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an ample testimony of native resource, when the common danger had roused them to action, and gave but one impulse to their spirit. Should any future cause call forth the combined efforts of the Sicques to maintain the existence of empire and religion, we may see some ambitious chief led on by his genius and success, and, absorbing the power of his associates, display, from the ruins of their commonwealth, the standard of monarchy. The page of history is filled with the like effects, fpringing from the like causes. Under such a form of government, I have little hesitation in saying, that the Sicques would be soon advanced to the first rank amongst the native princes of Hindoftan; and would become a terror to the surrounding states. *
* Mhadgee Scindia, a Mahratta chief, by seizing the relics of the Imperial authority and domain, has placed himself in the situation which the Sicques must have been desirous of occupying. This resolution will naturally create a national enmity, perhaps a contest, between the northern branch of the Mahratta empire, and the Sicques.
L ETTER XII.
Kashmire, April, 1783.
: DEAR SIR,
On the 17th of April, I left Jumbo ; and, accompanied by a Kashmirian servant, who carried my baggage, I reached the small village of Dunshaulah, after a painful journey on foot, of ten coffes. A. review of my feet, too plainly Thewed that they had not been proof against the steep and rocky roads I had clambered over ; indeed they had suffered fo severely. by bruises and excoriations, that I could scarcely walk. " · HAVING bound' up my feet with bandages foaked in oil, I reached, on the 18th, though with difficulty, the village of Na. grolah - five coffes. : During these two last days, I paid, at the different custom-houses, certain small fees of office, which were not authorized charges ; but being known to be a stranger, and apparently in a condition to satisfy the demand, I was seldom permitted to pass a custom-house unmolested. Though the lacerations in my feet gave me much pain, especially at the first setting off,
off, I pursued my journey in good fpirits, being proVOL. I.
tected by the quiet disposition of the people, and sure of procuring a good meal in the evenings, with commodious lodging. The first night, we were received into a retail shop, at DunTaulah, where I slept on my large blanket, and supped on some spiced meat and biscuits, which my Jumbo host had provided : and at Nagrolah we were accommodated by a Mahometan family, who supplied me with a standing bed.
On the 19th, at Luttere--eight coffes. The latter part of the journey led me up a high and steep hill, and the fun, then at its meridian height, had nearly overpowered me; when, on a sudden, I found myself on a fummit, where some charitable Hindoo had erected a small, but a cool, building, * plentifully fupplied with pots of water. Under this hospitable fhade, I was permitted, though a Mahometan, to rest during the day, and to sleep at night. Many Hindoos came in for the benefit of the water and shade, and observing that I was lame, they treated ine with an attentive kindnefs, and dispensed with my rising when any of their principal people entered.
In the number of those who came to partake of the charitable uses of this house, was a Mahometan, who ejaculating his Bismillah, laid himself down, without farther ceremony, in the interior quarter of the apartment. A Hindoo of rank, accom
* Called, in the language of the country, Durmfallen, which signifies « A chaa ritable foundation.” + An Arabick compound word, fignifying “ In the name of God,”
panied by several attendants, entered soon after, and observing that the mendicant had occupied the most convenient, as well as honorary place, and that he offered no mark of attention or respect, the Hindoo ordered that his chattles, which were heavy, Tould be thrown into the road. On exclaiming against this act of ejection, he was told, that though the house was erected for the purpose of common accommodation, with no view of excluding any nation or fect; yet in some cases, as in the present, an observance of precedency and deference was necessary. This anecdote will serve to generally delineate the native difference betwixt the temper of a Hindoo and a Mahometan. What do you think would have been the reception of a Hindoo, particularly of a religious order, had he come into a karavanserah, in a Mahometan country, and throw his brass pot, his rice, or pease, into an apartment which Mahometans had previously occupied ? Could the Hindoo have acted with such indiscretion - his punishment would have been more disgraceful and severe than death. From long observation, I can with confidence say, that the Hindoos are a more temperate people, and much more useful in the various relations of life, than any class of Mahometans that have come within my knowledge.
At the vicinity of Nagrolah commence the districts of the Chinnanee chief, a dependant on Jumbo, who possesses a revenue of about a lack of rupees. This chief does not remit any tribute to his superior, but affifts his government with a quota of troops
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