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delays, they obtained it. The re- their creed. But that also the more mainder was faithfully transferred reflecting might easily have picked to its new owners, without paying up in the East, and have persuaded any costs to the king or the no- themselves that it was the original bles. The time was not yet come and only solid foundation of that in which the Church could be pile religion which was disfigured in one laged under pretence of reform- part of the world by the superstition ation. And the only circumstance of Mahomet, and in another, by the which authorises us to suspect that legends of the saints. Transubstanthe trial of the Templars was not tiation, which was then in its nonconducted fairly according to the age, they seem to have valued as notions of that age, is the confes- it deserves; and their rejection of sion and absolution of the principal that monstrous absurdity, might knights. Even this, however, has have induced them to confound it more the air of a compromise, than of with authentic miracles. These a harsh and unjust condemnation; facts, if not established, are at least and it is probably to this issue that rendered highly probable by the the historian must bring his inqui- particulars already extracted from ries respecting the merits, not less the inquiry in this country. And than the fate of this distinguished these facts, partially known, and society.
distorted by ignorance and prejuTheir military renown was well dice, might easily be converted into deserved ; and during their earlier idolatrous worship, open renuncia. years their military prowess was em- tion of Christianity, and contempplayed without remission, against tuous insults to the Deity. the common enemies of Christianity. The same explanation will apply But their piety and strictness soon to the moral crimes of which they decayed, and habits of licence and were aecused.. Debauched and licruelty effaced the distinctive cha- centious, it is on all hands admitted, racter of the soldiers of the cross. that they were. « To drink like They became turbulent subjets, rui a Templar," was a proverb throughnous friends, and implacable enemies. out Europe. And the common, They despised a corrupt and igno- and as they perhaps may be rapt priesthood, and took no pains termed, professional vices of the to conceal their contempt. They soldier and the monk, were united amassed treasure with avidity, and in their persons and character. It scattered it with profuseness. On is probable, therefore, that their these accounts the voice of the pub- lives were stained with gross vice. lic was against them, and the crimes And where that is known to be with which they were charged found the case, the vulgar will be easily willing and credulous hearers. The induced to believe any thing with impieties and immoralities for which which such persons are charged. they were condemned and burned . The Templars, therefore, though by the King of France, were pro. not convicted of the crimes for bably an enemy's exaggeration of which their order was abolished, real guilt. Profaneness and scep- bad incurred deep guilt, and deticism, are just what we might ex- served severe punishment. Justice pect to find among haughty sol was not administered in such a mandiers, accustomed to associate with ver, as to ascertain the exact quanunbelievers, and too enlightened to tum of offence. But in this counbe deceived by monkery. The phi- try, their cause does not seem to losophical acknowledgment of one have been treated either with gross God is a more surprising portion of unfairness, or extreme rigour,
An exact Narration of the Life and approved of, by many of the Society, the
Death of the Reverend and Learn. Masters and Fellows put these two young ed Prelate, and painful Divine,
men to a trial before them, by some schoLancelot Andrews, late Bishop of
lastical exercises; upon performance whereWinchester. London. 1650.
of, they preferred Sir Andrews, and
chose him into the fellowship, then void, This grave and lionourable Prelate, was
though they liked Sir Dove so well also, born in the city of London, about the year
that (being loth to lose him) they made 1555, in the parish of All Saints Barking, of
him some allowance for his present mainhonest and religious parents ; his father
tenance, under the title of a Tanquam So(having most part of his life used the seas,)
cius. in his latter time became one of the so
In the meanwhile Hugh Price (having ciety, and Master of the Holy Trinity, com
built Jesus College, in Oxford,) had heard monly called the Trinity-House, and was
so much of this young man, Sir Andrews, descerded from the ancient family of the
that without his privity he named him in Andrewes, in Suffolk.
his foundation of that college, to be one From his tender years, he was totally
of his first Fellows there. addicted to the study of good letters; and
His custom was (after he had been three in his youth there appeared in hiin such
years in the University) to come up to aptness to learn, answerable to his endea
London once a year to visit his parents, vours, that his two first schoolmasters, Mr.
and that, ever about a fortnight before Ward and Mr. Malcaster (conceiving or
Easter, staying till a fortnight after; and
against the time he should come up, his foreseeing that he would prove a rare scholar) contended, who should have the
father (directed by letters from his son, honour of his breeding. From Mr. Ward,
before he came,) prepared one that should Master of the Coopers' Free School, in
read to him, and be bis guide, in the atRadcliffe, be was sent to Mr. Mulcaster,
taining of some language or art, which he Master of the Merchant Tailors Free
had not attained before ; so that within a School, in London, where he answered
few years he had laid the foundations of the former opinion conceived of him ; for
all arts and sciences, and had gotten skill
in most of the modern languages; and it by his extraordinary industry and admirable capacity, he soon outstripped all the
is to be observed, that in his journeys bescholars under Mr. Mulcaster's tuition,
twixt London and Cambridge, to and fro, being become an excellent Grecian and
he ever used to walk on foot, till he was a Hebrecian: insomuch as Thomas Watts,
Bachelor of Divinity, and professed that Doctor of Divinity, Prebendary and Re
he would not then have ridden on horse sidentiary of St. Paul's, and Archdeacon of
back, but that divers friends began to Middlesex (who had newly founded some
find fault with him, and misinterpret him,
as if he had forborne riding only to save scholarships in Pembroke-Hall, in Cambridge,) sent him thither, and bestowed
charges, the first of his said scholarships upon him,
What he did when he was a child and a which places are since commonly called
school-boy, is not now known, but he bath the Greek scholarships.
been sometimes heard to say, that when As soon as he was a Bachelor of Arts,
he was a young scholar in the University
(and so all his time onward) lie never lovand so capable of a fellowship, there be
ed or used any games, or ordinary recreaing then bot one place void in the said
tions, either within doors, as cards, dice, college, and Thomas Dove (late Lord Bi
tables, chess, or the like, or abroad, as shop of Peterborough,) being then a scho
butts, coits, bowls, or any such ; but his lar also in the said college, and very well
ordinary exercise and recreation was walk
ing either alone by himself, or with some This « Narration" was written by other selected companion, with whom he Mr. Isaackson, and published among other might coufer and argue, and recount their Lives by Fuller, in his Abel Redivivas. It studies; and he would often profess, that was reprinted in 1817 ; but the impression to observe the grass, herbs, corn, trees, was limited to 80 copies, of which 54 only cattle, earth, waters, heavens, any of the found their way to the public. The re- creatures, and to contemplate their namaining 26 were sent as presents, or to tures, orders, qualities, virtues, uses, &c, the Universities.
was ever to him the greatest mirth, con
tent, and recreation that could be: and he converted recusants (priests and others) this he held to his dying day. After lie to the Protestant religion. Sir Francis bad been some while a Master of Arts in Walsingham, Secretary of State to Queen the University, he applied himself to the Elizabeth, took also especial notice of bis study of divinity, wherein be so profited, abilities, and highly affected him, and, bethat his fame began to be spread far and ing loath that the should not be better near. Insomuch as being chosen Catechist known to the world, wrought means to in the college, and purposing to read the make him Vicar of St. Giles, without Ten Commandments (every Saturday and Cripplegate, London, then Prebendary and Sunday, at three o'clock in the afternoon, Residentiary of St. Paul's, and afterwards which was the hour of catechizing,) not Preberdary of the Collegiate Church of only out of other colleges in the Univer- Sonthwell. sity, but divers also out of the country, Being thus preferred (to liis own condid duly resort unto the college chapel, as tentment) he lived not idly, but continued a public divinity lecture.
a 'painful labourer in the Lord's vineyard ; Before I proceed to his life (after he witness St. Giles' pulpit, and that in St. left the University) give me leave to relate Paul's Church, where he read the lecture a story of him, while he yet remained thrice a week in the term time. And inthere, and that (as near as I can) from his deed, wliat by his often preaching at St. own mouth, in his own words. Upon his Giles, and his no less often reading in St. first shewing himself at Cambridge, in his Paul's, he became so infirm, that his friends divinity studies, especial notice was soon despaired of his life. Upon the death of taken of him, among bis abilities and emi- Dr. Fulke, he was elected to the Masternences, as a man dceply seen in all cases of ship of Pembroke-Hall (whereof be tiad conscience, and he was much sought to iņ been a Scholar and Fellow, a place of crethat respect. To proceed with his own par- dit, but of little benefit, for he ever spent ticular:--His worth made him so famous, niore upon it than he received by it. that Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, bearing of Afterwards he was made Chaplain in it, sent for him, and thought himself much ordinary attendance, of which kind there honoured by his accompanying him into were then but twelve, to Queen Elizabeth, the north, wliereof he was President, and who took such delight in his preaching and where. God so blessed his painful preach. grave deportment, that first she bestowed ings and moderate private conference, that a Prebend at Westminster upon him, and
not long after the Deanery of that place; • Witness bis “ Devotious" for every and what she intended further to him, her day in the week, which shew an intimate death prevented. acquaintance with the natural world, and He soon grew into far greater esteem always commence with an edumeration of with her successor, the most learned King the several parts in the order of their James, who, to say bnt truth, admired him creation. This invaluable manual was beyond all otber divines, not only for his composed by the Bishop for bis own daily transcendent gift in preaching, but for the use, in Greek and Latin, and printed at excellency and solidity in all kind of learnOxford in 1675. "For some time before ing, selecting him as his choicest piece, to his death the manuscript was scarce ever vindicate his regality against liis fon). out of bis lands. It was fonnd worn in mouthed adversarios. His Majesty, pot pieces by his fingers, and wet with his long after his happy entrance to this
Crown, bestowed upon him the Bishopric “Reliqua istius Præsulis scripta æstimare of Chichester, which he held about four magni, ut seculum nostrum planè amat et years, and withal made him Lord Almocollandare fortè soles ; sed tamen hoc ner : and, because of the exility of that potiùs te frui vellem, hoc familiariùs lecti. Bislopric, soon after added the Parson: tare, quo veré Christianam, et æterni age of Cheyham, in Surrey, to his commensimillimam vitam amodo tibi formare po. dam. teris. Siquidém aureolus hic liber de sen Upon the vacancy of the Bisliopric of tentiis Biblicis atque ex Liturgiis, quæ in Ely, his Majesty made him Bishop thereof, Ecclesiis Græcorum Jacobi, Basilii, et and there he sat about nine years : in Chrysostomi sancta nomina præferunt, which time he was made a privy councilpartem multo maximam conflatur. Ita lor, first of England, then of Scotland, in nullus ibi hæreseos metus, nulla pravi dog. his attendance of the King thither. He matis suspicio quin perlegas cuncta ac was afterwards preferred to the Bishopric coram bono Deo millies repetas quasi of Winchester, and the Deanery of the tua. "Pref,-E1).
King's Chapel, which two last preferments
he held to his death, which happened about in private estate, he extended his charity eight years after, in the third year of the in a liberal manner, to the relief of poor reign of our late King Charles, with whom parishioners, prisons, and prisoners, besides he held no less reputation than he had his constant Sunday's alms at his parish of done with his father before him.
St. Giles. But when his means became It is worth the observation, that having greater, his charity increased to a large been preferred to many, and those no proportion, releasing many prisoners of small dignities, yet he never used any all sorts, that were detained either for petmeans to obtain the least of them, but ty debts, or keeper's fees. And one thing they were all conferred upon him without in his charity is remarkable, that whereas the least suit on his part; for he was so he sent much money at several times to the far from ambition or covetousness, as that relief of poor parishes, prisons, prisoners, when the Bishoprics of Salisbury and Ely and the like, he gave strict charge to his were at several times tendered unto him servants, whom he entrusted therewith, upon some propositions prejudicial to the that they should not acknowledge whencé state of those Churches, lie utterly refused this relief came, but directed that the acthem .
quittances which they, to make the disThe virtues and good parts of this ho- charge of their trust appear to him, desirnourable Prelate were so many, and those ed from them that received such relief, so transeendent, that to do him right, a should be taken in the nanie of a benefaclarge volume would be but sufficient, tor unknown. Other large sums he hewhich I shall leave to some of better abić stowed yearly, and oftener, in clothing the lities to perform, which I shall, by way of poor and naked, in relieving the sick and an epitome, only point a finger at, in these needy, in succouring families in time of inheads which follow.
fection, besides bis alms to poor house His first and principal virtue was his keepers at his gate; insomuch, that bis singular zeal and piety, which shewed it. private alms in his last six years, besides self not only in his private and secret de those public, amounted to the sum of votions between God and himself (in which 13001. and upwards. Lastly, thongh it they that were about hien well perceived, might well have been supposed by that that be daily spent many hours, yea, and which is said already, that he had been in the greatest part of his life, in holy prayers his life time his own almoner, yet as he and abundant tears, the signs whereof they lived a patteru of compassion and works of often discovered, but also in his exem, mercy, so he died also; for it appeareth .plary public prayers with his family in his by his will, that his chief care was to prochapel; wherein he behaved limself so vide that his pious works should never hambly, devoutly, and reverently, that it have end, leaving 4000l. to purchase 2001. could not but move others to follow his land per annum for ever, to be distributed example. His chapel, in which he had by 50l. quarterly, thus:--To aged poor monthly communions, was so decently and men and decayed, with an especial eye to reverently adorned, and God served there seafaring men, wherein he reflected upon with so holy and reverend behaviour of his father's profession, 501; to poor wihimself and liis family, by bis pattern, that dows, the wives of one husband, 501.; to the sonls of many that (obiter) came thi. the binding of poor orphans apprentices, ther in time of divine service, were very 50l.; and to the relief of poor prisoners, much elevated, and they stirred up to the 501. ; besides among others, too many to like reverend deportment; yea, some that be comprehended in an epitome, he left, bad been there, were so taken with it, that to be distributed presently after his dethey desired to end their days in the Bi. cease, among inaid-servants of bonest reshop of Ely's chapel.
port, and who had served ope master or 1. The next is his charity and compassion, mistress seven years, the sum of 2001. which he practised even before he came Lastly, a great part of his estate (which to great preferments; for while he was yet remained after his funeral and legacies
were discharged,) he left to be distributed When the Bishopricks of Ely and Salis- among his poor servants. bury were void, and some things were to The third is his fidelity and integrity; be paid from them, some overtare being faithtisl, upright, and just he ever was, made to him to take them, he refused whether you respect him in his ordinary them utterly; if it please you to give me transactions, in which no man could ever leave, I will make his answer for him justly tax him with the least aspersion of Nolo episcopari, quia nolo alienare, “ I injustice, or whether you look upon him will not be made a Bishop, because I will as intrusted with those great offices and not alienale Bishop's lands."-Fun. Serm; places which he did undergo; and they 4: Bsairah sina r
were either his spiritual preferments, or Divers eminent men in learning that temporal office, besides some other mat wanted preferment, when any thing fell in ters committed to his fidelity. In the his gift convenient for them, thongh other. first of which he declared evidently to the wise they had no dependance at all upon world, that he reputed himself but God's him, nor interest in him, he would send for steward, and that he must give an account before they knew wlay, and entertain them to his Lord and Master for them. To be in his own house, and confer the prefer gin then with the lowest account, he was ment upon them, and also defray the very ever faithful, provident and careful to cbarges incident for a dispensation or a keep in good repair the houses of all his faculty, yea, of their very journey, and all spiritual preferments, and spent much mo this that he might have his diocese in geney that way, as upon the vicarage-house peral, and his preferments in particular, of St. Giles, the Prebendary's and Dean's the better fitted ; so that they may fitly houses of Westminster, and the Residen- be applied to him, which was sometimes tiary's house of St. Paul's. Upon the to St. Chrysostom: In administratione house belonging to the Bishopric of Chi- Episcopatus, præbuit se fidelen, constanchester, he expended above 4201.; of Ely, tem, et vigilantem ministrum Christi. . above 24401.; of Winchester (besides a And if you look upon him in those tem. pension of 400l. per annum, from which he porals wherewith he was intrusted, you freed his see at his own charge,) he spent shall find him no less faithful and just : as 20001 *.
first, divers soms, and many of them of But in that part of the account which good value, were sent to him, to be distri. concerned him more nearly to perfect, buted among poor scholars, and others, at which was his pastoral and episcopal his discretion, all which he disposed of charge, the care of souls, and the well with great care and fidelity, even accord. ordering of the several dioceses committed ing to the donors minds and intents. to his trust, never any made a more just For his faithfulness in managing those and exact account.
places, wherein he was intrusted for others, Some particulars of this account was jointly with himself, let Pembroke-Hali the promoting of sufficient, able, and good and Westminster College speak for him, men to livings and preferments which fell for when he became master of the first he within his own gift. To the better dig. found it in debt, being of a very small encharge of this part of the account he took dowment, then especially, but by his fearful order still beforehand, by continual search providence, he left above eleven hundred and inquiry, to know what hopeful young pounds in the treasury of that college, to. men were in the University, his chaplains wards the bettering of the estate thereof, and friends receiving a charge froin him, to And when he was made Dean of the other, certify to him what hopeful and towardly it is not unknown to some yet living, (who young wit they met with at any time; and will testify) that be left it for all orders, as these, till he could better provide for them, well of the Church as of the college and were sure to taste of his bounty and good school, a place then truly exemplary colness, for their better encouragement. legiate in all respects, both within and
without, free froin debts and arrearages, * Wherever he came and lived, all from encroachments and evil customs, the tasted and were bettered by his provi- school-boys (in the four years he staid dence and goodness. St. Giles was re- there) being much improved, not by his duced to him by a rate toward the main care and oversight only, but by his own tenance of the place, and the house repair. personal, and often labours also with them. ed. He found nothing in the treasury at To these may be added, that whereas Pembroke-Hall; he left in it, in ready mo. by virtue of bis Deanery of Westminster, ney, a thousand pounds. Being Prebendary his Mastership at Pembroke-Hall, and his Residentiary in St. Paul's, he built the house Bishopric of Ely, the election of scholars in Creed-lane, belonging to his Prebend, . into the school of Westminster, and from and recovered it to the Church. He re thence to the two Universities, as also of paired the Dean's lodging in Westminster. inany scholars and Fellows in PembrokeWhen he came to Chichester he repaired Hall, some in St. Peter's College, and the palace there, and the house iu Alding some in Jesus College, were in his power bourne. At Ely, he spent in reparation of and disposal, he was ever so faithful and Ely-House in Holborn, of Ely Palace at just, that he waved all letters from great Downham, and Wisbech Castle, two thou- personages for insufficient scholars, and sand pounds. At Winchester-House, at cast aside all favour and affection, and Farneham, at Waltham, and Wolvesey, chose only such as in his judgment were likewise two thousand poiinds. Fm, fittest. And lastly, which is not the least Serm.
in this kind, being many times desired to