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lisle (lately void by the death of Dr. Pot- ed how plain, and yet how moving they ter,) to be held in commendam ; on this, were, and being sufficiently satisfied that though very much lessened iu valne by the their plainess did not arise from any Scotch and English armies quartering upon want of wit or learning in the preacher, it, as also by the unbappy wars wbich not quitted altogether his affected style and long after followed, he made shift to sudied periods, and took up a more plain subsist, with some other helps, until and profitable way of preaching; so that the Episcopal lands were all seized by the coming afterwards to visit the Lord Prithen House of Commons: and though, in mate, he gave him many thanks, and told consideration of his great losses in Ire- him, he had now learned of him how land, as also of his own merits, and, to to preach ; and that, since he had folmake him some satisfaction for what they lowed his example, he had found more satook away, they voted him a pension of tisfaction in his own conscience, and com400l. per annum, yet I cannot hear that he fort in his ministry, than ever he had beever received it above once, or twice at fore. . most, for the independent faction getting In March following he went from thence uppermost, soon put an end to that pay- into Wales, to Cardiff, in Glamorgansbire, ment.
where Sir Timothy Tyrrel, his son-in-law, · His Majesty having now left London, by was governor, and where he was welcomed reason of the tumolts there, and the un- with all that joy and affection which so dutifuluess of the house of commons to- good a father, after so long an absence, wards him, the Lord Primate, being more could expect. Here he staid almost a year, deeply afflicted for these breaches, than free from the dangers of war; this being a for all his own private sufferings, having strong garrison, and well manned, which now no more satisfaction in abiding in invited many persons of good quality to London, resolved to move thence for Ox- come thither for safety; so that the Lord ford, not long before his majesty's com- Primate had a good opportunity to pursue ing thither: and there, though the Lord his studies, having brought many chests of Primate's outward condition was much books along with him ; and he now made lessened, to what it was before, yet his a great progress in the first part of his greatness being founded upon a more solid Annals. Whilst he was at. Cardiff, his bottom than riches and outward splendor, Majesty, after the fatal battle of Naseby, he was received with the same, or rather came into Wales, to my Lord Marquis of greater kindness and respect, than before. Worcester's, at Ragland, and from thence The Rev. Dr. Prideaux, Bishop of Wor- to Cardiff, where he staid some days. And cester, his good friend, lent bim his house the Lord Primate then enjoyed the satisfac. adjoining to Exeter college, which he ac- tion, though upon a sad occasion, of his cepted of, as being near his business at Majesty's excellent conversation in the the public library; where he now pursued same house, who received hiin with his his studies, preparing divers treatises for wonted kindness and favour. Whilst le the public view, some of which he also was here the Lord Primate preached before printed there, as shall be hereafter men. bim in the castle, and when his majesty tioned. Nor did he less endeavour to be went away, and the Lord Primate had serviceable to men's souls, than to the taken his leave of him, I beard him decommonwealth of learning, preaching com- clare, that nothing came nearer to his monly at one Church or other every San- heart than the imminent danger of the king day, and for great part of the time in the and Church, with the effusion of so much forenoon, sometimes at St. Olaves and Christian blood. His Majesty's necessisometimes at Allhallows, where he had ties now not permitting him to leave many constantly a great audience, both of scho- men in garrisons, he was forced to unlars and others: where, notwithstanding furnish this, as well as others, of its solthe learning of most of his hearers, le diers and ammunition; so that Şir Timorather chose a plain substantial way of thy Tyrrel was forced to quit that govern. preaching, for the promoting of piety and ment, by reason of which the archbishop virtue, than studied eloquence, or a vaia being forced to remove,was in a great strait ostentation of learning; so that he quite whither to go, the ways from thence to Oxput out of countenance that windy affect- ford being all cut off by the enemy, so that ed sort of oratory which was then much in he had some thoughts, being near the sea, use. And I remember I then heard, that of going over into France or Holland, to there was a person in the university very both which places he had been formerly much famed for what kind of preaching, invited, as hath been already mentioned. who, after he had heard for some time But, whilst he was in this perplexity, the the Lord Primate's sermons, and observ- Lady Dowager Stradling sent him a kind
invitation to come to her castle of St. Do- for I am touched in a very tender place nates as soon as he pleased, which lie ac- and he has thought fit to take from me cepted as a great favour.
at once, all that I have been gathering But by the time that he was ready to go together above these twenty years; and with his danghter, the Lady Tyrrel, the which I intended 10 publish for the adconntry thereabouts was up in arms in a vancement of learning, and the good of tumnltuons inanner to the number of ten the Church." The next day divers of the thousand, who chose themselves officers, neighbouring gentry and clergy came to and formed themselves into a body, pre- visit him, and to condole with him on his tending for the king, but yet would not loss, promising to do their utmost endeabe governed by English commanders, nor voors, that what hooks or papers were not suffer any English garrisons in the coun- burnt or torn, should be restored ; and so try. This gave the Lord Primate a fresh very civilly waited on him to St, Donates. disturbance, the Welchmen lying in the And, to let you see that these gentlemen ways between that place and St. Do- and ministers did not only promise, but nates; but there were some at that were also able to perform it, they so used time in Cardiff, who would needs under their power with the people, that pube take to convey the Lord Primate and his lishing in the Churches all over those company through byeways, so that they parts, that all that had any such books or might avoid this tumultnous rabble ; papers, should bring them to their minis. which, thonghiat might be advised by ters or landlords, there were in the space the then governor of Cardiff, and was of two or three months brought in to him, faithfully enough executed by them that by parcels, all his books and papers so fully, undertook it, yet happened very ill for my that being put altogether, we found not Lord, and those that were with him ; for many wanting. Those most remarkable, going by some private ways near the moun that I or others can call to mind, tains, they fell in with a straggling party were two manuscripts concerning the that were scouting thereabouts, who soon Waldenses, which he much valued, and led them to the main body, where it was which he had obtained toward the conticrime enough that they were English ; nuing of his Ecclesiarum Christianarum so that they immediately fell to plunder- Successione ;" as also another manuscript, ing, and breaking open my Lord Primate's a“ Catalogue of the Persian Kings," comchests of books, and other things which he municated by Elikmapnus; and one volunte bad with hin, ransacking all his manu. of manuscripts, containing his « Variæ scripts and papers, many of them of his Lectiones," of the New Testament; and of own hand writing, which were quickly printed books only Tally's Works, and dispersed among a thousand hands; and, some others of less concernment. not content with this, they pulled the Lord Not long after he fell into a painful sick. Primate, and his daughter and other ladies ness, and bled four days together, so that he from their horses; all which the Lord Pri. swooned, and all hope of life seemed pasty mate bore with his wonted patience. But till at last, when we apprehended he was now some of their officers coming in, who expiring, the blood staunched of itself; for were of the gentry of the country, they he lay a good while in a trance. But God seemed very much ashamed at this barba- bad some farther work for him to perform, rous treatment, and by force or fair means and was pleased by degrees to restore him caused their horses, and other things which to his former health and strength. But it were taken from them, to be restored; but, is worth the remembering, that whilst he as to the books and papers, they were got was in the niidst of his pain, as also his into too many hands to be then recovered. bleeding, he was still patient, praising Nor were these gentlemen satisfied with God, and resigning up limself to his will, this, but some of them very civilly con- and giving all those about him, or that came dacted him through the rest of this tu- to visit him, excellent heavenly advice to multuous rabble, to Sir John Aubery's a holy life, and due preparation for death. honse, not far of, where he was civilly ere its agonies seized them; saying, “ Ić received, and lodged that night. When he is a dangerous thing to leave all undone . came thither, and had retired to his cham till our lust sickness; I fear a death-bed ber, I must confess that I never saw him so repentance will avail us little, if we have much troubled in my life; saying to his livedl vainly and viciously, and neglected daughter, and those that endeavoured to our repentance till we can sin no longer." comfort him, " I know that it is God's Thus he exhorted us all to fear God, and hand, and I must endeavour to bear it love and obey the Lord Jesus Christ, and patiently, though I have too much human to live a holy life: “ And then,” said he, frailty not to be extremely concerned, “ you will feel the comfort of it at your REMEMBRANCER, No. 61.
death, and your change will be happy." suffer by the signing of this bill, or While he was thus bleeding, there came to words to that effect." visit him one of the then house of Commons, His death was in most places lamented: that was related by marriage to his family. and so believed at court, that a letter came To whom he said, “ Sir, you see I am over for a successor in his primacy in Ire. very weak, and cannot expect to live land; but he recovered, and, anno 1646, many hour's ; you are returning to the pur- June 11, de came to London, when the liament, I am going to God; my blood Countess of Peterborough gladly received and life is almost spent : I charge you him. And here it must not be forgotten, to tell them from me, that I know they are that before he left Wales, the great exin the wrong, and have dealt very inju- pences of his sickness and removals in the riously with the king; and I am not mis- year past, had much reduced his purse, nor taken in this matter.” After this, the room knew he where to get it supplied, when it being cleared of company, and only myself pleased God to put it into the hearts of dileft with him, he spake somewhat to me vers worthy persons of that country, to couabout his own private concerns, giving or- sider low much the Lord Primate bad not ders how he would have his books and only suffered by the rudeness of the rabpapers disposed of here, and elsewhere; ble, but also by a long and expensive and that those books which he had bor. sickness : so they sent him, upknown to rowed, should be restored ; and that if any each other, divers considerable sums, so friend would undertake to finish his And that he had in a few weeks enough to supnals, he should have the use of his papers ply all his present occasions, and also to and collections; he thought Dr. Lang. defray the expences of his journey into baine the fittest man for that purpose, as England. This the good Bishop accountbeing wel versed in those studies, and so ed a special Providence, and was very most able, if willing to undertake it. After thankful for it; and I thouglit good to some other discourse, I then made bold to take notice of it, that it may serve as a ask him if he had advised the king to pass inemorial of the high generosity and chathe bill against the Earl of Strafford, as it rity of the gentry of this country at that had been reported. To which he replied, time. “ I know there is such a thing most About the beginning of the year 1647, wrongfully laid to my charge; but I he was chosen preacher to that honourneither gave, nor' approved of any such able society of Lincolu's Inn, where advice, as that the king should assent he continued divers years, with great boto the bill against the earl; but, on the nour and respect from them; till by the contrary, told his majesty, that if he was loss of his sight, that he could not read his satisfied by what he had heard at his trial, text, and decay of strength, he was adthat the earl was not guilty of treason, his vised by his friends to forbear, and to remajesty ought not in conscience to consent serve himself, and the remainder of his to his condemnation. And this the king spirits, to the composing of his books, yet knows well enough, and can clear me if expected. he pleases.” Nor was my Lord Primate After he left Lincoln's Inn, he was premistaken in this; for when not long after vailell with to preach in several places : it was told bis majesty at Oxford, from a as at Gray's Inn; at the Temple, on the false rumour that prevailed, that the Arche occasion of Mr. Selden's funeral; and at bishop of Armagh was dead, he spake to two other places in the city. And now Colonel William Legge and Mr. Kirk, then too soon after came that fatal thirtieth of the bedchamber, to this effect, That of January (never to be mentioned, or he was very sorry for his death, toge- thought on by all good men, without ther with high expressions of his piety grief and detestation,) on which was and merits. But one there present re. perpetrated the most execrable deed under plied, “ That he believed he might be so, the pretence of justice, that ever was were it not for his persuading your majesty acted since the world began---a King to consent to the Earl of Strafford's exe- murdered by his own subjects, before his cution.” To which the king, with great own palace, in the face of the sun; for warmth, answered, “ That it was false; which the Lord Primate was so deeply for," said the king, “ after the bill was and sensibly afflicted, that he kept tiiat past, the archbishop came to me, saying, day as a private fast as long as he lived ; with tears in his eyes, Oh, sir, what have and would always bewail the scandal and you done? I fear that this act may prove reproach it liad cast not only on our own naa great trouble to your conscience; and tion, but religion itself, saying, That there. pray God wiat your", majesty may never by a great advantage was given to Popery, and that from thenceforward the priests the parliament for some years had been spould with greater success advance their bountiful towards him, by giving bim an designs against the Church of England annual stipend; but the last two years of and the Protestant religion in general.' their sitting it was suspended. After their Nor will it be impertinent here to relate dissolving, the care of him was renewed a passage that happened to the Lord Pri- by his Highness the Lord Protector; by mate, at the time of his Majesty's inurder: whose order a constant competent allow
-The Lady Peterborougli's house (where ance was given him for his subsistence, my Lord then lived) being just over which contented him. . . against Charing-cross, divers of the Coun. All that knew him found him very comtess's gentlemen and servants got upon the municative, not only of his studies, but leads of the house, from whence they of what he had out of his stipend, to percould see plainly what was acting before sons in want; wherein he needed rather a Whiteball; as soon as his Majesty came bridle than a spur. He was a man moreupon the scaffold, some of the household over of most exemplary moderation, meekcame and told my Lord Primate of it, and asked him if he would see the King once *“ Cromwell possessed great esteem more before he was put to death: my for the Archbishop, insomach that he Lord was at first unwilling, but was at last was chosen by the Episcopal Clergy to persuaded to go np, as well out of his de- present their complaints to Cromwell, and sire to see bis Majesty once again, as alsó request for them the same freedom of concuriosity, since he could scarce believe science which had been granted to others; what they told bim, unless he saw it. and Cromwell had given him a promise to When he came upon the leads the King that effect. But when the Lord Primate was in his speech : the Lord Primate went to hiin a second time, to get this prostood still, and said nothing, but sighed; mise ratified, and put into writing, be found and lifting up his hands and eyes (full of him under his chirurgeon's hands, who was tears) towards heaven, seemed to pray dressing a great boil wbich he had on his earnestly, but when his Majesty had done breast; so Cromwell prayed the Lord speaking, and had pulled off his cloak Primate to sit down a little, and that and donblet, and stood stripped in his when he was dressed he would speak waistcoat, and tbey in the vizards began with him. Whilst this was doing, Cromto put up his hair, the good Bishop no well said to my Lord Primate, If this longer able to endure so jismal a sight, core (pointing to the boil) were once and being full of grief and horror for that out, I should quickly be well. To which most wicked act now ready to be exe- the good bishop replied, " I doubt the cated, grew pale, and began to faint, socore lies deeper; there is a core at the that if he had not been observed by his heart that must be taken out, or else it own servant, and some others that stood will not be well.'-'Ah! replied he, SU near him (who thereupon supported him) there is indeed,' and sighed. But when he had swooned away. So they presently the Lord Primate began to speak to him carried him down, and laid him on his bed, concerning the business he came about, he where he used those powerful weapons answered bim to this effect: that he had which God has left his people in such since better considered it, baving advised afflictions, viz. prayers and tears; tears, with his council about it, and that they that so horrid a sin should be committed, thought it not safe for him to grant liberty and prayers, that God would give bis of conscience to men, who were enemies to Prince patience and constancy to undergo him and his government; and so he took his these cruel sufferings.
leave of him, though with good words and Though he had now given up all preach outward civility. The Lord Primate, seeing ing in public, except occasionally as I it was in vain to urge it any further, said have mentioned, yet was he much troubled, little more to him, but returned to his that he found binself unable to continue lodgings very much troubled and concerna it; and though he had been about fifty-five ed, that his endeavours had met with no years a preacher, and so like the Levites, better success. When he was in his chama might well be excnsed from the service of ber, he said to some of his relations, and the sanctalary, only employing bimself, as myself, that came to see him, ' This false he did, for the direction of others; yet he man hath broken his word with me, and had resolved this summer, in some small refuses to perform what he promised ; church or chapel, to have returued to it well; he will have little cause io glory in again.
- his wickedness, for he will not continue He sought no great things for himself. long. The king will return; au though F lo bis distresses, by his losses in Ireland, shall not live to see it, yet you may.'" Parr.
ness, humility, and ingenuity. The night was at his study, proceeding in his Chronobefore he left London, how humbly did he logia Sacra, clearing all doubts in his former demean himself, and did then, as he had book, his Annals of the Bible, in which often before, entreat as to prepare for af he had gone as far as the Judges, where the flictions and trials, which he was persuaded last words he wrote were, hîc præterea nowere not far from us. The next morning tandum; but returned not to finish the sey(being Feb. 13, 1665,) I took my last tence. He went from thence to visit a genleave of lins; and so having stayed liere at tlewoman, then sick in the honse ; gave her Loudon fifty-one days, (for so we found a most excellent preparative for death, with it punctually noted by him in a book; other most holy advices in practical matters, it being his custom so to number out for three quarters of an hour, but in such an his days, for the place and manner of heavenly manner, as if, like Moses upon spending them,) he returned to Ryegate, Mount Nebo, his eyes had been then to the Counteas of Peterborougtis ; and strengthened to the sight of that celestial though I had often letters from him, yet Canaan; or with St. Paul, in his rapture, I saw him no more *.
he had been within the gate of heaven; to The day he first sickened, (March 20,) which, like Jacob, be was now pearer be had been, as every day, well busied. than he was aware. Most part of it, as long as lie bad light, he That night, about eight o'clock, he first
complained of his bip; judging it to be a " He had now frequent thouglıts of his tonch of the sciatica, which about thirtydissolution; and as lie was wont every five years ago he bad, by sitting up late year to note in his almanack, over against in the college library of Dublin; but of this the day of his birth, the year of his age, so he was, by an ointment, for the present I find this year 1655 this note written with eased, and took some rest that night. In the his own hand :---Now aged 75 years, my morning he consplained of a great pain in days are full ; and presently after, iu capi- his side. A physician was sent sor, who did tal letters, RESIGNATION : from which we that which he conceived was best for him ; may gather, that he now thought the days but it continuing, and his spirits decaying, of his pilgrimage to be fulfilled, and that he applied hiinself to prayer; and, upon he now wholly resigned op himself to God's the abatement of the torture, to advising will and pleasure.
those about him to provide in their health Not long before his death, going to for death, that they might have nothing Ryegate, I preached a sermon there, where else to do but to die. this good Bishop was present. After I n prayer he bad the assistance of a mi. church, he was pleased to confer with ine nister then present, but afterwards desired in private, (as it was usual with him so to to be left to himself. The last words he do) and he spake to this effect: “ I thank was heard to utter, in praying for the you for your sermon; I am going out of forgiveness of his sins, were these : “ Brut this world, and I now desire, according Lord, in special, forgive my sins of omisto your text, to "seek those things which sion." Yet was he a person that never was are above, where Christ sitleth at the right known to omit an liour, but ever employed hand of Gorl," and to be with him in in his Master's business, either writing, heaven; of which (said he) we ought not reading, or, having as of late, others to to doubt, if we can evidence to ourselves read to him; ever either resolving of true faith and charity, and live in the doubts, or exhorting, instructing, and giving exercise of those Christian gruces and good and holy counsel to such as came to virtues with perseverance; mortifying visit him; yet with this humble expression daily our inbred corruptions, renouncing did this holy man of God expire; an exall ungodliness and worldly lusts; and he pression which may be a lesson to us all, that is arrived at this habitual frame and and give us, to our last, matter of solemn holy course of life, is the blessed and happy meditation and imitation. man, and may rejoice in hope of a glorious He was publicly buried at Westminster eternity in the kingdom of heaven, to re- Abbey, in St. Erasmus's Chapel, next to ceive that inheritance given by God, to Sir James Fullerton, once his schoolmaster those that are sanctified.” So that all his --- there waiting a glorious resurrection, discourse was of heavenly things, as if his with those that die in the faith of our better part had been thiere already, freed Lord Jesus. Many tears were shed at his from the body and all terrene affectious; obsequies, the city and country being full and he seemed as if he were seriously cons of the singular piety, learning and worth sidering his spiritual state, and making of the deceased Primate; and on his moready for his departure, which lie now nument was placed the followog inscrips shortly expected." Parr.