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then consort, and since mournful widow. laid, and chancellor of the diocese of And this seems to have been granted to Carlisle, preaching his funeral sermon. hiin, since he sarvived the return of that A s he had requested that no pomp por time no more than one day. Another state should be used at his funeral, no petition he also made, that his reason and more than any eulogium should be made senses might continue to the last moment of him (snch was his rare modesty and of his life, which was also granted, for he humility,) so did he desire to be buried lived till Wednesday, March 26, 1684, in in Dalston church-yard, and to have a the evening; and yet did he not mis-spend plain stone laid over bis grave, with no his precious hours. His care for secular other inscription, but that such a day and concerns, which was never so great as to year died Edward, Bishop of Carlisle, merit the title of fondness, was now taken which accordingly was performed. These, off by a more pressing and laudable one, his two last requests, are a declaration to and that which was to be entertained in the world in his last moments, how little the preparation for, and contemplation of he valued the pageantry of funeral pomp, a future and eternal state. Hence the last and all monuments, which were not built moments wherein he enjoyed the use of upon the sure and firm basis of piety. bis tongue, were spent in a most pious We have now seen him laid in the manner--prudent connsel to those that chambers of the dast, let us draw the corwere about him ; holy meditations npon tains about him, leaving his body to rehis own condition at that time; fervent pose till the last trumpet shall awake him prayers and supplications to the Kiog of to the general resurrection of the just. Mercy, were the happy employments of He left no works in priot, but three his heavenly soul; and all these performed occasional sermons, the two former of with so mueh zeal and fervour, that it which are scarce to be got, seenied already to be upon the wing to The first of these sermons, and which wards heaven.
hath been already twice mentioned, was Towards even, on Wednesday above preached at St. Paul's Cross, on Sept. mentioned, being got into bed, and finding 28, 1634, entitled, Labour forbidden and bimaself very weak, he called for prayers, commanded, and which to all persons that which being concluded, and observing his peruse it without prejudice will sufficiently speech to fail, he spake these words to the evince, that the late Dr. Rainbow could company which were then with him-It clothe his thoughts in all the gaiety of exhath pleased God to take away my speech, pression suitable to a great audience, when and I am heavy and dull; I desire you he judged it convenient. all to pray for me, that God would assist The second was at the funeral of Su me with his grace.
sanna, Countess of Suffolk, preached May - After this he lay quietly, and slumbered 13, 1649, on Eccles. vii. 1. which was sometimes, till eleven o'clock at night, printed, together with some eulogies in when a starting fit (which formerly in his praise of that virtuous young lady, which sickness had troubled him at times) seized were composed by bis two intimate and him sharply for some time; then he lay no less learned friends, Dr. S. Collins, quietly for some time, though sensible, as Regius Professor of Divinity in Cammight be perceived, to the last, and so bridge, and Dr. James Deport, Greek breathed out his last breath, yielding np Professor there, and his successor in the his spirit to God, the author of it, and Mastership of Magdaleo, and Deapery of leaving all the spectators of this his happy Peterborough, end, dissolved in tears at this long separa T he third was preached at the intertion, in going to inherit, I hope, a crown ment of Anpe Conntess of Pembroke, of glory, which God bath prepared for all Dorset, and Montgomery, at Appleby, in them which unfeignedly love and sincerely Westinoreland, April 14, 1676, with some serve him,
remarks on the life of that eminent lady, This died that right reverend and pious on Prov. xiv, 1. prelate, Dr. Edward Rainbow, late Bi- In his youth he had a rieh vein in poesy, shop of Carlisle, about eleven o'clock at in which appeared somewhat of Ovid's air night, on Wednesday, March 26, 1684, at and fancy, tempered with the judgment of the age of near seventy-six years, and was Virgil; but none of his poetical exercises interred on Tuesday following, in Dalston and diversions have been published, bat a church-yard, April 1, 1684, as he bad de paper of verses upon the frontispiece of sired upon his death-bed. His hearse was Mr. Henry Isaacson's Chronology, which attended with a great multitude of the accurate chronologer was our Bishop's gentry, the clergy, and other neighbours; particular friend, and had formerly been Mr. Thomas Tulley, his Lordsbip's chap amanuensis to that living library, while
he was alive, the reverend and learned of his work; now hear him as to the manBishop Andrews; and another paper on ner and platform of it, and that was this Mr. Shelton's Art of Short Writing. . he would: endeavour to shew from the
Of the honour of the former of these time in which, and the occasion upon poems, printed without the addition of which, each saying was uttered by our Saaby name, in 1633, he was robbed by the viour, the scope and drift of his words, publisher of Mr. Richard Crashaw's poems, and what application may be made of entitled, Steps to the Temple, and ascrib- them for our instruction, either to guide ed by him to that ingenious epigramma. us in our faith, or to direct us in our life, tist; but he having no title to it, but in several cases and occurrences. what the modest silence of Mr. Rainbow This was the design, and this the megave him, I have recovered it to the true thod of the pious author, in that imperfect owner by a melius inquirendum.
treatise of his Verbu Christi, a work But that which would have been most truly worthy of its author, and agreeable useful to the Church of God, if it had to the pacific temper of him in particular, pleased the Almighty to have granted him and to the design of Christianity in genelife to finish it, was a treatise called by ral. But his being snatched away by the him, Verba Christi, or, The Words of rude hand of death, in the very beginning Christ. His design in it was this—he of that undertaking, as the learned and considered how great an eyesore it was to pious Archbishop Usher was in the proseall good men, to see Christiaus persecute cution of his sacred chronology, hath left it each other, and as violently as those of the an abortive, a loss which as it cannot same religion had been persecuted in now be retrieved, is not enough to be la. former ages by the grossest heretics, by mented ; since it might have contributed Jews or heathen infidels. His desire in part to allay the flames, and cool the therefore was to make inquiry, (I now heats among Christians, which administer use his own expressions) into the causes so much occasion thereby of scandal to and reasons why Christians should be so the common enemies of onr faith, Jews, animated against one another, and having Mabometans, and Heathens. · And though fixed it in his mind and judgment, that all his name should not live in these bis scatreasons of this, and indeed of the decay tered works, some of wbich notwithstandof Christianity in general, were to be resolve ing may.escape the teeth of time, if pot ed into this one, namely, the not duly at those of calumny; yet will he live, at tending to the words of our Saviour, not least in the remembrance of all virtuous only his precepts and loctrines, but all his and honest men, who knew his real merit sayings. He therefore thought it not an and worth. The hopes which I have conunprofitable task to bring into one body ceived of the duration of his unspotted and complex all the words and sayings of fame, obliges me to hasten to a conclu. our Saviour, which lie dispersed in the sion, after I have endeavoured to draw his four Evangelists, making them appear in a picture in miniature a little, though therein distinct and larger character from the I stand in need of the pencil of an Urbin, words with which they have a necessary or an Angelo. connection and dependance. “ In the His learning (to begin with that which words (saith he) uttered by our Saviour's is not the least characteristic of a good own mouth, or by direct consequences divine,) was sufficiently attested in those from them, we may find a body of divi- public exercises performed by bim with so nity, a complex of all necessary theologi. wuch applause, and attended with so much cal truths, fundamental to the faith. pomp, as hath been already mentioned, Here (added he) may be found ground before that famous University, and which for decision of controversies, so as to keep certainly wanted not many men as fit to us from erring damnably, or sinning judge of worth, as there are others to cenmortally; for resolving all casuistical sure it without any title to that unmanpoints of moment to salvation. Here we nerly freedom, but confidence and ignomight learn to direct und moderate our rance. passions, to attain and exercise all virtues, How his preaching was received and and shun all vices. Here (saith our Pre- valued in the University, hath been already late) patience to bear, and strength to shewn; and with so clear a demonstration, conquer all afflictions. From our Sa- that venerable antiquity cannot furnisli ns riour's lips have flowed words of sweetest with many parallel instances. It is true, tunsolation to erect the soul, when op- in bis elder years he had declined to use pressed under heaviest burdens.
that florid way of preaching, for which he So far as to tbe reason and foundation had been so much celebrated in his REMEMBRANCER, No. 64.
younger times; and thoughs after that he and how calmly did he often resent such affected no pompous expressions, no gaudy indignities to his private person, of which oratory, yet were his reasons masculine, all the above-mentioned discourse is inhis arguments cogent, and his phrase plain tended, and clear, and gave offence to none but His piety might be read in visible chasome superficial witlings, persons who ap- racters in his public actions, and was best plaud nothing but their own tinsel-ware, drawn by his own pencil in his diaries, and and consequently jndged bis studied plain- in keeping his birth-day with fasting and ness to be incompatible with the design prayers, some of which I have here added, of a pulpit harangue.
that by this taste the reader may perceive His bumility set off all his other vir. how near this prelate's devotion came to tues, like a diamond in a ring, and was so the warm zeal and vigorous piety of the conspicuous, that, though it gave a greater Christians of the first ages, and how mueb lustre thereto among good and sober men, his humble complaining of his infirmities, yet did his humble condescension to the and the mean performances of his duty, meanest of men, and especially to any of when at best, suits with their holy practhose who had a ray of the immortal wis- tices. dom darting npon their souls, seem to lessen him among the upthinking rabble, Meditations on April 20. 1681, by Dr. who being strangers to his real worth, re
Edward Rainbow. solved to diminish it. And though he was remarkable for this last virtue, and When I make a serious retrospect into which may be said, at least, to be the several stages of my past life, I cappot porse of the rest; yet as he in all busi- but acknowledge a continued series of ness of moment pondered long with him. merciful providences from God towards self all the canses and circumstances there me in my several capacities; but I have of, and resolved them into cases of con- cause to lament that my returns have been science, when he had thus satisfied his very unsuitable. conscience, and consulted therein his God assist me with his holy Spirit and judgment, it was not the insinuations of wisdom, and grant that I may improve the promising flatterer that could persuade, my left talent, and all the remaining monor the frowns of the great that could bias ments of my life, to gain a comfortable or withdraw him from his post, and from assurance, that death shall open a gate to the lines of just and right, although in let my soul pass out of the old prison of more minute matters he might in some this body, into that freedom to which the cases be imposed upon, by his credulity to Son of God gives right, even to the glori. those who therein pretended to advise ous liberty of the sons of God. O, that I him. And, to finish that part of his por. may so preach bim in his kingdom of traiture, in the management of public grace, that I may be one, though the concerns, he shewed himself to be both meanest, in his kingdom of glory! prudent and courageous. In all affronts or reproaches cast upon him as a private
Meditations on Jan. 30, 1652, after a man, his reason and sweet temper so far
recovery from a cold with a cough. subdued bis passionate resentments, as not to study any revenge against the offender. Lord, thy mercy is most seen in judg. He would have looked upon himself as a ment, when it is not lengthened to eternotorious violater of the divine precepts, nity. If I had not now felt the sinart of if he did not forgive injuries, and write this one twig of thy rod, I had utterly them in the dust. The tart reflections persevered in an incorrigible disobedi. which ensued such a crime, as the medi. ence; but by this touch thou hast gracitating a revenge, were made upon himself; ously healed me of that, giving me time and be inferred, that God was displeased and opportunity to look up at thee, now with his ways, since thuse became his eve- admonishing by thy finger. From this I mies whom he had obliged to a more see nothing but the sweetness, indulgence, friendly procedure, by his having formerly and mercy of a wise Father; in myself laden them with kindnesses; for be used nothing but the stubbornness and rebellion to say, it was just with God to suffer him of a perverse child. O, how have I abus. to be so ill used by men, who had been ed a longer reign of health for now well far more ingrateful to God: and, if herein nigh thirty years! some sallies of passion sliewed that he was if I should write all his meditations, I a man, his quick correction of them shew. might transcribe a good part of his diary. ed that he was a Christian, How patiently You have here had a specimen of his private devotion ; in the next and last place got his own secular interest to lend unto we shall consider, whether his liberality God, by his largesses to the needy. to the poor and needy was agreeable to At his death he gave to the poor of his sacred character or no. In examining eight or nine parishes, and in some other his actions by the test of this virtue, we modes of charity, which ainounted to the shall find that he left a large inventory of sum of 2001.; and what that pious prelate charitable deeds; and, as Nerva Cæsar left, his widow punctually performed, for was called Pater Patriæ, the father of as she loved him entirely, so did she shew his country, by reason of his gentle and her true respect for his memory, in enkind government, so might be be termed larging his gift. And thus that religious Pater Pauperum, the Father of the Poor, couple, as they strove which should love for his liberal donations to them, unto most, so did they rival each other in charity. wbom bis compassion was never denied, Moreover I should be injurions to the por his hand closed up, without something memory of this good Bishop, if I should to warm their hearts and cheer their spi- not further add, that besides these public rits; and what was still more obliging, acts of liberality, his charity was yet in what he bestowed was with a free heart, some respects su secret (according to our taking pleasure in the good offices le did blessed Saviour's advice,) that he kept a any of those mystical members of Jesus private purse for that end, and that so priChrist.
vate, that even bis dear consort, the partTo descend to particularize the several ner of all his joys and other counsels, was methods of this Bishop's charity, after he a stranger to it, not knowing how he discame to be so, would look something like posed of it, till he himself discovered to flattery, such variety did he use in the dis ber a little before his death, whereabout pensing the goods of fortune to his indi. 201. of that money lay, which he desired gent brethren, since the proverb in these might be given to three or four of the dregs of time proves too true, which as- French Protestants, or to some decayed serts the great disuse of that most extort. gentleman of honest conversation, and ing usury, when the use outstrips the prin- that without naming of him; which his cipal.
loving consort accordingly performed. To proceed, he usually gave 20s. to the This last act is not only a plain demonstrapoor at Carlisle, when it was his turn to tion of his extensive bounty, but how far preach there, that his liberality might he was from that pompons and ostentatitempt them to listen to his doctrine. His ous charity, which is made by too many allowance to the poor of Dalston parish the foundation of merit in unother com(within the limits of which Rose Castle munion. And, as bis kindness was uplistands,) was 308. a month, besides what mited to the corporal wants of the needy, was given them at his castle-gates, and to so no less compassionate was he to those sick people, not to mention what was who went astray from the true fold. To given them at sacraments, and upon other such he used lenity and mildness, endeaoccasions. In dear years, when bis own vouring to bring them into the way by stock of corn was spent, be ordered bar- strong arguments and soft words, convincley to be bought at 128. or 148. a bushel, ing their erroneous judgments by reasou and to be given to the poor, which came and Scripture, rather than by affrighting then in such great numbers to the gates, them with corporal punishments, out of that the porter who served them having that by-way into which they had fallen by sometimes the curiosity to count them, mistake, As to his own practice, none affirmed, that he often served seven or could be more observant of the rules of eight score people in one and the same the Church of England, than he was, day. He allowed money to a schoolnias though he pitied the errors of others wlio ter for teaching eight poor children to differed from him in opinion. read at Dalston. He put out poor boys To conclude, may this mean monument, to apprentices. In pensions to poor scho. which I have erected to the memory of lars at the University, and to some indi. this right reverend prelate, suffice to congent persons, he gave 321. per annum tinue his name and the bistory of his virtues copstantly, for several years. To which to succeeding ages, and that thereby the may be added, his share with other Bi- lustre of his pious actions may so shine shops in yearly pensions to foreign con. forth in this debauched and profligate age, verts, and to other public charities, as the that others may be induced to copy after rebuilding of St. Paul's Charch, to French so fair an example, serving God faithfully Protestants large sums, &c. Nay, his and sincerely in this life, and enjoying biin charity was often so extensive, that he for- eternally in that which is to come.
ON FAMILY WORSHIP. plication to that gracious Lord, who To the Editor of the Remembrancer.
is the Father of all the families of
the earth; who “ maketh men to be Sir,
of one mind in an house;" on whom I am convinced by no slight degree they depend from day to day, for of experience, that one of the protection and peace. God, be it surest methods of aiding the labours remembered, does not pronzise his of the Pastor, and of effectually blessings to those who need, but to promoting a spirit of true religion those who “ ask” them. Unless, in a Christian community, is the therefore, a joint petition be offered, general establishment of family that family, as a family, can have no Worship. It has often surprized plea for expecting a continuance of me, to find sincerely pious persons almighty favour and love. disregard this usefulordinance. Some 2dly. Compounded as man is, of consider it unnecessary, because body and soul, we require form to they imagine that the devotion of be the channel of all lasting commuthe closet is sufficient of itself. But nications. Internal impressions are are such persons sure, that all who more readily received from external might be assembled for this purpose objects. Hence were the Sacrain the hall, have fulfilled the duty ments of Baptism and the Euchain private? --Some view it in the light rist established by our Lord himself. of an ostentatious service. Is it not The decent robes of ministers in the celebrated in the bosom of our own Church, the ceremonies of coronainmediate circle ?-bas not our Sa- tion and of judicial authority, invite viour implied the propriety of its per- reverence on the same principle. formance, by promising to be present On the same ground, the open and “ where two or three are gathered outward institution of Family Wortogether” in His name?-Others are ship settles in each house a face, as afraid of interruptions. To obviate well as a spirit of religion. Children this difficulty, vne member may in are hereby trained to piety, and turn be absent, for the purpose of servants ensured time and encouanswering the call of a visitor or ragement for serving God. The tradesman. Others again object, very Heathen has his lares and that it is not possible to collect all penatesmand under blind homage the members of the family. I answer, to these household gods, preserved let all that can conveniently disengage a daily reverence for the objects of themselves from their occupation, his adoration, and promoted obebe reverently assembled together. dience to their will. How much That Family Worship is our duty, should the example of Abraham as disciples of the Redeemer, is weigh with us! I know him," plain to my mind, from the following said the Most Higb, in that book considerations,
which was written aforetime for our 1st. A Christian family is a society learning, that he will “ command of persons-servants of the same his children and his household after God-heirs of the same salvation— him; and they shall keep the way of sensible of the same wants-affected the Lord.” “ As for me and my by the same distress -or gladdened house," cried Joshua, “ we will serve by the same joys. They are all the Lord.” “ Cornelius" was “a most intimately united by reciprocal devout man and one that feared duties; and therefore with one heart God with all his house." Nor is and one voice, should join in sup- the example of the blessed Jesus