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that we maye understand the myg. day in Advent, is found prefixed to a teries conteynyd in thy holye lawe. scarce treatise of Bishop Hooper, enti. And into the same selfe thynge that tled, we godlye understond, we may be

a Lesson vertuouslye transformyd, so that of

of the incarnation of

briste tbat be toke, bis no parte we offend thy hyghe majestie

bumanite in and of the

Blesspd Utrgine : made through oure Saviour Jesus Christ*

tbe twentithe daye
of June by Jobn


1519. * This prayer, which for its forcible And as our readers may be pleased to simplicity and beauty, is second only to

cond only to see it in its original form, we have given the admirable collect for the second Sun

it in the old spelling.



Isaiah xxx. 6.

ing a mere wilderness of sand, the The burden of the beasts of the south : winds having raised high mountains,

into the land of trouble and anguish, which lie in drifts, according to from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, blow.

the quarters from whence they

Sandy's Travels. they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their trea

. sures upon the bunches of camels.

St. Luke i. 80.

And was in the deserts till the day of his The whole caravan being now

shewing unto Israel. assembled, consists of a thousand horses, mules, and asses, and of five We came to the cave where hundred camels. These are the John the Baptist is said to have ships of Arabia ; their seas are the lived from the age of seven years, deserts. A creature created for until such time as he went unto burthen : six hundred weight is his the wilderness by Jordan, sequesordinary load, yet will he carry a tered from the abode of men, and thousand. Having with two days restfeeding on such wild nourishment refreshed them, now to begin the · as these uninhabited places af. worst of our journey, on the 10th forded. This cave is seated on the of March we entered the main de- northern side of a desert mounserts, a part of Arabia Petræa, sotain, hewn out of the precipitating called of Petra, the principal city, rock. Over this, on a little fat, now Rathalalah. On the north and stand the ruins of a monastery, on west it borders on Syria and Egypt, the south side naturally walled with southward on Arabia Felix, and the the steep of a mountain, from whence Red Sea, and on the east it hath there gushes a living spring, which Arabia the Desert ; a barren and enters the rock, and again bursts desolate country, bearing neither forth beneath the mouth of the cave, grass por trees, saving only here and a place that would make solitude there a few palms, which will not delightful, and stand in comparison forsake those forsaken places. That witb the turbulent pomp of cities. little that grows on the earth is wild This overlooks a profound valley, on hyssop, whereupon they do pasture the far side hemmed with aspiring their camels, à creature content mountains, whereof some are cut with little, whose milk and Aesh is (or naturally so) in degrees like their principal sustenance. They alleys, which would be else inachave no water that is sweet, all be- cessibly fruitless, whose levels yet

bear the stumps of decayed vines, about five hours and a half from shadowed not rarely with olives. Tiberias reached Couvercane or And surely I think that all or Cane Galil; it receives both names most of those mountains have in the country, and is the Capa of been so husbanded, else could this Galilee, where Christ performed his little country have never sustained first miracle of turning water into such a multitude of people. After wine. The Same, . . we had eaten of such provision as was brought us from the city, by, - St. John-iv, 20. - ... others of the fraternity that there met us, we turned towards Jerusa.

Our fathers worshipped in this monntain. lem, leaving the way of Bethlehem . Sebasté, as we learn from the on the right hand, and that of XVth Book of Josephus on the AnEmmaus on the left. The same, tiquities of the Jews, is the name

that Herod gave to the ancient city 1 Kings xviii. 42, 43.. of Samaria, when he rebuilt and forAnd Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; tified it, and converted the greater

and be cast himself down upon the earth, part of it into a citadel, and orna

and put his face between his knees, mented it with all sorts of decoraAnd said to his servant, Go up now, look tions, and erected in it a noble temtoward the sea.'

ple, which was illustrious, both on Mount Carmel stretches from east account of its size and beauty, and to west, and has its uttermost basis which was intended to exhibit to washed with the sea, steepest to after-ages a specimen of his taste wards the north, and of an indiffer- and beneficence, and, therefore, he ent altitude; rich in olives and named it Sebasté, which is but the vines, when husbanded, and abound. Greek word for Augusta, in honor ing with several sorts of fruits and of the Roman Emperor. The same herbs, both medicinal and fragrant, historian says, that it was twenty though now much overgrown with furlongs in circumference, and that woods and shrubs of sweet savour. it was one day's journey from JeruIt is celebrated for the habitation salem. According to our rate of of Elias. The Same.

travelling it is sixteen hours, or

about eight and forty miles; but in Jeremiah xlvi. 18.

both statements I think the historian

correct. The situation is extremely Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he

beautiful, and strong by nature ; come.

more so, I think, than Jerusalem.

It stands on a fine large insulated We passed Mount Hermon and hill, compassed all round by a broad Mount Tabor at a considerable dis- deep valley, and when fortified, as tance on our left. The latter is a it is stated to have been by Herod, dark looking insulated conical moun. one would have imagined that, in tain, rising like a tower to a consi- the ancient system of warfare, noderable height above those around thing but famine could have reduced it. Advancing a little further we such a place. The valley is surcame to a well of excellent water rounded by four hills, one on each which we found extremely refreshing side, which are cultivated in terraces after the tepid waters of Gennesa. up to the top, sown with grain, and ret. After this the country became planted with fig and olive trees, as better inhabited, and we passed is also the valley. The hill of Sa. several comfortable villages with maria likewise rises in terraces to a considerable cultivation on the hills height equal to any of the adjoining and valleys around them, and in mountains. The Same,


2 Chron. xxxiii, 6.

head of a calf, the rest of a kingly And he caused his children to pass through

figure, with arms extended, to rethe fire in the valley of the son of Hin

ceive the miserable sacrifice, seared

to death with his burning embrace2 Kings xxiii. 10.

ments, for the idol was hollow with

in, and filled with fire ; and lest And he defiled Topheth, which is in the their lamentable shrieks should sad

valley of the children of Hinnom, that the hearts of their parents, the no man might make his son or his daugh.

priests of Molech did deafen their ter to pass through the fire to Molech.

ears with the continual clangs of From hence we descended into trumpets and timbrels; whereupon the valley of Gehinnon, which di- it was called the valley of Tophet. vides mount Sion from the Mountain But the good Josias brake the idol of Offence, so called, for that So. in pieces, hewed down the groves, lomon, by the persuasion of his and ordained that that place (before wives, here sacrificed to Chamoch a paradise,) should be for ever a and Molech, but now by these receptacle for dead carcases, and Christians called, “ The Mountain the filth of the city. Gehenna, for of Ill Counsel,” where they say the the impiety committed therein, is Pharisees took counsel-against Je. used for hell by our Saviour. On sus, whose height yet shews the the south side of this valley, near relics of no mean buildings. This where it meets the valley of Jeho • valley is but straight, now serving sophat, mounted a good height on for little use, heretofore most de- the side of the mountain, is Acellightful, planted with groves, and dama, or the field of blood, purwatered with fountains, wherein the chased with the restored reward of Hebrews sacrificed their children to treason, for a burial place for stran. Molech, an idol of brass, having the gers, The Same.

ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. No. 26.The Suppression of the would naturally be conducted with Templars.

more than common solemnity. The

proceedings in this country have The abolition of the order of Tem- been preserved in the Bodleian maplars has proved a fruitful source nuscripts, and the register of York, of historical controversy. But it is and have been presented to the not with any intention of renewing public in the collection of Wilkins. such disputes that the subject is Our view of the occurrences in noticed here. Whether the Tem- France, where the Templars were plars were guilty or innocent of the first put upon their defence, is not heavy crimes laid to their charge, drawn from sources equally original their prosecution, and their punish. or authentic. The works of Fleury, ment, give an insight into the cha- and Dupin, make us acquainted racter of the times. The adminis- with a general outline of the case, tration of justice in the ecclesias. and although both were strenuous tical courts, will be explained more assertors of the validity of the completely by an example, than by charges, their statements are not the longest description of laws and calculated to satisfy modern readers. usages. And a case of so much The prosecutor was no less a person importance as the trial of the Tem- than King Philip himself; and whe. plars, persons who were exempted ther the Templars were guilty or from all ordinary jurisdiction, and innocent, it is certain that he pre. could only be called to account judged their cause. The charges under a commission from the Pope, both of heresy and immorality were

of the most disgusting and incre- self particularly on the subject.dible description, and they were The trials, or informations, as they supported by witnesses of a cha. were technically termed, were conracter not less infamous and dis. ducted with great regularity under graceful. The confessions of the a special commission from the Pope; accused parties were either extorted and there is reason to suppose that from them on the rack, or under a the result did not materially misthreat of being immediately sub. represent the real merits of the mitted to it. A large portion of those question. who thus admitted their guilt, re. “The first point attempted by the tracted their confession, and perished commissioners was to prove by the at the stake. The process of indi- confession of the Templars themvidual conviction was most iniqui. selves, that admission into their tous. The accused were tortured order was attended with the most till they knew not what they said. shocking rites, a formal denial of If they adhered to these declara. belief in Christianity, spitting and tions, they were unfit to live ; if stamping upon the cross, and other they disowned them, they were de- grossly offensive customs. They clared relapsed,' and immediately also endeavoured to shew, that the sentenced to die. The historians knights were idolaters, and woralready mentioned, do not furnish shipped an image of hideous form, us with a single instance of a fair that had been brought originally trial. And the general condem- froin the East. These were the nation of the order which Philip charges promulgated in France, and obtained from the Pope, was con- they do not seen to have obtained fessedly irregular. The bull of much corroboration on this side of suppression, expressly disavows the the water. The king not being a character of a definitive sentence, party in the process, torture was and calls itself merely a Papal Pro- not resorted to in any instance; and vision. The fact being, that all the the interrogations of more than a prelates consulted upon the subject, hundred Templars at London and with the exception of three French York, produced a long series of archbishops, declared that the Tem- answers in the negative, and very plars ought to be heard in their little besides. The charges upon own defence, and that the informa- which they were first examined were tions were not completed according the same that had been preferred to the prescribed forms. It is evi- in France. And it is a strong dent, therefore, that Philip did not symptom of the weakness of the prove his charge. And whatever accusers cause, when we find these was the motive of these remarkable charges followed by others of a proceedings, whether the Templars very mitigated character. The obwere really guilty of the horrid ject of the second, and many subpractices of which they were ac- sequent acts of interrogatories, was cused, or were stained by general to prove that absolution was granted profligacy of manners, or were to the Templars by their grand too independent of the monarch's master, and other presiding officers, authority, or monopolized more without the interposition of a priest. wealth thap he could afford to And under this head, some irreguspare, the Order was condemned larities were probably committed. because King Philip was its enemy, Another great point was to prove without the pretence of an exami- the identity of their ceremonies in nation into the real merits of the all parts of the world; the secrecy case.

with which their members were adIn England, things were better mitted-the undue hours at which managed. Edward the Second does admission took place, and chapters not appear to have interested him, of the order were held, and the bad

repute under which the Society ed not that the confession of these laboured. A small number of the individuals would apply to the whole Templars, not more than four, con- body. firmed all these suspicions, and Hugo Lummour, another Minoevery other charge which. Philip rite, asserted his belief of the same had adduced, and the Pope pro. fact, for the same reason -- and claimed. The great body of the added, that he had seen a Templar members positively denied the fo- in the neighbourhood of Dublin, reign part of the accusations, and who, when the sacrament was eleexplained away that which had been vated, cast his eyes upon the brought forward in England. The ground, not deigning to look up to commissioners, therefore, had re- the Host. course to other testimony, and asto. Forty witnesses deposed to the nishing and insignificant as some same effect; and if our judgment parts of it are, it may be considered were to be formed upon the exaon the whole as furnishing the best mination of such evidence, the reexplanation of the riddle.

sult must be the total acquittal of The facts deposed to by these the Templars. But the forms of witnesses are, that the Templars the Ecclesiastical Court, seem to were heretical on the subject of the have favoured the production of Sacrament (non credebant bene de this species of testimony, and paid sacramento Altaris,) that they were very little regard to that which in possession of books which denied would now be considered valid and the truth of the Christian religion, important. The confessions of those especially our Lord's Incarnation Templars who admitted their guilt, and Atonement, and that they de- together with the rumours and benied the worship of the Virgin.- liefs of England, Scotland, and JreSome said that they professed, a land, were regarded as proofs that faith in one God; but were not the whole order was corrupt. The believers in Revelation. Others as. knights and others who had so serted that they were gross idola. stoutly asserted their innocence, ters. And the general opinion was, appeared again before the Bishop that their manners were corrupt of London and the other commisand licentious, and that they were sioners, and admitted their inabiintent upon increasing both riches lity to deny the bad reputation of and power. The evidence taken in their fraternity " Falebantur fa. Ireland, is particularly curious. It mam, sed non factum," as Walsingshews that some of the peculiarities ham expresses the matter in his which still distioguish that country, history. And the result was, that were to be discovered in it as early they abjured all such opinions and as the reign of Edward the Second. practices for the future, leaving the Much of the English testimony is question concerning their past guilt sufficiently absurd; but none of it in a sort of half proved, and half coines up to the following speci. confessed state. Upon this sub.

mission they were received into the Roger Heton, a Minorite, being Cburch, and obtained a formal ab. sworn, &c. was asked whether he solution from their sins. Their esbelieved the Templars guilty of the tates were declared to be forfeited, beresy, &c.--and he answered, that and were awarded by the Pope's he certainly did - because the grand decision to the Hospitallers. Wal, master and other members of the singham assures us that this grant order had confessed these crimes, took effect. The Templars were entias was set forth in the Pope's Bull, tled to a maintenance out of their and the customs and ceremonies of estates—and after some difficulty, the order being invariable, he doubt- and with sundry complaints and



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