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broken, the whole entire body is con- the press; e. g. “ Lollardy" for, tained in every part.

“ Lollardry," " laws for the sup“Of all the corruptions of Christianity,

pression of immortality.” p. 465. there was none which the Popes so long besitated to sanction as this. When the question was brought before Hildebrand, be not only inclined to the opinion of Be. A Letter to a Clergyman on the renger, by whom it was opposed, but pre peculiar Tenets of the present Day. tended to consult the Virgin Mary, and

By R. Bransby Cooper, Esq. M.P. then declared that she had pronounced against it. Nevertheless, it prevailed, and

8vo. pp. 96. Rivingtons. was finally declared by Innocent III., at

A pamphlet by a member of the the fourth Lateran Council, to be a tenet

House of Commons, in which the necessary to salvation. Strauge as it may appear, the doctrine had become popular,

most interesting clerical topics are ... with the people, for its very extrava.

discussed, the clergy vindicated with gance, ... with the Clergy, because they earnestness and skill, and the whole grounded upon it their loftiest preten- question between orthodoxy and sions. For if there were in the sacrament evangelicalism sifted and rightly selthis actual and entire sole presence, which thed: is a work upon the wpearance they denoted by the terni of transubstantiation, it followed that divine worship

of which we have some right to con

Mr. Cooper was somethiog more than a service of gratulate our readers. prayer and thanksgiving; an actual sacri- appears niuch more intimately acfice was performed in it, wherein they af- quaiuted with the controversies of firmed the Saviour was again offered op, in the day, than laymen generally are, the same body which had suffered on the and his remarks upon them are writCross, by their hands. The Priest, when ten in the very best spirit. We shall he performed this stupendous function of his ministry, had before his eyes, and held

not follow him regularly through in his liands, the Maker of Heaven and

the whole of his letter, but content Earth ; and the inference which they de

ourselves with extracting the pasduced from so blasphemons an assumption sages which strike us as more pewas, that the Clergy were not to be subject culiarly deserving of notice. to any secular authority, seeing that they

“ In the first sense, the term conversion could create God their Creator! Let it

applies directly (as I have observed) to the not be supposed that the statement is in the slightest part exaggerated, it is de

total change produced in the minds of men livered faithfully in their own words." Vol.

by the preacbing of the Gospel, when as I. p. 314.

the Apostle to the Gentiles declares 'he .

was sent, (by the command of Christ himWe shall continue our extracts self) to open their eyes, and to turn them from this work in the next Number.

from darkness into light, and from the

power of Satan nnto God, that they might In the mean time, while we sincerely

receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance thank Mr. Southey for the pleasure

among those who are sanctified by faith in and instruction which he bas afford. Jesus Christ.' It applies also to those who ed us, we cannot but regret the tread in the same footsteps at the present omission of all dates. The absence time; and who preach to idolaters and of authorities may perhaps be de. heathens the word of heavenly truth. But fended, cousidering the object which

in this sense it surely does not apply with the author has in view. But dates

the same propriety to a Christian country,

and a Christian congregation; though it are indispensable : and we hope that

may be allowed that there are some, in all in the next edition they will be intro large assemblies of hearers, who require duced into the running title. There to be brought to a knowledge of the truth. are a few inaccuracies of style, aris. It is obvious that even in the Apostles' ing from baste : such as " inscruta- times, after Christianity had been long ble neinte» is' ble points,” “ logical subtleties of estab

u htlemise of established, all who were addressed by

them as faithful disciples, were not conpsychological research,” “ sacri

verts ; that is, they had not undergone a ficed the feelings of wife, parent, or total change at any particular time. Many child," &c. ;-and several errors of had been baptized in infancy, and had been REMEMBRANCER, No. 64.

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educated by pious parents in the know at the present day, as well as in former ledge of the truth; and had gradually times. I allude to those who having been grown in grace till they had become per early dedicated to God, and brought to a fect in Christian Loliness. One example knowledge of their duty, have been led is worth a thousand arguinents, unless astray by the teinptations of an evil world, that example be an exception to a general and have fallen into sin and forgetfulness rule. I may be allowed to assert that of God. Such persons are often awakened Timothy never was in a state to require by the convictions of their own consciences, conversion. Being the son and grandson or by the exhortatious of a zealous preachof a pious mother and grandmother, and er, to a sense of their enormities, and a liaving, ‘from a child known the Scriptures, hearty desire to forsake them. With the which were able to make him wise noto prodigal in the parable, when they come to salvation, through faith in Christ Jesus,' we themselves, they arise and go to their have every reason to believe that his rege- Father, they acknowledge that they have neration took place in infancy, and that he sinned before Him, and are no more worthy never stood in need of a total change of to be called his sons. These are they wiloni mind and character.

Scripture and our Church encourage to "Now I conceive it to be the express hope for a favourable reception with God object of our venerable Church that all her for Christ's sake; wlio, after they have children should, like Timothy, not only fallen into sin, by the grace of God arise be dedicated to the service of Christ in and amend their lives. Their hearts are their iofancy, but be so brought up as not turned back to their Creator and Reto require that total change which is called deemer; they are reconciled by repentance, conversion; and I cannot absolve some of renewed in the spirit of their minds, and her sons from the charge of counteracting the grace originally granted at Baptism we her designs, and contradicting her doctrines, have ground to hope is confirmed to them when they assert the necessity of conversion for the remainder of their Christian course, or adult regeneration for all. Have not “ These, in the language of our Church, most of us known, or bave we not read of would be called penitents, but as they are instances, in which young people after restored to the favour of God, and return Baptism, have early displayed proofs of to his service, they may be called conthe deepest piety; who might justly be verts; only we must be careful to observe termed saints, and who have been taken in what meaning the term is adopted, and off perhaps before they arrived at full age, that such a class of persons is ever withio in the strongest assurance of faith, and the the contemplation of our Apostolical brightest hope of immortality? Were Divines, who acknowledge that the object such persons at any period to have under of the Christian Ministry is not only to gone a change, it must have been a change instruct and confirm their hearers in faith from belief to infidelity, from holiness to and piety, but to recall those to repent. sin.

ance who have fallen away into sin. I " It follows, therefore, undeniably, that apprebend then that the faithful minister froin the first introduction of Christianity, of Christ would generally address liis conthere have always been some individuals, gregation at the present day, not as an I trust many, who could not justly be in- assembly of converted or uncouverted cluded in the classes of converted or uncon persons, but as those who had all been verteil. Nay, I doubt it must be acknow. baptized and instructed in the faith and ledged too, that there have been a great duties of the Gospel, and wilom it was his number of hearers from the earliest times, earnest desire to render pot merely prowho having received the word with glad- fessing, but practical Christians. He ness, in time of temptation have fallen would confirm the faithful, strengthen the away," who might be once reckoned weak, awaken the indolent, alarm the among the number of the converted, but sinful, comfort the afficted, aod iu so doing whose latter end has shown that they would preserve his flock from error, or have returned like the sow that had been bring them back to the fold, and be thus "leansed to her wallowing in the mire, enabled to give a good account of his

" Fallacious then in many poiuts of view charge at the day of judgment." P. 22. is rich a distinction as has been presumed “I am led now in the pursuit of this in exist in every congregation even froni inquiry to the consideration of the real thi Apostolic age.

import of a phrase which is so frequently ** But there is a secondary sense in which repeated in the discourses of some of our the term converted is used, and if properly modern divines, that I can almost take explained, may I allow, justly be applied upon me to say that I have scarcely ever to many members of the Christian Church heard one of their sermons into which it

was not introduced-I mean the abandon- faithful and humble endeavour 10 follow ment of all self-rightemisness.

the will of God, and to keep a conscience * The use of such a phrase, without void of offence, both towards Him and full explanation, may lead the unlearned man. Such a consciousness has been felt aod sensually inclined to imagine, that all and expressed by lioly men under the old endeavours after personal righteousness and new dispensation without pride and are of no use; that if it be attained it is of corn, and is surely unreprovable in His no value, and as it is to be given up, it is sight. It is perfectly consistent with a sense a matter of indifference whether it be pos- of human weakness and siufulness, and a sessed or not. Such errors have been the dependance on Divine Grace, but it is a lamentable consequences of these peculiar characteristic which constitutes the dispbrases, which are doubtless intended to tinction between the righteous and the humble the believer, and to make him as- wicked. That such a distinction does cribe all the righteousness he possesses to and must exist, every page of Scripture dehis union with Christ, and the assistance monstrates, and though that Scripture justof his Spirit.

ly includes all under sin, yet it points out Now it may be useful to inquire upon the strongest line of demarcation between wiiat authority these denunciations against those who fear, and love, and serve God, self-righteousness rest, when we refer to and those who reject and disobey Him. the Scriptures. Let me, however, first To whom are all the promises of life and observe, that if they were directed wholly blessing made, but to the righteous ? or chiefly against those, who are satisfied Against whom are all the denunciations of with their own righteousness, and there- punishment directed, but the wicked? Our fore will not listen to the calls of the Gos. Saviour, who knew what was in man, pel; who fancy that they lead good moral divides mankind into the righteous and the lives, and have no need of spiritual in- wicked, the good and the evil. He says, struction, I should join most heartily in "be came not to call the righteous, but the reprobation. They constitute a nu sinners to repentance.' He tells bis merous class of men, who professing a disciples, unless their righteousness shall sort of Deism, acknowledging the sound- exceed the righteousness of the Scribes ness of those moral principles which must and Pharisees, they shall in no case prevail in a Christian country, are satisfied enter into the kiugdom of heaven. St. that they act up to them, and therefore Paul speaks to the same effect when lie shut their ears against the words of eternal says to the Philippians, that thongli lie life. But these are not Christians. They was a Jew and a Pharisee, he rested not are vot the persons usually addressed. It in his own righteousness, which was of the is to those who profess a faith in Christ, law, but in that which lie had through tije who are among the hearers of his minis- faith of Jesus Christ, that is, in spiritual ters, that this caution against self-righte- and Christian righteousness, in which he ousness is generally directed. Let us then farther declares, that he strove to go on to sée upon what declarations of Scripture it perfection. is founded.

“ A high degree of righteousness there. “I cannot recollect any passage where fore is to be attained by the Christian if the terın is literally used. Our Saviour he wishes to enter into the kingdoin of speaks of those who trusted in them- heaven. And is this righteousuess to be selves, that they were righteous, and de- disclaimed as self-righteousness? Surely spised others,' but it is evident that his not. Humility is one of its essential chaparable of the Pharisee and the Publican racteristics, and all selfish propensities are was directed agaiust the spiritual pride of to be subdued to the will of God. It cannot those, who being puffed up with an idea be attained without His preventing and of superior sanctity, looked down with assisting grace, and, therefore, its qualities contempt ou others, wlio having lived and effects are described as the fruits of freer lives, felt a consciousness of sin, and the Spirit. But without a consciousness were bumble and contrite in the sight of of being actuated by that righteousness to God, and therefore more acceptable to a certain degree, however blended with Him. To these he says," he that exalt. imperfection, no man can be assured that eth bimself shall be abased, and be that he possesses an interest in Christ, and is humbleth himself shall be exalted.'

in the way to salvation." P. 44. « Our Saviour's reproof is levelled a

We heartily wish that the exgainst the assumption of superior holiness, and a self-valuation on that account,

ample set by Mr. Cooper, may be blended with a contempt of others, and extensively imitated; and the genunot surely against the consciousness of a ine doctrine of Christianity distin.

guished from the perversion and cor. " Without such a provision, I do not ruption of them, with the temper see how they can comply with our Saviour's and piety .so plainly exhibited in this condition, and agree, touching any thing

that they shall ask; for he who pours pamphlet.

forth a strain of unpremeditated devotion, does not himself know beforehand what he

shall pray for, much less can the congregaA Sermon on the Duty of Family tion know it*. I do not deny, that such

Prayer: preached in the Church an exercise of piety may be profitable, both of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, on

to him who performs, and to those who Sunday, February 22, 1824. By

witness it; bat it is not common prayer ;

and it is only to common prayer, the subC. J. Blomfield, D.D. Rector.

stance of which at least, if not the form And printed at the Request of bas been premeditated by all who are to several of his Parishioners. 8vo. engage in it, that our Saviour, in these pp. 21. 18. Mawman.

words, promises a favourable hearing. I

mention this by the way, in order that I We make no apology for bringing may remark upon the real advantage we the Duty of Family Praver a second enjoy.. an advantage by no means appretime before our readers in the same ciated as it deserves to be., in having a Number. Our Correspondent, who form of common prayer, which embraces signs himself “ A Master of a Fa

Ta every topic of devotion, and expresses, in

the most simple and sublime language, mily,” will be pleased at finding his

every real want which a Christian can feel, own views so forcibly and feelingly every wish which he can presume to pour set forth, as they are in the present forth before the throne of mercy. Ouly Sermon ; and the public will have let us be careful to consider well the no reason to complain at having meaning and force of all its parts, that we their attention called to so able a

may answer to our Saviour's caution, and discourse. Our own task indeed will agree touching what we shall ask," P. 9. be easy, as we shall do but little more After these preparatory observathan state the course of argument tious, the Archdeacon thus propursued by the Archdeacon, and ceeds:extract a few of the most striking passages. To add any thing of our

“ The most obvious application of it is,

to the solemo congregation of Christians as own would be superfiuous.

sembled for the purposes of public wor. The text is from Matt. xviii. 20.

ship, upon the Lord's day. To a pious “ Where two,” &c. In the opening and feeling person, there is something so of the discourse occurs some valua- solemn, and yet so animating, so much to ble remarks on the simultaneous. impress, to instruct, to encourage, in an ness and ubiquity of Christ's pre

assembly of believers, engaged in the comsence in the religious assemblies of

mon offices of prayer and praise, that with

out inquiry into the exact manner in his disciples, as deduced from that

which our Saviour's promise is fulfilled, expression in the text, there om I in his heart bears involuntary testimony to its the midst of them. And on the truth, where two or three are gathered tocondition upon which our Lord pro- gether in my name, there am I in the wises that the prayers of a religious midsi of them. He recognizes the Reassembly shall be heard and an

deemer's presence in its effects. There is swered, from Matt. xviii. 19.“ I

not indeed the visible Schechinah, the

glorious symbol of the present Godhead, say unto you,” &c. On this latter

wbich descended from heaveu at the deditext the Archdeacon judiciously re- cation of the temple, and filled the house marks, that it " affords an argument of the Lord: but the Christian perceives, of considerable weight to prove that or thinks he can perceive, the effects of where persons meet together to pray grace; he bears the word of God driven in common, a pre-conceived form of home to the sinner's heart, with a force

which is not the preacher's own; be beprayer is most proper to be used, in order that they may know before Bishop Beveridge, Serm, vol. x. p. hand what they are going to ask." 158.

holds, at least for the time, a triumph household, so far as he has the means of achieved over the world; the sword of the watching and controlling it ; and it is unSpirit seems to be wielded by an invisible reasonable to suppose, that the responsihand; and a more sensible shedding abroad bleness which is attached to him in Things of grace and strength, seems to bespeak of inferior moment, should lose its force the more immediate presence of Him, in the most important object of all, the whose promises are recorded in the eternal religions principles and conduct of his Word, Be of good cheer ; I have over. children and servants. There is a certain come the world. Lo, I am with you alway, legitimate authority vested in every master even unto the end.

of a family, the proper exercise of which It is then in the solemp assembly, in the is a duty which he owes to society and to courts of the Lord's house, where God is God: it is sanctioned not only by the worshipped in the beanty, as well as the enactments of human laws, but by the spirit, of holiness, that we are naturally most express directions of the inspired inclined to look for the fulfilment of our preachers of the Gospel. This duty asSaviour's promise ; there am I in the sumes a more sacred complexion, when it midst of them. Yet that promise is cer- is considered as affording him the means tainly not so limited; but is as general, as of promoting the growth of true religion, it is gracious and encouraging; where two and forwarding the salvation of souls. A or three are gathered together in my heavy load of guilt lies on that Christian, name. It appears then that his presence be his station wliat it may, who suffers a may be looked for in the smallest, as well soul to perish by his wilful neglect; and as in the most numerous assembly of his our religions duties are so intimately and disciples, provided that they are nioved by inseparably blended with the relations of one common faith, inspired with a com- social and domestic life, that it is imposmon devotion, and are agreed as to the sible for us to fulfil the latter, as we objects of their assembling. I do not onght, without some consideration of the perceive what interpretation can be put effects which our conduct may produce upon our Saviour's words, by which they upon the religious state of those with can be made to imply less thau thisman whom we are connected. He that proassurance of his especial regard and bless. videth not for his own, says the apostle, ing npon every religious assembly of his and especially for those of his own house, true and obedient disciples, met together hath denied the faith, and is worse than as be bas directed. And if so, consider an infidel. Surely if this be true of a what an encouragement they afford, and, provision for the bodily wants of those consequently, what an obligation they who depend upon us for support, it cannot create, to the assembling of ourselves to be less applicable to their spiritual necesgether, not only at the stated and solemn sities, to all their means and opportunities returns of public worship, in our character of religious improvement. of members of the visible church of Christ; " With regard to our children, I need but on all those occasions of common de. not say a word, to prove the obligation votion, which are preseuted to us by the which binds us to bring them up, by every relations of domestic life.

possible means, in the nurture and admo“ There are two very obvious and milion of the Lord; to form them to early natural divisions of the duty of common habits of piety and devotion ; to make prayer: it may either be performed with a them betimes acquainted with God. If degree of pablic solemnity, under the we know what religion is ourselves, our guidance of a minister duly appointed for natural affection will inspire us with an that purpose; or in the more limited, but earnest wish to make our children walk in distinct and well-defined circle of family her ways. With regard to our servants; as and household, under the superintendance we look to them for honesty, sobriety, and direction of its head. Every man ought diligence and gratitude, it is our duty to to consider himself as a member of that set before them the only motives which church in whose bosom he has been can effectually influence them to the exbrought up; and also as the minister and ercise of these virtues; to make them, as steward of the church in his own house. far as we can, sincere and serious Chris. And it is his own fanlt, and let me add, tians; and to lay the foundations of obedihis folly, if the church in bis house be not ence in faith and piety. There are no made a lively and genuine part of that other ties, which can be relied upon to branch of Christ's holy catholic church, to bind the consciences of men, than those which lie himself belongs.

which are supplied by religion; and if we The Jaws of God, and in many cases are deceived and wronged by those, whom those of the land, make every head of a we have never taught to respect the only

while for the conduct of bis certain inducements to truth and honesty,

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