by the Vizier can

scarcely claim a notice, I will insert some observations on the tendency and effects of our engagements with the Vizier in the reduction of that territory. It is manifestly seen, that the Government of Bengal were either unacquainted with the virtue and extent of their compačt with the Vizier, or that they avowedly assisted him in stripping one of their allies of his hereditary possession. It was

roundly agreed to invest the Vizier with the dominion of Rohil

cund, the limits of which were carried to the mountains on the north, and to the river Ganges on the west. Yet a large tract of the northern division of Rohilcund, was held by Zabitah Khan,” with whom the English were at this time in alliance, and bound by a treaty “ to confirm to him his ancient dominions, to consider “ him as a dependant on their favor, and that their friends and “ enemies should be mutual.”

THE Vizier, previously to the invasion of Rohilcund, had brought over to his interests Zabitah Khan; who though of the Rohilla sect, and of near affinity to many of the chiefs, united with the Vizier against the cause of his nation. But he was severely punished for his treachery, and the dishonorable connection he had formed; for the Vizier, after the completion of the conquest, asserting that Zabitah Khan had during the war maintained a correspondence with the enemy, seized on all his territory east of the Ganges ; and it remains at this day annexed to the Government of Oude. - The condućt of the Vizier also to the family of Mohubullah Khan,” evinces that every sentiment of honour and faith fell before the impulse of his ambition. This chief, who held the town and distrićts of Bissouly, either from having been involved in a domestic contest with those Rohilla states who appeared in arms against the Vizier, or from other motives, did not engage in the war. Before the army moved into Rohilcund, he sued the Vizier for protection in behalf of his family and property, which the prince, in strong and unequivocal terms, pledged to preserve in safety and honour. On this faith, Mohubullah Khan remained during the campaign at Bissouly; but on the Vizier's arrival at that place, he was, with his family, thrown into a rigorous confinement, pillaged of every article of value, and his women were treated with a disgraceful severity. In an address of Mohubullah to the English commanding officer, in which were also inclosed the original letters of the Vizier, granting an unre

* . . . * with

* The son of Dhoondy Khan, who has been already noticed in the Rohilla sketches. served

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