« PreviousContinue »
his, if he could be drawn to enter into it, Sir, If I had been put npon this task and give his advice.
soon after his death, I might possibly have Though in company he never used bim. self, nor willingly heard from others, any be always borne by himself, he sometimes personal reflections on other men, though procured an assistant from Oxford, to set off with a sharpness that usually tickles, preach in the afternoon. His sermons and by most men is mistaken for the best, were so contrived by him, as to be most if not the only seasoning of pleasant con- nseful to the persons that were to bear versation ; yet he would often bear his part them. For though such as he preached in innocent mirth, and by some apposite in the University were very elaborate, and and diverting story, continue and heighten full of critical and other learning; the dis. the good humour.
courses he delivered in bis parish were I know not whether you find amongst plain and easy, having nothing in them the papers of his, that are, as you say, put which he conceived to be above the ca. into your hands, any Arabic proverbs, pacities even of the meanest of his auditranslated by him. He bas told me that tous. He commonly began with an exhe had a collection of 3000, as I remem planation of the text he made choice of, ber; and that they were, for the most part, rendering the sense of it as obvions and very good. He had, as he intimated, some intelligible as might be : then he noted thoughts of translating them, and adding whatever was contained in it relating to a some more, where they were necessary to good life; and recommended it to his clear any obscurities; but whether he ever hearers, with a great force of spiritual ardid any thing in it before he died, I have guments, and all the motives which apgot heard. Bit to return to what I can peared most likely to prevail with them. call to mind, and recover of him.
And as he carefully avoided the shews I do not remember, that in all my con and ostentation of learning, so he would versation with bim, I ever saw him once not, by any means, indulge himself in the angry, or to be so far provoked, as to practice of those arts, which at that time change colonr or countenance, or tone of were very common, and much admired by voice. Displeasing accidents and actions ordinary people. Such were distortions would sometimes occur; there is no help of the countenance and strange gestures, a for that: but nothing of that kind moved violent and unnatural way ot'speaking, and bim, that I saw, to any passionate words; affected words and phrases, which being much less to chiding or clamour. His life out of the ordinary way, were therefore appeared to me one constant calm. How supposed to express somewhat very mys. great bis patience was in his long and terious, and, in a high degree, spiritual. dangerous lameness, (wherein there were Though nobody could be more unwilling very terrible and painful operations) you than he was to make people uneasy, if it have, po donbt, learnt from others. I hap- was possible for bim to avoid it, yet neipened to be absent from Oxford most of ther did his natural temper prevail with that time; but I have heard, and believe him, nor any other consideration tempt it, that it was suitable to the other parts him, to be silent, where reproof was neof his life. To conclude, I can say of him, cessary. With a courage, therefore, bewhat few men can say of any friend of coming an ambassador of Jesus Christ, he theirs, nor I of any other of my acquaint boldly declared against the sins of the ance; that I do not remember I erer saw times, warning those who were under his in him any one action that I did, or could care, as against all profane and immoral in my own mind blame, or thought amiss practices, so against those schisms and diin him .
visions which were now breaking in upon
the Church, and those seditions which aim4 As a country clergyman, he ed at the subversion of the State. His set bimself, with his utmost diligence, whole conversation too was one continued to a conscientious performance of all sermon, powerfully recommending to all the duties of his cure ; labouring for that were acquainted with him, the sevethe edification of those committed to his ral duties of Christianity. For as he was charge, with the zeal and application of " blameless and harn less, and without rea man, who thoroughly considered the buke," so bis unaffected piety, his meekvalue of immortal souls, and the account vess and humility, his kind and obliging he was to give. He was constant in behaviour, and great readiness, upon every preaching, performing that work twice occasion, to do all the good he was capa. every Lord's Day. And because the ad. ble of, made him shine as “ a light in the dition of catechizing, which he would not world." neglect, made this a burthen too heavy to A minister that thius acquitted himself, sent you a paper better furnished than this purpose, to fill up the character of so good is, and with particulars fitter for your and extraordinary a man, apd so exemplary
a life. The esteem and honour I have still one would think, should have met with for him, would not suffer me to say nomuch esteem, and all imaginable good thing; though my decaying bad memory did usage from his whole parish ; but the mat- ill second my desire to obey your comter was otherwise; he was one of those mauds. Pray accept this, as a mark of my excellent persons, whom the brightest willingness, and believe that I am, virtue hath not been able to secure from
Your most humble servant, an evil treatment ; yea, that upon account, even of what was highly valuable
JOHN LOCKE. in them, have been contemned, reproach. ed, and injuriously handled. Some few,
LETTER II. indeed, of those under his care, had a just sense of his worth, and paid him all the
Oales, 23 July, 1703. respect that was due to it: but the beha- SIR, I cannot but think myself be. viour of the greater number was such as bolden to any occasion that procures me could not but often inuch discompose and the honour of a letter from you. I return afflict him. His care not to ainuse his my acknowledgments for those great exhearers, with things which they could not pressions of civility and marks of friendunderstand, gave some of them occsaion ship I received in your's of the eighth into entertain very contemptible thoughts stant; and wish I had the opportunity to of his learning, and to speak of him ac- shew the esteem I have of your merit, and cordingly. So that one of his Oxford the sense of your kindness to me, in any friends, as he travelled througla Childry, real service. The desire of your friend in inquiring, for his diversion, of some peo- the inclosed letter you sent me, is what of ple, wbo was their minister ? and how myself I am inclined to satisfy : and am they liked him? received from them this only sorry, that so copious a snbject has answer : “ Our parson is one Mr. Pococke, lost, in my bad memory, so much of what a plain, honest man; bot master," said they, heretofore I could have said, concerning “ he is no Latiner."-Life, by Dr. Twells. that great and good man, of whom he in
u Should I begin,” says Dr. Marsh, quires. Time, I daily find, blots out apace (some time ago Primate of Ireland) to the little stock of my inind, and lias disspeak any thing of the rare endowments abled me froin furnishing all that I would of this admirable man (Dr. Pococke) with willingly contribute to the memory of that whom I had the honour to be very inti- learned man. But give me leave to assure mately acquainted for many years, I should you, that I have not known a fitter person not be able to end his character under a . than he, to be preserved as an example, volume: his rare learning appears in his and proposed to the imitation of men of writings; his exemplary piety, meekness, letters. I therefore wish well to your self-denial, and candour, were visible to friend's design, though my mite be all I all that conversed with him ; his patience have been able to contribute to it. I wish and resignation to God's will were discern you all happiness, and am, with a very parable to all who visited him in the time of ticular respect, his long and painful sickness; and his pro
Sir, found humility was well known and admired by all his acquaintance."- From the
Your most humble servant, Same.
John Locks. The following is the Inscription on Dr. Pococke's Monument in the Cathedral Church
of Christ, at Oxford.
EDOARDUS POCOCKE, S. T. D.
Natus est Oxoniæ, Nov. 8. A. D. 1604.
Primus est institutns, 1636.
in Cælum reverso,
hunc mærens posuit.
Preface by Bishop Pearson, to Dr. may rely upon the understanding of the Daniel Stokes's Commentary on
Tbus in these smaller Prophets acthe twelve Minor Prophets. 1659.
knowledged by all, especially by such as If the eunuch in the Acts, having a know most, to be obscure, that interpreter prophet in his hand, and being asked this which shall be able to deliver their mind.
Understandest thou what thou and contrive the same as if it proceeded readest? could give no better answer than immediately from themselves, must neces. that, How can I, except some man should sarily be confessed the best expositor. And guide me? If this were the best account no man can be able to perform this but which could there be given wbere the he which is exactly knowing of all the original language was familiarly under. idioms of the Hebrew tongue, and famis stood; what need of an interpreter niust liarly acquainted with, and constantly they have, who, far distant both in time and versed in the Prophets themselves, and place, can read the Prophets in no other the writings of the Jews. than their mother language, and that most
Now such a person as this is, bath different from the tongue in which those taken the pains to benefit the church of holy authors wrote? As therefore the gene God with a paraphrase of this nature rality of Christians could not read the the reverend and learned Dr. Stokes, scriptures at all, except they were first who hath from the happy beginning of bis translated, so when they are, many parts of studies been known most industriously to them cannot yet be understood until they have prosecuted that of the Oriental be interpreted. And, as of all the holy Languages, and hath for more than forty writers the Prophets are confessedly most years constantly made remarks upon the obscure, so amongst them the smallest Hebrew text, from which he hath raised must necessarily be most intricate : bre unto himself a body of critical observity always causing some obscurity. vations ready and most fit for public view, . Now, though there be many commen Amongst many advantages accruing espetators which have copiously written on the cially to the understanding of the scripProphets : ye we sball not find that light tures, he bath made choice to publish this which might be expected from them, paraphrase of the sinall Prophets: a work because some have undertaken to expound of more real than seeming value. Which those oracles, being themselves either I cannot sufficiently commend to the altogether ignorant of their language, or
reader, neither in respect of itself (it is of very little versed in it. Others enlarge so great use and benefit), nor in reference themselves by way of doctrines or com to his other works, which we may hope to mon-place, which may belong as well to
see according to the entertainment given any anthors as to those to which they are to this. And that (Christian reader) he applied. Wherefore if any man hath really desires may be found correspondent to the a desire to understand the scriptures, desert thereof; who is the author's I commend him unto those interpreters,
Most affectionate friend, whose expositions are literal, searching
but in this more thine, and declaring the proprieties of the
JOHN PEARSON, speech of the author, and the scope and aim which bé that wrote had in the writing of it,
To the Editor of the Remembrancer, of these literal interpreters, useful to all Readers, those are most advantageous to the unlearned, who contrive their ex- ACTUATED alone by pure and con. positions by way of paraphrase, and so make scientious motives, as a Minister of the author speak his own sense plainly, the Church of England, I beg leave and perspicuously; which is the greatest
most respectfully to call your no. life that can be given unto any writing originally obscure. For if the interpreter
tice to a subject, which has lately truly understand the mind of the author,
much engaged my attention. Truly then without any trouble or cireumlocution bappy shall I be, if any of your it becomes the same thing as if the writer learned and numerous Correspondhad clearly at first expressed himself. And
ents will condescend to favour me therefore proportionably to our opinion with their candid and unreserved of the knowledge of the Paraphrase, we opinion on it
If we consult the Rubric pre- transaction in which he was confixed to the Office for the Admi- cerned, and deliver up the names nistration of the Lord's Supper, or of all his wicked associates, so that Holy Communion, we may observe, they may be detected and brought that the Curate is expressly en- to justice? However, should the joined not to suffer “ any one who worthy Clergyman be involved in is an open and notorious liver to doubt how to act consistently with presume to come to the Lord's table, his duty, and his own conscience, until he hath declared himself to would it not be prudent, would it have truly repented and amended not shew that he was commendably his former naughty life, that the cautious, in hesitating to administer congregation may thereby be satis- the Holy Sacrament till he had time fied, which before were offended.” to consult with his Diocesan on this Provided, “ that every Minister so important subject? I think, that repelling any, as is specified in this his mind would then be more at Rubric, shall be obliged to give an ease, and that he would tread on account of the same to the Ordinary safer and surer ground. within fourteen days after at the By many condemned criminals, farthest."
I am afraid, that the Holy SacraThus saith the Rubric, whereby ment is by them taken under the • it evidently appears, that the com- Roman Catholic idea of a passport
mand given to the Curate, or offi. into heaven, and that it will inspire ciating Minister, is of an impera- them with manly fortitude at the tive nature. To any Minister what awful and agonizing moment of ever, the rejection of a person from their execution. If credit is to be his appearing at the Lord's table given to reports in our public pamust be distressing, and truly pain: pers of the behaviour of some criful to his feelings. But there are minals of late, it is evident that some cases, particularly those of thev made no full confession of their murder, in which the Minister finds guilt. Their chief object seems to himself involved in much difficulty; have been to act the part of har. for his bumanity and compassion dened bravery, and shew a courage for the condemned criminal will in- more worthy of a better cause; and duce him not to refuse the Holy Sa- in this, I am sorry to think, they are crament to him, previous to his frequently confirmed and strengthfalling a victim to the violated and ened by the delusive advice and offended laws of his country. But consolation of the enthusiast and can the murderer be said to be filled evangelical preacher. I remain rewith contrition and truly penitent, spectfully, merely by confessing his guilt, and
Sir acknowledging the justice of his Your humble Servant, sentence? Very little reliance is
CANDIDUS. surely to be placed on the sincerity of this man's repentance. On the contrary, I am of opinion, that it To the Editor of the Remembrancer. may more properly be called attri. tion, arising from the dread of punishment only. But would not the I HAVE lately had the good forMinister, without being unjustly tune to see the copy of Henry the charged with want of feeling and VIII.'s Book on the Seven Sacrahumanity, be fully justified, and act ments, presented by the King to a conscientious part, if he refuses Archbishop Cranmer, containing his to administer the Holy Sacrament name “ Thomas Cantuarien," and to the wretched murderer, unless he marginal notes in the Archbishop's discloses the whole of the horrid own hand-writing. These latter are
curious, as they shew the workings the work to which those notes I
ASSERTIO SEPTEM SA-
(at the end)
Cum priuilegio a rege indulto.
(4to. pp. 156.)
a notes in the Abp's handwriting are At pa. 33. (the words in Italics are marked by the the follow
-“ Idem potuit, et in Apostolorum Actis contingere, ubi nec beatus Petrus alloquens populum, et illis Christi fidem insinuans, ausus est adhuc aperte quicquam, de eius diuinitate dicere, ita abdita, et populis dubia mysteria non temere proferebat. At Christus apostolos suos, quos tam diu sua doctrina formauerat, ipso sacramenti instituendi principio, docere non dubitauit, panis uivique non amplius restare sub
stantiam, sed manente utriusq: specie, utrunq: tamen, et * deside panem, et uinum, in corpus et sanguinem suum esse cöuersum". rams.id ex Quod tam aperte docuit, ut plane mirandum, sit exortū quenq: scripturis.
postea, qui rem tam claram, rursus uocaret in dubium. Quomodo enim potuisset apertius dicere, nihil illic remanere panis, q: quum dixit. Hoc est corpus meū.”
At pa. 35.
“NAM Q. LUTHERUS AIT HANC + fidem transubstantiationis, trāsubstāti. iam intra trecentos annos proximos esse natum, quum prius a onis.
Christo plus annis mille ducentis ecclesia recte creddiderit, nec interim de transubstantiatione tain portentoso (ut ait ille) uocabulo, mentio ung: ulla sit facta, si de uocabulo tantum litiget, nemo erit, opinor, illi molestus, ut credat transubstantiationem, modo credat panem sic esse conuersum in carnem, et uinum in sanguinem, ut nihil, neq: panis remaneat, neg:
vini, præter speciem, quod ipsum uno uerbo uolunt, quivbi vbu dei cunque ponunt transubstantiationem 1. At istud, postq; ecclesia quod. fide uerum esse decreuit, etiam, si nunc primum decerneret: faciat huius rei.
tamen, si ueteres non credidere contrarium, q: q: de ea re nung: ante quisquam cogitasset, cur non obtemperaret Lu. therus, ecclesiæ totius præsenti decreto: persuasus, id nunc tantum reuelatum ecclesiæ, quod ante latuisset? Spiritus enim,
sicut, ubi uult spirat, ita spirat, quando uult." BEMEMBRANCBR, No. 63.