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excuse the wanderings and frailties of a poor horse, whose pasfions receive no check from constitutional modesty, or virtuous example.

MEAHGUNGE, if I am informed right, was founded by Almas, and seems to be a thriving and populous village. From the various intelligence which I have procured, it is evident that the renter here is active, industrious, and regular. The inhabitants say, that his rigour in collecting the revenue is, in a certain degree, qualified by a steady observance of his contracts. I passed this evening in the company of a Patan, who was returning to his home from Lucknow, where he had expended the greatest part of his estate in the society of the ladies, and in the pleasures of arrack ; but in the last he very copiously indulged. In the course of two hours and a half, I beheld him with amazement empty two bottles of a spirit so harsh and fiery, that the like dose must have turned the head of an elephant. The Patan made an apology for this excessive potation, by observing, that it removed from his mind every sensation of sorrow and melancholy,-pas. fions, which, he said greatly annoyed him in his cooler moments. This jovial Mahometan was attended by an old musi. cian, marvellously ill apparelled, and deficient in the larger portion of his teeth, who during the interludes of his master's amulement, strummed on a miserable guitar, which he accompanied with some of Hafez's odes ; but uttered in a voice that would have struck dismay into the fiercest beast that ranges the forest.


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-At this gunge, a servant whom I hired at Lucknow, and my only attendant, carried off, in the night, my matchlock and a curious dagger.

On the 20th, at Banghur Mow— 10 cosses - a large village in the district of Almas.--Here the Patan having drunk out all the substance of his purse, fold a piece of family tin-plate; the produce of which raised the sum of three rupees. He took that evening an extraordinary draught of his favourite spirit ; and, that his pleasures might have no alloy, he called in a good-natured girl, who for one half-rupee displayed to the Patan a more ample fund of dalliance and allurement, than could be purchased by us for twenty at Lucknow. He expressed a sovereign contempt for Almas,* who he said being precluded from the pleasures of the sex, disliked and discouraged them. Many of Almas's wounded sepoys were brought into the ferauce from a fort in the woods, which had been reduced by him after a siege of six weeks. These men were shockingly mangled.-Some had balls lodged in their bodies, others were scorched by a combustible matter thrown on them during the attack. Being possessed of a few medical materials, I applied dressings to such cases as could likely receive any benefit from the assistance ; and I was pleased to observe the successful effects of some of the applications. The want of chirurgical help is an evil which affects, in a grievous manner, the native military service of Hindoftan, especially since

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the use of fire-arms has become so prevalent; and it will be no exageration to say, that a greater number of the country troops are destroyed by the effects of wounds, than slain in immediate action.

After a long journey of 14 coffes, in which I crossed the Ganges, and had nearly exhausted the strength of my horse, I arrived on the 21st at the ancient city of Kinnouge, situate on the Callinuady, a small river that falls into the Ganges, about twenty miles below Furruckabad. Kinnouge, before the period of the Mahometan conquest, ranked amongst the most populous and opulent cities of Hindoftan. It is mentioned in testimony of its grandeur, that Kinnouge contained thirty thousand shops for the sale of betle, and afforded employment for six thousand female dancers, and musicians. — A vast mass of ruins interspersed through a wide space, marks the ancient extent and grandeur of Kinnouge; though few distinct vestiges now exist, except some parts of a stone temple erected in ancient times to the honor of Setah, the wife of Ram, which has been exorcised by some zealous Mahometan, and converted into a place of worship. The present race of Indian Mahometans not being fervent in the cause of religion, or being rather supinely regardless of it, (many of them holding the memory of Mahomet in as little reverence as they would that of Thomas-a-Becket, had they ever heard of him) the mosque is now defiled and abandoned. In several cavities which the rain has formed, I observed parts of brick wall, funk twenty feet at least


beneath the level of the town; and the inhabitants say, that in digging into the foundation, small pieces of gold and silver are often discovered. They also say, that Kinnouge was once destroyed by an inundation; but as few Hindoo records are divested of mythological story, fender uses only can be derived from them. The Mahrattas plundered this city, and laid waste the adjacent country, previously to the battle of Panifrett.* After this important event, which gave a strength and permanency to the Mahometan power in Upper India, Ahmed Khan Bungish, the chief of Furruckabad, took possession of the diftricts of Kinnouge, which during his administration, began to emerge from the ruin in which it had been long involved, and assumed symptoms of a recovery which are now wholly effaced.

ARRIVED on the 23d at Khodah Gunge, -nine cosses,village in the territory of Muzzuffer Jung, the adopted son of Ahmed Khan : but no more like the father, -excuse the phrase, than “ I am like Hercules.”—This young man, averse to, or incapable of business, is a tributary of Affof-ud-Dowlah, who by the high fine he has imposed on Furruckabad, may be said to

govern it himself.

On the 24th, -at Furruckabad - nine cosses.-- Finding the pleasures of my Patan friend grow expensive, and very noisy, I

* It was fought in February, 1761.


took an easy leave of him, and slipped unperceived into the English artillery camp, where I am treated, as I have been in all parts of this hospitable country, with every mark of kindness.

I am, my Dear Sir,

Yours, &c. &c.


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