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generally, the feline species, possess but a small share of courage, and seldom openly seizes its prey ; but, lurking in concealment, attacks by surprise, and if unsuccessful steals away into a hiding place without returning to the onset; and, in contradistinčtion to the canine species, whose great strength lies in the jaw, the feline strike their prey with the fore feet and talons. It is said that a tyger having once tasted human flesh, becomes fond of it, and gratifies his appetite when it can be done without encountering any conspicuous danger. Yet it would appear, that all animals have a dread of man, which proceeding from the novelty of his appearance, or perhaps some instinétive fear of his powers of offence, prompts them, when not furious with hunger, to shun the contest. — This evening, I was comfortably lodged in the front of a Hindoo retail shop, where an excellent mess of pease and wheaten cakes was served up to us. Pray excuse me for noting this domestic concern, which is to me of great moment; for by such wholesome meals, my strength was unimpaired, and my daily progress made with vigour. Covered quarters during the night was what we anxiously sought after, but did not lways obtain. The Hindoos, though hospitably disposed to travellers, are averse to admitting Mahomctans, whom they hold unclean, into any part

of their houses. On the 14th, at Lawash — fix coffes; – a few scattered hou'es. This day's journey consisted in climbing steep mountains, and though my little horse was as active as a goat, I was cbliged, obliged, from the almost perpendicular height, to walk the greatest part of the way. For the benefit of such travellers who may come within your knowledge, and be disposed to pursue my track, you must inform them that the shop-keeper at Lawasah is a great rogue, a noisy wrangler, and mixes a great quantity of barley with his wheat-meal. As he is the only man of his profession in the place, there is no remedy for the evil but laying in a stock at Sudowra, where they will find honest treatment, and lodging to boot. Though it is not very probable that this recommendation will be of material use to the honest man at Sudowra, yet I feel a pleasure in mentioning his goodness to me. On the 15th at Coultie — nine cosses; — two or three scattered houses. The Nhan country is bounded here by the small distrićt of Bojepour, which depends on the Bellaspour chief. — On the 16th, halted on the bank of a nulla — seven cosses. Met on the road a Kashmirian family, consisting of a goldsmith, his wife, and some children, who were travelling to some town on the borders of Thibet, where they intended to settle. ON the 17th, at Kunda, a small village — eight cosses, and about five miles to the north-west of Durmpour, the residence of the chief of a small distrićt, generally subjećt to the authority of the Bellaspour government. At Durmpour I paid a duty of two rupees for passing my horse On the 13th, at Gowrah -nine cosses. I halted during the beat of the day near a water mill, the first I had seen in India. It was construćted on the principle of the like machine in Europe, but of more simple mechanism and coarser workmanship. About two o'clock in the morning, I observed an eclipse of the moon, the body of which continued partially shaded for near two hours. In the evening, our little party went to a farmer's cottage, where we solicited permission to lodge our baggage, and to sleep under one of his sheds. The farmer candidly said, looking stedfastly in my face, which he seemed not to like, that he was apprehensive that an out-side lodging would not satisfy us. It was with much difficulty he would believe that we had sought his house only for shelter, and it was not until the Kashmirian had shewn him some small wares for sale, that we were suffered to occupy the front of his house. The distrićts of Hundah and Gowrah, are denominated the Barrah Tukrah.” being certain portions of territory bequeathed by a chief of Bellaspour to his younger son, some fifty years ago. These petty states are ill governed, and it is only among them that the traveller, from the Ganges to Kashmire, incurs the risk of being pillaged. ON the 19th, at the Village of Tayanaghur–ten cosses. On the 20th, at Bellaspour — twelve cosses, the residence of the Ranee or female ruler of the Kalour territory. This town stands on the south-east side of the Setloud or Sutludge, the most easterly of the five rivers, from which the name of Punjah of is given to the tračt of country extending from Sirhend to the Indus. The Setloud, a very rapid stream, is at this place about one hundred yards broad. Bellaspout is a well built town, and exhibits a regularity not often seen in these parts. The streets are paved, though rather roughly ; and the houses, construćted of stone and mortar, have a neat appearance. Kalour is bounded to the northward by the Kangrah distrićts; to the castward by a large tract of country called Busseer; to the southward by Nhan; and to the westward by the Punjab; and its revenue is said to amount to twelve lacks of rupees. On my arrival at Bellaspour, I found the Ranee engaged in a war with the chief of Kangrah, on the limits of whose country her army was then encamped. It may not edify or perhaps entertain you to know the cause of this fell dispute, which however had taken such possession of the minds of the mountaineers, and to them was so important an event, that they seemed to think the hills and forests of Bellaspour the seat of universal war. The fiege of Troy, and the conflićts on the Scamander, would have appeared as mere skirmishes to these sylvan heroes; and they probably would have allowed no other degree of comparison, than that women were the cause of them both. But as I myself became involuntarily interested in their story, and having little other matter to communicate, I am induced to intrude a sketch of it on your patience, To deduce this eventful matter ab ovo, I must call your attention to the Days of Acbar, who is said to have been the first Maho

* A term in the Hinduee, signifying twelve portions. + A Persian word, signifying five waters. country


metan prince who reduced the northern mountains of Hindostan to the obedience of the empire. Towards the northern limit of Kalour, is a strong hold on an eminence, called the Kote Kangrah, the redućtion of which detained Acbar, who commanded the expedition in person, a whole year, according to the tradition of this quarter. To reward one of his officers who had signalized himself in this service, he bestowed on him the captured fort, with a confiderable space of adjacent territory. The descendants of this chief who are of the Sheah's sect of Mahometans, continued in the possession until the present period, when the Rajah of Kangrah, on some pretence, laid the distrićts waste, and besieged the fort. Unable himself to repel the Enemy, the Mahometan solicited the aid of the Bellaspour Ranee, who with the spirit of a heroine, afforded speedy and vigorous succour to her neighbour, whose cause fhe has already revenged by plundering and destroying almost every village of Kangrah; the chief of which now vainly asserts, that the Ranee, seeing his country destitute of defence, seized, under the colour of assisting her ally, the occasion of augmenting her own power. HALTED on the 21st and 22d, at Bellaspour. These wars. did not a little derange our measure of progress, especially as there was attached to the Kangrah army, through which we must necessarily pass, a body of Sicques, who had impressed, with a lively terror, even this sequestered region. The two Kashmirians, now Vol. I. D d my

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