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who had joined our party in the Bellaspour camp, went on before, and my servant lagged behind. In the evening, having reached the bottom of a hill, we observed a body of horsemen descending in our road. The fight of these men, who were immediately known to be Sicques, gave a serious alarm ; and on their near approach, I deposited, unnoticed by my companions, my little property of bills and cash in an adjacent bush. But we had formed an unjust opinion of these cavaliers; and I am to think myself fingularly fortunate, in being enabled in two instances to place their conduct in a favourable point of view. This party, confifting of about two hundred, many of whom were Mahometans, was then marching into the Hurriepour distrićt. Summoning an affected composure of countenance, we affected to smoke our pipes, from which some of the Mahometans took a whiff en passant, and at the same time gave us an assurance of protećtion against any ill designs of their associates ; for notwithstanding the looks we had borrowed, they must have seen much embarrassment in them. After their departure, I took my valuables out of the bush without the observance of my companion, who was transported with joy at the escape, swearing, by his beard, that on reaching our evening quarters, he would offer up to Mahomet, or to his national saint Mucdoom Saib, two-pennyworth of brown sugar, in thanksgiving for the extraordinary preservation. We met many of the Sicque stragglers, who are always the most mischievous ; these we directed to specdily join their companions, who, we said, had strićtly enjoined us to give such direétions; and this pretended message gave us some credit; for seeing we had not been plundered by their party, they followed the same meritorious example. • A shop-KEEPER accommodated us with a convenient lodging at Tulwara, where, being joined by my servant, who had likewise been involved in the dangers of the day, though he had carefully preserved the remains of the fish that had been procured at Dada, a sumptuous feast was served up, and joyously participated. The truth of this remark will be readily acknowledged by those, who, from the like adventures, have reached in the evening a safe retreat. My friend, who faithfully performed the tenor of his promise, reprobated my insensibility of the providential interposition that had been made in our behalf. It was in vain to urge the merits of internal prayer, or to assert, that I had already offered unfeigned thanks for our escape, which I trusted would not be the less acceptable from the want of sugar. This being a doćtrine wholly repugnant to his creed, which existed only in noisy and ostentatious ceremony, I drew on myself a further severe reproach. ON the 5th at Badpour — seven coffes : a populous village in the Nourpour distriót. About two cosses to the eastward of Badpour, we crossed at the Rhay Ghaut, or Puttun,” in a ferry-boat, the Byas Gungah, and came into the Jumbo road, which in this

quarter has not yet experienced the depredation of the Sicques.

* The name of a ferry in some parts of the Punjab.


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threw me headlong into the water, where among the rest of my

chattels, a bill on Jumbo was thoroughly drenched: nor was this the first injury it had received. On the 7th, at Nourpour; the residence of the chief of a dis. trićt of the same name. This town fituate on the top of a hill, which is ascended by stone steps, has the appearance of opulence and industry. Towards the south-east the country is open and of a pleasant aspect, to which a winding stream of fine water gives additional beauty. Mountains that have already made my eyes ach, contračt the view to the west and north; but these have their uses ; and having experienced an essential one, not to give it a place would be ungenerous. The heat of the sun now growing intense would have been severely felt, had not the wind which came from the north-west received a cool refreshing quality from the fnows which on that quarter cover the hills; and had it not been for a like favourable situation, the residence in the Bellaspour camp, the remembrance of which makes me shudder, might have proved fatal to us, On a plain adjacent to the town of Nourpour, was encamped a Jumbo kafilah, chiefly the property of Sunassees,” and consigned

* Though this sea, conformably to the tenets of their doctrine, ought to renounce or never engage in the affairs of the world, yet many of its members have become merchants, soldiers, and statesmen.


to the Dehli market. From these people I learned, that the chief of Jumbo was much embarrassed in his finances, from a destrućtive war he had entered into with the Sicques: that to raise supplies he had levied a general contribution on the inhabitants of the city; and that his exačtions had induced many of the principal merchants to abandon the place. The Sunassees had employed in their service two or three Kashmirians, who are men of an universal occupation, and endowed with unwearied patience and ačtivity in the cause of gain. They told me that I should incur a manifest risk in going to Jumbo, at a time, when the appearance of persons of any property, attracted the notice of government: an information then more alarming, as my business at Jumbo required a personal attendance. Whilst I am writing of Nourpour, it may not be superfluous to mention, that a respeštable merchant named Daud Khan, a native of the Punjab, resides in that town. He had lived many years at Jumbo, but having felt the oppression of that government, he has taken refuge in Nourpour, where he enjoys, with a moderate security of property, the benefit of a fine air and a plentiful country; and should any of our countrymen come this way in the Mahometan character, they may be confidently assured of deriving conveniency, from an acquaintance with Daud Khan. ON the 8th, halted. On the 9th, at the village of Bunguree— eight cosses. My servant, from a cold and a constitutional weakness in his breast, which he said had long afflićted him, was this day scarcely Vol. I. G g able able to walk. I am now fearful that the burthen he was loaded with, was too heavy a one, and I am also to accuse myself of not alleviating its weight, by an exercise of those offices of kindness, which the law of humanity, as well as the usages of servitude, cspecially in the Asiatic world, obliges a master to shew his servant, the more so if he is a good one; and to say that this follower of my fortunes was not a good servant, would be an unworthy attempt to exculpate, at the expence of his character, my frequent neglect. But should I ever be enabled to recompence his worth, the act shall be classed among those of my best deeds. I used to fortify my occasional dissatisfaction at him, by enlarging too rigorously on the petulance of his temper; but I hold the reason no longer valid, nor. will it atone for the compunétion I feel, when I recall to my mind the many affectionate services which the honest fellow performed in the course of a laborious journey. THE districts of Nourpour on the north, are bounded by the river Rawee : on the east by the Chambay * country; on the west by some small Hindoo districts, lying at the head of the Punjab. and by the river Byas ; and on the south by Huriepour. The revenues of Nourpour are calculated at four lacks of rupees, and it

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lested by the Sicques, and governed more equitably than any of

the adjacent territories.

* A mountainous territory of large extent.

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